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Last Updated on December 16, 2020

7 Beginner Yoga Exercises for Men to Increase Mobility

7 Beginner Yoga Exercises for Men to Increase Mobility

Isn’t amazing how the culture of the (physical Yoga) Hatha Yoga evolved mostly among women? Are we men ashamed to practice this body-mind-spirit wisdom because it became a women’s thing, or discriminative of the idea that we men are tough enough and don’t need this kind of “activity”?

We know that the practice of Hatha Yoga was brought to our western culture in the 20th century by masculine Yoga masters, and that mostly men are the creators of the original Yoga Sutra of Patanjali approx. 200 B.C.E – 200 C.E., known also as Raja Yoga or King’s Yoga – the basis of all other Yoga forms practiced around the world.[1]

Keep in mind that Yoga goes much deeper than the physical posture and breathing, yet they are the start and the basis for the inward journey of self-inquiry and self-discovery. The deeper you immerse in the practice, the more you’ll happen to find out about it. An Asana – aasana[2] or Yoga posture is practiced with a purpose to mobilize the body and mind for achieving mental skills. This tells us that Yoga indeed is great for men.

Not long ago, when I invited a friend of mine to a Yoga Asana session I was teaching, he looked at me discouraged with a shy smile on his face, saying “Really, Yoga for men? I don’t know about that. Me, with this belly, tense as I am, it would be an embarrassment to show myself in front of the other more flexible people, let alone perform postures.” I smiled back, and with encouraging voice told him “You always talk about getting in shape! Just come over please and see how simple yoga exercises can change the way you feel about yourself!”

With the 7 exercises that follow, in just an hour, we succeeded to remove his misconceptions he had about yoga for men, and changed his attitude positively. Although he was never fond of practicing in groups, he got hooked up – he liked all the beginner postures and started practicing at home regularly and diligently.

The most important and ideal Yoga posture are: “sthirasukhamaasanam” – steady and comfortable posture. Sthira meaning steady, stable and strong and sukham meaning comfortable, easy and peaceful, and aasana meaning body posture or pose.

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This is the entire instruction from the whole Yoga Sutra (YS, 2.46-2.48) on how a Yoga posture ought to be performed. As long as you apply the elements of stability and comfort to your body posture and align it with your breath (YS, 2.47), you perform the aasana correctly.

Every man who wants to gain control over his physical and mental well-being and achieve a healthier lifestyle has the reason to get into Yoga. And here is the deal, in the next seven Yoga exercises you’ll see how to get into Yoga safely and successfully. Get ready and get healthier now!

1. Tadaasana – The Mountain Pose (Variation A – Ideal Alignment)

    1. Stand up on your feet (see type A), preferably bare feet so you can connect to the ground. Breathe deeply and slowly.
    2. Feet aligned with the hips.
    3. Kneecaps and thigh muscles slightly contracted.
    4. Pelvis leveled horizontally.
    5. Chest open.
    6. Shoulder blades relaxed.
    7. Connect the tip of the thumb with the tip of the index finger – energy re-circulation.
    8. Face muscles relaxed (eyes slightly closed, mouth slightly open).
    9. Breathe gently in this position.
    10. On inhalation, your head is pulling (cranially) upwards, lengthening the spine.
    11. Create a virtual thread inside your body from the heels up to the crown – tip of your head.
    12. Breathe gently, make sure your whole body is aligned as instructed.
    13. Connect to the thread and notice its movement.
    14. Stay in this position for 12 breaths – 4 sec. inhale and 6 sec. exhale – approx. 2 minutes according to the deep breathing exercise no. 1 in my previous post.

    When practicing physical Yoga, we are counting breaths instead measuring time. Aligning the breath with the body posture is an element for the connection with your inner clock – a closer look on what’s going on inside you – inner awareness. The goal of the Mountain Pose is:

    • Stabilizing the nervous system through breathing.
    • Building energy and releasing tension.
    • Stabilizing the movement of the thread (inner stability) through the help of breathing.
    • Developing inner awareness.
    • Awareness of inner movement of body’s stability (the strength) and comfort (the easiness and lightness).
    • Creating a rhythmical breathing.
    • Improving focus, concentration and observation.

    2. Virabhadraasana – The Warrior Pose (Variation)

      1. From Mountain pose exhale gently make a step forward (approx. 3 feet) with your right foot (see picture above) and slowly bend you right knee so your pelvis sinks (only as far as it is comfortable) towards the floor. Tip: Place left knee on the mat or a pillow if your muscles can’t support this posture.
      2. Make sure your body weight is balanced 50/50 on both legs.
      3. Inhale gently, reach fingertips towards the sky – push palms together, chest is open, shoulder blades relaxed – go down.
      4. Breathe consciously, deeply and rhythmically (abdomens relaxed). Be aware of the expansion of your groin area as you inhale.
      5. Focus your gaze on one point and remain in this position for five slow, deep breaths (or for as many as it feels right for you).
      6. Concentrate completely on the contractions of your thigh muscles and the pressure on your hip joints. Balance your weight 50/50 on both feet.
      7. Build energy with each inhalation!
      8. Release tension with each exhalation!
      9. Don’t let the muscle contraction intensify too much and disturb your breathing rhythm. Float the pelvis up and down to balance the intensity of the muscle contraction.
      10. Do the same with your arms. The moment you feel that the muscle contraction of your shoulders disturb you breathing, spread and lower the arms.
      11. Exhaling, make a step back, lower your arms and come back to Mountain pose.
      12. Have a break with one long, deep breath.
      13. Repeat the same (step 1 to 11) with the left foot.

      Make three rounds (3 x right foot, 3x left foot). The goal of the Warrior Pose is:

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      • Building energy and releasing tension.
      • Stretching and strengthening thigh and gluteus muscles.
      • Stretching hips (groin muscles) and mobilizing hip joints.
      • Strengthening back muscles.

      3. Trikonaasana – The Triangle Pose (Variation)

        1. From Mountain pose, spread your feet approx. 2-3 feet laterally. Left foot 0°, right foot 90° to the right (adjust the degree of your feet as you see fit. Tip: For better alignment and results do this pose against a wall and adjust your posture with the hands).
        2. Inhale gently, spread your arms at the height of your shoulders (palms facing forward).
        3. Further slow, deep inhalation lengthens the spine upwards.
        4. Slowly exhale and from the lowest vertebra begin to bend to the right (vertebra for vertebra, from the lowest upwards). The left hip goes lightly to the outside. Slowly! When bending you must feel firm and comfortable. Your right palm lays on your right kneecap (or lower, if you are more flexible). Your left hand stretches up vertically following the bending of your spine.
        5. Focus your gaze on one point and remain in this position for five slow, deep breaths (or for as many as it feels right for you). Feel the flexibility of your spine and any tensions in the back, legs or pelvic area.
        6. With each inhalation build up energy and with each exhalation release tension. Slowly adjust your pelvis, torso, neck, etc. if necessary during your rhythmical breathing.
        7. With an exhalation, slowly, come back into position no. 3.
        8. Have a break with one long, deep breath.
        9. Repeat the same (step 1 to 8) going to the left.

        Make three rounds (left and right). The goal of the Triangle Pose is:

        • Building energy and releasing tension.
        • Mobilization of spine, pelvis area and groin muscles.
        • Mobilization of lower back (lumbar spine) and shoulders.
        • Strengthening superficial and core back muscles.

        4. Malasana – The Squat Pose

          1. From Triangle pose come into Mountain pose and for a five deep gentle breaths, rotate the pelvis (in both sides) to align your muscles, tendons and ligaments.
          2. Spread your feet approx. 2-3 feet laterally, open both feet approx. 45° outwards.
          3. Inhale gently extending the whole body upwards, palms together pushed to the chest.
          4. Exhale gently, go into squat lowering your pelvis – keep your back straight as you go down. Your upper body leans slightly forward and your elbows touch the inner side of your knees. Tip: Lower slowly only as much as you feel comfortable. If you have to inhale on your way down, just do it only to be able to exhale lowering further. The goal is to squat so your buttocks touch your heels, but you go only as much as your posture feels steady and comfortable.
          5. Find your optimal position and stay there for five gentle breaths (or for as many as it feels right for you). Chest remains open at all times, push your elbows gently against your knees so you stretch the groin muscles.
          6. Do gentle moves in this posture so you align your hips, thigh muscles and lower back optimally.
          7. Use your thigh muscles to come up to Mountain Pose, but only after you have exhaled 50% of your air volume (don’t stand up while your lungs are under pressure full of air).

          Repeat this five times (adjust repetition as you see fit, if you feel comfortable and energetic do more than five, if not, do less). The goal of the Squat Pose is:

          • Building energy and releasing tension.
          • More flexibility in groin muscles.
          • Stretching and strengthening lower back muscles.
          • Mobilization of hip joints.
          • Strengthening thigh muscles and knees.

          5. Bhujangasana – The Cobra Pose (Variation)

            1. From Mountain Pose exhale gently and lower down to Squat Pose, place your palms and knees on the floor and gently stretch your body onto the floor. Your forehead touches the floor, your palms are placed right next to your chest – below your shoulders.
            2. Relax your whole body, have a gentle deep breath, feel the connection of your whole body with the floor. Put a light pressure on your palms, as preparing for a push-up.
            3. Inhaling gently, slowly lift up your head and neck and feel the pressure 50/50 on your hands and pelvis area.
            4. Using the strength of your arms come up vertebra for vertebra beginning from the lowest one. The upper back, neck and head are straight, chin muscles relaxed, mouth slightly open. As you’re half way through, inhale further to open up the chest maximally and erect your upper body (only as much as possible). Remember, the posture must be firm and comfortable.
            5. Exhale through your mouth and let the weight of your upper body hang on your shoulders. There should be light pressure on the lower back. Adjust the position of your hands on the floor so your shoulders support the weight of your upper body optimally.
            6. Take five slow deep breaths in this position and feel the pressure (or relieve) on different parts of your body.
            7. Experiment – adjust the position of your torso moving it, especially paying attention to your lower back.

            Repeat five times. The goal of the Cobra Pose is:

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            • Building energy and releasing tension.
            • Mobilizing each spine vertebra.
            • Strengthening arm, shoulder and back muscles.
            • Stretching groin muscles.

            6. Chaturanga Dandaasana – The Four-Limbed Staff Pose (Variation)

              1. From the cobra pose – body and forehead on the floor, inhale deeply – put your palms close to the chest, put your toes on the floor, preparing for push-up.
              2. Exhale, lift up your head, tighten your abdomen muscles, use the strength of your arms and lift up your body just a few inches.
              3. You are in four-limbed staff pose, take five gentle, deep breaths (adjust body height accordingly, if necessary put your knees on the floor as support).
              4. Exhale, come back to the floor – relax the whole body placing the forehead on the floor.

              Repeat this exercise three times. The goal of the four-limbed staff pose is:

              • Building energy and releasing tension.
              • Stabilizing all muscles involved.
              • Strengthening back muscles, anterior shoulder muscles, chest and arm muscles.
              • Strengthening thigh and gluteus muscles.

              7. Phalakaasana – The Plank Pose (Variation)

                1. From your relaxed position on the floor, inhale deeply, place your palms close to the chest, lift up your head, put your toes on the floor, preparing for push-up.
                2. Exhale through your teeth, tighten your abdomen muscles, use the strength of your arms, and push-up your body to come into a plank pose.
                3. Adjust your palms or feet to find the ideal position and stay in for five slow deep breaths. Tip: To mobilize (strengthen and flex) your body, do variations of this exercise by slowly lowering the pelvis (when exhaling) – the knees touch the floor and balance the pressure between the arms and knees.
                4. Exhale, come down to the floor and relax your body. Inhale – feel the energy coming in, exhale – feel the tension leaving your body.

                Repeat this exercise three times. The goal of the plank pose is:

                • Building energy and releasing tension.
                • Strengthening chest, arm, and shoulder muscles.
                • Strengthening overall back muscles and lumbar spine area.
                • Strengthening thigh and cough muscles.
                • Building endurance and flexibility.

                Your Yoga Session is finished. Spend a moment lying on the floor breathing gently and deeply, and store all the movements and experiences you have undergone in this practice. Now having more strength and vitality, take this experience and apply it constructively in your daily life. Know that you will come a step further in your next practice and experience a new insight.

                Final Thoughts

                The practice of these Yoga exercises should take some 45-50 minutes, however you can change the repetitions and number of breaths according to your physical and mental fitness.

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                Looking at all these simple yet highly beneficial postures, we can conclude that apart from the physiological benefits as mobilizing and strengthening the body, more important benefits out of these exercises are:

                • The development of mental skills such as focus, motivation, observation, confidence, concentration by turning inwards through the focus on gentle breathing.
                • The regaining of vitality and building of stamina and resilience through the repetition of movement.
                • The reduction of stress and neuroticism [3] as a result of the above two.

                The benefits mentioned above are perceptible when a balanced flow between breath and body movement is created.

                Yoga can take you to a new beginning for a prosperous change that sets new goals with great motive for improvement. Let these 7 Yoga Exercises be your goal.

                Make a routine (in your own rhythm – harmonically) by practicing these exercises every single day. You will see positive physical and mental changes in a matter of weeks.

                And if you choose to be a part of a yoga class don’t worry about how you look, and what you’re going to wear as long as your clothes are comfortable. Stay focused on what you want to achieve on a physical, mental and spiritual level.

                Keep in mind that everything you need for that new change in your life is sitting right here within you. Start to practice and the process of achievement will unfold! I salute the spirit in you!

                More About Yoga

                Featured photo credit: Artem Beliaikin via unsplash.com

                Reference

                [1] Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
                [2] Wikipedia: Asana
                [3] NCBI: Neuroticism

                More by this author

                Marcin Gil

                Marcin is a spiritual being just like anyone challenging to uncover what we already have โ€“ spiritual freedom.

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                Last Updated on April 19, 2021

                15 Static Stretches to Totally Enhance Your Workout Routine

                15 Static Stretches to Totally Enhance Your Workout Routine

                Stretching is one of those aspects of fitness that many people conveniently forget about. Perhaps you’re one of those who consider stretching nothing but a mere chore meant for ballerinas and gymnasts. While they are great for both, static stretches can offer a boost to any workout routine for people of all fitness levels.

                Irrespective of your reasons for working out, be it for sports or personal fitness, one thing is certain: stretching can help you. Static stretches come with myriads of benefits, such as improvement in flexibility and reduction in muscle tightness, which ultimately allow you to go through your workout routines with greater efficiency.

                For the purpose of this article, we’ll zero in on several great static stretches and take a look at the benefits and when they should be done.

                Benefits of Static Stretches

                Static stretches come with tons of benefits that can help you make the most of your workout routine. Some of them include:

                Improved Flexibility

                If you want to perform better, flexibility is of tremendous importance, irrespective of the specific workouts you do. Luckily enough, static stretches are all you need to get all the flexibility you desire.

                Flexibility, also known as the range of motion (ROM) around a joint, has been shown by several studies to be improved by static stretching.[1]

                Although the specific mechanism through which this occurs is still unclear, static stretches have been shown to greatly increase muscle and joint flexibility[2] and tissue length[3], which work in tandem to make your workout more effective.

                Prevent Injuries

                If you’re looking to push yourself to your training limits without coming down with injuries, then stretching will do you a great service. Research has shown time and again that performing the right stretches pre- and post-workout greatly helps with injury prevention.[4]

                Think of it this way:

                When you stretch, you literally push your joints and muscle fibers to their limit. This increases the stretch tolerance in these muscles and joints over time, and the increased tolerance allows you to perform more rigorous exercises without negatively impacting your body or risking an injury.

                Increased Blood Flow to the Joints

                Another benefit of stretching is increased blood flow – and by extension, nutrient supply – to the joints and muscles of the target areas. This, in turn, improves the performance of these muscles and joints due to the availability of more nutrients, improved oxygenation, and removal of metabolites.

                For static stretching, though, the mechanism of action isn’t as straightforward. When stretching statically, blood flow (capillary oxygenation) temporarily reduces due to vascular compression.

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                However, immediately after releasing the stretch, the blood flow to these areas nearly doubles the pre-stretching levels.[5]

                Improvement in Recovery

                If you’ve been working out for some time, then you’ve probably discovered that a rigorous workout session can leave you battling sore muscles for days.

                Recovery essentially means getting rid of this soreness and returning your muscle fibers back to their tip-top condition.

                Research has shown that practicing static stretches after your workout session helps to reduce muscle soreness. And while some may argue that this effect is minimal, the fact still remains that stretching does help shorten your recovery time.

                Stretching allows tissues to be better hydrated after the induced tension is released, and this encourages reduced inflammation and faster repair of such tissues.

                Other reasons why you really should incorporate stretching into your workout include:

                • Improved relaxation
                • Increased movement efficiency
                • Reduction in the risk of lower back pain
                • Reduction in muscle tension
                • Improvement in neuromuscular coordination
                • Improvement in balance and postural awareness
                • Relief from cramping

                15 Static Stretches to Enhance Your Workouts

                Here are some amazing exercises that will keep your body in tip-top condition and take your workout routine to the next level.

                1. Neck Stretch

                  While sitting tall or standing, place your right arm gently on the right side of your head, and place the other arm out to your side. Slowly pull your head towards your right shoulder until you can feel the stretch on the left side of your neck. Hold for about 30 seconds before releasing, and repeat for the opposite side.

                  Many people tend to hold stress and tension in their neck and shoulders. If you find this is the case, this is one of the best static stretches to use for a muscle release in this area.

                  2. Chest Stretch

                    Stand upright, with your fingers interlocked behind your back, near your buttocks. While keeping your shoulder blades together and your back straight, push your arms up behind you until you feel the stretch in your chest. Hold for about 20-30 seconds before releasing.

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                    3. Cross-Body Shoulder Stretch

                    Shoulder Cross-Arm Stretch « CASS FITNESS

                      Stand upright or sit up tall on a chair or mat, and extend one arm out in front to shoulder height. Grab the extended arm with your other arm, and pull it towards your chest while keeping the extended arm straight. Continue the pull until you feel the stretch in your shoulder. Hold for 30 seconds, and repeat for the other arm.

                      4. Triceps Static Stretch

                        Lift your arms overhead, with both arms slightly behind your head and bent at the elbow. Use your right hand to pull your left elbow until you feel a stretch in your triceps. Hold for about 30 seconds, and repeat for the other arm.

                        Many know this stretch from gym class, but it really is one of the best static stretches for the arms.

                        5. Biceps Stretch

                        Arm Exercises | Seated Bent-Knee Biceps Stretch

                          Sit on the floor with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. With your fingers pointing away from your body, place your two palms flat on the floor behind you. While your hands are steadily in place, slowly slide your butt downward toward your feet until you can feel the stretch in your biceps, shoulders, and chest. Hold for about 30 seconds before releasing.

                          6. Wrist Stretch

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                            While standing up straight or sitting tall, extend your right arm forward to shoulder height with your fingers pointing toward the ceiling. Grab your right fingers with your left hand, and pull your right hand to bend the wrist until you can feel the stretch. Hold this position for about 30 seconds, and repeat for the opposite arm.

                            7. Side Stretch

                              Stand straight with your feet hip-width apart. Take your right arm and reach over your head towards your left side while bending your side. Keep bending your side slowly until you can feel a stretch on your right side. Maintain this position for about 30 seconds, and repeat for the opposite side.

                              The muscles down your side body are notoriously difficult to stretch out. This is one of the best static stretches to try on a consistent basis to get them loosened up.

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                              8. Abdominal Static Stretch

                                Lie down on your stomach with your face towards the ground and your palms facing the floor as though you’re about to do a push up. While keeping your pelvis firmly on the floor, gently push your upper body up from the ground. This should make your feel some stretch in your abs. Maintain this position for about 30 seconds before releasing.

                                9. Reclined Spinal Twist

                                Supta Matsyendrasana - Supine Spinal Twist - Yogaasan
                                  Lie down, with your arms extended to the sides and placed on the floor. While keeping the right leg straight, pull up your left knee towards your chest, tilt it toward your right side, and then drop it slowly over your extended right leg.

                                  Keep your shoulder blades flat on the ground, and you should feel the stretch around your back. Hold for about 30 seconds and repeat for the opposite side.

                                  10. Knees to Chest

                                  Knee-to-chest exercise from Physical Therapists' Advice to Manage Pain at Home - The Active Times

                                    Lie on the ground facing the ceiling, with your knees bent. Hold your shins, and pull your knees toward your chest. This should make you feel some stretch in your lower back. Hold for about 30 seconds before releasing. If you’re looking to loosen up your back muscles, this is one of the static stretches you can do daily.

                                    11. Hip Flexor Static Stretch

                                    How to Do the Standing Lunge Stretch

                                      Stand upright in a standard lunge position, and place your two hands on your hips. Step out on your right foot into mini-lunge position, without your knee going beyond your right toe. Hold for about 30 seconds and repeat for the left side.

                                      12. Figure 4 Stretch

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                                        Sit tall on the ground with both knees bent and both feet on the floor. Lift your right leg and cross it over your left thigh, while your left knee remains bent. Pull both legs inwards toward your abdomen for a deep stretch of your glutes. Hold this position for about 30 seconds, and repeat with the other leg.

                                        13. Standing Quad Stretch

                                          Stand tall while maintaining a straight posture. With your left hand, grab a pole, wall, or anything durable for balance. With your right hand, grab your right foot and pull up your heels until they touch your buttocks.

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                                          Keep your knees close together while doing this, push your hip forward, and you should feel the stretch in your quadriceps. Hold this position for about 30 seconds, and repeat for the other side. This is one of the best static stretches for the quads.

                                          14. Hamstring Stretch

                                            Sit on the floor with your right leg extended straight in front of you and your left leg bent. Reach forward with your right hand, and touch your right toes. This should cause a stretch in your right hamstring.

                                            Hold this position for about 30 seconds, and repeat for the left leg. If you’re unable to reach your toes, try holding your shin instead, but seek to go further every time you perform the stretch until you can touch your toes.

                                            15. Calf Stretch

                                              Sit on the ground and extend your right foot straight in front of you. Gently pull your right toes backwards with your right hand. This should cause a noticeable stretch in your calf.

                                              Hold this position for about 30 seconds and repeat for the left leg, if you’re unable to reach your toes, use a rope or towel to pull your toes inward.

                                              Bonus: Stretch With a Resistance Band

                                              Resistance bands offer a unique benefit from free weights and create tension throughout your movement. Get the free 30 Day Resistance Band Full Workout Challenge, and challenge yourself to stretch with a resistance band.

                                              When Should You Do Static Stretches?

                                              Static stretching is great when done correctly and at the right time. Over the years, research has shown that static stretching produces best results when done after working out or on rest days,[6] but not as a part of warm up routines before an explosive workout session.

                                              This is because static stretches have a cool-down effect on each muscle group and are more effective when done after the muscles are already warm.

                                              That doesn’t mean you must never ever perform static stretches before working out, but do it sparingly. Dynamic stretches, which involve more movement, are generally recommended for warming up as it helps the body prepare better for the work ahead.

                                              The Bottom Line

                                              Carving out the body of your dreams isn’t only about lifting weights and running. You need to keep your body “elastic” if you’re going to make the most of your training, and that’s the whole point of static stretches.

                                              Starting today, be sure to incorporate these static stretching exercises into your routine, and in no time, you’ll find yourself recovering faster and performing better than ever before.

                                              More Tips on Stretching

                                              Featured photo credit: Alora Griffiths via unsplash.com

                                              Reference

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