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20 Ways to Say “Hello” Around the World

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20 Ways to Say “Hello” Around the World

“Hello!”, “Hi!”, and “Hey!” are the three most common forms of greetings in use today. Greetings do not rely only on the language, but also on the way you express it. Different countries have their different customs of saying “hello” to each other.

Here are 20 ways to say “hello”  taken from around the globe. Next time you are visiting any of the countries, you will know how to greet everyone.

1. Encantado / Encantada (Argentina)

In Argentina, when you meet a person for the first time, it is a courtesy to put your right cheek onto your acquaintance’s right cheek and make a kissing sound only. Don’t repeat this on the left cheek, unless the person moves forward to do it. Since this is a formal greeting, if the person is a male, say “encantado”, and if they’re female, say “encantada”.

2. Dumela rra / Dumela mma (Botswana)

People in Botswana prefer to say “hello” to each other before proceeding to talk about other things. If you are meeting a man, say “dumela rra” (doo-meh-lah-rah), and if you are meeting a woman, say “dumela mma” (doo-meh-lah-mah). The custom they follow is a handshake with a twist, achieved by extending your right hand for a normal handshake, then once you hold the other person’s hand, change the hand position, grasp your friend’s thumb with yours, and return back to the handshake.

3. Bedouin men

Bedouin men are desert nomads, who are also Arabs. They are a huge tribe, and live all of their lives in the desert, maintaining their very own culture. According to them, rubbing noses with an acquaintance is the only way they greet each other. This act is done by both men and women alike. In the case of women, they do it as well, except that they prefer to do so behind the curtain.

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4. Nin Hao (China)

This is the first thing you learn as a beginner when you start learning Chinese. “Nin Hao” means “hello” in a more respectful way other than “Ni Hao”. As for the custom, people in China bend forward by kneeling down on the floor, and touching their forehead on the ground. This custom is dying out, but many still do this out of respect to elders.

5. Bonjour (France)

Saying “hello” to everyone is a common form of greeting in France, regardless of whether you are traveling on the bus, or dining out, or even walking down the road. A common custom of greeting is a kiss on each cheek, but there are other rituals when people kiss four times (twice on the right cheek, twice on the left).

6. “Eskimo Greeting” (Greenland)

Eskimos (or Inuits) have a special kind of a greeting, known as Kunik. An Inuit will put their nose and upper lip on their companion’s cheeks or forehead, and inhale their companion’s smell.

7. Namaste (India)

Indians fold both their hands together and say “namaste” to each other. A common custom of greeting is to bend down and touch the other person’s feet.

8. Ohayo (Japan)

The Japanese bow when they are saying “Ohayo” (hello) to each other. Apart from being their culture, it is also a form of showing respect to the elders and other individuals.

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9. Selamat.. (Malaysia)

Malaysia is a multicultural country with the majority of people being conservative. Despite various cultures, people generally follow the same manner in greeting each other. They will lightly touch their companion’s hands with both of their hands, and pull back their hands toward the heart. Meanwhile, they use the word “selamat depending on the time of the day (for example: “selamat pagi” means “good morning.

10. Tena Koe (Maori)

The first thing Maori tribal people do to address each other is to perform hongi. This is done by pressing the forehead and the nose against your companion’s. This is mostly done out of respect for each other.

11. Micronesia

Micronesia consists of many islands put together. Each island has its individual way of ritual and custom when greeting people; however, residents of Marshall Islands acknowledge the presence of each other by raising their eyebrows. Interesting, isn’t it?

12. Salaam (Middle East)

The custom of greeting in Middle East is to shake hands and kissing cheeks 2 to 3 times. This has to be done to the same gender.

13. Kamusta (Philippines)

The young Filipinos will bow, take a hand, and touch the knuckles of the elderly on their forehead to show respect and a way to say “Kamusta” (hello). This form of greeting is known as Mano.

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14. Zdravstvuyte (Russia)

As a tradition followed for generation after generation, Russians greet their guests with bread and salt. This is known as Kleb da sol. Russians respect bread the most out of any food, and salt means “long friendship” to them.

15. Aybowan (Sri Lanka)

When saying “Aybowan” (hello) in Sri Lanka, the people will hold their hands in front of their guest.

16. Tashi Delek (Tibet)

Funny enough, a courteous greeting in Tibet is to stick out your tongue, and it isn’t even considered rude!

17. Sawasdi Ka (Thailand)

If you have traveled on Thai Airways or have seen their ads, you already know how they greet people. Their custom is to fold their palms at the chest, bow their head at such a level that their thumbs touch their chin and the fingertips touch the forehead.

18. Dobryy den’ (Ukraine)

Ukrainian men remove their gloves before shaking hands with their male guest. As for women, a way of showing gallantry is by kissing a woman’s hand. Men don’t shake women’s hands because it does not fall into their tradition.

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19. Hey (USA)

Nowadays, Americans shake hands on formal occasions, and everyone smiles at each other. As far as tradition goes, they mainly hug, but there is a trend for men fist bumping with their male friends. Actually, fist bumps first stemmed out of the 1940s by motorcycle gangs.

20. Bwanji (Zambia)

There is no specific way to say “hello” in Zambia because Zambians directly ask “How are you?” which is “Bwanji” in their language. As for the tradition, in the West and the North West, people clap on each other’s hands and gently squeeze the thumbs.

Featured photo credit: Tech. Sgt. Shane A. Cuomo via en.wikipedia.org

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Sumaiya Kabir

Sumaiya is a passionate writer who shares thoughts and ideas to help people improve themselves.

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Last Updated on July 20, 2021

How to Overcome the Fear of Public Speaking (A Step-by-Step Guide)

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How to Overcome the Fear of Public Speaking (A Step-by-Step Guide)

You’re standing behind the curtain, just about to make your way on stage to face the many faces half-shrouded in darkness in front of you. As you move towards the spotlight, your body starts to feel heavier with each step. A familiar thump echoes throughout your body – your heartbeat has gone off the charts.

Don’t worry, you’re not the only one with glossophobia(also known as speech anxiety or the fear of speaking to large crowds). Sometimes, the anxiety happens long before you even stand on stage.

Your body’s defence mechanism responds by causing a part of your brain to release adrenaline into your blood – the same chemical that gets released as if you were being chased by a lion.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you overcome your fear of public speaking:

1. Prepare yourself mentally and physically

According to experts, we’re built to display anxiety and to recognize it in others. If your body and mind are anxious, your audience will notice. Hence, it’s important to prepare yourself before the big show so that you arrive on stage confident, collected and ready.

“Your outside world is a reflection of your inside world. What goes on in the inside, shows on the outside.” – Bob Proctor

Exercising lightly before a presentation helps get your blood circulating and sends oxygen to the brain. Mental exercises, on the other hand, can help calm the mind and nerves. Here are some useful ways to calm your racing heart when you start to feel the butterflies in your stomach:

Warming up

If you’re nervous, chances are your body will feel the same way. Your body gets tense, your muscles feel tight or you’re breaking in cold sweat. The audience will notice you are nervous.

If you observe that this is exactly what is happening to you minutes before a speech, do a couple of stretches to loosen and relax your body. It’s better to warm up before every speech as it helps to increase the functional potential of the body as a whole. Not only that, it increases muscle efficiency, improves reaction time and your movements.

Here are some exercises to loosen up your body before show time:

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  1. Neck and shoulder rolls – This helps relieve upper body muscle tension and pressure as the rolls focus on rotating the head and shoulders, loosening the muscle. Stress and anxiety can make us rigid within this area which can make you feel agitated, especially when standing.
  2. Arm stretches – We often use this part of our muscles during a speech or presentation through our hand gestures and movements. Stretching these muscles can reduce arm fatigue, loosen you up and improve your body language range.
  3. Waist twists – Place your hands on your hips and rotate your waist in a circular motion. This exercise focuses on loosening the abdominal and lower back regions which is essential as it can cause discomfort and pain, further amplifying any anxieties you may experience.

Stay hydrated

Ever felt parched seconds before speaking? And then coming up on stage sounding raspy and scratchy in front of the audience? This happens because the adrenaline from stage fright causes your mouth to feel dried out.

To prevent all that, it’s essential we stay adequately hydrated before a speech. A sip of water will do the trick. However, do drink in moderation so that you won’t need to go to the bathroom constantly.

Try to avoid sugary beverages and caffeine, since it’s a diuretic – meaning you’ll feel thirstier. It will also amplify your anxiety which prevents you from speaking smoothly.

Meditate

Meditation is well-known as a powerful tool to calm the mind. ABC’s Dan Harris, co-anchor of Nightline and Good Morning America weekend and author of the book titled10% Happier , recommends that meditation can help individuals to feel significantly calmer, faster.

Meditation is like a workout for your mind. It gives you the strength and focus to filter out the negativity and distractions with words of encouragement, confidence and strength.

Mindfulness meditation, in particular, is a popular method to calm yourself before going up on the big stage. The practice involves sitting comfortably, focusing on your breathing and then bringing your mind’s attention to the present without drifting into concerns about the past or future – which likely includes floundering on stage.

Here’s a nice example of guided meditation before public speaking:

2. Focus on your goal

One thing people with a fear of public speaking have in common is focusing too much on themselves and the possibility of failure.

Do I look funny? What if I can’t remember what to say? Do I look stupid? Will people listen to me? Does anyone care about what I’m talking about?’

Instead of thinking this way, shift your attention to your one true purpose – contributing something of value to your audience.

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Decide on the progress you’d like your audience to make after your presentation. Notice their movements and expressions to adapt your speech to ensure that they are having a good time to leave the room as better people.

If your own focus isn’t beneficial and what it should be when you’re speaking, then shift it to what does. This is also key to establishing trust during your presentation as the audience can clearly see that you have their interests at heart.[1]

3. Convert negativity to positivity

There are two sides constantly battling inside of us – one is filled with strength and courage while the other is doubt and insecurities. Which one will you feed?

‘What if I mess up this speech? What if I’m not funny enough? What if I forget what to say?’

It’s no wonder why many of us are uncomfortable giving a presentation. All we do is bring ourselves down before we got a chance to prove ourselves. This is also known as a self-fulfilling prophecy – a belief that comes true because we are acting as if it already is. If you think you’re incompetent, then it will eventually become true.

Motivational coaches tout that positive mantras and affirmations tend to boost your confidents for the moments that matter most. Say to yourself: “I’ll ace this speech and I can do it!”

Take advantage of your adrenaline rush to encourage positive outcome rather than thinking of the negative ‘what ifs’.

Here’s a video of Psychologist Kelly McGonigal who encourages her audience to turn stress into something positive as well as provide methods on how to cope with it:

4. Understand your content

Knowing your content at your fingertips helps reduce your anxiety because there is one less thing to worry about. One way to get there is to practice numerous times before your actual speech.

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However, memorizing your script word-for-word is not encouraged. You can end up freezing should you forget something. You’ll also risk sounding unnatural and less approachable.

“No amount of reading or memorizing will make you successful in life. It is the understanding and the application of wise thought that counts.” – Bob Proctor

Many people unconsciously make the mistake of reading from their slides or memorizing their script word-for-word without understanding their content – a definite way to stress themselves out.

Understanding your speech flow and content makes it easier for you to convert ideas and concepts into your own words which you can then clearly explain to others in a conversational manner. Designing your slides to include text prompts is also an easy hack to ensure you get to quickly recall your flow when your mind goes blank.[2]

One way to understand is to memorize the over-arching concepts or ideas in your pitch. It helps you speak more naturally and let your personality shine through. It’s almost like taking your audience on a journey with a few key milestones.

5. Practice makes perfect

Like most people, many of us are not naturally attuned to public speaking. Rarely do individuals walk up to a large audience and present flawlessly without any research and preparation.

In fact, some of the top presenters make it look easy during showtime because they have spent countless hours behind-the-scenes in deep practice. Even great speakers like the late John F. Kennedy would spend months preparing his speech beforehand.

Public speaking, like any other skill, requires practice – whether it be practicing your speech countless of times in front of a mirror or making notes. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect!

6. Be authentic

There’s nothing wrong with feeling stressed before going up to speak in front of an audience.

Many people fear public speaking because they fear others will judge them for showing their true, vulnerable self. However, vulnerability can sometimes help you come across as more authentic and relatable as a speaker.

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Drop the pretence of trying to act or speak like someone else and you’ll find that it’s worth the risk. You become more genuine, flexible and spontaneous, which makes it easier to handle unpredictable situations – whether it’s getting tough questions from the crowd or experiencing an unexpected technical difficulty.

To find out your authentic style of speaking is easy. Just pick a topic or issue you are passionate about and discuss this like you normally would with a close family or friend. It is like having a conversation with someone in a personal one-to-one setting. A great way to do this on stage is to select a random audience member(with a hopefully calming face) and speak to a single person at a time during your speech. You’ll find that it’s easier trying to connect to one person at a time than a whole room.

With that said, being comfortable enough to be yourself in front of others may take a little time and some experience, depending how comfortable you are with being yourself in front of others. But once you embrace it, stage fright will not be as intimidating as you initially thought.

Presenters like Barack Obama are a prime example of a genuine and passionate speaker:

7. Post speech evaluation

Last but not the least, if you’ve done public speaking and have been scarred from a bad experience, try seeing it as a lesson learned to improve yourself as a speaker.

Don’t beat yourself up after a presentation

We are the hardest on ourselves and it’s good to be. But when you finish delivering your speech or presentation, give yourself some recognition and a pat on the back.

You managed to finish whatever you had to do and did not give up. You did not let your fears and insecurities get to you. Take a little more pride in your work and believe in yourself.

Improve your next speech

As mentioned before, practice does make perfect. If you want to improve your public speaking skills, try asking someone to film you during a speech or presentation. Afterwards, watch and observe what you can do to improve yourself next time.

Here are some questions you can ask yourself after every speech:

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  • How did I do?
  • Are there any areas for improvement?
  • Did I sound or look stressed?
  • Did I stumble on my words? Why?
  • Was I saying “um” too often?
  • How was the flow of the speech?

Write everything you observed down and keep practicing and improving. In time, you’ll be able to better manage your fears of public speaking and appear more confident when it counts.

If you want even more tips about public speaking or delivering a great presentation, check out these articles too:

Reference

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