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Last Updated on December 16, 2020

7 Interval Training Exercises Best for Beginners

7 Interval Training Exercises Best for Beginners

If you’re new to exercise, you’ve probably heard about interval training (HIIT), a method of training that has you pushing out of your comfort zone for a certain period of time and then recovering.

What’s great about interval training is that there are a variety of ways to do it. More advanced exercisers can work at a very high intensity, but you can also get a big bang-for-buck with simple exercises suitable for all fitness levels.

The reason interval training is so popular is that working at higher levels of intensity helps you build endurance more quickly and it helps you burn more calories, which is great for weight loss.

Not only that, but it makes your workout more interesting. Instead of going at the same pace for the entire workout, you mix things up which can make the workout seem shorter than it really is.

Beginner Interval Training

You may be wondering whether you can do interval training if you’re not a veteran exerciser, and the answer is yes. Beginners can get a lot out of interval training.

Not only can you switch up your workouts, making them a little more fun, but you also give your body a chance to get used to working just a little harder and build some character—something mostly needed in these times of uncertainty.

The upshot is, you only work hard for a very short period of time, making it a more comfortable workout. That’s much better than slogging through a long workout (who’s got time for that) or, on the other hand, trying to work at a high intensity for the length of your workout, passing out halfway through.

Interval Workout

The following exercises are a great place to start if you’re a beginner. The following 7 exercises, pasted together, make a 21-minute long workout and include work intervals that will push you just a bit out of your comfort zone.

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That means you won’t be breathless or miserable. You will simply be pushing yourself just a bit—the perfect way to build a strong cardio foundation for getting healthy and losing weight.

The workout is totally bodyweight and only needs a chair or a couch, so there’s really no excuse not to get it done.

Perform as many repetitions as you can for each exercise in the proposed order over 30”, rest sitting or laying on the floor for 60”, and repeat with the following exercise.

HIIT workout depending on how good you feel at the end of round 2.

7 Exercise Selections

Here are the 7 beginner interval training exercises you can try.

1. Jumping Jacks

That’s right. This old-school warm-up is an effective form of cardio. The primary benefit of doing jumping jacks is that it elevates your heart rate. You breathe more deeply while jumping, which delivers oxygen to your bloodstream and ultimately to your muscles.

In addition, you will also shake your lymphatic system and burn fat at a rapid rate, promoting weight loss.[1]

2. Mountain Climbers

Mountain climbers might win the award for most travel-friendly interval training exercise because they require no equipment and take up hardly any space. On the flip side, they also deserve some recognition for being super challenging.

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The MC works the core, hip flexors, arms, shoulders, and lower back—literally a full-body movement. Make sure you don’t overarch your back and maintain enough space between your hands and feet to have your trunk parallel to the ground.

3. Squats

 

Basic yet effective, squats remain the king of bodyweight exercises when it comes to improving mobility and strength.

Make sure to keep your head up, chest nicely open at all times, and feet firmly pressed through the heels on the ground. Ideally, your glutes should go below your knees during the descending phase. But don’t worry if you can’t get so low just yet, it will improve with practice.

4. Push-Ups

Push-ups are a total body exercise that is easily modified and can be made to be very challenging, from the total beginner to the most avid exerciser.

To make pushups easier, elevate your hands on a bench, couch, counter-top, or against a wall.

To make push-ups more difficult, elevate your feet. The higher the angle (with your hands on the ground), the more of your bodyweight you support. Also, you can increase the range of motion by elevating your hands on books, push up handles, or something similar.

Aim to nearly touching the ground with your chest first, keeping your head high and chin tucked. This will avoid straining your neck and improve arms and chest muscle engagement.

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5. Backward/Reverse Lunges

 

This modified version of the classic lunge simply involves taking a big step backward, balancing on your front foot.

This interval training exercise increases the engagement of the hamstrings and glutes muscles (back of the leg) versus the quads muscles (front of the thigh). This is especially useful for people with a sitting job because the back-leg muscles become stiff and weak due to the constant sitting and need to be “reactivated”.

This exercise requires balance, so it’s best performed with a mat in between your feet or over a carpet to avoid hitting your knee on the floor too violently.

As a beginner, you should always touch the ground with your back knee and pause for a second to avoid straining a muscle or a tendon. Pausing for a second will help you avoid using momentum and engage the correct muscles during the ascension phase of the exercise.

6. Elevated Hip Thrust

The hip thrust is another move useful to target dormant muscles like glutes and hamstrings. To perform this exercise, you only need a chair or a couch.

Lie face-up on the floor with your knees bent and your feet on a bench or box. Raise your hips until your body forms a straight line from your shoulders to your knees, then slowly lower to the starting position.

If this feels too easy, you can try to hold the tension for 2″ at the top of the movement, aggressively squeezing your glutes against each other. Imagine you have a pencil stuck in between your buttocks and you want to crack it in two (not a pretty picture I know, but it givers you the idea).

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7. Burpees

We put this at the end since it’s the hardest one of all. No cardio and interval training compilation would be complete without burpees. They challenge every part of your body and send your heart rate soaring in no time. All this adds up to an exercise that burns about 10 calories per minute.[2]

Assuming you’re doing between 10 and 20 repetitions every minute, this is one of the best fat burning exercises out there. You can torch even more calories by upping the pace. Just make sure you don’t let your form suffer!

If normal burpees give you pain in the lower back or they’re simply too hard (you can’t do more than 3 in a 30″ interval), just skip them all at once and come back to them when your fitness is improved.

Final Thoughts

Interval training is a great way to maintain fitness during these trying times. One of the best parts about it is that you can set your own pace and speed of progress.

Practice this routine a few times per week, focusing firstly on form and secondly, on speed. Burning a few extra calories from doing 2 more reps won’t be very useful if you pull a muscle and have to take a few weeks off exercise.

More Exercise Routines for Beginners

Featured photo credit: Ayo Ogunseinde via unsplash.com

Reference

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Davide Alfonsi

Online Weight Loss And Exercise Specialist

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Last Updated on March 3, 2021

10 Workout Tips for Building Muscle the Right Way

10 Workout Tips for Building Muscle the Right Way

Building muscle is one of the best ways to help you feel better about your appearance, but it’s also a great way to improve your physical efficiency, stabilize your bones and joints, and reduce risk of injury in everyday life. However, most people aren’t sure how to go about building muscle in the best way.

By carefully selecting the time of your workout, the combination of techniques, and the proper post-workout snacks, you can maximize your workout to build strength and muscle. Here are the essential tips you need to know.

1. Work out at the Right Time of Day

The time of day when you choose to work out can make all the difference when it comes to working out to your maximum potential. Anthony Hackney, a professor in the department of exercise and sport science at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, says that working out in the morning is best for weight loss due to the body’s hormonal composition at that time. If you really want to lose fat, exercise on an empty stomach[1].

Now, if your goal is to build muscle, you’ll want to eat something first. This means that an afternoon or evening workout can serve you better as your body will have the necessary nutrients to perform well during a workout.

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Ultimately, the best time to work out is the time of day that fits into your schedule. Not everyone has the luxury of working out in the morning or right after work. If you’re able to stick to a schedule, it will help you on your journey to building muscle.

If you need help just getting started and finding motivation to get to the gym, check out Lifehack’s Ultimate Worksheet for Instant Motivation Boost.

2. Weights Before Cardio

If your goal is to lose weight or build muscle mass, strength training should come first, according to researchers. Furthermore, studies have shown that “Moderate- to high-intensity endurance training decreases the efficacy of strength training.” Therefore, if you’re going to train for a marathon, do so after you lift weights.[2]

3. Eat Often (and More)

Keep your energy up and give your body plenty of fuel for building muscle by eating small meals every three hours or so. Make sure to eat plenty of protein, ideally the equivalent amount of protein in grams as your current body weight in pounds. For example, a 150-pound man would aim to take in 150 grams of protein per day.

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When trying to build muscle, aim to eat 250 to 500 calories more than you normally would, but don’t go too far beyond that. Your body may store the extra calories as body fat if it doesn’t use them during or after the workout.

4. Eat a Snack After You Work out

After a workout, your body will need a good dose of protein and amino acids in order to aid in muscle growth and recovery. This is essential to building muscle, as without the recovery, you can open yourself up to muscle strain and injury.

You should aim to eat this high-protein snack within about 60 minutes of ending your workout. This will help the muscles absorb the nutrients when they need them. Try yogurt, cottage cheese, chocolate milk, nuts, or a protein shake as a great post-workout snack.

5. Stay Hydrated

The last thing you need complicating your workout is a cramp or fatigue, so drinking water before, during, and after your workout for best results. This will also aid in the recovery process as the muscles will use water to heal.

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6. Never Skip the Warm up or Cool Down

Stretching prevents muscle strain, helps blood more easily reach the joints and muscles, and can help lower cholesterol when done as part of a yoga or Pilates routine. Muscles also need to realign themselves after an intense workout, which a few minutes of stretching can help to accomplish.

7. Combine Compound and Isolate Movements

While isolating certain muscles is important, you need to alternate compound motions as well, which will target multiple muscle groups at once. Compound workouts are good for beginners and for toning certain parts of the body. They’ll also burn more calories and increase your mobility.

Compound movements include squats, deadlifts, and pull-ups. These target several muscles groups at once. If you find that one muscle group is weaker than the rest, you can incorporate isolate movements to build it up.

8. Gradually Increase Your Weights

Increase the weight you’re lifting on each exercise by about 5 percent each week. If you bench-pressed 100 pounds this week, for example, then next week you should try doing 105 pounds. This gradual increase will yield the best muscle building results without overly straining your body.

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9. Budget the Correct Amount of Time for Your Workout

Studies have found that working out a muscle group two times a week is the best way to start building muscle more quickly. You will certainly see some results by only working a muscle group once a week, but try twice to give yourself a boost.

Also, you don’t need to spend two hours in the gym each time you go. 20 to 30 minutes of weight lifting and strength training will help you see results and increase your muscle mass. If you go to the gym for an hour, try varying your workout a bit in order to avoid overworking a certain muscle group.

10. Look in the Mirror

Try to do all of your weight lifting in front of a mirror. That way, you can correct your posture and make sure you are fully extending your muscles. Correct form means means maximized results.

This will likely feel strange at first, especially if you feel self conscious at the gym. However, know that this is normal and what many seasoned weight lifters do to ensure proper form.

The Bottom Line

Building muscle is a worthy goal to have as it will ultimately improve your everyday life from the ground up. You’ll find that everyday tasks become easier and that you have more energy for both your workouts and personal life. Use the tips above to start building muscle today.

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Featured photo credit: Alora Griffiths via unsplash.com

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