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How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less

Written by Leon Ho
Founder & CEO of Lifehack
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Ever met those folks who seem to wander through life as if they’re exploring an unfamiliar city without a map?

They’re always rushing, always scrambling, and yet, always running late. Sure, it could be exciting to an extent, but it often ends up in a jumble of missed flights, forgotten documents, and hastily gulped-down breakfasts.

Let me clear something up – there’s nothing wrong with a bit of spontaneity.

Taking an unplanned road trip or impulsively trying a new restaurant? That’s the spice of life. But, when your daily routine starts to feel like a rollercoaster ride, it might be time to reconsider.

Living without a plan isn’t just about the thrill of unpredictability; it’s more like frantically juggling balls while riding a unicycle – fun to watch but stressful to experience.

Just imagine deciding to go for a hike in the woods without any preparation. The spontaneity might be fun initially, but when you realize you’ve forgotten your water bottle or ended up lost, it quickly turns into an unpleasant adventure.

In this article, we’re going to cut through the chaos. I will provide a practical, step-by-step guide to help you plan your day more effectively. You’ll learn how to juggle your tasks without dropping the ball, and start enjoying a more organized and less stressed life.


The Power of Strategic Daily Planning

Remember that old saying, “the early bird gets the worm?” Turns out, there’s more to it than just poetic wisdom. A recent study[1] decided to dig deeper, peeling back the layers of planners and procrastinators. Their goal? To understand how planning versus procrastination affects not just task completion, but also stress levels and overall happiness.

In this study, 2,000 decision-makers were put under the microscope. “Planners” were folks who planned their steps ahead of time, while “procrastinators” were those who preferred to push things off. The results were eye-opening: planners seemed to have a tighter grip on their emotions, less stress, and generally, more positive outcomes in their life and health.

Let’s get down to numbers:

  • More than half of the planners reported having time for socializing, and 44% felt they had enough me-time. In contrast, only 39% and 31% of procrastinators felt the same, respectively.
  • About 79% of planners felt their family bonds were strong, while only 65% of procrastinators shared this sentiment.
  • Almost half of the planners felt financially secure, as opposed to just one-third of procrastinators.

In the light of these numbers, let’s dive deeper into why it pays to be a planner:

Dialing up Self-awareness

Many of us go through our days in a state of automatic drive, barely cognizant of our actions or why we do them.

Planning yanks us out of this haze. It’s like a mental pit stop, compelling us to slow down, take stock, and think.

When you put your tasks and goals onto paper, you shed light on what really matters. You can cut out the fluff, trim the fat, and focus on the meat of your day.


With planning, you aren’t just drifting along the current of the day, but steering your own ship.

Boosting Focus

Our brains aren’t designed for multitasking, and distractions can steal precious mental resources.

Knowing your game plan can be a game-changer. It’s like having a GPS for your day. It tells you where you need to go, freeing you from the constant mental tug-of-war of deciding what to do next.

This way, your mind isn’t divided, and you can direct your full attention to one task at a time. Less juggling, more doing.

Accomplishing More

Think of your day as a suitcase, and your tasks and activities as clothes. Without proper planning, it’s like stuffing the suitcase haphazardly – some clothes might fit, but others will be left out. Effective planning is like neatly folding and packing each item, making sure everything fits in, even the fancy dress for the surprise party.

Planning ensures you have the bandwidth for everything – from the must-dos like work and errands to the want-to-dos like hobbies, relaxation, and fun. More than just surviving the day, planning allows you to truly live it.

Taming Stress

When you know what’s coming, you know how to deal with it, and there’s no last-minute scramble. It’s like having a handy instruction manual for your day.

Surprises can be fun, but the predictable is calming, and sometimes, that’s exactly what we need; especially when we already have a lot on our plate.


How to Structure Your Day for Productivity

So how do you plan your day so you can achieve more and stress less? Here’s your step-by-step guide:

1. Set Clear Goals and Priorities

First stop on our journey to a productive day: Goals. We’re not just talking about “I want to be a millionaire” kind of goals. We’re talking about goals for all aspects of your life— Your health, relationships, and your career – they all need goals. Life isn’t just about work. Picture your life as a seesaw, you need a balance to keep things smooth and steady.

Now that you’ve got your goals, it’s time to rank them. You can’t catch two rabbits at the same time, right? So we’ll use the 5/25 rule:

  • Choose the top 5 goals that really, truly matter to you.
  • Focus on those 5 things.

It’s not about doing all things, it’s about doing the right things.

That’s step one of crafting a productive day: Clear goals and well-ranked priorities.

As the CEO of LifeHack and a father of two sons, my days often feel like a juggling act, managing the demands of running a business and raising a family. So I began jotting down my long-term goals like growing LifeHack’s revenue, and short-term goals like helping my eldest with his science project next week.

I used the 5/25 rule and picked my top five goals, one for a life aspect. These goals became my primary focus, while the others stayed on the back burner.

2. Break Your Goals Down

You wouldn’t try to eat a whole cake in one bite, so the same goes for your goals. You need to cut them up into smaller, bite-sized pieces.

If your goal is to write a book, that’s a big chunk of cake right there. But, if you slice it up into smaller tasks like ‘write a chapter this week’ or ‘write a page today’, it’s suddenly a piece of cake (pun intended!).


For me, I broke down my larger goals into smaller tasks. For instance, increasing business revenue seemed like a giant task. But, when I divided it into smaller tasks like “increase digital marketing efforts” or “strengthen author relationships”, it seemed a lot more manageable.

I’ve explained how to break tasks down in How to Break Down a Large Project into Manageable Tasks. Check out the article and learn the techniques.

3. Order Up Your Tasks

So, you’ve got your list of tasks, how do you know where to start? There’re 2 methods you can use to prioritize your tasks:

I. The Superstructure Method

Think about The Superstructure Method as if you’re constructing a building.

First, you’d start with the base — that’s your Must-Have tasks. They’re the critical ones, the tasks that absolutely need to be done. They form the foundation of your day.

Once that’s done, you move on to the walls and roof — your Should-Have tasks. These are important, but not as crucial as your Must-Haves. Still, they form the structure of your day, supporting and surrounding your main tasks.


Finally, you add the finishing touches, the paint and decoration — the Good-to-Have tasks. They’re not crucial, but they add value and beauty to your day. They’re the things that make your day not just functional, but also fulfilling.

superstructure method

    II. The Urgent vs. Important Matrix

    This is a handy tool that helps you sort out your tasks based on urgency and importance.

    Tasks go into one of four categories:

    • Important and Urgent
    • Important but Not Urgent
    • Not Important but Urgent
    • Not Important and Not Urgent

    time management matrix

      It’s a way to make sure you’re not only focusing on the tasks that are screaming for attention but also on those that truly matter in the long run.

      Going back to my example, with tasks laid out, I order them using the Superstructure Method to identify my must-do tasks like meeting with the marketing team or cooking dinner for the boys. Then my should-do tasks like brainstorming new book ideas. And my good-to-have tasks, like having lunch with a potential author.

      I also use the Urgent vs. Important Matrix to keep my day in check, separating the critical tasks from the less crucial ones.

      If you’re wondering how these two methods work in detail, I’ve got you covered. I’ve discussed them in-depth in How to Prioritize When Everything Seems Important. So, make sure to check that out.


      4. Build Your Day With Time Blocks

      We’ve got our tasks, but when are we going to do them? That’s where time-blocking comes in. It’s like drawing up a map for your day – each task gets its own little plot of time.

      Time-blocking is my best friend. I schedule specific time slots for different tasks, for example dedicating my mornings to my work and afternoons to my sons. It gives my day structure and helped me focus on one task at a time.

      Think of your day as a big block. Time-blocking is splitting it up into smaller pieces, and then dedicating each piece to a different task. Your 9 to 10am might be ‘Work on Project X’, your 10 to 11am might be ‘Answer emails’, and so on.

      Now here’s the important part: Focus on one task at a time. Don’t try to juggle, or you’ll drop the ball.

      And don’t forget to take breaks. Even machines need to cool down, and we’re only human. A five-minute break every hour can help you keep your energy up. You can even try the Pomodoro Technique, in which you take a 5-minute break after every 25 minutes of work (known as a session of “Pomodoro”).

      5. Make the Most of Tools and Technology

      Productivity tools can help you stick to your plan.

      For example, calendar apps are like your personal assistant, always reminding you of what’s next. Or you could use time-blocking apps which are like a timer that keeps you focused on one task at a time.


      You could also go old school with a planner.(Here’re some planners recommended for you.) It surely is satisfying crossing off a task with a pen!

      I use a calendar app to keep track of appointments, boys’ school events and family errands. I use Notion to organize thoughts and ideas for both work and family stuff. These apps serve different purposes — one for scheduling and reminders, the other for notes organization. 

      6. Review Your Plan Regularly

      I’ve made it a point to review my schedule weekly. Some weeks, a launch would need more of my attention, while others, it was parent-teacher meetings. Adjusting my plan as per the needs of the week became key to handling my diverse roles.

      Take a moment to reflect on how things went at the end of the day or at the end of the week.

      Did you stick to your schedule? Did some tasks take longer than expected? Were there any unexpected interruptions?

      Reflections allow you to evaluate the effectiveness of your plan and to celebrate your achievements. Pat yourself on the back for all those tasks you’ve accomplished! It’s a good idea to make this reflection a part of your routine – like brushing your teeth before bed.

      But if you find that things aren’t going as smoothly as you hoped, you fine-tune. If a task consistently takes longer than expected, maybe it’s time to allocate more time to it. If you find you’re consistently interrupted during a certain time block, you may need to move it to a quieter time.


      And sometimes life happens. Maybe you get sick, or an unexpected errand pops up, or your goals themselves change. That’s okay. When life throws you curveballs, adjust your plan. Make it work for the new situation.

      Be flexible. Because in the end, the plan is there to serve you, not the other way around.

      7. Rest Up and Recharge

      Remember those breaks we talked about? Make good use of them.

      When I say break, I don’t mean scrolling through your phone or checking your emails. What you need is a proper rest, a real break. Something that gives you a chance to recharge, refuel, and refresh.

      Maybe you could try a quick relaxation technique. Deep breathing exercises, a mini yoga session, or even just a moment of silence. They’re like little pit stops for your mind, helping you let go of stress and tension.

      Or perhaps you can try mindfulness exercises. For a few minutes, you focus on the here and now, not the tasks or the schedule or the goals. Just the present moment, as it is. It’s a chance to reconnect with yourself, to find your center amidst the hustle and bustle of the day.

      Or maybe you just want to enjoy a nice cup of coffee, or listen to your favorite song. As long as it helps you recharge and relax, it’s all good.

      Breaks are not a waste of time. They’re an investment in your productivity. Whether it’s a quick power nap or a short bike ride with my boys, these breathers help recharge my batteries and maintain focus.


      8. Share the Load When Necessary

      You know how they say, “many hands make light work?” Well, they’re onto something there.

      Even though this is your plan and your tasks, you don’t have to do it all by yourself. In fact, sometimes it’s better if you don’t.

      Look at your tasks. Do they all require your personal touch, or are there some that could be handled just as well by someone else?

      Perhaps there’s a report that your colleague could help with, or maybe your spouse could pick up the groceries this time. Maybe there are tasks that could be outsourced altogether, like cleaning or administrative work?

      At work, I delegate the editorial parts to our editor and the marketing campaigns to our project manager. At home, I ask my partner and our friendly neighbor for support. It was tough at first, but realizing I didn’t have to shoulder everything alone was liberating.

      Identify tasks that can be shared or delegated. It allows you to focus your time and energy on what you do best, and helps prevent you from getting overwhelmed by trying to do everything yourself.


      Asking for help is not a sign of weakness, but a sign of smart planning. The goal is not just to get things done, but to get them done in the most effective way possible. Sometimes, that means teaming up.

      Final Thoughts

      As the bestselling author Seth Godin says,

      “You don’t need more time in your day. You need to decide.”

      When you’ve got a plan, you’re not just wandering around hoping to stumble upon success. You know where you’re going and you know how to get there.

      This means you can achieve more. Your dreams, your goals, your to-do list – they’re all within reach. But it’s not just about crossing off tasks. It’s also about having the time and energy for the things you love — time for family, for hobbies, for relaxation.

      And the best part is that it also means less stress. With a plan in place, you’re not scrambling at the last minute, feeling overwhelmed and out of control. You’re calm, composed, and in charge.

      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less

      How to Plan Your Day

      8 Actions
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Set Clear Goals and Priorities: First things first, identify your long-term and short-term goals across different life aspects, including health, relationships, and career. Use the 5/25 rule to prioritize your goals based on their alignment with your overall objectives.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Break Down Goals into Smaller Tasks: Big goals can be daunting, but they become much more manageable when you break them down into smaller, actionable tasks.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Prioritize Your Tasks: With all your tasks laid out, use the Superstructure Method and the Urgent vs. Important Matrix to decide what to tackle first. This step ensures you focus on the most crucial tasks that align with your main goals.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Create a Time-Blocking Schedule: Assign specific time slots to different tasks and activities in your day. This system helps you concentrate on one task at a time and maximizes your productivity.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Utilize Productivity Tools: Take advantage of the digital age and use calendar apps, time-blocking apps, and planners to keep track of your tasks and time.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Regularly Review and Adjust Your Plan: Stay flexible and adjust your plan as needed. Reflect on your progress, and if something isn’t working, don’t be afraid to change it.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Take Breaks: Remember, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Incorporate short breaks throughout the day to recharge and maintain your focus.
      How to Plan Your Day to Achieve More And Stress Less
      Delegate Tasks and Seek Support: You don’t have to do everything alone. Identify tasks that can be shared or outsourced, and don’t hesitate to ask for help.

      Featured photo credit: Gabrielle Henderson via unsplash.com


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