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How to Compute Your Business Income

How to Compute Your Business Income

    Every person or organization engaging in business activities has the goal of earning income or profit. They provide products and/or services in exchange for a price that will gain them some sort of profit.

    The existence and continuity of every business relies heavily on how well a person or company sells their products and/or services — and also how good they manage and minimize business expenses. These two factors cause the business either to earn profit or incur losses.

    It’s a common mistake to think that the business is earning money if there is a sale. However, the real test of good business performance lies on business income.

    To determine if the business is profiting or losing money, you need to learn how to compute your business income.

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    Most businesses leave the job of computing their business income to their accountants. It is a practical move because accountants are technically competent to do the job. However, it is crucial that a businessperson understand the factors in computing business income so that they can better interpret and manage the financial result of the business operation. Furthermore, it can help the business determine which product or service is earning or incurring losses. As such, they can decide which product or service they should continue to sell and which to stop selling.

    In this article, I hope to share with you my knowledge in accounting to help you better manage your own business finances. You will discover tools that will help you to compute your business income and learn the factors which can help you interpret the numbers shown in an income report.

    Business Income Computation

    Generally, business income is computed as follows:

    Business Income = Revenue – Expense

    Business income is the amount of gain (in monetary value or in kind) earned from a sale of a service and/or product after deducting all incidental expenses incurred by the business.

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    Revenue is the amount of money received (or to be received) in exchange for the product and/or services provided and sold. Revenue includes gross receipts on sale of service — or gross sales on sale of product. For each sale of a product or service, the amount of revenue increases. Meanwhile, sales discounts and allowances given to buyers or customers for bulk orders or special promos decrease the amount of revenue. Sample sales of products includes the sale of grocery items, bags, shoes, clothes, software, electronic gadgets, books, etc. On the other hand, the sale of a service includes service fees earned from transportation, communication and sale of professional skills like freelance writing, virtual assisting, accounting, legal advice, doctor, etc.

    Expense is the amount of money paid (or to be paid) in exchange for product and/or service received and purchased. Sample expenses include inventory purchases, salary and wages, transportation, advertising, electric and water bills, communication, professional fees, etc.

    3 Easy Steps in Computing Business Income

    1. Identify all the products and/or services sold in a given period and then total the amount. The total represents your revenue.
    2. Identify all the costs you pay in order to operate your business in the same given period. The total represents your total expenses.
    3. To compute your business income, subtract your total expenses against your total revenue.

    Sample Illustration and Computation

    John Doe is a software developer who owns a Software Company which focuses on developing and selling online software. Additionally, he has a number of blogs that promotes other people’s products and in return, he earns commission income. (Note that the period we want to compute is for the whole year of 2011.)

    Step 1 – During 2011, Joe’s revenue was as follows:

    Sale of Software                                                                            $200,000
    Commission on sales of other people’s product                         40,000
    Total Revenue                                                                               $240,000

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    Step 2 – The cost in operating Joe’s Software Company during 2011 includes the following:

    Web Hosting Expenses                                                                       $2,400
    Domain Fees                                                                                                 10
    Salaries Paid                                                                                         60,000
    Rental and Utilities Expenses                                                           10,000
    Total Expenses                                                                                   $72,410

    Step 3 – Joe’s business income in 2011 is $167590, computed as follows:

    Business Income = Total Revenue – Total Expenses
    = $240,000 – $72,410
    = $167,590

    Based on computed business income for 2011, Joe’s Software Company is showing a good performance since the total revenue is greater than the total expenses.

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    Conclusion – Interpreting Business Income

    1. If Revenue > Expense = Income/Profit.

    When the amount of revenue earned is greater than the expenses incurred, it can mean the business operation is doing well because there is enough amount of money to pay all the business expenses. Also, it is an indicator of good business management.

    2. If Revenue < Expense = Loss.

    When the amount of expenses spent is greater than the revenue earned, it signals poor business performance since the amount received in selling products and/or services is not enough to pay all the expenses necessary to operate the business. Furthermore, this may indicate poor business management.

    3. If Revenue = Expense, we call it “Break-Even Point”.

    When the business revenue is equal to the expense, we call it break-even point. This indicates that the business is neither earning nor incurring loses. The earning is just exactly enough to pay the business operating expenses. It can still show poor business performance and management since the objective of a business is to earn profit.

    (Photo credit: Accounting via Shutterstock)

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    Last Updated on June 25, 2019

    5 Books You Must Read if You Want to Be a Millionaire in Your 20’s

    5 Books You Must Read if You Want to Be a Millionaire in Your 20’s

    Millionaires and billionaires read more than you think. In fact, the likes of Warren Buffet are said to read 1.000 pages a day. As the old saying goes “There’s no smoke without fire”; so, start off with these 5 incredible books!

    1. The 48 Laws of Power

    48-laws-of-power

      “If you are unsure of a course of action, do not attempt it. Your doubts and hesitations will infect your execution. Timidity is dangerous: Better to enter with boldness. Any mistakes you commit through audacity are easily corrected with more audacity. Everyone admires the bold; no one honors the timid.”

      On your journey to becoming a millionaire in your 20’s, there will be many people trying to manipulate you into doing what they want. This international bestseller by Robert Greene is the widely read by those in the entertainment industry because of its dog-eat-dog environment. This book is a must-read for anybody who wants to claim power and keep it. it’s a fun read that tells the story of some of the most powerful people in history.

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      An example of a law of power is: Always say less than necessary.

      • When trying to impress, the more you say the more common you look and less in control.
      • Be vague.
      • Powerful people impress and intimidate by saying less.

      2. Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion

      influence-the-psychology-of-persuasion

        “Often we don’t realize that our attitude toward something has been influenced by the number of times we have been exposed to it in the past.”

        This book explains the core strategies people use to influence others using real world examples. Robert Cialdini’s book goes over human quirks like the need to be consistent, and how you can use that in your marketing strategy to make more money. “People’s ability to understand the factors that affect their behaviour is surprisingly poor,” Cialdini says, “which leads to people making poor decisions without realising why.”

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        Cialdini includes real world examples of why people join cults, buy certain jewellery, or give to charity.

        3. Blue Ocean Strategy

        blue-ocean-strategy

          “Value innovation is the cornerstone of blue ocean strategy. We call it value innovation because instead of focusing on beating the competition, you focus on making the competition irrelevant by creating a leap in value for buyers and your company, thereby opening up new and uncontested market space. Value innovation places equal emphasis on value.”

          This book argues that leading companies don’t succeed by battling competitors in “Red Oceans”, but by creating “Blue Oceans” where they have uncontested market space to grow. It goes over case studies like “Cirque Du Soleil” who created a blue ocean by creating a circus platform that didn’t include animals or more than one act on at once but instead, decided to focus on talented performers and music who created a mystical storyline.

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          4. The Fountainhead

          the-fountainhead

            “A man’s spirit is himself. That entity which is his consciousness. To think, to feel, to judge, to act are functions of the ego.”

            The Fountainhead takes place in the United States, mostly in New York City, during the 1920s and 1930s. Billionaire Mark Cuban named his yacht “Fountainhead” after this book. This classic novel is about the struggles of an innovative architect named Howard Roark and his effort to achieve success on his own terms. Many entrepreneurs are inspired by this book because it depicts how you should be uncompromising when it comes to your vision and your goals. If you follow this way of life, you develop the ability to change the world and creating something unique.

            5. The Compound Effect

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            the-compound-effect

              “Do you know how the casinos make so much money in Vegas? Because they track every table, every winner, every hour. Why do Olympic trainers get paid top dollar? Because they track every workout, every calorie, and every micronutrient for their athletes. All winners are trackers.”

              This book is by Darren Hardy the CEO of Success Magazine, he goes over how it’s the small, seemingly insignificant choices that compound to create success or failure over time. No one has a plan to be broke and fat but that’s what happens when you don’t have a plan and go along the path of least resistance. Hardy argues that you cannot improve something until you measure it and to always take 100 percent responsibility for everything that happens to you.

              So, those are five books you must read if you want to give it a try to become a millionaire in your 20’s. What are the best books you have ever read? Leave a comment and share these life-changing books with your friends to help them become successful like you.

              Featured photo credit: Bill Gates Foundation via businessinsider.com

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