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7 Things That Make Up The Best Presentation

7 Things That Make Up The Best Presentation

A presentation is a demo, or dialogue meant to inform, persuade, or construct good will. A presentation allows immediate interaction between all the participants like your clients, boss, management or colleagues. The success of a presentation is determined by the speaking skills, content selection, design of the presentation, self-confidence and many other things. A good presenter can attract the attention of the audience and forces them to take action.

I’ve written about having great presentations many times, but in this article I’ll discuss about the things that make up the best presentation.

1. Don’t deliver a speech.

You must be clear on the purpose of your presentation, don’t give a speech but always use a conversational tone while presenting. No one wants to listen to a boring presentation. Don’t just recite the information but deliver an engaging speech that connects with your audience. A best presentation demands more engagement and interaction. You have to provide specific knowledge to your audience that they can’t get anywhere else and deliver it in an interactive way.

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2. Get personal

Personalizing your speaking skills would allow your audience to perceive you as an individual, with a strong point of view. Generally, people respond to individuals who seem to speak as people. While giving a presentation, your objective should be engaging your audience, not to give a speech. Be self-confident and energetic to give the presentation in a conversational way. If your presentation failed to involve the audience, they will start to feel disconnected.

3. Use emotional appeals

Using emotional appeals in a presentation is one of the most effective ways to persuade an audience. The reason to use this tactic is; we all are driven by our feelings and thoughts, it is important to influence emotions and minds. Strong emotional appeals in a communication can help in changing attitudes and behaviors of the people. The emotions aren’t used to some reason, but they are always used to force an action. Best presentations are memorable. Use graphics, animations, images, and facts in your presentation to make it more understandable to your audience.

4. Telling Stories

The best speakers use stories and narratives to explain and strengthen the main points of the presentation. Stories are easier to remember and they make the presentation unique. People always tend to listen stories to perceive any information and hate lectures. Unlike facts and figures, stories speak to the heart, and a best presenter uses stories in his or her presentation to illustrate difficult points and to help people make an emotional connection to the message.

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5. Keep it simple yet attractive

Always try to keep the presentation simple, by examining the content on each slide. Make it attractive by building your presentation around the main idea and include related graphics and keep the formatting consistent. Identify the main three or four major points about your topic and illustrate them. The more you keep it simple the more easy your audience will perceive the information.

6. Use the 20/20 rule

Practice and time your presentation, to build more confidence and make a strong grip on it. Read your speech and watch your presentation at least 20 times or more. You should be familiar about next slide of the presentation and memorize your points to discuss the slide. Concise your presentation to 20 minutes or lesser. Practice your presentation to make sure you finish it within the allotted time, including questions at the end.

7. Use signposts

To make a presentation effective, attention-grabbing and easy to understand is to use signposts. ‘Signpost language’ is the words and phrases that a speaker use to guide the audience through the presentation. A good presenter usually uses a lot of signposts, which is usually fairly informal and relatively easy to understand.

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Here are some of the examples

To begin with, first of all, ‘secondly”, ‘finally’, ‘as you might know’, ‘that means’, ‘on the contrary’, ‘on the other side’, ‘moving on to’, ‘let us now turn to’, ‘furthermore’, ‘to sum up’, etc.

 

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Remember, a good presenter engages the audience and understands his topic. Use graphics, emotional appeal and signposts to reinforce your point. For your audience your slide show is not the presentation — you are the presentation.

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Tayyab Babar

Tayyab is a PR/Marketing consultant. He writes about work, productivity and tech tips at Lifehack.

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Last Updated on March 25, 2020

How Do You Change a Habit (According to Psychology)

How Do You Change a Habit (According to Psychology)

Habits are hard to kill, and rightly so. They are a part and parcel of your personality traits and mold your character.

However, habits are not always something over-the-top and quirky enough to get noticed. Think of subtle habits like tapping fingers when you are nervous and humming songs while you drive. These are nothing but ingrained habits that you may not realize easily.

Just take a few minutes and think of something specific that you do all the time. You will notice how it has become a habit for you without any explicit realization. Everything you do on a daily basis starting with your morning routine, lunch preferences to exercise routines are all habits.

Habits mostly form from life experiences and certain observed behaviors, not all of them are healthy. Habitual smoking can be dangerous to your health. Similarly, a habit could also make you lose out on enjoying something to its best – like how some people just cannot stop swaying their bodies when delivering a speech.

Thus, there could be a few habits that you would want to change about yourself. But changing habits is not as easy as it seems.

In this article, you will learn why it isn’t easy to build new habits, and how to change habits.

What Makes It Hard To Change A Habit?

To want to change a particular habit means to change something very fundamental about your behavior.[1] Hence, it’s necessary to understand how habits actually form and why they are so difficult to actually get out of.

The Biology

Habits form in a place what we call the subconscious mind in our brain.[2]

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Our brains have two modes of operation. The first one is an automatic pilot kind of system that is fast and works on reflexes often. It is what we call the subconscious part. This is the part that is associated with everything that comes naturally to you.

The second mode is the conscious mode where every action and decision is well thought out and follows a controlled way of thinking.

A fine example to distinguish both would be to consider yourself learning to drive or play an instrument. For the first time you try learning, you think before every movement you make. But once you have got the hang of it, you might drive without applying much thought into it.

Both systems work together in our brains at all times. When a habit is formed, it moves from the conscious part to the subconscious making it difficult to control.

So, the key idea in deconstructing a habit is to go from the subconscious to the conscious.

Another thing you have to understand about habits is that they can be conscious or hidden.

Conscious habits are those that require active input from your side. For instance, if you stop setting your alarm in the morning, you will stop waking up at the same time.

Hidden habits, on the other hand, are habits that we do without realizing. These make up the majority of our habits and we wouldn’t even know them until someone pointed them out. So the first difficulty in breaking these habits is to actually identify them. As they are internalized, they need a lot of attention to detail for self-identification. That’s not all.

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Habits can be physical, social, and mental, energy-based and even be particular to productivity. Understanding them is necessary to know why they are difficult to break and what can be done about them.

The Psychology

Habits get engraved into our memories depending on the way we think, feel and act over a particular period of time. The procedural part of memory deals with habit formation and studies have observed that various types of conditioning of behavior could affect your habit formations.

Classical conditioning or pavlovian conditioning is when you start associating a memory with reality.[3] A dog that associates ringing bell to food will start salivating. The same external stimuli such as the sound of church bells can make a person want to pray.

Operant conditioning is when experience and the feelings associated with it form a habit.[4] By encouraging or discouraging an act, individuals could either make it a habit or stop doing it.

Observational learning is another way habits could take form. A child may start walking the same way their parent does.

What Can You Do To Change a Habit?

Sure, habits are hard to control but it is not impossible. With a few tips and hard-driven dedication, you can surely get over your nasty habits.

Here are some ways that make use of psychological findings to help you:

1. Identify Your Habits

As mentioned earlier, habits can be quite subtle and hidden from your view. You have to bring your subconscious habits to an aware state of mind. You could do it by self-observation or by asking your friends or family to point out the habit for your sake.

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2. Find out the Impact of Your Habit

Every habit produces an effect – either physical or mental. Find out what exactly it is doing to you. Does it help you relieve stress or does it give you some pain relief?

It could be anything simple. Sometimes biting your nails could be calming your nerves. Understanding the effect of a habit is necessary to control it.

3. Apply Logic

You don’t need to be force-fed with wisdom and advice to know what an unhealthy habit could do to you.

Late-night binge-watching just before an important presentation is not going to help you. Take a moment and apply your own wisdom and logic to control your seemingly nastily habits.

4. Choose an Alternative

As I said, every habit induces some feeling. So, it could be quite difficult to get over it unless you find something else that can replace it. It can be a simple non-harming new habit that you can cultivate to get over a bad habit.

Say you have the habit of banging your head hard when you are angry. That’s going to be bad for you. Instead, the next time you are angry, just take a deep breath and count to 10. Or maybe start imagining yourself on a luxury yacht. Just think of something that will work for you.

5. Remove Triggers

Get rid of items and situations that can trigger your bad habit.

Stay away from smoke breaks if you are trying to quit it. Remove all those candy bars from the fridge if you want to control your sweet cravings.

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6. Visualize Change

Our brains can be trained to forget a habit if we start visualizing the change. Serious visualization is retained and helps as a motivator in breaking the habit loop.

For instance, to replace your habit of waking up late, visualize yourself waking up early and enjoying the early morning jog every day. By continuing this, you would naturally feel better to wake up early and do your new hobby.

7. Avoid Negative Talks and Thinking

Just as how our brain is trained to accept a change in habit, continuous negative talk and thinking could hamper your efforts put into breaking a habit.

Believe you can get out of it and assert yourself the same.

Final Thoughts

Changing habits isn’t easy, so do not expect an overnight change!

Habits took a long time to form. It could take a while to completely break out of it. You will have to accept that sometimes you may falter in your efforts. Don’t let negativity seep in when it seems hard. Keep going at it slowly and steadily.

More About Changing Habits

Featured photo credit: Mel via unsplash.com

Reference

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