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5 Misconceptions About Credit Scores

5 Misconceptions About Credit Scores

Credit reports and scores have become an essential part of our daily lives since the 1980s when banks implemented a system to calculate consumers’ creditworthiness. Today, it is crucial to thoroughly understand your credit valuation as a borrower. However, most consumers have very limited knowledge about what improves and hurts their credit score. As a result, their ratings remain low as they struggle to make payments on balances with high interest rates. Below we have put together the top five misconceptions about credit scores.

1. There is only one credit score.

Contrary to this belief, there are several models to calculate credit ratings. FICO is the name of the most popular model used by many lenders. The score range is from 300 to 850. The higher the number, the better is your standing as a borrower. Before applying for credit, you can request your score from one of the companies. It will give you an idea what lenders will see when they pull your credit information. Keep in mind that scores from different companies may vary by several points.

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2. Checking your credit hurts your score.

The answer to this is both yes and no. Nowadays, not only lenders may request your credit report, but insurance companies, landlords, potential employers may also look at your credit ratings to make financial decisions. However, unless you apply for a loan, most companies do a “soft inquiry” that does not affect your score. Your own requests are also considered a “soft” pull and will not hurt it. When reviewing a credit application, a loan officer makes a “hard inquiry” that will lower your score by a few points. Think twice about applying for new credit if your credit score[1] is low. It is unlikely that a lender will approve your request, and you will lose your credit points.

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3. Closing credit accounts will improve my score.

This is one of the biggest misconceptions that consumers have.[2] Actually, closing your credit cards will have the opposite effect and will lower your score. Why? Because it decreases the amount of credit available to you in relation to the balances you owe. The higher this ratio is, the lower your rating will be. Even if you do not use your credit cards, the account history remains on your report. Together, good payment record and the length of time accounts have been opened contribute to a large percentage of your credit score. Leaving those accounts open improves your rating over a period of time.

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4. It takes a long time to bring the credit score up.

So, credit rating plunged after a few missed or late payments. How can you bring it back up? Closing accounts with negative marks will not boost your score. Creditors can still view the information on closed accounts and can determine whether you can manage your debt well enough. However, there are ways to improve your creditworthiness. Scores update every 30 days and reflect your activity during that time frame. If you make payments on time and do not use any new credit, your number has a potential to increase by as much as 20 points in just three months.

5. Paying off collection accounts will not improve my credit score.

This is a very common misconception that does not have a definite yes or no response. It is important to understand that a credit report is a history of how you have managed your credit over a period of time. As you clean up collection accounts, make on-time payments, lower or pay off balances, the adverse records will no longer dominate in your credit file. As a result, your score and your creditworthiness will eventually improve. Keep in mind that collection accounts and other negative marks such as debt settlement, foreclosure, and bankruptcy, remain on the report for seven to ten years. As long as these marks are valid, they cannot be deleted. In some situations, credit repair specialists can assist in removing derogatory records from credit reports. If you find a collection account that has been paid off a long time ago or a delinquent account that does not belong to you, contact a credit repair company for assistance.

Featured photo credit: Acorns.com via 1y986jl0sf53nmdkrzen9mln-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com

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Reference

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Last Updated on January 2, 2019

How Personal Finance Software Helps You Get More Out of Your Money

How Personal Finance Software Helps You Get More Out of Your Money

Do you know what mental health experts point to as the biggest cause of stress in the United States today? If you said “money,” then ding, ding, we have a winner!

Three out of four adults today report feeling stressed out about money at least part of the time. People are either worried about not having enough money or whether they’re putting the money they do have to use in the best possible way.

Your money is either in charge of you or you’re in charge of it, there’s no middle ground. Using some type of personal finance software can help alleviate some of that money stress and better allow you to manage your money effectively. Without it, you may just be setting yourself up for constant financial worry. Life is already tough enough and there’s no need to make it more difficult by simply hoping your money issues will all work out in your favor. Hint: they won’t.

This guide will help you to understand how personal finance software can better assist with both accomplishing long term financial goals and managing day-to-day aspects of life.

Whether it’s tracking the savings plan for your child’s college fund or making sure you won’t be in the red with the month’s grocery budget, personal finance software keeps all this information in one convenient place.

What Exactly is Personal Finance Software?

Think of it like the dashboard in your car. You have a speedometer to tell you how fast you’re going, an odometer to tell you how far you’ve traveled, and then other gauges to tell you things like how much gas is in the tank and your engine temperature. Personal finance software is essentially the same thing for your money.

When you install this software on your computer, tablet, or smartphone, it helps to track your money — how much is going in, how much is going out, and its growth. Most personal finance software programs will display your budget, spending, investments, bills, savings accounts, and even retirement plans, levels of debt, and credit score.

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How It Leads to Financial Improvement

It shouldn’t come as a surprise, but people who regularly monitor their finances end up wealthier than those who don’t. When you were a kid, keeping track of all of your money in a porcelain piggy bank was pretty easy. As we get older, though, our money becomes spread out across things like car payments, mortgages, retirement funds, taxes, and other investments and debts. All of these things make keeping track of our money a lot more complicated.

Some types of personal finance software can help make things a little less complicated, setting you up to meet financial goals and taking away some of the stress associated with money.

Even if you already have a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) some type of personal finance software can be of great benefit. Whereas CFPs focus on the big picture of your money, they don’t handle the day-to-day aspects that determine your overall financial health.

It’s also not nearly as complicated as you might think and can take out a lot of the tedium that comes with doing everything on an Excel spreadsheet or with a pad and pencil.

Types of Personal Finance Software

When it comes to personal finance software, it generally fits into two categories: tax preparation and money management.

Tax preparation software such as Turbo Tax and H&R Block’s software can help with everything from filing income taxes to IRS rules and regulations and even estate plans. Plus, there’s the benefit of filing online and getting your refund check a lot faster than if you were to mail off your forms after waiting in line at the post office.

For the purpose of this article, however, will be focusing more on the personal finance software that aids with money management.

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Money management personal finance software will help you to see the health of your cash flow, pay down debt, forecast for expenses and savings, track investments, pay bills, and do a host of other things that 30 years ago would have practically required a team of accountants.

When to Use Personal Finance Software

So far we’ve gone over what exactly personal finance software is and how it can be a benefit to your money. The next logical step in this whole equation is determining when it should be used and how is the best way to go about getting started using it.

Below are four of the most common and practical ways to use personal finance software. If all or any of these apply to you and your money, then downloading some type of personal finance software is going to be a smart move.

1. You Have Multiple Accounts

There’s a good chance that when it comes to your money, it’s in more than one place. Sure, you probably have a checking account, but you may also have a savings account, money market account, and retirement accounts such as an IRA or 401k.

If you’re like the average American, you probably have two to three credit cards as well. Fifty percent of Americans also don’t have loyalty to just one bank and spread their money across multiple banks.

Rather than spending hours typing in every detail of every account you have into a spreadsheet, many programs allow you to easily import your account information. This will help to eliminate any mistakes and give you a bird’s eye view of everything at once.

2. You Want to Automate Some or All of Your Payments

Please don’t say that you’re still writing out paper checks and dropping each bill in the mailbox. While it’s noble that you’re doing your part to keep postal workers employed, we’re 18 years into the 21st century and you can literally pay every bill online now.

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There’s no need to log into every account you have and type in your routing number either.

With personal finance software you can schedule automatic payments and transfers between all of your imported accounts. Automatic transfers will help to make sure you have the necessary funds in the right account to ensure all bills are paid on the appropriate date. Late fees are annoying and do nothing but cost you money. It’s time that you said goodbye to them once and for all.

3. You Need to Streamline Your Budget

Perhaps the best feature of personal finance software is that it allows you track everything going in and out of your virtual wallet.

Nearly every brand of personal finance software out there has easy-to-read graphs and charts that allow you track every cent you spend or earn, should you choose. You might be pretty amazed when you see just how much you spent on eating out last month or if you splurged a little more than you should have on Christmas gifts last year.

Every successful business on the planet has a budget and using personal finance software can help you trim the fat on your spending in ways that affect your everyday life.

4. You Have Specific Goals to Meet

Maybe it’s paying off debt or saving for up something like a European vacation. Whatever your financial goal is, whether it’s long-term or short-term, personal finance software programs are one of the savviest ways to go about reaching those goals.

You can do everything from set spending alerts to notify you when you’re over budget to automating what percentage of your paycheck goes to things like retirement investments. The personal finance software that you choose should show you exactly how close you are to hitting those goals at any given time.

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How to Get Started

From AceMoney to Mint and Quicken, there ’s no shortage of personal finance software apps out there. Many of these programs are free to download and will allow you to pay bills, invest, monitor your net worth and credit profile, and even get a loan with the swipe of a finger.

Other programs may only offer you limited services and will require a one-time fee or subscription to unlock all that they offer. These fees can often vary from as little as two dollars to 50 bucks a month.

It’s best to start off with the free version and then gauge whether you’re able to accomplish everything you’d like or if it’s worth exploring one of the paid options. Often times the subscription programs come with assistance from financial planning and investment experts — so that can be a real benefit.

When deciding which personal finance software program to use, it’s also important to look at how many accounts you wish to monitor. Certain programs limit the number of accounts you can add. Be sure that if you have checking, credit card, and investment accounts to monitor, that you choose a service that can monitor them all.

Finally, when looking around for the right personal finance software that meets your needs, make sure that you’re comfortable with the program’s interface. It shouldn’t be expected that you recognize every single feature instantly, but if the features don’t seem readable and manageable to you, then you’re not as likely to use it and get the full benefits.

Final Thoughts

Personal finance software can go a long way in helping you to take control of your money and meeting your financial goals. It’s important to note, however, that some focus more on budgeting and expense tracking while others prioritize investing portfolios and income taxes. Explore several different programs and read reviews to find the one that’s right for you.

In this day and age, managing one’s personal finances in a secure manner that allows the user to have a real-time visual representation of their money is easier than ever before. With the numerous applications that are out there — both free and subscription-based — there’s no reason that every person can’t take control of their money and ensure they’re making smart money moves.

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

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