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BRAT Diet: How Does It Work and 10 Foods That Stop Diarrhea

BRAT Diet: How Does It Work and 10 Foods That Stop Diarrhea
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BRAT stands for Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast and is a highly recommended diet for patients undergoing upset stomach issues, diarrhea and vomiting. Consisting of bland, low fiber foods, it helps to regulate the stool in a short period of time.

BRAT diet has been a go to diet for stomach flu since 1926, with variations such as BRATT with tea, and BRATTY with tea and yoghurt. Being bland, simple and easily digestible with little residue, the diet has proven successful in cases of diarrhea and nausea. However, being low in fiber, protein, and fat, the diet is becoming much less prescribed by medical experts due to lack of important nutrients, especially for kids.

BRAT diet plan

In cases of vomiting, diarrhea or nausea, BRET diet plan as suggested by the The Oregon Clinic [1] should follow the steps listed below.

First six hours: It is strongly recommended to avoid any kind of food or liquid in the first couple of hours after the symptoms had started, in order to help your
stomach to recuperate. After that, you should start the healing process gradually, first by sipping water, and taking a hard candy, but avoid chewing.

First 24 hours: (Day One) As it is important to stay hydrated, start drinking clear liquids (such as water, apple juice, flat soda, weak tea, and broth)by taking one to two sips at a time every ten minutes. Make sure to repeat the entire process if the symptoms return.

Day Two: Now you can start to gradually add bananas, rice, applesauce, crackers, and toast.

Day Three: As the diet suggests bland and foods not rich in nutrients, it is important to start including more variety to your diet by day three. You can gradually include soft cooked eggs, sherbet, stewed fruits, cooked vegetables and white meat into your daily meals.

Additionally, it is extremely important to drink plenty of water and to avoid fats, dairy, caffeine, alcohol, raw vegetables and citrus fruits in cases of diarrhea, vomiting or nausea, as these foods and beverages could potentially worsen the condition.

Also, make sure to consult your doctor about the medication you should use, and if the symptoms continue after 24 hours.

BRAT diet benefits

A number of studies have proved the efficiency of BRAT diet foods to regulate stomach problems, being especially efficient in cases of diarrhea.

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In a series of studies conducted upon more than 2,900 children with acute diarrhea, the researchers have found that including green bananas in the children’s diet has made the recovery much faster.

[2] [3] [4]

A 2004 study [5] that examined the efficacy of rice-based oral rehydration solutions has found rice to be effective in fighting dehydration caused by diarrhea.

Side effects of BRAT diet

As previously mentioned, BRAT diet has certain limitations which mainly have to do with its lack of important nutrients such as fiber, protein, and fat, making it less appropriate for children as it can lead to malnutrition.

In a research [6] that contrasted the amount of nutrients in a regular diet of two-year-olds with the BRAT diet, the researchers have found that the BRAT diet contains 300 fewer calories, 70% less protein, 80% less fat, and considerably lower levels of vitamins A and B12 and Calcium.

Moreover, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases [7] are no longer in favor of the BRAT diet for children suffering from gastrointestinal problems, but they suggest a well-balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, meat, yogurt, and complex carbohydrates instead.

10 Foods that Heal Diarrhea

Even though efficient in treating diarrhea, BRAT diet suggested foods don’t provide enough nutrients for it to be consumed if the condition continues. Therefore, leading health food experts are suggesting a variety of foods that are both rich in nutrients and have positive effect on treating diarrhea.

1. Bone broth

    Rich in nutrients needed for the proper digestion, bone broth is a perfect food for treating diarrhea [8] as it helps to regulate the digestive system.

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    2. Probiotic foods (yogurt, sauerkraut and kombucha)

      As the 2011 research [9] suggests, probiotic foods are one of the most efficient agents in fighting diarrhea as they provide the beneficial bacteria needed for the reduction of diarrhea.

      3. Oats

        Being rich in soluble fiber, oats help regulate loose stool which makes them a beneficial factor in fighting diarrhea. [10]

        4. Bananas

          Bananas are a number one foods of the BRAT diet due to high levels of potassium, an important nutrient, and due to their ability to be easily digested. As previously mentioned, green bananas are more effective diarrhea cure. [11]

          5. Root vegetable juice

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            Carrot juice is one of the most recommended choices for treating diarrhea as it is rich in nutrients such as fiber, magnesium, potassium, calcium and vitamins A, C, D, E and K. As the 1988 study suggest, carrots juice also prevent dehydration during diarrhea as they “do not diminish intestinal loss of water and electrolytes”. [12]

            6. Sweet potatoes

              By possessing high levels of various nutrients [13] and being rich in insoluble fiber sweet potatoes are great choice as diarrhea remedy.

              7. Flaxseed oil

                Flaxseed oil is not only one of the richest sources of vegetable-based, vital omega-3 fatty acids but it is also beneficial factor in reducing both diarrhea and constipation. [14]

                8. Ginger

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                  Ginger has dual efficiency on diarrhea as it helps to both reduce [15] prevent [16] diarrhea altogether.

                  9. Water

                    While it is strongly suggested to always stay properly hydrated, drinking enough water helps reduce the risk of dehydration [17] associated with diarrhea.

                    10. Peppermint oil

                      By helping to soothe the digestive system, peppermint oil is another great choice for relieving diarrhea side-effects such as abdominal pain, as studies find. [18]

                      Finally, as with any type condition, it is always best to consult your doctor for medical advice. However, healthy lifestyle that involves eating healthy and exercising regularly can help avoid many minor and more serious conditions from developing in the first place.

                      Featured photo credit: Pixabay via pixabay.com

                      Reference

                      [1] The Oregon Clinic: Diet for Nausea, Vomiting, or Diarrhea (BRAT diet)
                      [2] NCBI: Green banana and pectin improve small intestinal permeability and reduce fluid loss in Bangladeshi children with persistent diarrhea.
                      [3] NCBI: Green banana-supplemented diet in the home management of acute and prolonged diarrhoea in children: a community-based trial in rural Bangladesh.
                      [4] NCBI: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [5] NCBI: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [6] PRACTICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY:The BRAT Diet for Acute Diarrhea in Children: Should It Be Used
                      [7] JPGN:European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition/European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children in Europe: Executive Summary
                      [8] DRAXE.COM: Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite
                      [9] NCBI: Probiotics for prevention and treatment of diarrhea.
                      [10] NCBI: Noninfectious Diarrhea in HIV Seropositive Individuals: a Review of Prevalence Rates, Etiology, and Management in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy
                      [11] NCBIi: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [12] NCBI: Current treatment of acute diarrhea in infants
                      [13] NCBI: Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam)–a valuable medicinal food: a review.
                      [14] NCBI: Dual effectiveness of Flaxseed in constipation and diarrhea: Possible mechanism.
                      [15] NCBI:The effect of ginger on serotonin induced hypothermia and diarrhea
                      [16] NCBI: Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Chapter 7The Amazing and Mighty Ginger
                      [17] DRAXE.COM: 5 Natural Treatments for Dehydration Symptoms
                      [18] NCBI: Efficacy of Peppermint oil in diarrhea predominant IBS – a double blind randomized placebo – controlled study.

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                      Last Updated on July 12, 2021

                      100 Incredible Life Hacks That Make Life So Much Easier

                      100 Incredible Life Hacks That Make Life So Much Easier
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                      Want to learn some quick and easy life hacks that are easy to do, low cost and saves you time?

                      By tweaking little things in your daily life, it can make your life much more convenient!

                      Here’re 100 of the most practical life hacks so you can just pick up any of them right away!

                      83 tie a small piece of bright colored fabric

                        84 write random letter

                          85 use a rubberband

                            86 dorm smell bad

                              87 lean your phone on your sunglassess

                                89 how to waterproof your shoes

                                  90 take a picture of the name card

                                    91 iron inside out

                                      92 old newspaper

                                        93 tumble try shoes

                                          keep a card like this

                                            SONY DSC

                                              94 soap bar

                                                95 make a hole

                                                  96 drop the battery

                                                    97 use a coozie

                                                      98 when taking a picture

                                                        use a clean dust pan

                                                          try a pants hanger

                                                            use your cellphone light

                                                              use a spring from an old pen

                                                                quick and easy iphone speaker

                                                                  user binder clips

                                                                    wrap a wet paper towel around your beverage

                                                                      put pancake mix in a ketchup bottle

                                                                        clean out an old lotion bottle for your beach

                                                                          use a muffin tin to serve condiments at a bbq

                                                                            doritos are great for kindling

                                                                              use nail polish to identify different keys

                                                                                use a hanging shoe rack to store cleaning supplies

                                                                                  freeze grapes to chill white wine without

                                                                                    use paper clips to organize your cables

                                                                                      almost finished your jar of nutella

                                                                                        sick of having a box full of tangled

                                                                                          unroll the rim to increase the capacity

                                                                                            cut open toilet paper rolls and use as a cuff

                                                                                              remove the stem from strawberries

                                                                                                turn an old bottle into a simple little cord holder

                                                                                                  for iced coffee and iced cappuccino, use frozen coffee cubes

                                                                                                    how to fold a fitted bed sheet

                                                                                                      tired of snoozing past your alarm

                                                                                                        place a rubber band around an open paint can to wipe your brush on

                                                                                                          ut a wooden spoon across a boiling pot

                                                                                                            use bread clips to save flip-flops

                                                                                                              take pictures of friends holding items

                                                                                                                how i always know which headphone is the left one

                                                                                                                  put a stocking over the end of a vacuum

                                                                                                                    How to make sure you drink enough water

                                                                                                                      user a can opener to open blister

                                                                                                                        good sandwich guide

                                                                                                                          turn your muffin pans upside down

                                                                                                                            50 pounds of groceries and living on the 5th floor

                                                                                                                              the right way to make a blt

                                                                                                                                add one teaspoon of baking soda

                                                                                                                                  38

                                                                                                                                    hair straighteners equals to collar irons

                                                                                                                                      stack your clothes vertically to see them all

                                                                                                                                        the right way to make cookies in the summer

                                                                                                                                          how to clean a blender

                                                                                                                                            the right way to eat a popsicle

                                                                                                                                              use bread clips to label and organize power cords

                                                                                                                                                to get the built up residue off of your shower head

                                                                                                                                                  user a hair clip to orgainize long wires

                                                                                                                                                    a frozen saturated sponge in a bag

                                                                                                                                                      rub stuck zipper teeth with a graphite pencil

                                                                                                                                                        use a soda pop tab

                                                                                                                                                          50

                                                                                                                                                            51 How to multiply large numbers in your head.

                                                                                                                                                              52 How to open a bottle if you dont have a corkscrew.

                                                                                                                                                                rub a walnut on damaged wooden furniture

                                                                                                                                                                  kids fall out of bed

                                                                                                                                                                    use toothpaste to clear up hazy car

                                                                                                                                                                      58

                                                                                                                                                                        59 keep pizza out while driving home

                                                                                                                                                                          60 put your straw through the tab to keep it from rising

                                                                                                                                                                            hold oreos with a fork so your fingers

                                                                                                                                                                              Never lose your remotes again

                                                                                                                                                                                hiding your emergency money

                                                                                                                                                                                  use a bread tab to hold your spot on a roll

                                                                                                                                                                                    if you are at a hotel and run out of chargers

                                                                                                                                                                                      keep a square of cardboard in a ziplock bag

                                                                                                                                                                                        If you need to pee or smoke at a bar

                                                                                                                                                                                          drill holes in the bottom of your garbage

                                                                                                                                                                                            use an accented letter as your passcode

                                                                                                                                                                                              use a squeeze ketchup bottle top with your shopvac

                                                                                                                                                                                                do something unusual when locking the door

                                                                                                                                                                                                  when heating leftovers space out a circle in the middle

                                                                                                                                                                                                    dont burn yourself in those hard to reach candles

                                                                                                                                                                                                      put a small amount of water in a glass when you microwave your pizza

                                                                                                                                                                                                        75 use a piece of paper to organize

                                                                                                                                                                                                          use half a pool noodle

                                                                                                                                                                                                            pencil case to store cables

                                                                                                                                                                                                              78 clothespin to hold nail

                                                                                                                                                                                                                79 make blts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  80 take a picture of your fridge

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    81 fill plastic water bottles

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      82 right ways to eat chips

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        99 if your plug keeps failing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          100 put the banana on the wire

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            88 before you throw away a post it

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Source: Reddit LifeProTips

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              There you go, 100 awesome life hacks that you can try right now to make your life a lot easier!

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