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How to Be a Good Manager and Lead Efficient Teams

How to Be a Good Manager and Lead Efficient Teams

Being a good manager is a prerequisite to running an efficient team, but it is not the only reason a team is efficient. No. The reason a team is efficient does not come down to one person but rather is the result of inter-team dynamics, optimized processes, structured team engagements and a mindset of time and quality consciousness throughout the team.

So how do you get your team there?

First, let’s look at what the dictionary says:

Efficient – adjective

1. (of a system or machine) achieving maximum productivity with minimum wasted effort or expense.

2. (of a person) working in a well-organized and competent way.

As you can see, efficiency can apply to both an individual and a system (team) level.

Relating this to the business environment, efficient teams are an organized group of competent individuals working together toward a shared goal to produce quality outputs as much as possible, without wasting time, energy or money.

Let’s break that down. What you are after is a way to ensure your team:

  • Is organized
  • Is appropriately skilled
  • Works well together
  • Has a shared vision or objective
  • Is motivated to perform
  • Operates in an environment conducive to efficiency

That breakdown is nice and sensible but still doesn’t tell you how to achieve efficiency in your team.

Here are the top 13 ways to help your team crank out amazing work in the shortest possible time.

1. Optimize Your Processes

Before you do anything with your team, ensure the processes that affect and are affected by your team are optimal. Here you will find it is useful to draw up a step-by-step flow of what needs to happen for each task your team is responsible for.

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You can use diagrams or sentences – whatever helps you surface the inefficiencies in their day to day workflow. Assign a time and the perceived effort it takes to complete a step in each task, so you can identify any gaps, bottlenecks or skill issues.

Tip! Delegate this task to the people who lead/manage/work most often in each area or task. This will help your team feel included in any new process formulation and get them thinking about ways to create a more efficient process.

2. Onboard Your Team

As Abraham Lincoln said:

“If I had six hours to chop down a tree, I’d spend the first four hours sharpening the axe.”

There is a reason big business invests so much time orienting new hires. It works.

Sharpen your new hire before setting them loose on any new tasks and initiatives, and enable them to achieve task completion much easier and faster.

Tip! Ask your new hire about your systems and processes. Do they see any improvements that can be made? New hires tend to come mentally prepared for a fresh approach but also bring with them knowledge gained in previous roles, education and life experiences. If it makes sense, use it!

3. Meet Regularly

Each team is different and so meeting regularly can mean different things to different teams.

As a rule, try not to meet multiple times a week to discuss the same topic. Your team needs time to get things done. Having said that, meetings are still the best and most efficient way to get everyone on the same page quickly.

Tip! Play with different meeting styles to see what works best for your team. Some teams like to have a morning “stand-up” where they go through everything that needs to be done in a day. Other teams who work closely together prefer to have one meeting, once a week. Try out different approaches and ensure your team knows you are looking for 1% efficiency improvements.

4. Focus on the Big Rocks First

These days, there is always a lot of work to go around and not enough time. Keep your team focused on completing the big tasks first and getting to the smaller ones when the time is appropriate.

Filling your hypothetical bucket with small rocks (tasks) fills the bucket but leaves no space for the big tasks that really push the needle.

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Tip! Most people gravitate toward completing small tasks first as it gives them a sense of accomplishment and ability to report their efforts to management more quickly. Keep an eye out for team members who regularly prefer to work on smaller tasks and ensure they know that performance is not a competition. It’ll be okay if they don’t have a completed project in one day.

5. Use Task Management Software to Stay Organized

There is only so much you can do with pen and paper. While a diary or paper-based to-do list might be great for you, it is a headache for your team.

Notes can be difficult to find, lists are repeated frequently and most of your team won’t see it. Use online software that everyone can access, from wherever they are, to help keep your team in the loop.

Tip! Take advantage of the free plans offered by task management software to find a tool that works for you and your team. Explain to your team that you want to make life easier for them and involve them in the selection of the tool. If you just need a place to log tasks, check out tools like Trello, Jira and Asana.

6. Analyze Your Team Composition

Understanding your team composition is vital to creating efficiency.

Look at your team both individually and as a group of people. What skills are represented on a team level? Are there skills individual team members have that can be shared or taught? Who is missing a key skill?

When you notice deficiencies in your team or identify individuals to work on, make a point of drawing up an action plan of how you are going to deal with it.

Tip! Deficiencies are not weaknesses, they are just skills that your team does not have yet. People need to feel like they are a constant work in progress and that they are climbing the ladder to their future self. Avoid labelling your team with negative connotations or they could feel you don’t respect them or that they are expendable.

7. Provide Training

If you identify a skills gap, send your team for training. Your team will appreciate your willingness to provide a new skill set and it’ll simultaneously increase the efficiency of your team. Start with skills your team outsources regularly.

Tip! There are several great online universities offering courses for free but require payment to enter an exam and receive a qualification. If your business is not willing to sponsor the accreditation, perhaps a knowledge-hungry team may be tempted with a few days off to acquire the new skills.

8. Hire the Right People

If you can’t upskill your team, you may have to hire a new person to fill the skills gap you have identified. Pay special attention to whether this person will fit into your existing team and what effect they will have on your team dynamic – it can swing both ways.

It is not just about the right skills. Efficient teams are made up of a combination of the right skills and a positive team dynamic.

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Tip! Hiring the right people is a skill in itself so if you are new to the process, it can be helpful to have someone experienced to help you. Don’t be afraid to lean on your peers or an outside expert to help you make the right call.

9. Define Your Team Purpose

Efficient teams know what benefit they bring to the business. Ensure your team knows where in the system they fit so you can connect them with the rest of the company structure. This makes your team aware of their outputs and the importance of their work to the bottom-line of the business.

Tip! People love to hear from the CEO/MD of a company to hear first-hand how their day-to-day job contributes to the growth of the company.

10. Emphasize the Importance of Mutual Dependence

Since humans first emerged from their caves and began to work together, we’ve realized that no great feat nor project could be done in isolation from others.

Creating an environment where your team realizes that the success of one relies on the success of another is a great way to encourage the team to work for each other.

Tip! This type of reinforcement scales well. It can be applied to the individual, how they work in a team and how your team works with other teams to achieve an even greater business purpose.

11. Give the Day-To-Day Some Meaning

This is a bit different from team purpose, which relates to achieving company goals. Meaning relates to the psychological benefits of contributing positively to society.

A great example of meaning can be found in the award management software company Award Force. Their meaning is simple but powerful, they want to:[1]

“help their clients identify and recognize excellence” … “because it is such an important contributor to growth and development of individuals, communities and organizations.”

What is your team/company meaning? Why do you get out of bed every day and do what you do? Focus on that.

12. Cultivate a Safe Environment

You as the manager are ultimately responsible for the team environment. Teams who can safely and comfortably express their views are happier and more productive teams.

There is a wonderful example of how Ritz Carlton created an environment which empowers employees:[2]

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Ritz-Carlton is a near perfect example of employee empowerment. Each employee is pre-authorized to spend up to $2,000 per guest/per day to solve problems and meet their customers’ needs. Read that again – $2,000 per guest per day!

Create a safe environment for your team by being open and honest with them, showing them respect, trusting them to get the job done and listening when they talk to you.

It is a sure-fire way to encourage them to feel safe and enabled to speak up without fear. Some of the best ideas come from diversity in thought. Encourage your team to raise ideas and you’ll be surprised by the newfound sense of ownership and positive results!

Tip! Empathy is the key. Put yourself in your team’s shoes. Once you do, the trust, honesty, respect and concern will come naturally. You can take a look at this article to learn more about making your team safe: If You Want an Invincible Team, Make Them Feel Safe

13. Recognize the Excellence in Your Team

Recognition of excellence is not just the practice of rewarding achievement, it is the recognition of all the small tasks done well and all the consistent hard work needed to get there.

An article from the team at Award Force discusses this at length.[3] No matter how talented, smart or wealthy an individual is, if they are making a success out of their endeavor, it’s because they work hard to achieve it.

Taking the time to recognize all the small tasks means the world to your team and boosts morale. Positive reinforcement is the key. People who do a great job and are appropriately lauded for it are more likely to continue striving for not only effectiveness but excellence and efficiency too. It starts with something as simple as “Thank you…”

Tip! Try out different employee recognition methods to see what works for your team. Not every recognition method needs to involve money. Consider writing a commendation that will get added to their employment file and made available when they want to leave or give them something money can’t buy – time in the form of an afternoon off or a later start to the work week.

It Can Be as Simple as Ticking Items off This List!

Running an efficient team is not about milking the dry cow for its last drop. It is about proactively caring for the cow and its needs – the quality and pace of delivery will come. Your team is the same.

Empower them with structure, skill them appropriately, create an environment in which they want to excel, recognize their achievements and always keep an ear out for those 1% improvements to take your team even higher.

Resources About Team Management

Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

Reference

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Dmitry Dragilev

Single-handedly grew a startup from zero to 40 million page views, Dmitry is a role model for aspiring entrepreneurs.

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Last Updated on January 6, 2021

14 Ideas on How to Measure Productivity to Make Progress

14 Ideas on How to Measure Productivity to Make Progress

Everyone has heard the term productivity, and people talk about it in terms of how high it is and how to improve it. But fewer know how to measure productivity, or even what exactly we are talking about when using the term “productivity.”

In its simplest form, the productivity formula looks like this: Output ÷ Input = Productivity.

For example, you have two salespeople each making 10 calls to customers per week. The first one averages 2 sales per week and the second one averages 3 sales per week. By plugging in the numbers we get the following productivity levels for each sales person.

For salesperson one, the output is 2 sales and the input is 10 sales: 2 ÷ 10 = .2 or 20% productivity. For salesperson two, the output is 3 sales and the input is 10 sales: 3 ÷ 10 = .3 or 30% productivity.

Knowing how to measure and interpret productivity is an invaluable asset for any manager or business owner in today’s world. As an example, in the above scenario, salesperson #1 is clearly not doing as well as salesperson #2.

Knowing this information we can now better determine what course of action to take with salesperson #1.

Some possible outcomes might be to require more in-house training for that salesperson, or to have them accompany the more productive salesperson to learn a better technique. It might be that salesperson #1 just isn’t suited for sales and would do a better job in a different position.

How to Measure Productivity With Management Techniques

Knowing how to measure productivity allows you to fine tune your business by minimizing costs and maximizing profits:

1. Identify Long and Short-Term Goals

Having a good understanding of what you (or your company’s) goals are is key to measuring productivity.

For example, if your company’s goal is to maximize market share, you’ll want to measure your team’s productivity by their ability to acquire new customers, not necessarily on actual sales made.

2. Break Down Goals Into Smaller Weekly Objectives

Your long-term goal might be to get 1,000 new customers in a year. That’s going to be 20 new customers per week. If you have 5 people on your team, then each one needs to bring in 4 new customers per week.

Now that you’ve broken it down, you can track each person’s productivity week-by-week just by plugging in the numbers:

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Productivity = number of new customers ÷ number of sales calls made

3. Create a System

Have you ever noticed that whenever you walk into a McDonald’s, the French fry machine is always to your left? 

This is because McDonald’s created a system. They have determined that the most efficient way to set up a kitchen is to always have the French fry machine on the left when you walk in.

You can do the same thing and just adapt it to your business.

Let’s say that you know that your most productive salespeople are making the most sales between the hours of 3 and 7 pm. If the other salespeople are working from 9 am to 4 pm, you can potentially increase productivity through something as simple as adjusting the workday.

Knowing how to measure productivity allows you to set up, monitor, and fine tune systems to maximize output.

4. Evaluate, Evaluate, Evaluate!

We’ve already touched on using these productivity numbers to evaluate and monitor your employees, but don’t forget to evaluate yourself using these same measurements.

If you have set up a system to track and measure employees’ performance, but you’re still not meeting goals, it may be time to look at your management style. After all, your management is a big part of the input side of our equation.

Are you more of a carrot or a stick type of manager? Maybe you can try being more of the opposite type to see if that changes productivity. Are you managing your employees as a group? Perhaps taking a more one-on-one approach would be a better way to utilize each individual’s strengths and weaknesses.

Just remember that you and your management style contribute directly to your employees’ productivity.

5. Use a Ratings Scale

Having clear and concise objectives for individual employees is a crucial part of any attempt to increase workplace productivity. Once you have set the goals or objectives, it’s important that your employees are given regular feedback regarding their progress.

Using a ratings scale is a good way to provide a standardized visual representation of progress. Using a scale of 1-5 or 1-10 is a good way to give clear and concise feedback on an individual basis.

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It’s also a good way to track long-term progress and growth in areas that need improvement.

6. Hire “Mystery Shoppers”

This is especially helpful in retail operations where customer service is critical. A mystery shopper can give feedback based on what a typical customer is likely to experience.

You can hire your own shopper, or there are firms that will provide them for you. No matter which route you choose, it’s important that the mystery shoppers have a standardized checklist for their evaluation.

You can request evaluations for your employees friendliness, how long it took to greet the shopper, employees’ knowledge of the products or services, and just about anything else that’s important to a retail operation.

7. Offer Feedback Forms

Using a feedback form is a great way to get direct input from existing customers. There are just a couple of things to keep in mind when using feedback forms.

First, keep the form short, 2-3 questions max with a space for any additional comments. Asking people to fill out a long form with lots of questions will significantly reduce the amount of information you receive.

Secondly, be aware that customers are much more likely to submit feedback forms when they are unhappy or have a complaint than when they are satisfied.

You can offset this tendency by asking everyone to take the survey at the end of their interaction. This will increase compliance and give you a broader range of customer experiences, which will help as you’re learning how to measure productivity.

8. Track Cost Effectiveness

This is a great metric to have, especially if your employees have some discretion over their budgets. You can track how much each person spends and how they spend it against their productivity.

Again, this one is easy to plug into the equation: Productivity = amount of money brought in ÷ amount of money spent.

Having this information is very useful in forecasting expenses and estimating budgets.

9. Use Self-Evaluations

Asking your staff to do self evaluations can be a win-win for everyone. Studies have shown that when employees feel that they are involved and their input is taken seriously, morale improves. And as we all know, high employee morale translates into higher productivity.

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Using self-evaluations is also a good way to make sure that the employees and employers goals are in alignment.

10. Monitor Time Management

This is the number one killer of productivity in the workplace. Time spent browsing the internet, playing games, checking email, and making personal calls all contribute to lower productivity[1].

Time Management Tips to Improve Productivity

    The trick is to limit these activities without becoming overbearing and affecting morale. Studies have shown that most people will adhere to rules that they feel are fair and applied to everyone equally.

    While ideally, we may think that none of these activities should be done on company time, employees will almost certainly have a different opinion. From a productivity standpoint, it is best to have policies and rules that are seen as fair to both sides as you’re learning how to measure productivity.

    11. Analyze New Customer Acquisition

    We’ve all heard the phrase that “It’s more expensive to get a new customer than it is to keep an existing one.” And while that is very true, in order for your business to keep growing, you will need to continually add new customers.

    Knowing how to measure productivity via new customer acquisition will make sure that your marketing dollars are being spent in the most efficient way possible. This is another metric that’s easy to plug into the formula: Productivity = number of new customers ÷ amount of money spent to acquire those customers.

    For example, if you run any kind of advertising campaign, you can compare results and base your future spending accordingly.

    Let’s say that your total advertising budget is $3,000. You put $2,000 into television ads, $700 into radio ads, and $300 into print ads. When you track the results, you find that your television ad produced 50 new customers, your radio ad produced 15 new customers, and your print ad produced 9 new customers.

    Let’s plug those numbers into our equation. Television produced 50 new customers at a cost of $2,000 (50 ÷ 2000 = .025, or a productivity rate of 2.5%). The radio ads produced 15 new customers and cost $700 (15 ÷ 700 = .022, or a 2.2% productivity rate). Print ads brought in 9 new customers and cost $300 (9 ÷ 300 = .03, or a 3% return on productivity).

    From this analysis, it is clear that you would be getting the biggest bang for your advertising dollar using print ads.

    12. Utilize Peer Feedback

    This is especially useful when people who work in teams or groups. While self-assessments can be very useful, the average person is notoriously bad at assessing their own abilities.

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    Just ask a room full of people how many consider themselves to be an above average driver and you’ll see 70% of the hands go up[2]! Now we clearly know that in reality about 25% of drivers are below average, 25% are above average, and 50% are average.

    Are all these people lying? No, they just don’t have an accurate assessment of their own abilities.

    It’s the same in the workplace. Using peer feedback will often provide a more accurate assessment of a person’s ability than a self-assessment would.

    13. Encourage Innovation and Don’t Penalize Failure

    When it comes to productivity, encouraging employee input and adopting their ideas can be a great way to boost productivity. Just make sure that any changes you adopt translate into higher productivity.

    Let’s say that someone comes to you requesting an entertainment budget so that they can take potential customers golfing or out to dinner. By utilizing simple productivity metrics, you can easily produce a cost benefit analysis and either expand the program to the rest of the sales team, or terminate it completely.

    Either way, you have gained valuable knowledge and boosted morale by including employees in the decision-making process.

    14. Use an External Evaluator

    Using an external evaluator is the pinnacle of objective evaluations. Firms that provide professional evaluations use highly trained personnel that even specialize in specific industries.

    They will design a complete analysis of your business’ productivity level. In their final report, they will offer suggestions and recommendations on how to improve productivity.

    While the benefits of a professional evaluation are many, their costs make them prohibitive for most businesses.

    Final Thoughts

    These are just a few of the things you can do when learning how to measure productivity. Some may work for your particular situation, and some may not.

    The most important thing to remember when deciding how to track productivity is to choose a method consistent with your goals. Once you’ve decided on that, it’s just a matter of continuously monitoring your progress, making minor adjustments, and analyzing the results of those adjustments.

    The business world is changing fast, and having the right tools to track and monitor your productivity can give you the edge over your competition.

    More Productivity Tips

    Featured photo credit: William Iven via unsplash.com

    Reference

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