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7 Common Myths About Credit Card Rewards

7 Common Myths About Credit Card Rewards

It seems that few Americans are actually bothering to carry cash around these days, partly as a result of credit card convenience and reward programs. However, when so many credit card rewards seem too good to be true, how can you separate fact from fiction and myth from truth? Let’s get to the bottom of some of the most persistent credit card myths out there right now.

1. Applying for a Credit Card Hurts Your Credit Score

Simply put, applying for a credit card will not hurt your credit score—up to a certain point. “New credit” enquiries account for about 10% of your credit score; in other words, your credit score will always carry a record of how many credit cards you’ve applied for.

That said, most people have nothing to worry about. Unless you’re applying for a new credit card every month, you’re not going to see much of an impact on your credit score.

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2. Your Credit Score Improves When You Cancel an Unused Credit Card

Conventional wisdom seems to hold that canceling the cards you don’t use will improve your credit score; but keeping those accounts open, even if you’re not using the card, can actually work in your favor.

Your credit score is determined in part by how much of your available credit you’re actually using. For any of your unused credit cards you’re using 0% of the available credit on that account. This works to your advantage.

However, if the cards in question have a monthly fee that you don’t want to pay, closing the unused, fee-laden ones is probably the right move.

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3. You Can Earn Rewards While Carrying a Balance

One of the biggest advantages of carrying a credit card is the promise of earning rewards. To fully take advantage of card-holder perks, you want to make sure you’re paying off your entire balance every month.

The credit cards that have the best perks typically make up for it with astronomical interest rates. While you might be earning small rewards by paying just the minimum balance every month, you’re almost certainly going to be paying more in interest than you’re earning back in rewards points.

4. Earning Points and Miles Isn’t Worth It

You might be tempted to think that earning points or miles isn’t worth it. The truth is, if you pay off your balance on time every month, credit card rewards are definitely worthwhile.

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Studies have revealed that paying with cash can be a big help when you’re trying to stick to a budget. A psychological switch is flipped in our heads when we pay with a credit card, which tricks us into thinking we have more money than we do.

That said, forswearing credit cards entirely isn’t necessary. If you make a habit of paying off the balance promptly, the points you earn simply by making your regular purchases can definitely add up over time.

5. You Can’t Get a Credit Card Just for the Sign-Up Bonuses

Here’s another myth that’s false, but carries a number of caveats. There are some great credit card sign-up bonuses out there right now, which can make it pretty tempting to sign up for a card, make off like a bandit with the bonuses and then stop using the card.

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Remember what we covered above: signing up for an excessive number of credit cards (i.e. just for the sign-up bonuses) will begin to impact your credit score over time. That said, if an offer is too good to pass up, applying for a new credit card now and then for the sign-up bonuses isn’t going to kill your credit score.

6. Lowering Your Credit Limit Can Improve Your Credit

Having a large credit limit on your cards can be a double-edged sword. Maintaining a lot of available credit is beneficial to your credit score, but you might be more likely to spend since you know you have credit available.

However, before you use your credit card to make the down payment on that new Mustang you’ve been coveting, remember that a high credit limit will only help you if you don’t use it. What you definitely don’t want to do is ask for a lower limit; keeping a lot of unused credit will work in your favor in the long run.

7. Your Credit Score Will Take Care of Itself

Finally, let’s finish off with a reminder that having good credit is more complicated than just paying off your credit cards every month. Credit scores have a number of purposes, and chief among them is to help determine your overall fiscal responsibility.

Even if you’ve never let a balance carry over from month to month, there are still a number of factors that go into determining your credit score: how many open accounts you have, how many cards you use regularly, etc. Maintaining good credit requires something of a strategy, and knowing how to play the game is something we all have to learn at one point or another.

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Last Updated on November 27, 2020

How to Set Financial Goals and Actually Meet Them

How to Set Financial Goals and Actually Meet Them

Personal finances can push anyone to the point of extreme anxiety and worry. Easier said than done, planning finances is not an egg meant for everyone’s basket. That’s why most of us are often living pay check to pay check. But did anyone tell you that it is actually not a tough task to meet your financial goals?

In this article, we will explore ways to set financial goals and actually meet them with ease.

4 Steps to Setting Financial Goals

Though setting financial goals might seem to be a daunting task, if one has the will and clarity of thought, it is rather easy. Try using these steps to get you started.

1. Be Clear About the Objectives

Any goal without a clear objective is nothing more than a pipe dream, and this couldn’t be more true for financial matters.

It is often said that savings is nothing but deferred consumption. Therefore, if you are saving today, then you should be crystal clear about what it’s for. It could be anything, including your child’s education, retirement, marriage, that dream vacation, fancy car, etc.

Once the objective is clear, put a monetary value to that objective and the time frame. The important point at this step of goal setting is to list all the objectives that you foresee in the future and put a value to each.

2. Keep Goals Realistic

It’s good to be an optimistic person but being a Pollyanna is not desirable. Similarly, while it might be a good thing to keep your financial goals a bit aggressive, going beyond what you can realistically achieve will definitely hurt your chances of making meaningful progress.

It’s important that you keep your goals realistic, as it will help you stay the course and keep you motivated throughout the journey.

3. Account for Inflation

Ronald Reagan once said: “Inflation is as violent as a mugger, as frightening as an armed robber and as deadly as a hitman.” This quote sums up what inflation could do your financial goals.

Therefore, account for inflation[1] whenever you are putting a monetary value to a financial objective that is far into the future.

For example, if one of your financial goal is your son’s college education, which is 15 years from now, then inflation would increase the monetary burden by more than 50% if inflation is a mere 3%. Always account for this to avoid falling short of your goals.

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4. Short Term Vs Long Term

Just like every calorie is not the same, the approach to achieving every financial goal will not be the same. It’s important to bifurcate goals into short-term and long-term.

As a rule of thumb, any financial goal that is due in next 3 years should be termed as a short-term goal. Any longer duration goals are to be classified as long-term goals. This bifurcation of goals into short-term vs long-term will help in choosing the right investment instrument to achieve them.

By now, you should be ready with your list of financial goals. Now, it’s time to go all out and achieve them.

How to Achieve Your Financial Goals

Whenever we talk about chasing any financial goal, it is usually a two-step process:

  • Ensuring healthy savings
  • Making smart investments

You will need to save enough and invest those savings wisely so that they grow over a period of time to help you achieve goals.

Ensuring Healthy Savings

Self-realization is the best form of realization, and unless you decide what your current financial position is, you aren’t heading anywhere.

This is the focal point from where you start your journey of achieving financial goals.

1. Track Expenses

The first and the foremost thing to be done is to track your spending. Use any of the expense tracking mobile apps to record your expenses. Once you start doing it diligently, you will be surprised by how small expenses add up to a sizable amount.

Also categorize those expenses into different buckets so that you know which bucket is eating most of your pay check. This record keeping will pave the way for cutting down on un-wanted expenses and pumping up your savings rate.

If you’re not sure where to start when tracking expenses, this article may be able to help.

2. Pay Yourself First

Generally, savings come after all the expenses have been taken care of. This is a classic mistake when setting financial goals. We pay ourselves last!

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Ideally, this should be planned upside down. We should be paying ourselves first and then to the world, i.e. we should be taking out the planned saving amount first and manage all the expenses from the rest.

The best way to actually implement this is to put the savings on automatic mode, i.e. money flowing automatically into different financial instruments (mutual funds, retirement accounts, etc) every month.

Taking the automatic route will help release some control and compel us to manage what’s left, increasing the savings rate.

3. Make a Plan and Vow to Stick With It

Learning to create a budget is the best way to get around the uncertainty that financial plans always pose. Decide in advance how spending has to be organized

Nowadays, several money management apps can help you do this automatically.

At first, you may not be able to stick to your plans completely, but don’t let that become a reason why you stop budgeting entirely.

Make use of technology solutions you like. Explore options and alternatives that let you make use of the available wallet options, and choose the one that suits you the most. In time, you will get accustomed to making use of these solutions.

You will find that they make it simpler for you to follow your plan, which would have been difficult otherwise.

4. Make Savings a Habit and Not a Goal

In the book Nudge, authors Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein advocate that, in order to achieve any goal, it should be broken down into habits since habits are more intuitive for people to adapt to.

Make savings a habit rather than a goal. While it might seem to be counterintuitive to many, there are some deft ways of doing it. For example:

  • Always eat out (if at all) during weekdays rather than weekends. Weekends are more expensive.
  • If you are a travel buff, try to travel during off-season. You’ll spend significantly less.
  • If you go shopping, always look out for coupons and see where can you get the best deal.

The key point is to imbibe the action that results in savings rather than on the savings itself, which is the outcome. Focusing on the outcome will bring out the feeling of sacrifice, which will be harder to sustain over a period of time.

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5. Talk About It

Sticking to the saving schedule (to achieve financial goals) is not an easy journey. There will be many distractions from those who are not aligned with your mission.

Therefore, in order to stay the course, surround yourself with people who are also on the same bandwagon. Daily discussions with them will keep you motivated to move forward.

6. Maintain a Journal

For some people, writing helps a great deal in making sure that they achieve what they plan.

If you are one of them, maintain a proper journal, where you write down your goals and also jot down the extent to which you managed to meet them. This will help you in reviewing how far you have come and which goals you have met.

When you have a written commitment on paper, you are going to feel more energized to follow the plan and stick to it. Moreover, it is going to be a lot easier for you to track your progress.

Making Smart Investments

Savings by themselves don’t take anyone too far. However, savings, when invested wisely, can do wonders.

1. Consult a Financial Advisor

Investment doesn’t come naturally to most of us, so it’s wise to consult a financial advisor.

Talk to him/her about your financial goals and savings, and then seek advice for the best investment instruments to achieve your goals.

2. Choose Your Investment Instrument Wisely

Though your financial advisor will suggest the best investment instruments, it doesn’t hurt to know a bit about the common ones, like a savings account, Roth IRA, and others.

Just like “no one is born a criminal,” no investment instrument is bad or good. It is the application of that instrument that makes all the difference[2].

As a general rule, for all your short-term financial goals, choose an investment instrument that has debt nature, for example fixed deposits, debt mutual funds, etc. The reason for going for debt instruments is that chances of capital loss is less compared to equity instruments.

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3. Compounding Is the Eighth Wonder

Einstein once remarked about compounding:

“Compound interest is the eighth wonder of the world. He who understands it, earns it… He who doesn’t… Pays it.”

Use compound interest when setting financial goals

    Make friends with this wonder kid. The sooner you become friends with it, the quicker you will reach closer to your financial goals.

    Start saving early so that time is on your side to help you bear the fruits of compounding.

    4. Measure, Measure, Measure

    All of us do good when it comes to earning more per month but fail miserably when it comes to measuring the investments and taking stock of how our investments are doing.

    If we don’t measure progress at the right times, we are shooting in the dark. We won’t know if our saving rate is appropriate or not, whether the financial advisor is doing a decent job, or whether we are moving closer to our target.

    Measure everything. If you can’t measure it all yourself, ask your financial advisor to do it for you. But do it!

    The Bottom Line

    Managing your extra money to achieve your short and long-term financial goals

    and live a debt-free life is doable for anyone who is willing to put in the time and effort. Use the tips above to get you started on your path to setting financial goals.

    More Tips on Financial Goals

    Featured photo credit: Micheile Henderson via unsplash.com

    Reference

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