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Published on May 28, 2020

Why You Can’t Focus And How To Fix It

Why You Can’t Focus And How To Fix It

Concentration is fundamental to how well you manage your day. If you’re unable to concentrate, then doing a particular task will result in getting little or nothing done.

Have you ever found yourself on rainy Winter’s day staring out the window and daydreaming about sitting on a beach in the summertime while the clock ticks down on an urgent deadline?

Or have you tried to start that difficult task, but you’ve put it off and decided to work on something easier or not work on it at all?

This is a lack of focus we all have experienced at some time. But its impact on your anxiety and stress levels increase since you’re creating more pressure on yourself because you now have less time to work on that difficult task.

Signs and Reasons You Lack Concentration

There are multiple signs that your concentration and levels of focus are low. If you struggle to recall recent events because your short term memory isn’t great, then you can’t relax, and you’ll always lose things.

You may struggle to make decisions and lack energy, and you’re continually making mistakes or unable to finish the tasks you’ve been given.

Sleep, diet, anxiety, stress, and even being hungry are just a few reasons why you can’t focus. But the good news is that there are many ways to improve your levels of focus. These are the things you can do if you can’t focus.

20 Ways to Improve Your Focus

So how to fix your lack of focus? Here’re 20 effective ways to try:

1. Break Your Day Into 30-Minute Slots

Breaking your time into smaller, more focused slots helps you maintain your focus for longer. If you have a big task ahead of you, it’s hard not to procrastinate as it can be overwhelming.

By breaking down your efforts into smaller 30-minutes slots, you’re making a little promise to yourself that no matter what, you’re going to only work on this task and nothing else during this time.

This approach not only breaks your day into manageable chunks but it also reduces the work needed on more significant tasks.

Plan a few minutes of breaks between each slot or on the hour depending on if you’re deep in the flow or if you need a few minutes before you go again.

2. Use Timers

Using timers to help you stay focused is an effortless way to manage your time. Once you’ve decided on the task you want to work on, set a timer for how long you want to work on that task.

If the task is large, then don’t set a timer that lasts the whole morning since this is too long for you to be entirely focused without being distracted. Break the time slots into smaller periods.

Click start on the timer when you’re ready to go, but don’t stop until that timer ends. You can use the timer on your phone or remove as many distractions as possible. Set a timer in your browser; search for “timer” in Google, and one will appear.

3. Create a Personal Parking Lot

One of the advantages of being intensely focused is that your brain can get really creative, so new ideas, thoughts, and actions pop into it. Although this is great, it can harm your focus for the current task you’re working on.

You don’t want to stop these creative thoughts, so to prevent you from starting to multi-task and leave this deeply focused mindset, have a notepad and pen next to you at all times.

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As soon as a thought or action that isn’t related to the task in hand pops into your mind, write it down. Nothing detailed – just one or two words max, so when you can go back to it later, it’s enough for you to remember why you added it.

This isn’t limited to creative thoughts and actions. It could be things like “Order the party balloons”, “Wash the car tomorrow”, etc. It includes anything you know you have to do but you don’t want to forget at the moment.

4. Take Control of Your Day

During a busy day at work, many distractions can pull you away from the essential tasks. These could be email notifications, Slack messages, a phone call, or colleagues chatting around the office.

In a busy work environment, it’s hard to know what’s urgent versus important, so you can easily get diverted to a request in email or feeling like your email is building up, so you then spend time responding to emails. This approach doesn’t focus on what’s truly important and what needs to be answered urgently.

To help take back control, you need to plan out your day in a structured way. Start by prioritizing what you need to work on that day – things that are urgent and important

Then, break these tasks into work segments throughout the working day. These segments can also include when you look at your inbox, Slack, etc. Therefore, you’re controlling your day versus the tools controlling you.

5. Just Sleep More

You can practice all the focus techniques in the world, but if you’re not getting enough sleep, then your ability to remain focused will never improve.

It’s often tempting to work late when you’re busy and in some cases, this is necessary.

Recognize that the later you work and the less sleep you have, the longer it’s going to take for you to complete the task as your ability to remain focused will diminish.

Prioritize sleep over everything else as this is the time for your body and mind to recover. The higher the quality of your sleep, the greater your focus will be.

6. Stop Multitasking

Multitasking is an approach that sounds very appealing, but in reality, it often results in starting lots of tasks but finishing none of them.

When working, the temptation to multitask increases as you jump from email to Slack and back to the presentation you’re working on. Working this way, you’re never fully present in any of them as you’re always thinking about where to move next.

To increase the quality of your work, dedicate time to one thing, and do that one thing well before you move on. By doing this, you’ll find it easier to maintain your focus since you’ve given yourself the time to focus on that one thing only.

Focusing on a single task isn’t just working on a single report or document; it can also be reviewing and replying to emails as long as that is all you’re doing. Find that one thing, focus, and get it done.

In the long term, you get more done, and the work you’ll produce will be of higher quality.

7. Caffeine Works but Don’t Rely on It

Caffeine consumption is shown to improve memory and cognitive function. One study by the Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology at the University of Barcelona found that caffeinated drinks, when taken with glucose, actually improves cognitive function as we age when it comes to attention and memory.[1]

So caffeine is excellent if you can’t focus, but if you drink too much of it and too late in the day, it can impact your sleep and increase anxiety. Less sleep decreases your ability to focus, and if you’re already stressed, the adrenaline spikes it produces can have the opposite effect you’re after.

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So, drink caffeine in moderation, and don’t rely on it solely as your way of keeping focus.

8. Take a Walk

Talking a walk during a particularly busy time may seem counterproductive as you may feel that you don’t have time for it. However, giving your mind a rest and a bit of a reset can improve your productivity and your work performance.

Research published in the International Journal of Advances in Chemical Engineering and Biological Sciences states that some exposure to daylight enhances your attention, as well as your work performance.[2]

So, getting some sunlight and combining that with a short walk can improve your performance and it’s good for you.

9. Drink More of the Good Stuff

When you’re really busy, it’s easy to forget to drink water, especially when you’re on a roll with a particular piece of work. Drinking water though is vital to maintaining focus because your brain needs it.

Your brain is made up of 75% water, but it doesn’t store any of that, so it needs a constant flow to be able to carry out every conscious function, including your memory and the ability to concentrate.

A study by the University of Westminster found that drinking just 300ml of water can increase your attention by 20%![3] That’s a huge increase, so make sure you always have a bottle of water alongside you while you work.

10. Remove Distractions

We have so many distractions around us, and many of these, like mobile phones, are so ingrained in our lives that they’re almost part of us. If you can’t focus, recognizing the distractions around you can improve your concentration.

For example, a clean desk and working space reduce the temptation to stop and tidy up. A tidy workspace also helps you relax because there is less to think about when working.

Turn off all notifications on your mobile and laptop while working, either in short bursts or longer ones if you can. This includes the badge on the app showing how many unread messages you have.

Close down any applications on your laptop you’re not using, and go full screen with the one you’re working on to minimize all distractions.

Have a clean desktop and only one or two tabs open if you’re working in your browser. This is the same as having a clean working environment; it keeps you focused on the task at hand.

11. Don’t Read the News!

“Don’t read the news” is an attention-grabbing headline, but what it means is don’t read it before you’re about to work on a task that requires you to have deep focus.

The news is typically a pretty depressing read, so why lump that on your brain before you begin?

Creating additional worry isn’t going to help your focus. If you can’t focus in the first place, this will only worsen it. So, if you do love to read the news, then reward yourself with a break once you’ve completed the task at hand.

12. Meditate for Greater Focus

Our minds have between 60,000 and 80,000 thoughts per day or 2500 to 3300 per hour. So, at times, you can understand why it’s hard to focus.

Many times during the day our minds are lost in thought making in our ability to focus even harder. Meditation helps you reduce the continuous “what might have been” or “what will happen” thoughts.

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With regular practice, it can improve your concentration levels and reduce stress and anxiety, allowing you to focus for longer.

13. Listen to Music That Match Your Mood and Work

Music can have a positive effect on your concentration levels if you find the right type of music to listen to.

Music is also a great way to remove distractions around you like noisy work colleagues.

Depending on your preference and mood, music can help you relax if you’re working on a particularly stressful task or help you stay focused for long periods.[4]

Pre-prepare some playlists that you can access when you need them to match your mood and work type.

14. Eat the Frog

“Eat the Frog” describes doing the hardest task first and by doing it, everything is going to easier after that.[5]

By regularly tackling the hardest task first, it can become addictive as your productivity and confidence will go through the roof.

By merely doing harder tasks, you force yourself to learn faster. So, not only you will improve, but those around you will benefit as well.

15. Reward Yourself

We’ve all heard of the carrot on the stick to keep the donkey moving.

An incentive to stay motivated and focused no matter how small the temptation gives you a positive mindset when trying to stay focused. This is because you know you’ll not only finish the task, but you’ll also get your reward.

Balance the reward with the difficulty and size of the task.

For example, consider a tough task that will take you 2 hours to finish. You could give yourself the reward of switching off work entirely for 20 minutes and having a slice of cake.

Or consider a longer, more demanding project you’re trying to finish. Once you complete it, you can buy yourself that new gadget you always wanted.

Write these rewards down and put them somewhere visible to remind you to stay focused. A Post-It on your laptop or desk, or place it on something you may be distracted by like your mobile or fridge.

16. Break the Task Down

When starting a big task, it can often feel overwhelming, which results in you looking for anything to do other than this task. You can put it off, but all this does is make it harder to complete as you have less time to do it, and your anxiety and stress levels increase.

It’s always better to start something than to put it off, so begin by breaking the task down into more straightforward, more manageable tasks. You shouldn’t feel bad that you’re doing the easier tasks first as what you’re doing is creating momentum.

The momentum tasks start to break down the tougher, more significant overall tasks, making it not look quite so bad as you’re making progress. The momentum you gain then helps you keep your focus as your anxiety decreases due to the progress you’re making.

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17. Exercise First

If you can’t focus, doing even a small amount of exercise can help as it can get rid of any restlessness you may have, or give you that boost of energy you may need to get going.

You don’t have to do a long run or work out to get this impact; it could be some press-ups, star jumps, or anything that will get your heart rate up.

If you have a particularly hard task to work on, then this is a great way to get you alert and ready to start working.

18. Ask Yourself: What Will Happen If I Don’t Do These?

Thinking about the negative impacts of what will happen if you don’t work on and complete this task is a great way to force yourself to stay focused. Think about how you’ll feel or how those around you will feel if you put the task off

Will your confidence take a hit? Will it delay their work? Will they be frustrated with you?

Another approach is to think of the positive things that will result in completing this task. What will it allow you to do when you’ve finished? How will you feel and how will it affect those around you?

19. Collaborate With Someone

Collaboration is a great way to maintain focus for several reasons.

The first is by simply working with someone, you’re more likely to work longer and harder yourself. Collaboration helps you focus since you know you’re not alone on this task, making it feel less overwhelming.

You can truly immerse yourself in what you need to do, knowing the task is also progressing with your partner.

For the moments when you get stuck or are not sure what to do next, collaboration keeps you progressing as you work on the problem together. Working independently in these situations can often result in you stopping completely.

20. Set a Deadline

Setting a deadline can have a massive impact on your concentration. By making this small promise to yourself, you’ve created a target in your head you must meet. When you then have those moments of distraction, that deadline will pop into your head as a reminder for you to stay focused.

To increase the impact of setting a deadline, tell a friend or work colleague what your deadline is and what you need to complete it. You’ll have an even greater reason to complete the task in hand because you won’t want to tell that friend you haven’t done it.

The Bottom Line

The ability to focus for great lengths of time can’t be fixed in an instant or in a single way.

The good news is that there are many things that you can practice that will, over time, allow you to have a deeper focus for extended periods, so your productivity will go through the roof.

If you can’t focus, you can just do these things to help you. Combine these with great sleep, a good diet, and staying hydrated and before you know it, it will feel like you have more hours in the day than before.

Read These Too If You Can’t Focus

Featured photo credit: Ilya Pavlov via unsplash.com

Reference

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Ben Willmott

Productivity and Project Management blogger for at work and at home

8 Essential Project Management Skills for Productive Work How to Set OKRs to Keep Your Goals on Track Why You Can’t Focus And How To Fix It 5 Steps (And 4 Techniques) for Effective Problem Solving How to Break a Bad Habit in 21 Days (Or Less)

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Last Updated on September 24, 2020

17 Ways Learn New Skills Faster and Enjoy the Process

17 Ways Learn New Skills Faster and Enjoy the Process

In the movie The Matrix, everyone was intrigued with the ability that Neo and his friends possessed to learn new skills in a matter of seconds. With the incredible rise in technology today, the rapid learning in the movie is becoming much more of a reality than you realize.

The current generation has access to more knowledge and information than any before it. Through the internet, we are able to access all sorts of knowledge to answer almost every conceivable question. To become smarter, it’s more about the ability to learn faster, rather than being a natural born genius.

Here are 17 ways to kickstart your Matrix-style learning experience in a short amount of time.

1. Deconstruct and Reverse Engineer

Break down the skill that you want to learn into little pieces and learn techniques to master an isolated portion. The small pieces will come together to make up the whole skill.

For example, when you’re learning to play the guitar, learn how to press down a chord pattern with your fingers first without even trying to strum the chord. Once you are able to change between a couple of chord patterns, then add the strumming.

2. Use the Pareto Principle

Use the Pareto Principle, which is also known as the 80 20 rule. Identify the 20% of the work that will give you 80% of the results. Find out more about the 80 20 rule here: What Is the 80 20 Rule (And How to Use It to Boost Productivity)

Take learning a new language for example. It does not take long to realize that some words pop up over and over again as you’re learning. You can do a quick search for “most commonly used French words,” for example, and begin to learn them first before adding on the rest.

3. Make Stakes

Establish some sort of punishment for not learning the skill that you are seeking. There are sites available that allow you to make a donation toward a charity you absolutely hate if you do not meet your goals. Or you can place a bet with a friend to light that fire under you.

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However, keep in mind that several studies have shown that rewards tend to be more motivating than punishment[1].

4. Record Yourself

Seeing yourself on video is a great way to learn from your mistakes and identify areas that you need to improve. This is very effective for any musicians, actors, speakers, performers, and dancers.

5. Join a Group

There are huge benefits to learning in a group. Not only are you able to learn from others but you’ll be encouraged to make progress together. Whether it’s a chess club, a mastermind group, or an online meet-up group, get connected with other like-minded individuals.

6. Time Travel

Visit the library. Although everything is moving more and more online, there are still such things called libraries.

Whether it’s a municipal library or your university library, you will be amazed at some of the books available there that are not accessible online. Specifically, look for the hidden treasures and wisdom contained in the really old books.

7. Be a Chameleon

When you want to learn new skills, imitate your biggest idol. Watch a video and learn from seeing someone else do it. Participate in mimicry and copy what you see.

Studies have shown that, apart from learning,[2]

“Mimicry is an effective tool not only to create ties and social relationships, but also for maintaining them.”

Visual learning is a great way to speed up the learning process. YouTube has thousands of videos on almost every topic available.

8. Focus

Follow one course until success! It’s easy to get distracted, to throw in the towel, or to become interested in the next great thing and ditch what you initially set out to do.

Ditch the whole idea of multitasking, as it has been shown to be detrimental and unproductive Simply focus on the one new skill at hand until you get it done.

9. Visualize

The mind has great difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imagined. That is why athletes practice mentally seeing their success before attempting the real thing[3].

Visualize yourself achieving your new skill and each step that you need to make to see results. This is an important skill to help when you’re learning the basics or breaking a bad habit.

Take a look at this article to learn how to do so: How to Become a Person Who Can Visualize Results

10. Find a Mentor

Success leaves clues. The best short cut to become an expert is to find an expert and not have to make the mistakes that they have made.

Finding out what NOT to do from the expert will fast-track your learning when you want to learn new skills. It is a huge win to have them personally walk you through what needs to be done. Reach out and send an email to them.

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If you need help learning how to find a mentor, check out this article.

11. Sleep on It

Practice your new skill within four hours of going to sleep.

Josh Kaufman, author of The Personal MBA, is a noted rapid learning expert. He says that any practice done within this time frame causes your brain to embed the learning more rapidly into its neural pathways. Your memory and motor-mechanics are ingrained at a quicker level.

12. Use the 20-Hour Rule

Along with that tip, Kaufman also suggests 20 as the magic number of hours to dedicate to learning the new skill.

His reasoning is that everyone will hit a wall early on in the rapid learning stage and that “pre-committing” to 20 hours is a sure-fire way to push through that wall and acquire your new skill.[4]

Check out his video to find out more:

13. Learn by Doing

It’s easy to get caught up in reading and gathering information on how to learn new skills and never actually get around to doing those skills. The best way to learn is to do.

Regardless of how unprepared you feel, make sure you are physically engaged continuously. Keep alternating between research and practice.

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14. Complete Short Sprints

Rather than to force yourself into enduring hours upon hours of dedication, work in short sprints of about 20-30 minutes, then get up and stretch or take a short walk. Your brain’s attention span works best with short breaks, so be sure to give it the little rest it needs.

One study found that, between two groups of students, the students who took two short breaks when studying actually performed better than those who didn’t take breaks[5].

15. Ditch the Distractions

Make sure the environment you are in is perfect for your rapid-learning progress. That means ditching any social media, and the temptation to check any email. As the saying goes, “Out of sight, out of mind.”

Before you sit down to learn new skills, make sure that potential distractions are far from sight.

16. Use Nootropics

Otherwise known as brain enhancers, these cognitive boosters are available in natural herbal forms and in supplements.

Many students will swear by the increased focus that nootropics will provide[6], particularly as they get set for some serious cramming. Natural herbal nootropics have been used for thousands of years in Ayurvedic traditions to improve the mind and learning.

Find out more about brain supplements in this article.

17. Celebrate

For every single small win that you experience during the learning process, be sure to celebrate. Your brain will release endorphins and serotonin as you raise your hands in victory and pump your fits. Have a piece of chocolate and give yourself a pat on the back. This positive reinforcement will help you keep pushing forward as you learn new skills.

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The Bottom Line

Learning a new skill should be exciting and fun. Whether you use online courses, real world experience, YouTube videos, or free online resources, take time to learn in the long term. Keep picturing the joy of reaching the end goal and being a better version of yourself as continual motivation.

More Tips on How to Learn New Skills

Featured photo credit: Elijah M. Henderson via unsplash.com

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