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5 Sources of Fake Weight Loss Results In Your Body

5 Sources of Fake Weight Loss Results In Your Body

In this article, you will learn 5 different ways in which your body can trick you with “fake” weight loss results on just about any weight loss diet. I call these results fake, because they can make it look like you’re losing a lot of weight even when you’re hardly losing any body fat at all.

In other words, fake weight loss is any weight you might lose that won’t come out of your body fat reserves (such weight is also known as your non-fat body weight, or your lean body mass). Many rapid weight loss diets (or crash diets, if you will) take a huge advantage of this. They trick you with an illusion of fast weight loss, but as soon as you’re off the diet, you gain most of the lost weight back.

This is nothing new, we all know this as the dreaded yo-yo dieting effect. Except, only a handful of people understand exactly why this happens on so many fast weight loss diets.

In this article, I will use a combination of weight loss science and personal experiments to show you what actually happens in your body during (and after) most crash diets.

I will not only explain the 5 five different sources of fake weight loss results in your body, but I’ll also try to estimate by how much each of these 5 sources can mess up your weight loss results.

1. Dehydration (loss of body water)

Back in 2004, I did an extreme weight loss challenge to demonstrate how to lose the most weight in one day. I have shown it’s possible to lose almost 20 pounds (or 9 kilograms) of weight in just 24 hours. But you should know that what I did IS extremely dangerous. When taken to extremes, dehydration can literally cause your heart to fail [1], so do not repeat what I did under any circumstances.

I specifically designed my extreme weight loss experiment to lose as much water weight as possible in those 24 hours. I hardly drank any fluids during my challenge, and I used a couple of natural diuretics to force even more water out of my body. On top of that, I exercised in intense heat to lose huge amounts of body water (through sweat).

But given how many calories I actually burned in those 24 hours, I couldn’t have lost a lot more than a pound of body fat. So at least 18 out of the 20 pounds I lost didn’t come from my body fat reserves.

Not getting in any fluids, diuretics, heat, and exercise can all dehydrate in your body. But there are two more specific reasons why our bodies release even more water weight during extreme weight loss.

So let’s get those two out of the way first.

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2. Glycogen

Your body stores energy in a couple of different ways. While a huge majority of that energy is stored away in your body fat reserves, some of it is also stored as glycogen. Burning away your glycogen reserves can also make it look like you’re getting great weight loss results, even when you’re not necessarily losing any body fat at all.

Our bodies store about a pound (or a little over 400 grams) of glycogen on average [2], but every gram of glycogen also binds about 3-4 grams of water to itself [3]. Because I ate almost no food while exercising for about 6 hours during my extreme weight loss challenge, I wiped out most, if not all of my glycogen reserves. As my body kept burning away glycogen for energy, the number on my scale started dropping pretty quickly. But again, that didn’t mean I was actually losing a lot of body fat, I was simply losing the weight of glycogen (and the water that was bound to it).

Now, while an average person stores about a pound of glycogen, some people can store more than two pounds of it. In other words, if you completely wiped out your glycogen reserves, the number on your scale could deceive you by as much as 7.7 pounds (5 kilograms) [2] of fake weight loss.

3. Salt (sodium)

Salt, or more precisely, sodium (sodium is the main component of salt), plays a huge role in our modern diets. Even if you’re not adding any extra salt to your food, there’s a good chance your diet already contains a lot of sodium. Sodium isn’t just added to junk foods like pizza and hamburgers, but also to foods like bread, turkey breast, chicken noodle soup, and lots of other processed foods.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “more than 75% of the sodium Americans eat comes from restaurant, prepackaged, and processed foods.” [4]

Okay, but what does all this have to do with fake weight loss results?

All that extra sodium we eat with our food, can force our bodies to hold on to quite a lot of extra body water (to keep that sodium diluted in concentrations that aren’t harmful to your body). Because I exercised and sweat a lot in my weight loss experiment, I also lost a lot of sodium and the water that was bound to it (we lose a lot of sodium as we sweat [5]).

So pretty much like glycogen, the loss of sodium (and the water bound to it), can trick you into believing you’re losing a lot of weight, even when we’re not necessarily losing any body fat at all.

How much fake weight loss can sodium actually cause?

This information was pretty hard to come by, but based on one study [6] and my own sodium weight loss experiment, it’s possible to lose as much as 6 pounds (3 kilograms) of body weight if you get rid of any extra sodium in your body.

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4. Muscle mass and vital organ tissue

The loss of your muscle mass and vital organ tissue (your vital body mass) is another critical problem you’ll run into, if you try to repeat what I did in my extreme weight loss experiment. Because, once you start running low on glycogen, your body simply can’t extract enough energy from your body fat reserves alone. So after you wipe out your glycogen reserves, your body will have no choice but to start burning away some of your “structural proteins” for energy [7].

Where will those structural proteins come from?

Proteins are the basic building blocks of your muscles and vital organs. This means your body will literally start eating itself away, just so it can keep you alive during times of extreme weight loss.

How bad can this get?

If I “just” stopped eating food during my extreme experiment, I could end up losing as much as 1 pound (0.5 kilograms) of vital body mass in a single day [7]. But if you keep exercising after running out of glycogen, you can lose over 100 grams of your vital body mass for every hour of exercise. I began my experiment with full glycogen reserves, but then exercised for about 6 hours. So in those 24 hours, I probably lost somewhere around 2 pounds of muscle mass and vital organ tissue in total.

My experiment was extreme, so the destruction of my vital body mass was extreme as well. But the same destruction of your vital body mass will happen on pretty much all but the slowest of weight loss diets (although it won’t be nearly as extreme as in my experiment). Explaining the science on why that happens – and more importantly, how to prevent this without slowing down your fat burn rates – is definitely a story for another article.

So let me just wrap this part up by saying that your final weight loss results will also look better if you’re losing your vital body mass on a rapid weight loss diet. Again, this will have nothing to do with your body fat and is something you’d want to avoid at all cost.

5. Food waste

Let’s take a look at the one last thing that can cause a fake drop of the number on your bathroom scale. I ate almost no food during my 24-hour weight loss experiment, but I could have gone even more extreme. I could have taken a laxative, or use any colon cleansing method to empty out my colon.

If I got rid of all food waste from my colon, this too could make my final weight loss results look even better on paper. I could be “bragging” about an even bigger drop of the number on the scale (without losing any extra body fat).

Colon cleansing is something that actually gets recommended on a lot of different diets/cleanses. Also, if you do any kind of a juice/liquid diet, or simply eat less food overall, you could again be looking at “better” weight loss results at the end of the weight loss diet. The less (solid) foods you eat, the more your colon will empty out, and the better your final weight loss will seem.

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How much fake weight loss are we talking about here?

According to one study [7] – in which they tested “industrial-strength” colon cleansers (the stuff they use in medicine to prepare patients for surgery) – you could end up losing up to 6.6 pounds (3 kilograms) of weight, simply by clearing out your colon.

For the last time, this quick drop of the number on the scale would have absolutely nothing to do with your body fat.

What are the maximum possible fake weight loss results?

To sum up the maximum potential for fake weight loss results on just about any rapid weight loss diet, here’s how much weight you could lose from all 5 sources of fake weight loss results in your body:

  • up to 7.7 pounds (5 kilograms) of weight by wiping up your glycogen reserves
  • up to 6 pounds (3 kilograms) of weight by reducing the amount of sodium in your diet
  • up to 6.6 pounds (3 kilograms) of weight by emptying out your colon
  • up to 1 pound (or more with exercise) of muscle mass and vital organ tissue per day.
  • on top of all this, you could keep dehydrating your body to the point where it becomes the very last thing you’ll ever do (but I am counting on you to NEVER try anything like that).

Ok, so these are the maximum possible numbers, and they at least roughly add up if I compare them to my real-life results. In my extreme 24-hour weight loss experiment I lost at least 18 pounds of non-fat weight, which can be explained with the numbers above.

If I wanted to precisely measure how many of the 18 pounds I lost came from each of the 5 possible sources, I would need access to some pretty expensive & complicated equipment. But exact number aren’t important. The important thing is that you now have a good enough idea of just how big of an weight loss illusion crash diets can create.

And what happens when you break off a rapid weight loss diet and return to your normal diet?

The real reason for fast weight regains after a crash diet

If you return to roughly the same diet you were on before you started a crash diet, all the non-fat weight you lost during the diet will return pretty quickly.

Your glycogen reserves will refill, your body will regain the water it lost because of dehydration, you will gain back the sodium-bound water weight, and your colon will fill back up again. In my extreme weight loss experiment, it only took two days to gain back almost all the weight I lost (but I did eat more food than I normally do).

Now, if you do a crash diet and then start eating too many calories once you’re off the diet, you WILL gain back any body fat you lost over time (and likely add some on top). But those first couple of pounds you gain back very quickly will have nothing to do your body fat.

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The only way to make sure if a diet has actually helped you lose body fat instead of just dropping your non-fat weight temporarily (or worse, destroying a lot of muscle mass and vital organ tissue), is to measure your body fat percentage before and after the diet. The important thing is that you now understand what happens “under the hood” if you do a fast weight loss diet and then quickly gain back some weight.

You will no longer think that the diet didn’t work, that you did something wrong, that your metabolism has been “crippled” by the diet, or even that you’ve lost and regained pounds and pounds of body fat in a matter of days (which is simply not possible).

Can crash diets deliver only fake weight loss results?

Let’s put something into perspective. Even though I lost “just” a pound of body fat in my 24-hour weight loss challenge, it would still take a week or two to lose the same amount of body fat on most standard weight loss diets.

If my experiment didn’t involve dangerously dehydrating my body and destroying a lot of muscle mass and vital organ tissue in the process, we could actually be talking about one of the fastest fat burn methods on the planet (but we can’t, cause what I did is simply too dangerous).

Crash diets have gained a very bad reputation because of the rarely understood yo-yo effect, but some well-designed rapid weight loss diet can actually target your body fat reserves extremely well (and do so without the destruction of your muscle mass and vital organ tissue).

The problem is, only a handful of rapid fat loss diets have ever been scientifically proven to be able to deliver those kind of results [7]. I have to wrap this article up, but if you’re interested in more information on this, look up muscle sparing fasting (or as scientist call it, protein-sparing modified fasting).

This was a long read, but congratulations for making it all the way to the end.

My hope for this article is to eliminate at least some of the confusion, frustration, and disappointment people usually run into when they regain weight after a rapid weight loss diet. If you know someone who ever suffered through such feelings, do them a favor and share this science-based explanation of the yo-yo dieting effect with them.

Featured photo credit: pixabay.com / geralt via pixabay.com

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Last Updated on August 12, 2019

12 Best Foods That Improve Memory and Brain Health

12 Best Foods That Improve Memory and Brain Health

Nutrition plays a vital role in brain function and staying sharp into the golden years. Personally, my husband is going through medical school, which is like a daily mental marathon. Like any good wife, I am always looking for things that will boost his memory fortitude so he does his best in school.

But you don’t have to be a med student to appreciate better brainiac brilliance. If you combine certain foods with good hydration, proper sleep and exercise, you may just rival Einstein and have a great memory in no time.

I’m going to reveal the list of foods coming out of the kitchen that can improve your memory and make you smarter.

Here are 12 best brain foods that improve memory and brain power:

1. Nuts

The American Journal of Epidemiology published a study linking higher intakes of vitamin E with the prevention on cognitive decline.[1]

Nuts like walnuts and almonds (along with other great foods like avocados) are a great source of vitamin E.

Cashews and sunflower seeds also contain an amino acid that reduces stress by boosting serotonin levels.

Walnuts even resemble the brain, just in case you forget the correlation, and are a great source of omega 3 fatty acids, which also improve your mental magnitude.

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2. Blueberries

Shown in studies at Tuffs University to benefit both short-term memory and coordination, blueberries pack quite a punch in a tiny blue package.[2]

When compared to other fruits and veggies, blueberries were found to have the highest amount of antioxidants (especially flavonoids), but strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries are also full of brain benefits.

3. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are packed full of the antioxidant lycopene, which has shown to help protect against free-radical damage most notably seen in dementia patients.

4. Broccoli

While all green veggies are important and rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, broccoli is a superfood even among these healthy choices.

Since your brain uses so much fuel (it’s only 3% of your body weight but uses up to 17% of your energy), it is more vulnerable to free-radical damage and antioxidants help eliminate this threat.

Broccoli is packed full of antioxidants, is well-known as a powerful cancer fighter and is also full of vitamin K, which is known to enhance cognitive function.

5. Foods Rich in Essential Fatty Acids

Your brain is the fattest organ (not counting the skin) in the human body, and is composed of 60% fat. That means that your brain needs essential fatty acids like DHA and EPA to repair and build up synapses associated with memory.

The body does not naturally produce essential fatty acids so we must get them in our diet.

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Eggs, flax, and oily fish like salmon, sardines, mackerel and herring are great natural sources of these powerful fatty acids. Eggs also contain choline, which is a necessary building block for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, to help you recall information and concentrate.

6. Soy

Soy, along with many other whole foods mentioned here, are full of proteins that trigger neurotransmitters associated with memory.

Soy protein isolate is a concentrated form of the protein that can be found in powder, liquid, or supplement form.

Soy is valuable for improving memory and mental flexibility, so pour soy milk over your cereal and enjoy the benefits.

7. Dark Chocolate

When it comes to chocolate, the darker the better. Try to aim for at least 70% cocoa. This yummy desert is rich in flavanol antioxidants which increase blood flow to the brain and shield brain cells from aging.

Take a look at this article if you want to know more benefits of dark chocolate: 15 Surprising and Science-Backed Health Effects of Dark Chocolate

8. Foods Rich in Vitamins: B vitamins, Folic Acid, Iron

Some great foods to obtain brain-boosting B vitamins, folic acid and iron are kale, chard, spinach and other dark leafy greens.

B6, B12 and folic acid can reduce levels of homocysteine in the blood. Homocysteine increases are found in patients with cognitive impairment like Alzheimer’s, and high risk of stroke.

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Studies showed when a group of elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment were given high doses of B6, B12, and folic acid, there was significant reduction in brain shrinkage compared to a similar placebo group.[3]

Other sources of B vitamins are liver, eggs, soybeans, lentils and green beans. Iron also helps accelerate brain function by carrying oxygen. If your brain doesn’t get enough oxygen, it can slow down and people can experience difficulty concentrating, diminished intellect, and a shorter attention span.

To get more iron in your diet, eat lean meats, beans, and iron-fortified cereals. Vitamin C helps in iron absorption, so don’t forget the fruits!

9. Foods Rich in Zinc

Zinc has constantly demonstrated its importance as a powerful nutrient in memory building and thinking. This mineral regulates communications between neurons and the hippocampus.

Zinc is deposited within nerve cells, with the highest concentrations found in the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for higher learning function and memory.

Some great sources of zinc are pumpkin seeds, liver, nuts, and peas.

10. Gingko Biloba

This herb has been utilized for centuries in eastern culture and is best known for its memory boosting brawn.

It can increase blood flow in the brain by dilating vessels, increasing oxygen supply and removing free radicals.

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However, don’t expect results overnight: this may take a few weeks to build up in your system before you see improvements.

11. Green and Black Tea

Studies have shown that both green and black tea prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine—a key chemical involved in memory and lacking in Alzheimer’s patients.

Both teas appear to have the same affect on Alzheimer’s disease as many drugs utilized to combat the illness, but green tea wins out as its affects last a full week versus black tea which only lasts the day.

Find out more about green tea here: 11 Health Benefits of Green Tea (+ How to Drink It for Maximum Benefits)

12. Sage and Rosemary

Both of these powerful herbs have been shown to increase memory and mental clarity, and alleviate mental fatigue in studies.

Try to enjoy these savory herbs in your favorite dishes.

When it comes to mental magnitude, eating smart can really make you smarter. Try to implement more of these readily available nutrients and see just how brainy you can be!

More About Boosting Brain Power

Featured photo credit: Pexels via pexels.com

Reference

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