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Make A Terrarium With Your Kids And See How Many Decades You Can Make It Last

Make A Terrarium With Your Kids And See How Many Decades You Can Make It Last

Anybody who loves nature, planting, science, or all of the above will love terrariums. What is a terrarium? Essentially, it is a self-sustaining ecosystem that houses plants, usually enclosed within a glass jar or container of some sort. What makes terrariums special though is the fact that they require little to no maintenance once you have put them together.

While not all terrariums are the same, with some being more self-sustaining than others, there is always a chance that you will craft one with a shelf life as long as the one discussed in this article. That terrarium, created by David Latimer, housed in an immense glass sphere, has been living for more than 50 years, watered only once in its long lifetime.

Once you know exactly how it works (which will be discussed in-depth below), you will find that it is not quite as magical of a process as the amazing story linked above would suggest. It is simply a matter of careful preparation and implementation, and thus, making a terrarium is a fun and engaging activity for those who wish to test their scientific and engineering abilities.

Crafting a terrarium is such an educational experience that I highly recommend you consider making one alongside your child. Not only will they learn a bit about how the world works, but they will do so by building something that will possibly last for decades, serving as a symbol of what they accomplished.

Maybe it will even inspire them to work in a scientific field as an adult!

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How can you go about creating your own terrarium? Just follow the simple steps below!

1. What You Will Need:

First, let us go over what you will need to go out and get before starting your project.

– A tall and relatively wide container, preferably glass, with a lid.
– A small bag of tiny rocks (around pebble sized).
– Soil.
– Activated charcoal.
– A mix of plants that require a similar amount of water and light each.
– Decorations.
– A tiny shovel.

2. Pour The Rocks.

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    This should be a relatively thin layer, perhaps half an inch at most.

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    3. Cover The Rocks With Charcoal.

    This layer needs to be around an inch thick.

    4. Place The Soil On Top.

    Be sure to insert holes in the areas where you want to place your plants. Also, you do not need too much soil, as a four inch layer should be adequate if you are using a medium sized container.

    5. Put The Plants In.

    terrariumz5

      Carefully place your plants into their designated holes. Once they are in, fill in any parts of the holes that may still be visible with extra potting soil.

      6. Apply Your Decorations.

      If you have any decorations you want to place in the container, like stickers, or little figurines, now is the time.

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      7. Lightly Water.

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        Get a small amount of water, and evenly pour it into the soil around your plants.

        8. Move It To The Light.

        Now you will want to close the terrarium, and place it in an area where your plants will get the proper amount of light. Do not place the terrarium in direct sunlight, as that will only serve to literally bake the plants within the enclosed container.

        9. Watch It Grow.

        Here is the fun part. All you have to do now is watch the terrarium maintain itself, and grow to fill the container you placed it in.

        10. How It Works:

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          Now you may be wondering, what makes a terrarium possible? Why do you not have to maintain it at all?

          Well, it is because terrariums create their own water cycle. When light hits the terrarium, it heats up, causing water to evaporate and collect on the bottom of its lid.

          Once the container cools down again, the water drips back onto the plants, essentially serving as a miniature rainstorm.

          The only input a terrarium has is light, which feeds the plant through photosynthesis, allowing it to reuse the same water for (possibly) years at a time.

          While your terrarium may not last 53 years, it should have a good long life. And if all else fails, you can always open your terrarium and add more water or rearrange things, if necessary.

          Have you made a terrarium before, or worked on one with your kids? How long did it last? What did you think of the experience? Did your kids learn something? Comment below!

          Featured photo credit: Terrarium/Erin via flickr.com

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          Last Updated on February 21, 2019

          Top 9 Foods for Incredible Brian Health And Brain Power

          Top 9 Foods for Incredible Brian Health And Brain Power

          Your brain is the most intricate and powerful organ in your entire body. It’s essentially a super-computer with brain power like a Ferrari.

          If you have a Ferrari, would you put cheap gasoline in it? Of course not. You want to put in high-octane performance fuel to get the most out of your investment.

          When it comes to the brain, many people are looking for the top foods that will supercharge the brainpower to help focus better, think more clearly and have better brain health.

          In this article, we’ll look at the top 9 brain foods that will help create supercharge your brain with energy and health:

          1. Salmon

          Salmon has long been held as a healthy brain food, but what makes this fish so valuable for your brain health?

          It’s important to understand that your brain is primarily made up of fat. Roughly 60% of your brain is fat. One of the most important fats that the brain uses as a building block for healthy brain cells is omega-3’s.

          Omega-3’s are essential for building a healthy brain but one of the most important omega-3’s for your brain is DHA. DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) forms nearly two-thirds of the omega-3’s found in your brain.[1]

          Omega-3’s and DHA in particular help form the protective coating around our neurons. The better quality this coating is, the more efficient and effective our brain cells can work, allowing our brain power to work at full capacity.

          Studies have shown that being deficient in DHA can affect normal brain development in children, which is why so many infant formulas and children’s supplements are beginning to include DHA.

          Being deficient in DHA as an adult can cause focus and attention problems, mood swings, irritability, fatigue and poor sleep.

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          2. Blueberries

          Blueberries top the list as one of the most beneficial fruits to maximize your brain health and performance.

          Blueberries have some of the highest content of antioxidants, particularly anthocyanins, than any other fruit, which helps protect the brain from stress and promote healthy brain aging.

          Blueberries antioxidant content also help reduce inflammation, which allows the brain to maintain healthy energy levels.

          Blueberries have begun to receive attention for their connection to brain performance.[2] Studies have demonstrated that eating blueberries on a regular basis can not only improve brain health but also brain performance as well including working memory.[3]

          Blueberries not only taste great but are low in calories, high in Vitamin C, Vitamin K and Manganese.

          3. Turmeric

          Turmeric is a very impressive spice that has well-researched and proven to have tremendous benefits for your brain. Turmeric’s main compound that benefits the brain is called curcumin, which is responsible for turmerics bright yellow appearance.

          Curcumin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-cancer properties.[4]

          Curcumin increases the production and availability of two important neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, two important neurotransmitters involved with happiness, motivation, pleasure, and reward.

          Curcumin has been well documented to have powerful anti-depressive effects. In one study, it was found to be as effective for depression as popular medications such as SSRI’s like Prozac.[5]

          Curcumin has also been shown to:

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          • Increase blood flow to the brain.[6]
          • Increase BDNF production, a powerful stimulator of neuroplasticity.[7]
          • Increase DHA availability and synthesis in the brain.[8]
          • Increase antioxidant levels in the brain to prevent brain aging and inflammation.[9]

          4. Coffee

          Coffee is the wonderful elixir of energy that many people cherish every single morning. The biggest reason people drink coffee is to get a dose of caffeine.

          Caffeine is a natural neurological stimulant that not only gives you energy but also prevents adenosine, a neurotransmitter involved with feeling tired, from binding in the brain.

          Many people are surprised to find that coffee actually contains a large quantity of antioxidants called polyphenols, which are important for reducing inflammation in the brain and keep your brain energized. The antioxidants in coffee also provide a neuroprotective effect, protecting the brain from stress and damage. [R]

          Coffee can also:

          • Improve alertness and concentration.[10]
          • Help with neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s disease.[11]
          • Reduce your risk of depression.[12]
          • Improve your memory.
          • Provide short-term boost in athletic performance.[13]

          5. Broccoli

          What was your least favorite food as a kid growing up?

          Most likely, broccoli was your answer.

          Broccoli may not have been your top choice, but it might be the top choice for your brain.

          Broccoli contains a compound called sulforaphane. Sulforaphane has been shown to promote the proliferation and survival of brain cells by reducing inflammation and boosting production of BDNF. It has also been shown to boost neurogenesis, the production of new brain cells.[14]

          Broccoli is also loaded with important nutrients Vitamin K and Folate. Vitamin K plays a vital role in protecting brain cells.[15] Folate plays a crucial role in detoxification and reducing inflammation in the brain.

          6. Bone broth

          Bone broth wasn’t just created to combine with soups, you can actually drink bone broth by itself.

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          Drinking bone broth has become one of the biggest trends in the health and wellness industry and for good reason. Bone broth isn’t actually a new thing. Bone broth has been used for centuries as a healing tonic to promote health and longevity.

          Much of the nutritional benefits and value of bone broth comes from its substantial vitamin and mineral content. Primarily calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium.

          Your gut is called your second brain for a reason. Research continually shows that there is a direct and indirect connection between your gut and your brain. Your gut also houses and stores many important brain compounds involved with optimal brain performance. Therefore the health of your gut is vitally important for your brain health and performance.

          Bone broth has become a go-to tool for helping heal the gut and provide the gut with the vital nutrient and resources it needs to heal and perform optimally.

          With the vast amounts of nutrients that bone broth contains, it makes the list as a go-to food for your brain health.

          Look for high quality, organic bone broth for the best results.

          7. Walnuts

          Walnuts are one of the top choices of nuts for brain health. Walnuts also look similar to a brain.

          Amongst the wide variety of nuts available, walnuts contain the highest amounts of the important omega-3 DHA. DHA, as seen above, is a critical building block for a healthy brain.

          Walnuts also contain high amounts of antioxidants, folate, magnesium, potassium, and phosphorus, which help to lower inflammation.

          Melatonin in walnuts is an important nutrient for regulating your sleep. Having low amounts of melatonin can make it challenging to get good quality sleep and getting poor quality sleep can dramatically impair brain health and performance.

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          8. Eggs

          For years, eggs were put on the nutritional naughty list; but now, eggs are finally getting the credit they deserve. Eggs can provide a tremendous boost to your brain health and longevity.

          Eggs, particularly the yolks, contain a compound called choline. Choline is essential for building the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Acetylcholine plays an important role in mood, memory, and intelligence.

          Egg yolks contain some of the highest quantities of choline. This is very important because low levels of choline can lead to low levels of acetylcholine, which in turn can cause increased inflammation, brain fog, difficulty concentrating and fatigue.

          9. Dark chocolate

          You’re about to love chocolate even more because chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, is great for your brain.

          Chocolate boosts levels of endorphins, your brains “feel good” chemicals. This is why you feel so good eating chocolate.[16]

          Chocolate also increases blood flow to the brain which can help improve memory, attention, focus, and reaction time.[17]

          Dark chocolate contains high levels of magnesium, which has been coined “natures valium” for its ability to calm and relax the brain.

          Lastly, dark chocolate has one of the highest antioxidant profiles out of any other food, including popular superfoods like acai berries, blueberries, or pomegranates.[18]

          Conclusion

          Your brain is a high performing organ and it uses quite a lot of energy, roughly 20% of the bodies energy demands.

          In order to maintain a healthy brain, you need the right fuel to ensure that your brain has all the nutrients it needs to perform as well as adapt to the stress of life.

          If you want to keep your brain performing well for a lifetime, then you want to make sure you are including as many of these brain health foods as possible.

          More Resources About Boosting Brain Power

          Featured photo credit: Unsplash via unsplash.com

          Reference

          [1] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: DHA Effects in Brain Development and Function
          [2] Canadian Science Publishing: Enhanced task-related brain activation and resting perfusion in healthy older adults after chronic blueberry supplementation
          [3] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Cognitive effects following acute wild blueberry supplementation in 7- to 10-year-old children.
          [4] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Curcumin: the Indian solid gold.
          [5] Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition.: Turmeric, the Golden Spice
          [6] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Effect of combined treatment with curcumin and candesartan on ischemic brain damage in mice.
          [7] Science Direct: Curcumin reverses the effects of chronic stress on behavior, the HPA axis, BDNF expression and phosphorylation of CREB
          [8] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Curcumin boosts DHA in the brain: Implications for the prevention of anxiety disorders.
          [9] PLOS: A Chemical Analog of Curcumin as an Improved Inhibitor of Amyloid Abeta Oligomerization
          [10] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Effects of Caffeine on Cognitive Performance, Mood, and Alertness in Sleep-Deprived Humans
          [11] American Academy of Neurology: A Cup of Joe May Help Some Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms
          [12] American Academy of Neurology: AAN 65th Annual Meeting Abstract
          [13] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Effects of caffeine on the metabolic and catecholamine responses to exercise in 5 and 28 degrees C.
          [14] US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Hyperammonemia induces glial activation, neuroinflammation and alters neurotransmitter receptors in hippocampus, impairing spatial learning: reversal by sulforaphane
          [15] Oxford Academic: Vitamin K and the Nervous System: An Overview of its Actions
          [16] Diana L. Walcutt, Ph.D: Chocolate and Mood Disorders
          [17] Health Magazine: Chocolate can do good things for your heart, skin and brain
          [18] Chemistry Central Journal: Cacao seeds are a “Super Fruit”: A comparative analysis of various fruit powders and products

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