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7 Financial Emergencies In Life That You Need To Know How To Deal With

7 Financial Emergencies In Life That You Need To Know How To Deal With

You may be surprised by some of the categories included, but when it comes to finances and emergencies the biggest thing between the two is the unplanned. When you make goals, you should include contingency plans and always maintain an emergency fund. When life’s twists and turns arrive, you will be better able to enjoy the ride rather than fear the consequences.

Job Loss – the financial emergency we often encounter first

From our first fast food working days to the jobs we plan to continue throughout our careers, job loss is one of the most prevalent emergencies–and losing a job is an emergency everyone should plan for and plan accordingly. Even a 16-year-old working his or her first job should plan to become unemployed. The reasons people lose jobs vary widely, but a simple plan involves saving at least one month’s pay. Depending on the responsibilities the individual has at the time, saving more money may be necessary. It all comes down to planning to cover the most immediate needs because even when working your first job, you need to prepare to pay your bills if you lose the job.

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Marriage – emergencies occur when combining debt

Believe it or not, marriage can be a financial emergency–especially if you marry into debt. You shouldn’t marry for money, but when you and your fiance (or fiancee) acted irresponsibly with money before you decided to partner for life, you need to plan for impending emergency. The best defense against marrying into debt is not to separate. Instead, make a plan to pay down individual debt and create goals for the short and long term. These goals can include things like paying off credit debt or building credit scores in order to get pre-approved for a house.

Divorce – separation costs more than partnering

The last thing lovers want to think about when marrying is divorce, but this financial emergency is a startling reality for many couples. The best way to plan without hurting your partner’s feelings or giving strength to pessimistic thinking, is to take steps to maintain the relationship. In addition to “planning” for divorce, just planning in general for financial emergency will protect you against this one.

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Natural disaster – financial emergencies ahead

How common are tornadoes, earthquakes or floods in your area? When you buy a house or even rent an apartment, keep the possibility of natural disaster in mind and buy homeowner’s insurance or renter’s insurance. Watching the weather and planning for escape never hurts if you live in an area that suffers disasters often, but in addition to an underground shelter, you can shelter your finances by insuring them.

Bankruptcy –  avoid the biggest financial emergency

Bankruptcy is the cold, hard truth for many who take calculated business risks as well as those who simply enjoy their youth too much. When establishing credit, use the limits as a gauge instead of a hard line. If your credit card allows you to charge up to $5,000, you should keep a balance of about $2,000 at most. How much debt you carry is a calculation lenders consider, and many suggest your debt-to-credit limit percentage should be 30 percent or less. In “planning” for the financial emergency of bankruptcy, remember you cannot write off student loan debt. Keep that in mind if you spend your refunds at the bar.

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Retirement – will you have enough?

Most people who join the workforce intend to retire so they can actually enjoy the money they earned working hard at a career for so many years. The sad fact is that for many entering the workforce in 2014 and the years to come, social security may not exist when retirement arrives. If you fit into a category in which you cannot count on retirement or a pension, make sure to consult a financial adviser and create a plan to investing that can help protect your plan to retire. People live longer now than they did in the past, so long-term-care insurance may be a wise investment to protect what savings you accumulate while working.

Death of a spouse – planning for the hard times

Topping the list of things no one wants to think about is losing one of the closest people to you in your entire life. Apart from a parent, who you expect to lose before you die, and a child, who you never hope to lose before you die, a spouse’s death is purely catastrophic. Not only do you suffer emotionally but also financially. You can plan for death in a similar fashion to planning for divorce, by saving money in an emergency or trust fund. You can also take out life insurance to protect against the financial devastation that comes if your spouse’s income provided the majority of household income on which you need to live.

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In all cases of financial emergency, looking into the future and recognizing the potential for disaster is possible. Insuring, saving, and most importantly, planning are your best calls to action in recovering from any financial emergency–now that you know what the big ones are.

Featured photo credit: morguefile via mrg.bz

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Published on May 7, 2019

How to Invest for Retirement (The Smart and Stress-Free Way)

How to Invest for Retirement (The Smart and Stress-Free Way)

When it comes to stocks, I bet you feel like you have no idea what you’re doing.

Everyone who’s not a financial expert has been there. I’ve been there. But, time is passing and you need to be crystal clear with how you’re investing for your retirement.

Otherwise, it’s back to work until you can afford not to. So, how can you invest for retirement when you’re not a financial expert?

You take the time to learn the fundamentals well. If you do, you can grow your wealth and retire happy. The best part is that you don’t need to be a financial expert to make smart investment decisions.

Here’s how to invest for retirement the smart and stress-free way:

1. Know Clearly Why You Invest

Odds are you already know why should invest for retirement.

But, maybe you know the wrong reasons. It’s time you get clear on why you’d like to retire. Here are some questions to help you get started:

  • Will you spend more time with your family?
  • What does retirement mean to you?
  • Are you looking to launch that business you’ve been holding off for years?

Everyone wants to retire but not for the same reasons. Once you’re clear for why retirement is important for you, you’ll focus on making it happen.

Investing in the stock market allows you to take advantage of compound interest.[1] All this means is that your money earns money on top of its interest. A reason why investment in the stock market is one of the best ways to plan for retirement.

2. Figure out When to Invest

“The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now.”– Chinese Proverb

It’s true if you’d had started investing when you were 10 years old, you’d have a lot more money than you do today.

The reality is that most people don’t start investing until it’s too late. So, if you’re currently waiting for the perfect time to start an investment, it would be today. Open your calendar and block out 2 to 3 hours to choose how you’ll invest for retirement.

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A quick way to get a snapshot of where you stand is to use Personal Capital. Input all your personal information and spend some time setting your retirement goals. Once completed, you’ll know where you stand with your retirement.

Having a savings account for retirement isn’t planning for retirement. Why? Your money loses value when you factor in US inflation.[2]

3. Evaluate Your Risk Tolerance to Create the Perfect Portfolio

Investing your money well depends on your emotions.

Why?

Because when the market drops most people panic and withdraw their money. On average, the US stock market yields an annual 6% to 7% ROI (return on your investment.) But, this won’t happen if you’re worried about short-term loses.

Before you invest your next dollar, know your risk tolerance.[3] Your risk tolerance determines the number of risky and safe investments you’d have.

Regardless of your investing style, you need to view investing for retirement as a long term game. Know that some years you’ll lose money but recoup this in the long-term.

Avoid watching market-related new. Also, create a double authentication to log in your investment account. This way you’re less likely to withdraw your money.

4. Open a Reliable Retirement Account

Depending on your circumstance, you may need to open a new brokerage account. This is the account is where you’ll invest your money.

If you’re currently working for a company, odds are that they offer a 410K investing account. If so, here’s where you’ll invest most of your money. The only problem with this is that you’re limited to the stock options that are available.

You do have the option to open a separate IRA (individual retirement account.) Here are some of the best brokers:

  1. Vanguard
  2. TD Ameritrade
  3. Charles Schwab

5. Challenge Yourself to Invest Consistently

Committing to invest for retirement is hard, but continuing to do so is harder.

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Once you’ve started investment for your retirement, you run at risk from stopping. Often you’ll want to contribute less, so you’d have more money in your pocket.

That’s why it’s important that you create a budget that allows you to invest each month. If you’re working for a company, you can set a percentage for the amount you’d like to contribute each month. Most people by default contribute 1% but aim to contribute 10% to 15%.

Be the judge for how much you can afford to contribute after covering important expenses. To stay motivated, use Personal Capital to view your net worth.

A benefit to contributing money to your retirement account is not taxed. For example, if you earn $100 and invest 10%, you’d contribute $10, then get taxed on the remaining $90. As of 2019, the most you’re able to contribute towards your 401K is 19K but this can change.

6. Consider Where to Invest Your Money

The most common way to invest your money is in stocks, but it’s not the only way. Here are other ways to invest:

Robo Advisors

Robo-advisors[4] are fancy algorithms that’ll choose the best investments for you. Sites like Wealthfront make it easy for first-time investors to invest their money. You’d input information about yourself and set your risk tolerance.

Then, set your monthly contribution amount and your robo-advisor would do the rest. Robo-advisors charge a fee to manage your money, but less than regular advisors.

Bonds

Think of bonds as “IOUs” to whomever you buy them from.

Essentially, you’re lending money and charging interest. Like stocks, not all bonds are equal. Some will be riskier than others depending on their rating.

Here are the different types of bond categories:[5]

  1. Treasury bonds
  2. Government bonds
  3. Corporate bonds
  4. Foreign bonds
  5. Mortgage-backed bonds
  6. Municipal bonds

Mutual Funds

Picture a group of people dumping all their money in a jar that’s managed by a professional. This is how mutual funds work. The fund manager manages the money looking to earn capital gains (interest.)

One of the best types of mutual funds is index funds. Since these funds don’t try to beat the market and instead follow it, they need less research. Because of this they often charge the lowest fees and yield the best long-term results.

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Real Estate

Yes, buying a home is an investment when done correctly.

Imagine buying a home and using it as a rental property. After repairing it, you receive a monthly surplus check of $100 to $200.

This may not sound like a lot, but repeat this process enough times and you’d earn a large amount of passive income. That’s why real estate is one of the best investments to not only retire but become wealthy.

But, it requires a lot of money to start and you should expect losing money along the way as you learn the process.

Savings Accounts

Your money can still grow in a savings account. Nowadays most online banks offer a 2% annual return. Although the average inflation is higher your money will be available when you need it.

7. Master Disincline to Dodge Short Success

Investing for retirement is a long-term strategy. That’s why you need to master delayed gratification. All this means is delaying short-term pleasure for something bigger in the future. Research shows that those who have delayed gratification are more successful.[6]

So how can you master delayed gratification?

By building your discipline.

Think back to what retirement means to you. A clear purpose will help you avoid withdrawing your money during a market downturn. It’ll help you contribute more towards retirement when you’d want to waste it instead.

Your journey towards retirement will be long, so reward yourself along the way. Choose a reward that’s relevant and meaningful, so that you reinforce positive behavior. For example, after contributing more towards retirement, treat yourself to dinner.

8. Aggressively Invest on This One Investment

I’ve mentioned several types of investments but haven’t covered the most important one.

It sounds cliche but here’s why you’re your best investment towards retirement. The more you know, the more money you’ll be able to make. The more good habits you adopt, the more secure your retirement will be.

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More importantly, investing in yourself is an investment that no one can take away. There’s no market downturn nor tragic circumstance that’ll wipe your knowledge and experience.

But, how can you invest yourself?

Reading books, blogs, and anything that’ll help you learn new topics daily. Listen to podcasts and audiobooks on your commute to/from work.

Save money to buy courses and hire coaches. I used to believe hiring coaches was a waste of money when I could learn the subject alone.

But, coaches see your blind spots and hold you accountable. Hiring the right coach will help you achieve your goals faster than you would’ve alone.

Retire Happy with Excess Money

The key to a secure financial future doesn’t only belong to financial experts.

It’s possible for you and I. What if you were able to retire earlier than most people and weren’t a financial planner? What if you were able to focus on what you enjoy doing the most while your money was working hard for you?

I know this sounds impossible now, but the truth is you’re capable of taking charge of your retirement. I’m not a financial expert but I’ve learned how to invest my money by reading books and learning from others.

Investing your money is scary. So start small and invest a small amount of your money with a robo-advisor. Feel your money drop and rise for a month or two. Then, invest more and keep this up until you’re aggressively saving for retirement.

One day, you’ll wake up with a net worth you’re proud of – confident about your retirement. You now know a few strategies you can use to invest in your retirement. Will you take action to retire happy?

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Featured photo credit: Matthew Bennett via unsplash.com

Reference

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