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The Key to Einstein’s Genius

The Key to Einstein’s Genius

The key to Einstein’s genius is to learn how to stay with a question longer. Albert Einstein famously remarked,

If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on the solution, I would spend the first 55 minutes determining the proper question to ask for once I know the proper question I could solve the problem in less than five minutes.

Einstein also stated,

It’s not that I’m so smart but I stay with the questions much longer.

To stay with our questions longer, DSRP Thinkquiry Questions is a good way.

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What is DSRP Thinkquiry?

DRSP Thinkquiry is developed by Derek and Laura Cabrera – professors at Cornell University. It is a systems thinking approach to structure information and questions in a systematic way.[1] This approach applies simple rules underlying systems thinking. These simple rules are Distinctions – Systems – Relationships – Perspectives (DSRP).

DSRP ThinkQuiry Questions are the building blocks of cognition and are required to deconstruct a problem or issue. You can learn more about this approach and even use it online at www.thinkquiry.us. Furthermore, I encourage you to read more about Derek and Laura Cabrera’s work and two of their outstanding books – Systems Thinking Made Simple and Thinking at Every Desk.

Beyond the Socratic Method

    In Thinking at Every Desk, the Cabrera’s inform us that we should think of DSRP as guiding questions and as a new form of Socratic questioning for the 21st century. They found that the Socratic method of questioning leads students to a black and white view of the world, where DSRP questions lead students to see the infinite shades of gray that actually exist in the world.

    With DSRP Thinkquiry the Cabrera’s sought to provide us with a new way to ask different questions. Here is what they had to say. [2]

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    “We wanted to get people asking different kinds of questions. Questions that lead to new insights and answers but also more questions. Structural questions that can be mixed and matched to form even more complex questions that get at the essence of the wicked problems and complex systems around us.”

    Let’s now dive into DSRP Thinkquiry using a personal example of mine. I write extensively on the foster care system and have published numerous articles and a few books. Books such as Succeeding as a Foster Child a Workbook. I recently published an article on the Different Perspectives of the Foster Care System where I surveyed 243 individuals in order to identify their perspectives of the foster care system using DSRP as a framework and a guide to build better questions for the study.

    Additionally, I used the newest tool created by the Cabrera’s to finish the study – a powerful and free application located at https://kingfisher.link. It is essentially a virtual systems thinking whiteboard.

    Building Better Questions

    Starting with distinctions, let’s see how I was able to ask better questions using the foster care example.

    Distinctions

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      Guiding Questions:

      1. What is Foster Care?
      2. What is-not Foster Care?
      3. How would you distinguish between Foster Care and a similar thing – such as Adoption?
      4. Can you compare and contrast Foster Care and Adoption?

      Systems

        Guiding Questions:

        1. What are the parts of Foster Care?
        2. What is Foster Care a part of?
        3. Can you name some of the parts of the parts of Foster Care?
        4. What are the parts of the relationship between Foster Care and Adoption?
        5. What are the parts of Foster Care when looked at from the viewpoint of a Foster Parent?

        Relationships

          Guiding Questions:

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          1. What ideas are related to Foster Care and what ideas are related by Foster Care?
          2. What idea relates Foster Care and Adoption?
          3. How are the parts of Foster Care related?
          4. How are the parts of Foster Care related to the parts of Adoption?
          5. What are the relationships among Foster Care and Adoption and other things?

          Perspectives

            Here I will use perspectives uncovered during my survey discussed earlier.

            Guiding Questions:

            1. What are the parts of the viewpoint Foster Care when looking at challenges in foster care from multiple perspectives.
            2. How are Foster Care and Adoption related when looking at them from a new perspective – from the perspective of a Foster Child.
            3. Can you think of Foster Care from multiple perspectives?
            4. What are the parts of Foster Care when looked at from multiple viewpoints?

              The Cabrera’s have provided us an improved way to ask better questions. They have provided us, not only a way to stay with a question longer, but also a better way to build questions. I have personally found that by simply using DSRP Thinkquiry Questions, I am able to uncover new ideas that were not previously held in my mind. In fact, I call their systems thinking approach my “aha” or epiphany generator!

              To me, it’s as if the questions are Lego blocks in a random pile. DSRP Thinkquiry Questions are a way to see each block as a different question, where our job is to simply connect them.

              Reference

              More by this author

              Dr. Jamie Schwandt

              Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt & Red Team Critical Thinker

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              Last Updated on December 3, 2019

              7 Powerful Steps to Achieve Career Success

              7 Powerful Steps to Achieve Career Success

              I often hear people say, “I want to be successful but don’t know where to start” or “I’ve achieved career success yet I’m not happy.” And then I ask, “what does career success mean to you?” And many have a hard time articulating their response with much conviction.

              It’s common that people lack clarity, focus, and direction. And when you layer on thoughts and actions that are misaligned with your values, this only adds to your misdirected quest to achieve your career success.

              A word of caution. It’s going to take some time for you to think about and work on your own path for career success. You need to set aside time and be intentional about the steps you take to achieve career success. In my opinion, this step-by-step guide is apart of your life philosophy.

              1. Define Career Success for Yourself

              Pause. Give yourself time and space for self-reflection.

              What does career success mean to you?

              This is about defining your career success:

              • Not what you think you ‘should’ do
              • Not what people may think of you
              • Not adjusting to friends and family’s judgements
              • Not taking actions based on societal or community norms

              “A flower does not think of competing to the flower next to it. It just blooms” – Zen Shin

              When you strip away all your external influences and manage your inner critic, what are you left with? You need to define career success that best suits your life situation.

              There’s no fixed answer. Everyone is different. Your answer will evolve and be impacted by life events. Here are a few examples of career success:

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              • Work-life balance
              • Opportunities for growth and advancement
              • Feeling valued that my contributions had an impact

              Now even as you reflect on the examples above, the descriptions are not specific enough. You’ve got to take it deeper:

              • What do you mean by work-life balance?
              • What do you consider to be opportunities for growth and advancement?
              • How do you like to be recognized for your work? How do you know if your contributions have had an impact?

              Let’s take a look at some potential responses to the questions above:

              • I want more time with my family, and less stress at work
              • I want increased responsibilities, to manage a team, a higher income, and the prestige of working at a certain level in the company
              • I’d like my immediate leader to send me a thank-you note or take me out for coffee to genuinely express her or his gratitude. I’ll know I’ve made an impact if I get feedback from my coworkers, leaders and other stakeholders.

              Further questions to reflect on to help narrow the focus for the above responses:

              • What are some opportunities that can help you get traction on getting more time with your family? And decrease your stress at work?
              • What’s most important for you in the next 12 months?
              • What’s the significance of receiving others’ feedback?

              Now, I’m only scratching the surface with these examples. It takes time to do the inner work and build a solid foundation.

              Start this exercise by first asking what career success means to you and then ask yourself meaningful questions to help you dig deeper.

              What types of themes emerge from your responses? What keywords or phrases keep coming up for you?

              2. Know Your Values

              Values are the principles and beliefs that guide your decisions, behaviors and actions. When you’re not aligned with your values and act in a way that conflicts with your beliefs, it’ll feel like life is a struggle.

              There are simple value exercises that can help you quickly determine your core values. This one designed by Carnegie Mellon University can help you discover your top 5 values.[1]

              Once you have your top 5 values keep them visible. Your brain needs reminders that these are your top values. Here are some ways to make them stick:

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              • Write them on cue cards or notes and post it in your office
              • Take a picture of your values and use it as a screensaver on your phone
              • Put the words on your fridge
              • Add the words on your vision board

              Where will your value words be placed in your physical environment so that you have a constant reminder of them?

              3. Define Your Short-Term and Long-Term Goals

              When writing your short-term and long term life goals, use the SMART framework – Specific Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-bound. Treat this as a brainstorming exercise. Your potential and possibilities are limitless.

              How you define short-term and long-term is entirely up to you. Short-term can be 30 days, 90 days, or 6 months. Maybe long-term goals are 4 months, 1 year, or 10 years.

              Here are a few self-reflection questions to help you write your goals:[2]

              • What would you want to do today if you had the power to make it the way you want?
              • If no hurdles are in the way, what would you like to achieve?
              • If you have the freedom to do whatever you want, what would it be?
              • What type of impact do you want to have on people?
              • Who are the people you most admire? What is it about them or what they have that you’d want for your life or career?
              • What activities energize you? What’s one activity you most love?

              Remember to revisit your core values as you refine yours goals:

              • Are your goals in or out of alignment with your core values?
              • What adjustments do you need to make to your goals? Maybe some of your goals can be deleted because they no longer align with your values.
              • How attainable are your goals? Breakdown your goals into digestible pieces.
              • Do your short-term goals move you towards attaining your long-term goals?

              Get very clear and specific about your goals. Think about an archer – a person who shoots with a bow and arrows at a target. This person is laser focused on the target – the center of the bullseye. The target is your goal.

              By focusing on one goal at a time and having that goal visible, you can behave and act in ways that will move you closer to your goal.

              4. Determine Your Top Talents

              What did you love doing as a kid? What made these moments fun? What did you have a knack for? What did you most cherish about these times? What are the common themes?

              What work feels effortless? What work do you do that doesn’t seem like work? Think about work you can lose track of time doing and you don’t even feel tired of it.[3]

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              What are your desires? Try it out. Experiment. Take action and start. How can you incorporate more of this type of work into your daily life?

              What themes emerge from your responses? How do your responses compare to your responses from the values exercise and your goals?

              What do you notice?

              5. Identify ‘Feeling’ Words You Want to Experience

              Do you have tendencies to use your head or heart to make decisions?

              I have a very strong tendency to make rational, practical, and fact-based decisions using my head. It’s very rare for me to make decisions using my emotions. I was forced to learn how to make more intuitive decisions by listening to my gut when I was struggling with pivotal life decisions. I was forced to feel and listen to my inner voice to make decisions that feel most natural to me. This was very unfamiliar to me, however, it expanded my identity.

              Review this list of Feeling Words. Use the same technique you use for the values exercise to narrow down how you want to feel.

              Keep these words visible too!

              Review your responses. What do you observe? What insights do you gain from these responses and those in the above steps?

              6. Be Willing to Sit with Discomfort

              Make career decisions aligned with your values, goals, talents and feelings. This is not for the faint hearted. It takes real work, courage and willingness to cut out the noise around you. You’ll need to sit with discomfort for a bit until you build up your muscle to hit the targets you want.

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              Surround yourself with a supportive network to help you through these times.

              “These pains you feel are messengers. Listen to them” – Rumi

              7. Manage Your Own Career

              Not to be cynical, but no one can make you happy but yourself. If you don’t take control of your career and manage it like your own business – no one will.

              Discern between things that you can control and what you can’t control. For example, you may not be able to control who gets a promotion. However, you can control how you react to it and what you’ve learned about yourself in that situation.

              Summing Up

              For many who have gone through a career change or been impacted by life events, these steps may seem very basic. However, it’s sometimes the basics that we forget to do. The simple things and moments can edge us closer to our larger vision for ourselves.

              Staying present and appreciating what you have today can sometimes help you achieve your long-term goals. For example, if you’re always talking about not having enough time and wanting work-life balance, think about what was good in your work day? Maybe you took a walk outside with your co-workers. This could be a small step to help you reframe how you can attain work-life balance.

              Remember to take time for yourself. Hit pause, notice, observe and reflect to achieve career success by getting deliberate and intentional:

              1. Define Career Success for Yourself
              2. Know Your Values
              3. Define Your Short-Term and Long-Term Life and Goals
              4. Determine Your Top Talents
              5. Identify ‘Feeling’ Words You Want to Experience
              6. Be Willing to sit with Discomfort
              7. Manage Your Own Career

              “When you stop chasing the wrong things you give the right things a chance to catch you.” – Lolly Daskal

              Good luck and best wishes always!

              More Tips on Advancing Your Career

              Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

              Reference

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