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Mind Hack: The Philosophy of One

Mind Hack: The Philosophy of One
    Photo credit: Martin Gommel (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

    Recently, a friend posted 1 + 1 = 1 on Facebook, which caused a flurry of replies to her “silly” post. I replied with a number of different answers to 1+1, as I have always considered the Philosophy of One to be a litmus test of how someone looks at the world. It was fun to watch her other friends (predominately of high school age) come up with answers and proofs on why each answer could be true. The curiosity shown was inspiring, and curiosity is important.

    The Philosophy of One test is one we can all do, looking at different answers to the age-old question: “What is 1 + 1?”

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    1 + 1 = 2

    The most logical and correct answer…right?

    For many people, especially engineers and analytical-type individuals this can be the only true correct answer. We have all learned it in school, and the fact 1+1 does indeed equal 2 is essential to our symbolic number system.

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    Unfortunately, when it comes to philosophy, this is a rather tedious and boring answer. Even more to the point: it doesn’t describe everyone.

    1 + 1 = 1

    Those people who wish to focus on the unity of life can easily see 1 + 1 = 1. They will relate it to love and relationships. They will relate it to the oneness someone can achieve with the universe, God and everything else. In a marriage, two individuals become one. One creative youth even came up with a mathematical proof on how this could be true (naturally, that is the same form of proof that shows that 1 = 0, which is caused by a small fallacy — but it still sounds good). However, if one can truly see 1 + 1 = 1, one can see the interconnection with other living beings.

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    1 + 1 = 3

    You visual or hearing learners should get this one. “One plus one” has three words to it, so thus one plus one equals three. I had a friend who would test this on her elementary students. Usually one or two people would get it, and they would usually see it by counting it out on their fingers. Her background was in music and art, so the realization of 1 + 1 = 3 came naturally to her.

    Granted, she also said she enjoys silly word games and riddles.

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    1 + 1 = 4

    This was originally a sarcastic answer that stuck with the possible solutions of the Philosophy of One. Why was this sarcastic? I was annoyed at a person jumping to conclusions that did not even fit the problem. Then I realized, that it is a natural tendency and philosophy of most people. These people want so much to be logical and reasonable, so they are usually the first to argue that 1 + 1 can only equal 2, and we are nuts for playing this simple philosophical mind game. However, they then become addicted to their own logic and thoughts, and like any addiction it compounds upon itself. Addiction to thoughts are probably some of the most dangerous addictions around, as they can cause someone to rationalize any action to prove their thought and thinking is correct. It is an easy addiction to fall prey to, as it is one that builds us up, and creates a universal acceptance. Thus, we have 1 + 1 = 2 + 1 (self) + 1 (world) = 4.

    So, 1 + 1 = 4 illustrates that mental jump people make from a simple solution to a solution that includes complexity.

    One question – Four possible solutions

    It is important to remember, exercises like these help us change perspectives. These perspective changes can then give us a solution we wouldn’t normally see and, as such, help hack your mind into overdrive to try to find different solutions to simple problems. Try to seek out your Philosophy of One, and from that seeking you may find an elegantly simple solution that solves your problem.

    What do you first think when you hear 1 + 1? What other answers are there for 1 + 1?

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    Last Updated on June 24, 2019

    Why Social Media Might Be Causing Depression

    Why Social Media Might Be Causing Depression

    A study [1] published in Depression and Anxiety found that social media users are more likely to be depressed. This was just one of the huge number of studies linking social media and depression[2] . But why exactly do platforms like Facebook and Instagram make people so unhappy? Well, we don’t know yet for sure, but there are some explanations.

    Social Media Could Lead to Depression

    Depression is a serious medical condition that affects how you think, feel, and behave. Social media may lead to depression in predisposed individuals or make existing symptoms of depression[3] worse explains[4] the study above’s senior author Dr. Brian Primack. So, the problem may not be in social media per se, but how we use it.

    Signs You’re Suffering From “Social Media Depression”

    If you feel like social media is having a negative impact on your mood, then you may be suffering from “social media depression.” Look for symptoms like:

    • low self-esteem,

    • negative self-talk,

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    • a low mood,

    • irritability,

    • a lack of interest in activities once enjoyed,

    • and social withdrawal.

    If you’ve had these symptoms for more than two weeks and if this is how you feel most of the time, then you are likely depressed. Although “social media depression “is not a term recognized in the medical setting, social media depression seems to be a real phenomenon affecting around 50% of social media users. As explained in a review study[5] published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, if a person has a certain predisposition to depression and other mental disorders, social media use may only worsen their mental health.

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    Social Media Could Crush Self-Esteem

    We know that social media and depression are in some way linked, but why is this so? Well, according to Igor Pantic, MD, Ph.D.[6], social media use skews your perception about other people’s lives and traits. To explain this further, most people like to portray an idealized image of their lives, personal traits, and appearance on sites like Facebook and Instagram. If you confuse this idealized image with reality, you may be under the false impression that everyone is better than you which can crush your self-esteem and lead to depression. This is especially true for teens and young adults who are more likely to compare themselves to others. If you already suffer from low self-esteem, the illusion that everyone has it better off than you will just make you feel worse.

    Causing Social Isolation and Other Negative Emotions

    Another commonly cited reason for the negative impact of social media on mental health is its link with social isolation. Depressed people are more likely to isolate themselves socially and chose only to interact indirectly through social media platforms. But communication online tends to be superficial and is lacking when compared to real-life interaction explains Panic. What this means is not that social media leads to isolation but the other way around, possibly explaining why we find so many depressed persons on these sites.

    Lastly, social media use may generate negative emotions in you like envy, jealousy, dislike, loneliness, and many others and this may worsen your depressive symptoms.

    Why We Need to Take This Seriously

    Both depression and social media use are on the rise according to epidemiological studies. Since each one has an impact on the other, we have to start thinking of healthier ways to use social media. Teens and young adults are especially vulnerable to the negative impact of social media on mental health.

    Advice on Social Media Use

    Although these findings did not provide any cause-effect explanation regarding Facebook and depression[7], they still do prove that social media use may not be a good way to handle depression. For this reason, the leading authors of these studies gave some suggestions as to how clinicians and people can make use of such findings.

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    One suggestion is that clinicians should ask patients about their social media habits. Then they can advise them on how to change their outlook on social media use or even suggest limiting their time spent on social media.

    Some social media users may also exhibit addictive behavior; they may spend too much time due to compulsive urges. Any compulsive behavior is bound to lead to feelings of guilt which can worsen depressive symptoms.

    Having Unhealthy Relationship with Social Media

    If you feel like your relationship with social media is unhealthy, then consider the advice on healthy social media use provided by psychology experts from Links Psychology[8]:

    Avoid negative social comparison – always keep in mind that how people portray themselves and their lives on social media is not a realistic picture, but rather an idealized one. Also, avoid comparing yourself to others because this behavior can lead to negative self-talk.

    Remember that social media is not a replacement for real life – Social media is great for staying in touch and having fun, but it should never replace real-world interactions.

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    Avoid releasing personal information – For your safety and privacy, make sure to be careful with what you post online.

    Report users who bully and harass you – It’s easy to be a bully in the anonymous and distant world of social media. Don’t take such offense personally and report those who abuse social media to harass others.

    The bits of advice listed above can help you establish a healthy relationship with social media. Always keep these things in mind to avoid losing an objective perspective of what social media is and how it is different from real life. If you are currently suffering from depression, talk to your doctor about what is bothering you so that you can get the treatment you need to get better. Tell your doctor about your social media use and see if they could give you some advice on this topic.

    Reference

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