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14 Signs You’re Not Drinking Enough Water

14 Signs You’re Not Drinking Enough Water

There’s not much in this world more refreshing than a tall, ice-cold glass of water. I don’t think there’s anyone alive that can deny that sometimes, a simple glass of water can be more satisfying than a cup of coffee or a can of soda. Despite this, too many of us don’t drink enough water on a daily basis. By depriving ourselves of the world’s most natural resource, we are continuously damaging our bodies. If you experience any of the following, you can improve your situation by starting with a glass of H2O.

1. Your Mouth is Dry

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    This seems pretty obvious, but the ramifications might not be so. Of course, any time you feel that sticky, nasty feeling in your mouth, you’d obviously reach for some sort of liquid. But sugary drinks are only a temporary solution to a larger problem. Drinking water lubricates the mucus membranes in your mouth and throat, which will continue to keep your mouth moist with saliva long after that first sip.

    2. Your Skin is Dry

    Your skin is your body’s largest organ, so of course it needs to stay hydrated. In fact, dry skin is one of the earliest signs of full-on dehydration, which can lead to much larger problems. A lack of water means a lack of sweat, which leads to a body’s inability to wash away excess dirt and oil accumulated throughout the day. If you want to stave off breakouts, your first recourse should be to drink more water.

    3. You’re Overly Thirsty

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      We went over dry mouth already, but thirst goes beyond a desert-like tongue. Anyone who’s ever had a hangover can tell you that, upon waking up, your body just can’t get enough water. Alcohol dehydrates the entire body, and drinking water sends “YES PLEASE!” signals to the brain until your fluid levels get back to baseline.  Listen to what your body is telling you; it knows what it’s talking about!

      4. Your Eyes Are Dry

      By now it should be clear that drinking water affects more than just your mouth and throat. A lack of water intake leads to dry, bloodshot eyes (again, think of that last pounding hangover). Without water in the body, your tear ducts dry up. If you’re thinking “So what if I can’t cry?”, realize that this could cause much more harm to your eyes, especially if you wear contacts on a daily basis.

      5. You Experience Joint Pain

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        Our cartilage and spinal discs are made up of about 80% water. This is an absolute necessity to keep our bones from grinding against each other with every step we take. By keeping your body hydrated, you ensure that your joints can absorb the shock of sudden movements, such as running, jumping, or falling awkwardly.

        6. Your Muscle Mass Decreases

        Your muscles, also, are comprised mostly of water. Obviously, less water in the body means less muscle mass. Drinking water before, during, and after a workout not only keeps you hydrated and comfortable, it also brings water to the right places in your body, and decreases the chance of developing inflammation and soreness related to exercise and weightlifting.

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        7. You Stay Sick Longer

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          Drinking water allows your body to continuously flush out toxins. Your organs work to filter our certain waste products like a machine, but if you don’t fuel the machine with water, it cannot work properly. What ends up happening in a dehydrated body is organs start to pull water from stored areas like your blood, which leads to a whole new set of problems.

          8. You Feel Fatigued and Lethargic

          As we just mentioned, when a body is dehydrated it “borrows” water from your blood. A lack of properly hydrated blood leads to a lack of oxygen being brought throughout the body. Of course, a lack of oxygen leads to sleepiness and outright fatigue. A lack of stamina means you”ll start to experience that 2PM crash earlier and earlier in your day (and remember, coffee won’t help in the long run).

          9. You Experience Hunger Pangs

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            When you’re dehydrated, your body might start to think it needs some food. This happens throughout the day, and overnight when you wake up craving that midnight snack. However, eating food creates more work for your body, whereas drinking water purifies and your organs and supplies it with the fuel it needs to go through the other processes a body goes through.

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            10. You Experience Digestive Problems

            We spoke before about the mucus in our mouth and throat, and how keeping hydrated allows the membrane to function correctly. This also applies to the entire digestive system. Without proper hydration, the amount and strength of mucus in the stomach lessens, allowing stomach acid to do some major damage to your insides. This leads to what we commonly refer to as heartburn and indigestion.

            11. You Experience Constipation

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              Like we said, staying hydrated helps lubricate the digestive system. During the process of dehydration, the colon uses up the water that would have been used by the intestines in the next step of the digestive process. Without going into too much detail, I’ll let you figure out what a lack of lubricant in the intestines leads to.

              12. You Experience Reduced Urination

              Believe it or not, if you’re not taking a trip to the restroom 4-7 times a day, you’re probably not drinking enough water. And when you do go #1, it should be a light yellow or clear color. If it’s a darker yellow, your body is telling you it’s lacking proper hydration. In extreme cases, dehydration can lead to urinary tract infections, in which case you should consult a doctor right away.

              13. You Experience Premature Aging

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                The amount of water our bodies retain naturally decreases as we age. Obviously, what this means is that, as we get older, we should consciously increase our water intake. While premature aging is more evident on the outside, the damage it does to our insides will ultimately be felt over time. To decrease the risk of running your body raw, it’s important to continue to drink water throughout your lifetime.

                14. You’re Reading This And Have Gotten This Far

                I drink water all the time. I almost always have a glass or bottle of water next to me, whether I’m working, working out, or vegging out in front of the TV. If you clicked on this article, chances are you thought to yourself “Hm, I don’t think I drink enough water.” So if you don’t think you do, pour a glass right now! Don’t overdo it, of course, but if you’re not getting the recommended amount (which is higher than you’d think), there’s no harm in drinking more. Now if you’ll excuse me, all this typing has made me thirsty.

                Featured photo credit: Pixabay via pixabay.com

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                Last Updated on March 30, 2020

                Why You’re Feeling Tired All the Time (And What to Do About It)

                Why You’re Feeling Tired All the Time (And What to Do About It)

                Feeling tired all the time?

                Have you ever caught yourself nodding off when you’re watching TV, listening to someone drone on during a meeting or even driving a car?

                I know I have, especially when I worked 70 hours per week as a High-Tech Executive.

                Feeling tired all the time may be more widespread than you think. In fact, two-fifths of Americans are tired most of the week.[1]

                If you’re tired of feeling tired, then I’ve got some great news for you. New research is helping us gain critical insights into the underlying causes of feeling tired all the time.

                In this article, we’ll discuss the latest reasons why you’re feeling tired all the time and practical steps you can take to finally get to the bottom of your fatigue and feel rested.

                What Happens When You’re Too Tired

                If you sleep just two hours less than the normal eight hours, you could be as impaired as someone who has consumed up to three beers.[2] And you’ve probably experienced the impact yourself.

                Here are some common examples of what happens when you’re feeling tired:[3]

                • You may have trouble focusing because memory and learning functions may be impaired within your brain.
                • You may experience mood swings and an inability to differentiate between what’s important and what’s not because your brain’s neurotransmitters are misfiring.
                • You may get dark circles under your eyes and/or your skin make look dull and lackluster in the short term and over time your skin may get wrinkles and show signs of aging because your body didn’t have time to remove toxins during sleep.
                • You may find it more difficult to exercise or to perform any type of athletic activity.
                • Your immune system may weaken causing you to pick up infections more easily.
                • You may overeat because not getting enough sleep activates the body’s endocannabinoids even when you’re not hungry.
                • Your metabolism slows down so what you eat is more likely to be stored as belly fat.

                Are you saying that feeling tired can make me overweight?

                Unfortunately, yes!

                Feeling tired all the time can cause you to put on the pounds especially around your waist. But it is a classic chicken and egg situation, too.

                Heavier people are more likely to feel fatigued during the day than lighter ones. And that’s even true for overweight people who don’t have sleep apnea (source: National Institutes of Health).

                Speaking of sleep apnea, you may be wondering if that or something else is causing you to feel tired all the time.

                Why Are you Feeling Tired All the Time?

                Leading experts are starting to recognize that there are three primary reasons people feel tired on a regular basis: sleep deprivation, fatigue and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS).

                Here’s a quick overview of each root cause of feeling tired all of the time:

                1. Tiredness occurs from sleep deprivation when you don’t get high-quality sleep consistently. It typically can be solved by changing your routine and getting enough deep restorative sleep.
                2. Fatigue occurs from prolonged sleeplessness which could be triggered by numerous issues such as mental health issues, long-term illness, fibromyalgia, obesity, sleep apnea or stress. It typically can be improved by changing your lifestyle and using sleep aids or treatments, if recommended by your physician.
                3. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a medical condition also known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis that occurs from persistent exhaustion that doesn’t go away with sleep.

                The exact cause of CFS is not known, but it may be due to problems with the immune system, a bacterial infection, a hormone imbalance or emotional trauma.

                It typically involves working with a doctor to rule out other illnesses before diagnosing and treating CFS.[4]

                Always consult a physician to get a personal diagnosis about why you are feeling tired, especially if it is a severe condition.

                Feeling Tired vs Being Fatigued

                If lack of quality sleep doesn’t seem to be the root cause for you, then it’s time to explore fatigue as the reason you are frequently feeling tired.

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                Until recently, tiredness and fatigue were thought to be interchangeable. Leading experts now realize that tiredness and fatigue are different.

                Tiredness is primarily about lack of sleep.

                But fatigue is a perceived feeling of being tired that is much more likely to occur in people who have depression, anxiety or emotional stress and/or are overweight and physically inactive (source: Science Direct).

                Symptoms of fatigue include:

                • Difficulty concentrating
                • Low stamina
                • Difficulty sleeping
                • Anxiety
                • Low motivation

                These symptoms may sound similar to those of tiredness but they usually last longer and are more intense.

                Unfortunately, there is no definitive reason why fatigue occurs because it can be a symptom of an emotional or physical illness. But there are still a number of steps you can take to reduce difficult symptoms by making a few simple lifestyle changes.

                How Much Sleep Is Enough?

                The number one reason you may feel tired is because of sleep deprivation which means you are not getting enough high-quality sleep.

                Most adults need 7 to 9 hours of high-quality, uninterrupted sleep per night. If you’re sleep deprived, the amount of sleep you need increases.

                So, quantity and quality do matter when it comes to sleep.

                The key to quality sleep is being able to get long, uninterrupted sleep cycles throughout the night. It typically takes 90 minutes for you to reach a state of deep REM sleep where your body’s healing crew goes to work.

                Ideally, you want to get at least 3 to 4 deep REM sleep cycles in per night. That’s why it’s so important to stay asleep for 7 or more hours.

                Research also shows that people who think they can get by on less sleep don’t perform as well as people who get at least seven hours of sleep a night[5] So, you should definitely plan on getting seven hours of deep restorative sleep every night.

                If you are not getting 7 hours of high-quality sleep regularly, then sleep deprivation is most likely reason you feel tired all the time.

                And that is good news because sleep deprivation is much simpler and easier to address than the other root causes.

                It’s also a good idea to rule out sleep deprivation as the reason why you are tired before moving on to the other possibilities such as fatigue or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, which may require a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

                4 Simple Changes to Reduce Fatigue

                Personally, I’m a big believer in upgrading your lifestyle to uplift your life. I overcame chronic stress and exhaustion by making these four changes to my lifestyle:

                1. Eating healthy, home-cooked meals versus microwaving processed foods or eating out
                2. Exercising regularly
                3. Using stressbusters
                4. Creating a bedtime routine to sleep better

                So, I know it is possible to change your lifestyle even when you’re working crazy hours and have lots of family responsibilities.

                After I made the 4 simple changes in my lifestyle, I no longer felt exhausted all of the time.

                In addition, I lost two inches off my waist and looked and felt better than ever.

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                I was so excited that I wanted to help others replace stress and exhaustion with rest and well-being, too. That’s why I became a Certified Holistic Wellness Coach through the Dr. Sears Wellness Institute.

                Interestingly enough, I discovered that Dr. Sears recommends a somewhat similar L.E.A.N. lifestyle:

                • L is for Lifestyle and means living healthy including getting enough sleep.
                • E is for Exercise and means getting at least 20 minutes of exercise a day ideally for six days a week.
                • A is for Attitude and means thinking positive and reducing stress whenever possible.
                • N is for Nutrition and means emphasizing a right-fat diet, not a low-fat diet.

                The L.E.A.N. lifestyle is a scientifically-proven way to reduce fatigue, get to the optimal weight and to achieve overall wellness.[6]

                And yes, there does seem to be an important correlation between being lean and feeling rested.

                But overall based on my personal experience and Dr. Sear’s scientific proof, the key to not feeling tired all of the time does seem to be 4 simple changes to your lifestyle.

                L — Living Healthy

                Getting enough high-quality sleep every day is the surefire way to help you feel less fatigued, more rested and better overall.

                So, whether you’re sleep deprived or potentially suffering from fatigue or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, you probably want to find a way to sleep better.

                In fact, if you aren’t getting enough sleep, your body isn’t getting the time it needs to repair itself; meaning that if you are suffering from an illness, it’s far more likely to linger.

                As unlikely as it sounds, though, fatigue can sometimes make it difficult to sleep. That’s why I’d recommend taking a look at your bedtime routine before you go to bed and optimize it based on sleep best practices.

                Here are 3 quick and easy tips for creating a pro-sleep bedtime routine:

                1. Unplug

                Many of us try to unwind by watching TV or doing something on an iPhone or tablet. But tech can affect your melatonin production due to the blue light that they emit, fooling your body into thinking it’s still daytime.

                So turn off all tech one hour before bed and create a tech-free zone in your bedroom.

                2. Unwind

                Do something to relax.

                Use the time before bed to do something you find relaxing such as reading a book, listening to soothing music, meditating or taking an Epsom salt bath.

                3. Get Comfortable

                Ensure your bed is comfortable and your room is set up for sleep.

                Make sure you room is cool. 60-68 degrees is the ideal temperature for most people to sleep.

                Also, it’s ideal if your bedroom is dark and there is no noise.

                Finally, make sure everything is handled (e.g., laying out tomorrow’s clothes) before you get into your nice, comfy bed.

                If your mind is still active, write a to-do list to help you fall asleep faster.[7]

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                Above all, be gentle with yourself and count your blessings, some sheep or whatever helps.

                This article also offers practical tips to build a bedtime routine: How to Build a Good Bedtime Routine That Makes Your Morning Easier

                E — Exercise

                Many people know that exercise is good for them, but just can’t figure out how to fit it into their busy schedules.

                That’s what happened in my case.

                But when my chronic stress and exhaustion turned into systemic inflammation (which can lead to major diseases like Alzheimer’s), I realized it was time to change my lifestyle.

                As part of my lifestyle upgrade, I knew I needed to move more.

                My friends who exercise all gave me the same advice: find an exercise you like to do and find a specific time in your schedule when you can consistently do it.

                That made sense to me.

                So, I decided to swim.

                I used to love to swim when I was young, but I hadn’t done it for years. The best time for me to do it was immediately after work, since I could easily get an open swim lane at my local fitness club then.

                Also, swimming became a nice reason for me to leave work on time. And I got to enjoy a nice workout before eating dinner.

                Swimming is a good way to get your cardio or endurance training. But, walking, running and dancing are nice alternatives.

                So find an exercise you love and stick to it. Ideally, get a combination of endurance training, strength training and flexibility training in during your daily 20-minute workout.

                If you haven’t exercised in a while and have a lot of stress in your life, you may want to give yoga a try because you will increase your flexibility and lower your stress.

                A — Attitude

                Stress may be a major reason why you aren’t feeling well all of the time. At least that was the case with me.

                When I worked 70 hours per week as a High-Tech Executive, I felt chronically stressed and exhausted. But there was one thing that always worked to help me feel calmer and less fatigued.

                Do you want to know what that master stress-busting technique was?

                Breathing.

                But not just any old breathing. It was a special form of deep Yogic breathing called the “Long-Exhale Breathing” or “4-7-8 breathing” or “Pranayama” in Sanskrit).

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                Here’s how you do “Long-Exhale Breathing”:

                1. Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight and your hand on your tummy (so you know you are breathing deeply from your diaphragm and not shallowly from your chest)
                2. Breathe in deeply and slowly from your diaphragm with your mouth closed while you count to 4 (ideally until your stomach feels full of air)
                3. Hold your breath while you count to 7 mentally and enjoy the stillness
                4. Breathe out through your mouth with a “ha” sound while you count to 8 (or until your stomach has no more air in it)
                5. Pause after you finish your exhale while you notice the sense of wholeness and relaxation from completing one conscious, deep, long exhale breath
                6. Repeat 3 times ensuring your exhale is longer than your inhale so you relax your nervous system

                This type of “long-exhale breathing” is scientifically proven to reduce stress.

                When your exhale is twice as long as your inhale, it soothes your parasympathetic nervous system, which regulates the relaxation response.[8]

                Plus, this is a great technique for helping you get to sleep, too.

                N — Nutrition

                Diet is vital for beating fatigue – after all, food is your main source of energy.

                If your diet is poor, then it implies you’re not getting the nutrients you need to sustain healthy energy levels.

                Eating a diet for fatigue doesn’t need to be complicated, time-consuming though.

                For most people, it’s just a case of swapping a few unhealthy foods for a few healthier ones, like switching from low-fiber, processed foods to whole, high-fiber foods.

                Unless your current diet is solely made up of fast food and ready meals, adjusting to a fatigue-fighting diet shouldn’t be too much of a shock to the system.

                Here’re 9 simple diet swaps you can make today:

                1. Replace your morning coffee with Matcha green tea and drink only herbal tea within six hours of bedtime.
                2. Add a healthy fat or protein to your any carb you eat, especially if you eat before bed. Please note that carb-only snacks lead to blood-sugar crashes that can make you eat more and they can keep you from sleeping.
                3. Fill up with fiber especially green leafy vegetables. Strive to get at least 25g per day with at least 5 servings (a serving is the size of your fist) of green vegetables.
                4. Replace refined, processed, low-fiber pastas and grains with zucchini noodles and whole grains such as buckwheat, quinoa, sorghum, oats, amaranth, millet, teff, brown rice and corn.
                5. Swap natural sweeteners for refined sugars and try to ensure you don’t get more than 25g of sugar a day if you are a woman and 30g of sugar a day if you are a man.
                6. Replace ice cream with low-sugar alternatives such as So Delicious Dairy-Free Vanilla Bean Coconut Ice Cream.
                7. Swap omega-6, partially-hydrogenated oils such as corn, palm, sunflower, safflower, cotton, canola and soybean oil for omega-3 oils such as flax, olive and nut oils.
                8. Replace high-sugar yoghurts with low-sugar, dairy-free yoghurts such as Kite Hill Plain Yoghurt with 1g sugar or Lifeway Farmer Cheese with 0g sugar.
                9. Swap your sugar-laden soda for sparkling water with a splash of low-sugar juice

                Also, ensure your diet is giving you enough of the daily essential vitamins and minerals. Most of us don’t get enough Vitamin D, Vitamin B-12, Calcium, Iron and Magnesium. If you are low on any of the above vitamins and minerals, you may experience fatigue and low energy.

                That’s why it’s always worth having your doctor check your levels. If you find any of them are low, then try to eat foods rich in them.

                Alternatively, you might consider a high-quality multi-vitamin or specific supplement.

                The Bottom Line

                If you are tired of feeling tired, then there is tremendous hope.

                If you are tired because you are not getting enough high-quality sleep, then the best remedy is a bedtime routine based on sleep best practices.

                If you are tired because you have stress and fatigue, then the best remedy are four simple lifestyle changes including:

                • Enough High-Quality Sleep with Bedtime Routine
                • Regular Exercise You Love
                • Stress Reduction with Long-Exhale Breathing
                • Fatigue-Reducing Diet

                Overall, adopting a healthier lifestyle Is the ideal remedy for feeling more rested and energized.

                More Tips to Help You Rest Better

                Featured photo credit: Cris Saur via unsplash.com

                Reference

                [1] YouGov: Two-fifths of Americans are tired most of the week
                [2] National Safety Council: Is Your Company Confronting Workplace Fatigue?
                [3] The New York Times: Why Are We So Freaking Tired?
                [4] Mayo Clinic: Chronic fatigue syndrome
                [5] Mayo Clinic: Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick?
                [6] Ask Dr. Sears: The L.E.A.N. Lifestyle
                [7] American Psychological Association: Getting a Good Night’s Sleep
                [8] Yoga International: Learning to Exhale: 2-to-1 Breathing

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