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10 Characteristics of Bad Leadership (And How to Fix Them)

Written by Leon Ho
Founder & CEO of Lifehack
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A quick question: Who’s the worst boss you ever had? I bet a name or a face pops up instantly. But for me, the first thing that comes to mind is the movie “Horrible Bosses.” The title says it all, doesn’t it?

Let’s break down the all-star roster of terrible leadership in that movie. Kevin Spacey’s guy? He’s not a leader; he’s a tyrant. He rules by fear, leaving his employees scared and defeated.

Colin Farrell plays the kid who inherits his dad’s business and treats it like his personal playground. No empathy, no care.

And let’s not forget Jennifer Aniston’s character—a boss who can’t respect personal boundaries.

Yes, they’re exaggerated for laughs, but come on, you know these kinds of bosses exist. Maybe you’ve even had one. These are the kind of people who make you dread Monday mornings, affect your work performance, and can push you to update that resume.

And it’s not just Hollywood’s imagination. Real stats say that bad bosses are everywhere. A study from the Australian Institute of Management and Monash University reveals that a whopping 83% of employees rate their bosses as “meh” or even worse when it comes to leadership. The problem areas? Communication, vision, and actually managing people.

So, what’s the fix? If you’re a boss or you aim to be one, it’s time to wake up. We’ll dig into what makes a leader go from bad to horrible, and—more importantly—how you can avoid joining that not-so-elite club.


Characteristics of Bad Leadership

Leadership is tough. But what separates a great leader from a not-so-great one? Let’s roll out the list:

1. No Vision

A visionless leader is unable to articulate a compelling vision that aligns with the values of the organization and inspires employees.

Employees may feel lost, unmotivated, and unsure of how their efforts contribute to the bigger picture if they lack a clear sense of direction and purpose. For example, a leader who prioritizes short-term financial gains over long-term growth may find employees becoming disillusioned and disenchanted.

Employees require a leader who can paint a future vision that gives meaning to their work and encourages them to achieve shared goals.

2. All About Me

Self-centered leaders see their position as a chance to advance their own interests at the expense of the team. Their actions may be motivated by ego, ambition, or insecurity, resulting in decisions that prioritize their own interests over the good of the group.

A self-centered leader, for example, may take credit for others’ work, make unilateral decisions, or require excessive work hours without regard for employees’ well-being. Such behavior undermines trust, harms relationships, and creates a toxic work environment in which employees feel undervalued and exploited.


3. Know-it-All

Leaders with a know-it-all mentality exude superiority and infallibility. They are convinced that their knowledge and expertise are unrivaled, leading them to dismiss other people’s opinions and undervalue diverse viewpoints. This behavior stifles open communication, impedes collaboration, and fosters an environment in which employees are hesitant to express dissenting opinions or share innovative ideas.

For example, a know-it-all leader may dismiss valuable suggestions for process improvement, resulting in missed opportunities and reduced team creativity.

4. Stuck in Their Ways

Narrow-minded leaders are resistant to change and unreceptive to new ideas. They may cling to established practices despite evidence that alternative approaches could produce better results.

In a volatile business environment, this mindset stifles innovation and limits adaptability. For example, a leader who rejects new technology or flexible work arrangements may find their organization falling behind competitors who embrace change and innovation.

5. Can’t Let Go

Reluctance to delegate authority stems from a leader’s lack of confidence in the abilities of their team. Such leaders tend to micromanage and feel compelled to control every aspect of their team’s work, from setting detailed task parameters to closely monitoring progress.

This type of management undermines employee autonomy, inhibits initiative, and demoralizes team members who feel constantly scrutinized. For example, a leader who refuses to delegate may dictate the exact format of a presentation rather than allowing employees to exercise creativity and judgment.


6. Never My Fault

Accountability is a critical component of effective leadership. Leaders who are not accountable deflect responsibility for their mistakes, fail to accept responsibility for their actions, and may engage in blame-shifting.

For example, a leader who blames a failed project solely on the performance of the team while ignoring their own shortcomings erodes trust and credibility. This type of behavior erodes team cohesion and discourages employees from taking ownership and responsibility.

7. Muddled Messages

Confusion, misalignment, and unmet expectations can all result from poor communication. Leaders with poor communication skills may struggle to articulate their vision, give unclear instructions, or fail to address concerns in an open and honest manner.

A leader who provides ambiguous feedback, for example, may leave employees unsure of how to improve or meet expectations.

8. Can’t Decide

Indecisive leaders frequently struggle to commit to a course of action, whether because they are afraid of making mistakes, want to please everyone, or lack confidence in their judgment. Employees may be unsure of the leader’s expectations and goals, resulting in a lack of direction for the team.

Moreover, indecision can lead to missed opportunities, as competitors may seize market openings that an indecisive leader fails to seize. For example, if a leader spends months debating whether to launch a new product, the organization may miss out on the opportunity to establish itself as an industry innovator.

Ultimately, indecisiveness can erode trust and confidence in leadership by making the leader appear uncertain and ineffective to team members.


9. Moral Compass Off-Kilter

Leaders who lack integrity jeopardize the organization’s ethical standards. Such leaders may engage in unethical behavior, manipulate information, and put their own interests ahead of ethical considerations.

A leader who falsifies financial reports to paint a more favorable picture of the company’s performance, for example, is violating the principles of transparency and honesty. Similarly, a leader who takes credit for a team member’s work or blames others for their own mistakes undermines trust and fairness.

A lack of integrity in leadership can have serious consequences, such as legal ramifications, reputational harm, and a loss of credibility among stakeholders. It can also create a toxic organizational culture in which unethical behavior is tolerated or ignored.

10. Avoiding the Elephant in the Room

Conflict-avoidant leaders may be reluctant to address issues or offer helpful criticism, which can cause issues to worsen.

This avoidance can stem from a fear of confrontation, a desire to maintain harmony, or a belief that conflicts will resolve themselves. However, avoiding conflict can result in unresolved issues that can fester and worsen over time.

For example, if a leader avoids dealing with a poor performer, other team members may become frustrated and demoralized by the lack of accountability. Similarly, if a leader fails to address interpersonal conflicts within the team, tension and mistrust can erode collaboration and cohesion.


Effective leaders recognize the value of constructive conflict resolution and are willing to engage in open, respectful dialogues to address problems and find solutions.

The Ripple Effect of a Bad Leadership

So what happens when bad leadership isn’t just a comedy plot but your everyday reality?

Zapped Disengagement

According to research, toxic leadership behaviors can lead to decreased job satisfaction and organizational commitment, leaving employees disengaged and disconnected.[1]

Imagine coming to work every day and feeling like you’re just clocking in and out. No passion. No drive. That’s what bad leadership does. People stop caring about the job, about the team. And when people check out, good luck getting anything worthwhile done.

Morale and Productivity Dive

Poor leadership can also contribute to low morale and decreased productivity within teams.

Nurses, for instance, expressed dissatisfaction with leaders who were unprepared or absent in an online survey of medical professionals working in an intensive care unit.[2] According to the study, supervisor communication was the best predictor of productivity, while perceived leader mentoring was the best predictor of employee morale. The study concluded that active and effective leadership participation is critical for maintaining productivity and morale.

Exit Signs

Why do good employees leave? Often, it’s the person they’re reporting to.

A report from Gallup throws a spotlight on this—half of us have ditched a job because of a bad boss.[3] And get this: 70% are peeking at job listings because their current leadership isn’t making the cut. For companies, this isn’t just about finding replacements. It’s losing the magic that experienced hands bring to the table.


The consequences of poor leadership can be far-reaching, affecting not only individual employees but also the organization’s overall health and success.

So, whether you’re a leader or an aspiring one, recognize that your actions ripple through the entire pond. Be leaders who bring out the best in everyone; otherwise, we’re just part of the problem.

How Does Bad Leadership Happen?

A person’s innate personality traits or a lack of managerial experience are just two examples of causes for bad leadership.

Understanding the underlying causes of poor leadership is essential for recognizing and correcting such behaviors. The following are some important factors that contribute to bad leadership:

They Are Unprepared

Sometimes people who lack the necessary management skills or training are promoted into positions of leadership. This lack of managerial experience can lead to mistakes such as ineffective communication, failure to delegate, or inability to motivate and inspire team members.

New leaders may struggle to navigate complex interpersonal dynamics and effectively lead their teams if they are not properly trained and mentored.


The Power Rush

Some people are driven by a strong desire for power and authority, which manifests itself in negative leadership behaviors.

According to LeadershipIQ’s online test “Are You Motivated By Power Or Achievement?”[4] 41% of leaders want to be seen as experts and authority figures, while 48% want to be seen as experts and authority figures.

These managers’ desire for authority and expertise can drive bad leadership behaviors such as micromanaging, making unilateral decisions without consulting team members, or displaying authoritarian or domineering attitudes. Such behaviors can poison the workplace and undermine team morale and collaboration.

Ego Overdrive

Imagine thinking you’re the smartest person in every room. That’s the unchecked ego, a sneaky saboteur in leadership.

Leaders who believe they are infallible or superior to others may have difficulty accepting feedback, admitting mistakes, or recognizing team members’ contributions. This can result in arrogance, resistance to change, and a lack of accountability.

But note that bad leadership is not unchangeable, and leaders who recognize and admit their shortcomings can work to improve their leadership skills and practices.


Can You Turn a Bad Leadership Around?

Bad leadership is not an irreversible condition. Anyone can take actionable steps to improve their leadership skills and become more effective leaders.

Here are 9 steps to help you fix a bad leadership:

1. Know Your Style

Understanding different leadership styles can help you identify your own approach and determine which style best aligns with your values and goals.

You can adapt your approach to different situations and teams by exploring various leadership styles, such as the democratic, the autocratic, the transformational, the transactional, and the laissez-faire style leadership.

Learn about the 5 Types of Leadership Styles and decide which one works best for you.

2. Copy the Greats

Effective leaders have a variety of characteristics that set them apart. Integrity, empathy, resilience, and emotional intelligence are examples of these characteristics. You can improve your leadership skills and instill confidence in your team by identifying and developing these qualities.

Learn What Makes a Good Leader: 15 Critical Leadership Qualities.

3. Set Clear Goals

Setting goals is an important aspect of leadership. Leaders must be able to define specific, attainable goals that are in line with the organization’s mission and vision. Setting measurable goals gives your team a sense of direction and purpose.

Read The Ultimate Guide to Goal Achieving & Goal Setting.

4. Learn to Prioritize

Effective leaders understand how to prioritize tasks and efficiently allocate resources. You can lead your team to success and achieve important goals by identifying high-impact tasks and focusing on what matters most.

Read The Ultimate Guide to Prioritizing Your Work And Life.

5. Pass the Ball

Delegation is essential for effective leadership. Leaders must trust their team members and give them the authority to take on tasks and projects.

Delegating responsibilities not only frees up your time for more important tasks, but it also allows team members to grow and develop.


Learn more about What Is Delegation And Why It Is Important.

6. Motivate Your Team Members

Leading requires you to inspire and motivate your team. Recognizing and rewarding accomplishments, providing constructive feedback, and fostering an inclusive and supportive work environment can all help to boost motivation and engagement.

Try these 12 Effective Ways To Motivate Employees.

7. Talk, But Listen More

Communication is essential for effective leadership. Leaders must be able to articulate their vision, communicate clearly, and actively listen to feedback.

You can foster trust and collaboration within your team by developing strong communication skills.

Equip yourself with these 10 Leadership Communication Skills Every Effective Leader Has.

8. Lead AND Manage

While leadership and management are related, they are not the same thing. Leadership is concerned with inspiring and guiding others, whereas management is concerned with organizing and coordinating resources. Understanding the distinctions can help you effectively balance both roles.

Read Leadership vs Management: Is One Better Than the Other? and understand the differences.

9. Never Stop Learning

Leadership development requires continuous learning. Reading leadership books can help you gain expert insights and valuable strategies for leading your team.

Explore books on a variety of topics, from building trust to dealing with change. I recommend starting with these books on leadership.


Improving your leadership skills is an ongoing process that requires self-reflection, commitment, and a willingness to learn. You can cultivate a positive leadership style that fosters a high-performing and motivated team by taking the above steps.

Final Thoughts

Bad leadership isn’t just a minor hiccup—it can tank morale and productivity. But here’s the good news: it’s fixable. Leadership isn’t about your title; it’s how you show up every day.

It’s your actions and the vision you paint that matter. So, lead with heart. Be real. Value everyone’s voice. When you do that, you’re not just lifting your leadership game; you’re setting the stage for everyone to soar.


Don't have time for the full article? Read this.

10 Characteristics of Bad Leadership (And How to Fix Them)

Bad leadership quality #1: Lack Vision – Leaders who lack vision fail to provide their teams with a clear sense of direction or purpose.

Bad leadership quality #2: Self-Centered – Self-centered leaders put their own interests ahead of the needs of their team or organization. They may place unrealistic or unreasonable demands on team members, resulting in burnout and resentment.

Bad leadership quality #3: Know-it-All – Leaders who believe they know everything are unwilling to listen to or consider the perspectives of others. This attitude can stifle creativity and lead to a lack of collaboration.

Bad leadership quality #4: Narrow-Minded – Narrow-minded leaders are resistant to new ideas and prefer to keep things as they are. They have difficulty accepting diversity of thought or experience and may reject ideas that are outside their comfort zone.

Bad leadership quality #5: Reluctant to Delegate Authority – These leaders tend to micromanage, exert excessive control and monitoring over every aspect of their team’s work, leaving little room for autonomy or creativity.

Bad leadership quality #6: Lack Accountability – Leaders who are not accountable avoid taking responsibility for their actions and decisions and frequently blame others.

Bad leadership quality #7: Poor Communication – Leaders with poor communication skills struggle to clearly articulate expectations, provide feedback, or convey critical information. This can lead to misunderstandings, conflicts, and decreased productivity.– Bad leadership quality #8: Indecisive – Indecisive leaders struggle to make timely decisions, resulting in delays and missed opportunities.

Bad leadership quality #9: Lack Integrity – Leaders with little integrity engage in unethical or dishonest behavior, such as lying, cheating, or taking credit for the work of others.

Bad leadership quality #10: Avoid Conflict – Conflict-avoidant leaders may be reluctant to address issues or offer helpful criticism, which can cause issues to worsen.

Bad leadership can have a negative impact on employees and organizations, causing employee disengagement, low morale and productivity, and high turnover.

Reasons for poor leadership include insufficient management experience, the leader’s strong desire for power and authority, and the leader’s unchecked ego.

To fix bad leadership, 1) identify your leadership style, 2) learn what makes a good leader, 3) set clear goals, 4) learn to prioritize, 5) learn to delegate, 6) motivate your team members, 7) improve communication skills, 8) recognize the difference between leadership and management, and 9) read more about leadership.


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