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Don’t Fall For These 6 Psychological Money Traps That Make You Spend More!

Don’t Fall For These 6 Psychological Money Traps That Make You Spend More!

When it comes to the numbers of money, many times psychological quagmires overrule rational thought. What we may originally think is a great idea, turns into a gigantic pitfall. Take a look at these psychological money traps and see what you can do to avoid them.

1. You don’t know when to pull out.

Otherwise known as the “Sunk Cost Fallacy,” this trap occurs when we believe that just because we already own or have invested in something that we must keep it. If you find yourself saying, “I have to keep this going, in order to recoup,” or “I will just wait and see if I make my money back.” Then this is probably your pitfall of choice. Both of which are understandable yet counter intuitively irrational thoughts. There are certain times when projects or investments should be simply be abandoned.

How to avoid this trap: Don’t become too emotionally attached with your investments. Most often the reason why we hold onto investments or projects longer than we should is so that we are seeking to prove that it was a wise choice in the first place.

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2. You fall into the allure of the word Free.

I completely get it, the word free is extremely enticing. However, don’t let the perception of the word lead to irrationality. Free isn’t always free and many times it is already factoring into the price of other goods and/or services.

How to avoid this trap: Slow It Down. While the allure of free is nice, you do not want to jump into a rash decision and regret it later. Take into account a couple of things: first, how much do I need this free item and more than likely the service or good I have to purchase in order to obtain it? Secondly, quickly calculate a cost estimate that is likely to go with that item. For instance, if there is an offer for a free <insert item you may not have needed here> you should consider your maintenance and upkeep of the item before accepting such an offer.

3. You Rush to Buy Things.

It is completely understandable that when the salesman is reiterating that this sale is for today only and there is a very very very small amount left, you want to buy it immediately. Or, you see a new pair of shoes and you just have to have them. However, by quickly jumping into the purchases you put yourself in a position where it’s possible that you will become upset with the product a few days or weeks down the line. While immediate gratification is nice in the beginning it quite often leads to buyers remorse. More often than not, typically you then have a hard time saving money for other more important things as well.

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How to avoid this trap: It is completely understandable that you want to reward yourself. So measure what you are considering purchasing against long term goals. Realize that if you buy those shoes you won’t be able to eat at as nice of a restaurant when you take your vacation to San Diego.

4. You have cash piles at home even when you are in debt.

This is otherwise known as mental accounting where you separate money and/or debts based on predetermined status like the source of the money or what you initially set it aside for while it is done with the best intentions at heart, it is a recipe for trouble in the long run. The problem with this method is because you are most often accumulating debt much faster than the “money jar” or other methods savings you have set forth. Having a separate pile of cash for food and another for gas may also seem like a good idea initially, but both prices and our needs fluctuate with time. While you may need $500 in food and $150 in gas for the month of January. You might need to adjust that for summer months when you are munching on salads and taking road trips. Participating in mental accounting provides you less flexibility.

How to avoid this trap: Allow all money that you have to be a part of your financial plan. Also, try to change your perspective of your finances and look at it on a holistic level. Keep in mind that money is money no matter what is the source or intended purpose. A quick change may result in a more positive financial result.

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5. You base your buying decision on the default option.

While you may originally believe that a company providing you with a default option is a matter of convenience to the customer in actuality can be done in a manner to persuade your choices and buying habits. If done properly the default effect (where you allow the default option to influence your decisions), shows the same evidence as nudging. Psychologists have narrowed it down to work in three manners: Loss Aversion, Cognitive Effort, Switching Costs.

How to avoid this trap: Keep in mind how much of a product you actually need. Just because a large soda is only a 60 cent upcharge, will you actually drink it or will you end up wasting it? If you aren’t going to have a need for that soda or anything else that requires an upcharge, your money will be better spent elsewhere.

6. You invest in something just because you’re familiar with it.

Otherwise known as the ‘Familiarity Bias’, it is a tendency that causes you to do things such as invest in stocks for companies we work for or only look to investments from a close area or proximity to where you live. Familiar biases can be a money trap because even though you may be familiar with a company or the area they are based in, it may not be the best or wisest investments. While it makes sense to factor in things such as transaction costs, basing an entire invest just because you are familiar with something is illogical.

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How to avoid this trap: Be willing to step out of your comfort zone. Expand you research outside of your typical areas. If there is one thing that investors mention until they run out of breath is a diversified portfolio. Also, speaking with or bringing in a professional may be a good use of your time and resources. Don’t forget that mother knows best, “don’t put all of your eggs in one basket.”

If you’ve managed to navigate through life and not fall for any of these traps, then kudos to you. However, if you are like the majority of us, follow the above suggestions and your financial future will be certain to be brighter.

Featured photo credit: Cohdra via mrg.bz

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Published on May 7, 2019

How to Invest for Retirement (The Smart and Stress-Free Way)

How to Invest for Retirement (The Smart and Stress-Free Way)

When it comes to stocks, I bet you feel like you have no idea what you’re doing.

Everyone who’s not a financial expert has been there. I’ve been there. But, time is passing and you need to be crystal clear with how you’re investing for your retirement.

Otherwise, it’s back to work until you can afford not to. So, how can you invest for retirement when you’re not a financial expert?

You take the time to learn the fundamentals well. If you do, you can grow your wealth and retire happy. The best part is that you don’t need to be a financial expert to make smart investment decisions.

Here’s how to invest for retirement the smart and stress-free way:

1. Know Clearly Why You Invest

Odds are you already know why should invest for retirement.

But, maybe you know the wrong reasons. It’s time you get clear on why you’d like to retire. Here are some questions to help you get started:

  • Will you spend more time with your family?
  • What does retirement mean to you?
  • Are you looking to launch that business you’ve been holding off for years?

Everyone wants to retire but not for the same reasons. Once you’re clear for why retirement is important for you, you’ll focus on making it happen.

Investing in the stock market allows you to take advantage of compound interest.[1] All this means is that your money earns money on top of its interest. A reason why investment in the stock market is one of the best ways to plan for retirement.

2. Figure out When to Invest

“The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now.”– Chinese Proverb

It’s true if you’d had started investing when you were 10 years old, you’d have a lot more money than you do today.

The reality is that most people don’t start investing until it’s too late. So, if you’re currently waiting for the perfect time to start an investment, it would be today. Open your calendar and block out 2 to 3 hours to choose how you’ll invest for retirement.

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A quick way to get a snapshot of where you stand is to use Personal Capital. Input all your personal information and spend some time setting your retirement goals. Once completed, you’ll know where you stand with your retirement.

Having a savings account for retirement isn’t planning for retirement. Why? Your money loses value when you factor in US inflation.[2]

3. Evaluate Your Risk Tolerance to Create the Perfect Portfolio

Investing your money well depends on your emotions.

Why?

Because when the market drops most people panic and withdraw their money. On average, the US stock market yields an annual 6% to 7% ROI (return on your investment.) But, this won’t happen if you’re worried about short-term loses.

Before you invest your next dollar, know your risk tolerance.[3] Your risk tolerance determines the number of risky and safe investments you’d have.

Regardless of your investing style, you need to view investing for retirement as a long term game. Know that some years you’ll lose money but recoup this in the long-term.

Avoid watching market-related new. Also, create a double authentication to log in your investment account. This way you’re less likely to withdraw your money.

4. Open a Reliable Retirement Account

Depending on your circumstance, you may need to open a new brokerage account. This is the account is where you’ll invest your money.

If you’re currently working for a company, odds are that they offer a 410K investing account. If so, here’s where you’ll invest most of your money. The only problem with this is that you’re limited to the stock options that are available.

You do have the option to open a separate IRA (individual retirement account.) Here are some of the best brokers:

  1. Vanguard
  2. TD Ameritrade
  3. Charles Schwab

5. Challenge Yourself to Invest Consistently

Committing to invest for retirement is hard, but continuing to do so is harder.

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Once you’ve started investment for your retirement, you run at risk from stopping. Often you’ll want to contribute less, so you’d have more money in your pocket.

That’s why it’s important that you create a budget that allows you to invest each month. If you’re working for a company, you can set a percentage for the amount you’d like to contribute each month. Most people by default contribute 1% but aim to contribute 10% to 15%.

Be the judge for how much you can afford to contribute after covering important expenses. To stay motivated, use Personal Capital to view your net worth.

A benefit to contributing money to your retirement account is not taxed. For example, if you earn $100 and invest 10%, you’d contribute $10, then get taxed on the remaining $90. As of 2019, the most you’re able to contribute towards your 401K is 19K but this can change.

6. Consider Where to Invest Your Money

The most common way to invest your money is in stocks, but it’s not the only way. Here are other ways to invest:

Robo Advisors

Robo-advisors[4] are fancy algorithms that’ll choose the best investments for you. Sites like Wealthfront make it easy for first-time investors to invest their money. You’d input information about yourself and set your risk tolerance.

Then, set your monthly contribution amount and your robo-advisor would do the rest. Robo-advisors charge a fee to manage your money, but less than regular advisors.

Bonds

Think of bonds as “IOUs” to whomever you buy them from.

Essentially, you’re lending money and charging interest. Like stocks, not all bonds are equal. Some will be riskier than others depending on their rating.

Here are the different types of bond categories:[5]

  1. Treasury bonds
  2. Government bonds
  3. Corporate bonds
  4. Foreign bonds
  5. Mortgage-backed bonds
  6. Municipal bonds

Mutual Funds

Picture a group of people dumping all their money in a jar that’s managed by a professional. This is how mutual funds work. The fund manager manages the money looking to earn capital gains (interest.)

One of the best types of mutual funds is index funds. Since these funds don’t try to beat the market and instead follow it, they need less research. Because of this they often charge the lowest fees and yield the best long-term results.

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Real Estate

Yes, buying a home is an investment when done correctly.

Imagine buying a home and using it as a rental property. After repairing it, you receive a monthly surplus check of $100 to $200.

This may not sound like a lot, but repeat this process enough times and you’d earn a large amount of passive income. That’s why real estate is one of the best investments to not only retire but become wealthy.

But, it requires a lot of money to start and you should expect losing money along the way as you learn the process.

Savings Accounts

Your money can still grow in a savings account. Nowadays most online banks offer a 2% annual return. Although the average inflation is higher your money will be available when you need it.

7. Master Disincline to Dodge Short Success

Investing for retirement is a long-term strategy. That’s why you need to master delayed gratification. All this means is delaying short-term pleasure for something bigger in the future. Research shows that those who have delayed gratification are more successful.[6]

So how can you master delayed gratification?

By building your discipline.

Think back to what retirement means to you. A clear purpose will help you avoid withdrawing your money during a market downturn. It’ll help you contribute more towards retirement when you’d want to waste it instead.

Your journey towards retirement will be long, so reward yourself along the way. Choose a reward that’s relevant and meaningful, so that you reinforce positive behavior. For example, after contributing more towards retirement, treat yourself to dinner.

8. Aggressively Invest on This One Investment

I’ve mentioned several types of investments but haven’t covered the most important one.

It sounds cliche but here’s why you’re your best investment towards retirement. The more you know, the more money you’ll be able to make. The more good habits you adopt, the more secure your retirement will be.

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More importantly, investing in yourself is an investment that no one can take away. There’s no market downturn nor tragic circumstance that’ll wipe your knowledge and experience.

But, how can you invest yourself?

Reading books, blogs, and anything that’ll help you learn new topics daily. Listen to podcasts and audiobooks on your commute to/from work.

Save money to buy courses and hire coaches. I used to believe hiring coaches was a waste of money when I could learn the subject alone.

But, coaches see your blind spots and hold you accountable. Hiring the right coach will help you achieve your goals faster than you would’ve alone.

Retire Happy with Excess Money

The key to a secure financial future doesn’t only belong to financial experts.

It’s possible for you and I. What if you were able to retire earlier than most people and weren’t a financial planner? What if you were able to focus on what you enjoy doing the most while your money was working hard for you?

I know this sounds impossible now, but the truth is you’re capable of taking charge of your retirement. I’m not a financial expert but I’ve learned how to invest my money by reading books and learning from others.

Investing your money is scary. So start small and invest a small amount of your money with a robo-advisor. Feel your money drop and rise for a month or two. Then, invest more and keep this up until you’re aggressively saving for retirement.

One day, you’ll wake up with a net worth you’re proud of – confident about your retirement. You now know a few strategies you can use to invest in your retirement. Will you take action to retire happy?

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Featured photo credit: Matthew Bennett via unsplash.com

Reference

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