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5 Misconceptions About Credit Scores

5 Misconceptions About Credit Scores

Credit reports and scores have become an essential part of our daily lives since the 1980s when banks implemented a system to calculate consumers’ creditworthiness. Today, it is crucial to thoroughly understand your credit valuation as a borrower. However, most consumers have very limited knowledge about what improves and hurts their credit score. As a result, their ratings remain low as they struggle to make payments on balances with high interest rates. Below we have put together the top five misconceptions about credit scores.

1. There is only one credit score.

Contrary to this belief, there are several models to calculate credit ratings. FICO is the name of the most popular model used by many lenders. The score range is from 300 to 850. The higher the number, the better is your standing as a borrower. Before applying for credit, you can request your score from one of the companies. It will give you an idea what lenders will see when they pull your credit information. Keep in mind that scores from different companies may vary by several points.

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2. Checking your credit hurts your score.

The answer to this is both yes and no. Nowadays, not only lenders may request your credit report, but insurance companies, landlords, potential employers may also look at your credit ratings to make financial decisions. However, unless you apply for a loan, most companies do a “soft inquiry” that does not affect your score. Your own requests are also considered a “soft” pull and will not hurt it. When reviewing a credit application, a loan officer makes a “hard inquiry” that will lower your score by a few points. Think twice about applying for new credit if your credit score[1] is low. It is unlikely that a lender will approve your request, and you will lose your credit points.

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3. Closing credit accounts will improve my score.

This is one of the biggest misconceptions that consumers have.[2] Actually, closing your credit cards will have the opposite effect and will lower your score. Why? Because it decreases the amount of credit available to you in relation to the balances you owe. The higher this ratio is, the lower your rating will be. Even if you do not use your credit cards, the account history remains on your report. Together, good payment record and the length of time accounts have been opened contribute to a large percentage of your credit score. Leaving those accounts open improves your rating over a period of time.

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4. It takes a long time to bring the credit score up.

So, credit rating plunged after a few missed or late payments. How can you bring it back up? Closing accounts with negative marks will not boost your score. Creditors can still view the information on closed accounts and can determine whether you can manage your debt well enough. However, there are ways to improve your creditworthiness. Scores update every 30 days and reflect your activity during that time frame. If you make payments on time and do not use any new credit, your number has a potential to increase by as much as 20 points in just three months.

5. Paying off collection accounts will not improve my credit score.

This is a very common misconception that does not have a definite yes or no response. It is important to understand that a credit report is a history of how you have managed your credit over a period of time. As you clean up collection accounts, make on-time payments, lower or pay off balances, the adverse records will no longer dominate in your credit file. As a result, your score and your creditworthiness will eventually improve. Keep in mind that collection accounts and other negative marks such as debt settlement, foreclosure, and bankruptcy, remain on the report for seven to ten years. As long as these marks are valid, they cannot be deleted. In some situations, credit repair specialists can assist in removing derogatory records from credit reports. If you find a collection account that has been paid off a long time ago or a delinquent account that does not belong to you, contact a credit repair company for assistance.

Featured photo credit: Acorns.com via 1y986jl0sf53nmdkrzen9mln-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com

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Reference

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Last Updated on January 21, 2020

How to Develop a Millionaire Mindset in 6 Simple Steps

How to Develop a Millionaire Mindset in 6 Simple Steps

We all like to dream about being financially wealthy. For most people though, it remains a dream and nothing more. Why is that?

It’s because most people don’t set their mind to achieving that goal. They might not be happy in their current situation but they’re comfortable – and comfort is one of the biggest enemies of growth.

How do you go about developing that millionaire mindset? By following these simple steps:

1. Focus On What You Want – And Take It!

So many people are too timid to admit they want something and go for it. When there is something that you want to accomplish don’t think “I could never actually do that”, think “I could do that and I WILL do that”.

Millionaires play to win, not to avoid defeat.

This doesn’t mean to have to become a selfish jerk. What it means is becoming more assertive and honest with yourself. You don’t have to grab off other people. There is a big pot of unclaimed gold in the middle of the table — why shouldn’t you be the one to claim it? You deserve it!

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2. Become Goal-Orientated

It’s almost impossible to achieve anything if you don’t set firm goals. Only lottery winners become millionaires overnight. By setting yourself attainable goals, you will get there eventually. Don’t try to get rich quickly — get rich slowly.

Let’s take the idea of making your first million dollars and expand on what kind of goals you might set to get there. Let’s also say you’re starting at a break-even position – you’re making enough to get by with a few luxuries, but nothing more.

Your goal for the first year can be having $10,000 in the bank within a year. It won’t be easy but it is doable. Next, you need to figure out the steps you need to take to achieve that goal.

Always look at ways to make growth before cutbacks. With that in mind, you might want to see if you can negotiate a pay rise with your boss, or if there’s another job out there that will pay better. You might be comfortable in your old job but remember, comfort stunts growth.

You may also have other skills outside of your workplace that you can monetize to boost your bank balance. Maybe you can design websites for people, at a fee of course, or make alterations to clothes.

If this is still not enough to make the money you need to save $10,000 in a year, then it’s time to look at cutbacks. Do you have a bunch of old junk that someone else might love? Sell it! Do you really need to spend $10 on your lunch everyday when you could make your own for a fraction of the cost?

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If you are to become a millionaire, you need to start accumulating money.

Here’re some tips to help you: How to Become Goal Oriented and Achieve More in Life

3. Don’t Spend Your Money – Invest It

The reason you need to accumulate money is for step three. Millionaires tend to be frugal people, and that’s because they know the true value of money is in investing. Being your own boss goes hand-in-hand with becoming a millionaire. You’ll want to quit your regular job at some point.

Stop working for your money and make your money work for you.

Rather than buying yourself a new iPad, that $500 could be used to invest in the stock market. Find the right shares (more on that later), and that money could easily double within a year.

There’s not just the stock market — there’s also property, and your own education.

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4. Never Stop Learning

The best thing you can invest in is yourself.

Once most people leave the education system, they think their learning days are over. Well theirs might be, but yours shouldn’t be. Successful people continually learn and adapt.

Billionaire Warren Buffet estimates that he read at least 100 books on investing before he turned twenty. Most people never read another book after they’ve left school. Who would you rather be?

Learn everything you can about how economics works, how the stocks markets work, how they trend.

Learn new skills. If you have an interest in it, learn everything you can about it. You’d be surprised at how often, seemingly useless skills, can become extremely useful in the right situation.

Start developing the habit of learning continuously: How to Create a Habit of Continuous Learning for a Better You

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5. Think Big

While I advise to start off with small goals, you absolutely should have a big goal in mind. If you have a business idea, then that is your ultimate goal – to start that business and make a success of it. If you want to invest your way to millions of dollars and do little work other than research, then that is your big goal.

There is no shame in not achieving a big goal. If you run a business and aim to make $1 million profit in a year and “only” make $200,000, then you’re still significantly ahead of most people.

Aim for the stars, if you fail you’ll still be over the moon.

6. Enjoy the Attention

To be successful, you have to be willing to promote yourself and enjoy the attention to a certain extent. Now the attention doesn’t need to be on yourself, it could be on your brand, but attention definitely attracts money.

Never be embarrassed to get your name out there. That means finding a spotlight and being brave enough to step right up underneath it.

If you run a business, try contacting the local papers. You’d be surprised at how amenable they often are to running a story about you and your business, and it’s all free publicity.

Above all, remember: You control your own destiny. Push hard enough for anything and you’ll get it.

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Featured photo credit: Austin Distel via unsplash.com

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