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How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively

Written by Leon Ho
Founder & CEO of Lifehack
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In the bustling landscape of today’s work environment, where demands are like tectonic plates — constantly shifting and overlapping — mastering the art of managing competing priorities is an essential skill to have.

Think of the remote worker, whose living room doubles as an office and a classroom for their kids, or the freelance designer, juggling the visions of multiple clients, all of whom consider their project to be the utmost priority. Or perhaps the small business owner, who must balance the books, manage staff, and innovate, all while keeping customers delighted….

These scenarios are not exceptions; they’re our new daily realities, and they can resonate like a steady drumbeat of stress in the minds of many.

In this article, I’ll peel back the layers of why it’s so crucial to actively steer this ship, rather than letting the tides of to-dos pull us in every direction. And most importantly, I will hand over a guide on how to effectively navigate through this stormy sea of demands and tasks.

Understanding Competing Priorities

In the simplest terms, competing priorities are like two voices speaking loudly at the same time — they clash. This happens when we have multiple goals that seem to demand our attention simultaneously or when the clocks on different projects all seem to be alarming, “Now!” It’s as if the deadlines, tasks, and goals held a secret meeting and decided to test our juggling abilities, all at once.

Now, navigating one project is challenging enough, but throw in different teams, stakeholders, or departments, and it’s like adding spice to an already boiling pot.


Examples of conflicting priorities at work can be a marketing department aiming to launch a campaign at the same time the IT department has scheduled a major system update. Or a product team eager to release a new feature while customer support braces for increased inquiries.

Each group has its own set of priorities, its own rhythm, and its own vision of what ‘urgent’ looks like. These teams are not necessarily at odds with each other; it’s just that their needs and timelines don’t always sync up neatly.

The challenge isn’t merely about handling multiple tasks; it’s about managing the differing perspectives, needs, and urgencies. It’s about recognizing that while every department or stakeholder feels their project is the sun the company orbits around, the reality is a bustling solar system of initiatives, all equally important. Understanding this is the first step to effectively managing these competing voices.

The Importance of Active Priority Management

In the whirlwind of the modern workplace, where tasks come in thick and fast, you might wonder, “Why bother with all this structure? Can’t we just get on with it?”

But here’s the catch: diving headfirst without a strategy is like setting sail without a compass — you might move, but not necessarily in the right direction.

Here’s why you should actively manage these swirling priorities.

Preventing Misalignment

Imagine a symphony where every musician plays their own tune without following the conductor. Chaos, right? That’s what happens when teams aren’t aligned. Everyone must work towards the same goals, or the melody of productivity becomes a cacophony of confusion.

When we fail to actively manage our priorities, we risk working at cross-purposes. You see, it’s not enough to just ‘work hard’; we need to work smart, and that demands clear communication and a loop of feedback.


Because, in the end, it’s about ensuring that every hand on deck is rowing in the same direction.

Prioritizing High-Impact Timelines

Timelines aren’t just about deadlines; they’re the backbone of any project. Knowing when things need to be done gives you the map to prioritize your tasks and manage your workload. It’s like seeing the big picture, understanding which brush strokes to lay down first in a painting.

But to paint that masterpiece of productivity, you need transparency. You need to comprehend the decision-making processes and understand the hierarchy of steps. When you see the ‘why’ behind your timelines, your tasks suddenly make more sense. They fit into a bigger narrative, and you can then ensure that our efforts have maximum impact.

In a nutshell, active priority management is the lens through which you can view your work clearly and make every action count.

How to Manage Competing Priorities

The following strategies and tips can give your to-do list a good shake and let the big rocks rise to the top.

1. Make Good Use of the Prioritization Models

When you’re drowning in tasks, you need a lifeboat — prioritization models:

The Superstructure Method

The Superstrucutre Method is LifeHack’s unique productivity method. Think of your tasks as a building:

  • The ‘Must Haves’ are your foundation — without them, everything else crumbles.
  • The ‘Should Haves’ are the walls and roof — important, but not as critical as the foundation.
  • The ‘Good-to-Haves’ are the paint and decorations — nice to have, but not essential for the building to stand.

The Urgent vs. Important Matrix

This model, also known as the Eisenhower Matrix, is like a traffic light for your to-do list.

Tasks are divided into four categories based on their urgency and importance, guiding you on what to tackle now, what to plan for, what to delegate, and what to drop.

I’ve written another guide how to apply these prioritization methods, dive deeper here: How to Prioritize When Everything Seems Important

2. Visualize Connections and Dependencies

Let’s take a moment to consider jigsaw puzzles. Ever noticed how it’s easier to assemble one when you can see the whole picture on the box? Similarly, in our chaotic work world, it’s invaluable to step back and see the bigger picture.

Mind Mapping

Imagine your tasks as a vast, interconnected web. Mind mapping helps you draw out this web. It lets you see how one task branches out to others, how ideas interlink, and where your main focus should lie.

It’s like decluttering a room — once you lay everything out, you can see what you have, what you don’t need, and what should take center stage.



If mind maps are the web, flowcharts are the roads. They guide you through processes, step-by-step, showing you where you start, where you might hit traffic (or bottlenecks), and where you’ll end up.

By visualizing processes this way, you not only organize your journey but also spot and address those pesky roadblocks.

Both tools are catalysts for brainstorming and organization, helping you navigate the maze of tasks by showing you the bigger picture.

3. Analyze Resource Impacts

Let’s tackle a simple truth: We’ve got limited resources, whether that’s time, money, or people-power. Resources are like juice in a battery — they can run out. And when we’re juggling competing priorities, it’s paramount to know where and how to use that juice.

Evaluate the Effects of Competing Priorities on Available Resources

Picture your team as a cart. Each task or project is like an item you need to load onto it. If you load it without thought, it might get too heavy on one side and tip over. Or you might run out of space. By evaluating the impact of each priority on your available resources, you get a sense of how to load your cart efficiently.

Let’s say you’re a project manager in a marketing agency. You’ve got one graphic designer, two copywriters, and a tight deadline for three different client campaigns. If you assign the designer to create extensive graphics for all three campaigns without considering the workload, you risk burning out your most valuable visual asset. It’s akin to putting all your eggs in one basket without considering if the basket can hold that weight.


Evaluating here means sitting down with that designer’s schedule, and realistically assessing how much they can handle. It’s realizing that you might need to outsource some of the graphics work for one campaign to maintain the quality of work and the sanity of your designer.

Create a Resource Plan

Once you’ve got a clear picture, it’s time to plan. This is about ensuring that high-priority tasks have the necessary resources and that no project is left starving.

Let’s stick with our marketing agency scenario. You know that one campaign is for a high-profile client, the second is for a smaller client with potential for long-term work, and the third is a low-budget, one-off project.

Based on priority and impact, you might allocate 60% of your resources (your team’s time and skills) to the high-profile client, 30% to the promising smaller client, and 10% to the one-off project. This ensures the biggest, most impactful project gets the lion’s share of the resources, but also that the smaller projects aren’t neglected.

In both of these scenarios, the key is a balance. It’s understanding that every member of your team has a unique and vital role to play. And your job is to ensure that everyone can perform to their best without tipping the cart.

4. Communicate Openly

If you’ve got several managers each handing you a “top priority” task, the water gets murky.

Imagine each manager as a chef, each insisting their dish needs to be cooked first. Suddenly, the kitchen is full of noise but no meal is ready. It’s a tough spot because, understandably, every chef believes their dish is the star of the show.


Here’s how you can approach conversations with your managers:

Present Your Current State

Before you run to the individual chefs (managers), take stock of what’s already cooking. With a current task list in hand, sit down with your primary manager or Project Manager. This will help you get a clear lay of the land and a better sense of your commitments. This step is about getting your ducks in a row.

Ask to Understand

Clear questions can shine a light in the foggiest of situations. Some useful ones might be:

  • “Can you help me understand the impact of this task being done by [specific date]?”
  • “Where does this task fit in the broader project timeline or goals?”
  • “What are the dependencies or people waiting on this task’s completion?”

This isn’t about pushing back; it’s about seeking clarity.

Establish Clear Priorities

Post those illuminating discussions, you should be able to create a priority list. Think of it as a menu for the day, where every dish has its cooking time and order, making the kitchen flow smoother.

Stay in the Loop

Here’s a heads up: priorities change. The ‘special of the day’ might become a ‘regular’ tomorrow. As projects evolve and as more tasks come up, it’s important to keep the communication lines open.

Sometimes, one conversation might not be the cure-all; it’s a process. But being proactive with these discussions ensures you’re not buried under last-minute surprises.

5. Adjust Timelines

When priorities shift in the workplace, our project timelines may need a detour or a new route entirely.

The core of it? Transparency.

An outdated timeline is like an old map – it doesn’t show the new roads or the ones under construction. Keeping things fresh and updated ensures that stakeholders, managers, and team members have a clear picture of where things are headed.


Much like looking over a map before rerouting, you start by spotting the tasks or milestones that need adjustment. Maybe some tasks took longer than anticipated, or perhaps a new top-priority task emerged.

Once you’ve got a grip on what’s changed, tweak those timelines. But don’t stop there. Relay the changes to stakeholders. It’s like informing your co-travelers about a change in the route. This keeps everyone in the loop, reduces surprises, and sets clear expectations.

Adjusting timelines is a proactive move, a sign that you’re in tune with the reality of the project and are keen to keep everyone informed and aligned.

6. Delegate

Think of your to-do list as a backpack. Delegation is redistributing some of its weight to team members. If strategy is your strength and a teammate excels in data analysis, delegate the number crunching to them.

Delegating isn’t just offloading work; it cultivates ownership and collaboration. It signals trust, boosting motivation and engagement. The project benefits from diverse strengths.


To delegate work effectively, first scrutinize your task list. What needs your unique skill set and what could others handle?

For example, a marketing manager might craft the strategy but delegate graphic creation to a designer. Or perhaps a software project manager can let a specific developer write code for a new feature while they focus on aligning the project with company goals.

Learn more about how to delegate effectively in my other article How to Delegate Tasks Effectively (Step-by-Step Guide)

Final Thoughts

Managing competing priorities is a complex, yet indispensable skill in today’s fast-paced work environment.

Recognizing the importance of active priority management is your roadmap. It’s about maintaining clear and open communication, so everyone knows the plan. By implementing effective strategies that I’ve discussed above, productivity doesn’t have to suffer when the demands pile up. In fact, with the right approach, you and your team can maintain high productivity and alignment, even when facing multiple critical demands.

How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively

Managing Competing Priorities

8 Actions
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Understand Competing Priorities – Recognize when and why conflicts in timelines and resources arise, and acknowledge the complexities involved. 
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Actively Manage Priorities – Develop a system to prevent misalignment and cross-purposes within your team. 
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Utilize Prioritization Models – Employ prioritization tools like the Superstructure Method or the Urgent vs. Important Matrix to organize tasks effectively.
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Visualize Connections – Use mind maps or flowcharts to clarify priorities and processes.
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Analyze Resource Impacts – Evaluate how competing priorities affect your available resources and create a resource plan accordingly. 
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Communicate Effectively – Have clear, open dialogues with managers and project sponsors about your task list and deadlines, especially when priorities clash. 
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Adjust Timelines as Necessary–  Keep project schedules updated and transparent when priorities shift. 
How to Deal with Competing Priorities Effectively
Delegate and Offload Tasks – Identify tasks that can be assigned to team members or stakeholders, thereby fostering collaboration and efficiency. 
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