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BRAT Diet: How Does It Work and 10 Foods That Stop Diarrhea

BRAT Diet: How Does It Work and 10 Foods That Stop Diarrhea

BRAT stands for Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast and is a highly recommended diet for patients undergoing upset stomach issues, diarrhea and vomiting. Consisting of bland, low fiber foods, it helps to regulate the stool in a short period of time.

BRAT diet has been a go to diet for stomach flu since 1926, with variations such as BRATT with tea, and BRATTY with tea and yoghurt. Being bland, simple and easily digestible with little residue, the diet has proven successful in cases of diarrhea and nausea. However, being low in fiber, protein, and fat, the diet is becoming much less prescribed by medical experts due to lack of important nutrients, especially for kids.

BRAT diet plan

In cases of vomiting, diarrhea or nausea, BRET diet plan as suggested by the The Oregon Clinic [1] should follow the steps listed below.

First six hours: It is strongly recommended to avoid any kind of food or liquid in the first couple of hours after the symptoms had started, in order to help your
stomach to recuperate. After that, you should start the healing process gradually, first by sipping water, and taking a hard candy, but avoid chewing.

First 24 hours: (Day One) As it is important to stay hydrated, start drinking clear liquids (such as water, apple juice, flat soda, weak tea, and broth)by taking one to two sips at a time every ten minutes. Make sure to repeat the entire process if the symptoms return.

Day Two: Now you can start to gradually add bananas, rice, applesauce, crackers, and toast.

Day Three: As the diet suggests bland and foods not rich in nutrients, it is important to start including more variety to your diet by day three. You can gradually include soft cooked eggs, sherbet, stewed fruits, cooked vegetables and white meat into your daily meals.

Additionally, it is extremely important to drink plenty of water and to avoid fats, dairy, caffeine, alcohol, raw vegetables and citrus fruits in cases of diarrhea, vomiting or nausea, as these foods and beverages could potentially worsen the condition.

Also, make sure to consult your doctor about the medication you should use, and if the symptoms continue after 24 hours.

BRAT diet benefits

A number of studies have proved the efficiency of BRAT diet foods to regulate stomach problems, being especially efficient in cases of diarrhea.

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In a series of studies conducted upon more than 2,900 children with acute diarrhea, the researchers have found that including green bananas in the children’s diet has made the recovery much faster.

[2] [3] [4]

A 2004 study [5] that examined the efficacy of rice-based oral rehydration solutions has found rice to be effective in fighting dehydration caused by diarrhea.

Side effects of BRAT diet

As previously mentioned, BRAT diet has certain limitations which mainly have to do with its lack of important nutrients such as fiber, protein, and fat, making it less appropriate for children as it can lead to malnutrition.

In a research [6] that contrasted the amount of nutrients in a regular diet of two-year-olds with the BRAT diet, the researchers have found that the BRAT diet contains 300 fewer calories, 70% less protein, 80% less fat, and considerably lower levels of vitamins A and B12 and Calcium.

Moreover, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases [7] are no longer in favor of the BRAT diet for children suffering from gastrointestinal problems, but they suggest a well-balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, meat, yogurt, and complex carbohydrates instead.

10 Foods that Heal Diarrhea

Even though efficient in treating diarrhea, BRAT diet suggested foods don’t provide enough nutrients for it to be consumed if the condition continues. Therefore, leading health food experts are suggesting a variety of foods that are both rich in nutrients and have positive effect on treating diarrhea.

1. Bone broth

    Rich in nutrients needed for the proper digestion, bone broth is a perfect food for treating diarrhea [8] as it helps to regulate the digestive system.

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    2. Probiotic foods (yogurt, sauerkraut and kombucha)

      As the 2011 research [9] suggests, probiotic foods are one of the most efficient agents in fighting diarrhea as they provide the beneficial bacteria needed for the reduction of diarrhea.

      3. Oats

        Being rich in soluble fiber, oats help regulate loose stool which makes them a beneficial factor in fighting diarrhea. [10]

        4. Bananas

          Bananas are a number one foods of the BRAT diet due to high levels of potassium, an important nutrient, and due to their ability to be easily digested. As previously mentioned, green bananas are more effective diarrhea cure. [11]

          5. Root vegetable juice

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            Carrot juice is one of the most recommended choices for treating diarrhea as it is rich in nutrients such as fiber, magnesium, potassium, calcium and vitamins A, C, D, E and K. As the 1988 study suggest, carrots juice also prevent dehydration during diarrhea as they “do not diminish intestinal loss of water and electrolytes”. [12]

            6. Sweet potatoes

              By possessing high levels of various nutrients [13] and being rich in insoluble fiber sweet potatoes are great choice as diarrhea remedy.

              7. Flaxseed oil

                Flaxseed oil is not only one of the richest sources of vegetable-based, vital omega-3 fatty acids but it is also beneficial factor in reducing both diarrhea and constipation. [14]

                8. Ginger

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                  Ginger has dual efficiency on diarrhea as it helps to both reduce [15] prevent [16] diarrhea altogether.

                  9. Water

                    While it is strongly suggested to always stay properly hydrated, drinking enough water helps reduce the risk of dehydration [17] associated with diarrhea.

                    10. Peppermint oil

                      By helping to soothe the digestive system, peppermint oil is another great choice for relieving diarrhea side-effects such as abdominal pain, as studies find. [18]

                      Finally, as with any type condition, it is always best to consult your doctor for medical advice. However, healthy lifestyle that involves eating healthy and exercising regularly can help avoid many minor and more serious conditions from developing in the first place.

                      Featured photo credit: Pixabay via pixabay.com

                      Reference

                      [1] The Oregon Clinic: Diet for Nausea, Vomiting, or Diarrhea (BRAT diet)
                      [2] NCBI: Green banana and pectin improve small intestinal permeability and reduce fluid loss in Bangladeshi children with persistent diarrhea.
                      [3] NCBI: Green banana-supplemented diet in the home management of acute and prolonged diarrhoea in children: a community-based trial in rural Bangladesh.
                      [4] NCBI: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [5] NCBI: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [6] PRACTICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY:The BRAT Diet for Acute Diarrhea in Children: Should It Be Used
                      [7] JPGN:European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition/European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children in Europe: Executive Summary
                      [8] DRAXE.COM: Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite
                      [9] NCBI: Probiotics for prevention and treatment of diarrhea.
                      [10] NCBI: Noninfectious Diarrhea in HIV Seropositive Individuals: a Review of Prevalence Rates, Etiology, and Management in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy
                      [11] NCBIi: Clinical studies in persistent diarrhea: dietary management with green banana or pectin in Bangladeshi children.
                      [12] NCBI: Current treatment of acute diarrhea in infants
                      [13] NCBI: Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam)–a valuable medicinal food: a review.
                      [14] NCBI: Dual effectiveness of Flaxseed in constipation and diarrhea: Possible mechanism.
                      [15] NCBI:The effect of ginger on serotonin induced hypothermia and diarrhea
                      [16] NCBI: Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Chapter 7The Amazing and Mighty Ginger
                      [17] DRAXE.COM: 5 Natural Treatments for Dehydration Symptoms
                      [18] NCBI: Efficacy of Peppermint oil in diarrhea predominant IBS – a double blind randomized placebo – controlled study.

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                      Last Updated on October 15, 2019

                      How To Be Successful In Life? 13 Tips From The Most Successful People

                      How To Be Successful In Life? 13 Tips From The Most Successful People

                      What is success to you? How to be successful in life?

                      To some, when they think of success, they imagine wealth; others want power; some just want to make a positive impact on the world.

                      All of these are perfectly valid, indeed success is a concept that means different things to different people. Though no matter what success is to you, it almost certainly isn’t something will come easily.

                      There are countless guides and books to being successful, however, as success is personal and unique to each individual. The advice contained in these books can often not be relevant. Therefore following the advice of a single individual can often be unhelpful.

                      With this in mind, considering the advice of a great many people, people whose ideas of success were different both to each other, and quite possibly, to you can be a good alternative.

                      What follows is a list of thirteen of the best pieces of advice from some of the most successful people who have ever lived. If you want to learn how to be successful, these 13 tips are essential:

                      1. Think Big

                        From Michelangelo Buonarroti, Great Renaissance Artist:

                        “The greater danger for most of us lies not in setting our aim too high and falling short; but in setting our aim too low, and achieving our mark.”

                        There are few artists as influential as Michaelangelo. Today centuries after his death, his work still inspires and connects to people. His work is world famous, just think of his statue of David, or the Mural in the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican.

                        Imagine then, if he decided not to work as an artist.

                        Being a successful artist has always been extremely difficult, imagine if he decided to give up this ambition in favour of something easier?

                        Oftentimes, people often decided to put their dreams aside for something more “realistic”. To give up their dream for something easier. This quote teaches us the danger of such a point of view.
                        Instead be ambitious.

                        2. Find What You Love to Do and Do It

                          From Oprah Winfrey, Media Mogul:

                          “You know you are on the road to success if you would do your job and not be paid for it.”

                          This is a good quote to remember and think about when you’re at work.

                          Imagine being as successful as possible in your current job. Ultimately you’ll probably find yourself working extremely hard and this it will take up much of your time.

                          If it’s a job you hate, then being successful at it might only mean filling your life with something you hate to do. What’s the sense in this?

                          Instead, why not focus on doing something you love? When you’ve found what you’re passionate about, you get the motivation to keep you moving. Success at this means the fulfilment of your dreams.

                          Not sure what your passion is yet? You should learn about this Motivation Engine first.

                          Even if you’re not successful, you still filled your time with something you love to do. Many successful musicians spent years of their lives doing unpaid performances, the only reason they kept playing was because they loved to perform.

                          3. Learn How to Balance Life

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                            From Phil Knight, CEO of Nike Inc.:

                            “There is an immutable conflict at work in life and in business, a constant battle between peace and chaos. Neither can be mastered, but both can be influenced. How you go about that is the key to success.”

                            All too often, people think that to be successful, they need to make the object of their success their life.

                            If a person thinks their job will lead them to success, then they may spend countless hours per day, and well into the evening working hard.

                            However this comes at the cost of rest, your health and having an enjoyable life. Ultimately they may burn out and cease to be successful at their job anyway.

                            If success comes from having a strong social life and a good group of friends, their job may suffer; meaning that they may lose their job, and then be unable to afford going out with friends.

                            In these ways, success, as Phil Knight says above, is helped by balance. Think of it as a balance between rest and work, or work and play.

                            To achieve that balance, this Ultimate Guide to Prioritizing Your Work And Life can help you.

                            4. Do Not Be Afraid of Failure

                              From Henry Ford, Founder of Ford Motors:

                              “Failure is simply the opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently.”

                              There is a story, it’s unconfirmed whether it actually happened, yet the message within is none the less true:

                              Thomas Edison inventing the lightbulb was the result of several hundred failed attempts. In an interview, he was asked “How do you feel after all of your failed attempts?”

                              His response was great, “I didn’t fail, I learned hundreds of ways not to invent the lightbulb”

                              He saw each “failure” as a lesson. From that lesson he learned what won’t work, and also might work instead.

                              Each failed attempt, each rejection, were key steps on his path to success. It is easy to feel like you should give up after a failure. But perhaps in that failure is a lesson.

                              Pay attention to your failures, study them. Perhaps then you’ll learn how to succeed.

                              If you find it difficult to fight your fear of failure, here’s a guide for you: Why You Have the Fear of Failure (And How to Conquer It Step-By-Step)

                              5. Have an Unwavering Resolution to Succeed

                                From Colonel Sanders, Founder of KFC:

                                “I made a resolve then that I was going to amount to something if I could. And no hours, nor amount of labor, nor amount of money would deter me from giving the best that there was in me. And I have done that ever since, and I win by it. I know.”

                                This, in many ways relates to the above quote about learning from your failures.

                                It’s the easiest thing in the world to give up from a failure. The only way to push on is if you have the true burning desire to succeed, to not be moved or dissuaded from your goals.

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                                If you are not truly dedicated towards success, then each failure will hurt more, each set back will slow you down.

                                Success is hard; without the unwavering desire to succeed, this difficulty may seem insurmountable. With the desire, it is merely an obstacle to go through.

                                6. Be a Person of Action

                                  From Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Genius:

                                  “It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things.”

                                  Though it was said hundreds of years ago, it works just as much today as it ever had. It applies to literally any successful person.

                                  Think about it, picture someone like William Shakespeare:

                                  When we think of the time he lived in, we think of the time in a way shaped by him. When we think of Renaissance era Italy, we think of Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci. Or think about the present day, Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. Our current way of life would simply be incomparably different if they didn’t accomplish what they did.

                                  You’re probably reading this article on a device by a company that they either founded or companies influenced by them.

                                  All these figures were proactive, they saw ways to do things differently and did them. If they let the world shape them, then they’d simply fit into the background. Instead they shaped the world.

                                  Applying this to you?

                                  Don’t be afraid of going outside the norm. If you can think of a better way to do something, do it that way. If you fail, try again.

                                  7. Cultivate Positive Relationships

                                    From Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of America: “

                                    The most important single ingredient in the formula of success is knowing how to get along with people.”

                                    The best leaders and some of the most influential people (and Theodore Roosevelt is one of the best leaders and one of the most influential people to have lived) were not those who caused commotions, who fought with people or disregarded people; but were people who were friendly to those around them.

                                    People liked them. They wanted them to do well.

                                    This is key to good leadership.

                                    It’s logical. If someone likes you, they want to help you; if you give them a suggestion, they’ll gladly follow through with it.

                                    But if someone doesn’t like you, they may either refuse to help or actively get in your way.

                                    What’s more, it’s always a good idea to cultivate good relationships. You can never tell who will prove to become someone who’ll be able to help you in a big way, or even be a good and supportive friend.

                                    As such, help people and they may help you; and be good to people, and they my be good to you.

                                    8. Don’t Be Afraid of Introducing New Ideas

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                                      From Mark Twain, Famed Author:

                                      “A person with a new idea is a crank until the idea succeeds.”

                                      It is an unfortunate truth that those with the boldest ideas are often disregarded.

                                      Most of us are taught from an early age to think and do things similarly to everyone else. This can be great to fill an existing role. But to truly do things differently (and all successful people did things differently), you need to think differently.

                                      If you have a new idea, don’t throw it away because it’s new and different; instead, celebrate it. Your strange new idea might one day be the one that leads you to success.

                                      9. Believe in Your Capacity to Succeed

                                        From Walter Disney, Founder of Walt Disney Company:

                                        “If you can dream it, you can do it.”

                                        Success has to be something you can imagine yourself achieving.

                                        It is possible that you will come across those who doubt you and your ability to succeed. You must not become one of these people because the moment you cease believing and dreaming is the moment these dreams fall away.

                                        Keep dreaming!

                                        10. Always Maintain a Positive Mental Attitude

                                          From Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of America:

                                          “Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude.”

                                          Like the above quote says, you need to trust in your ability to succeed. This is the only way to cultivate the right mindset.

                                          Replace negative thoughts with the positive ones. You need to approach problems, not as obstacles stopping you, but merely tasks that need to be completed for you to keep going.

                                          If you stay positive and think like this, setbacks won’t affect you so much, people’s doubts won’t impact you and even the biggest obstacles will seem like minor problems.

                                          However with the wrong mindset of doubt, you’ll be much easier to stop.

                                          11. Don’t Let Discouragement Stop You from Pressing On

                                            From Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of America:

                                            “Let no feeling of discouragement prey upon you, and in the end you are sure to succeed.”

                                            It is an unfortunate fact of human nature — all of us in some way, doubt ourselves. This can be made far worse if others doubt us too.

                                            When surrounded by doubts, giving up can actually seem like a good idea.

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                                            Don’t pay attention to the doubts. If you are discouraged, ignore it.

                                            If this discouragement moves into your mind and you begin to doubt yourself. It is important to ignore this too.

                                            This is How Self Doubt Keeps You Stuck and How to Overcome It

                                            12. Be Willing to Work Hard

                                              From JC Penny, Founder of JC Penney Inc.:

                                              “Unless you are willing to drench yourself in your work beyond the capacity of the average man, you are just not cut out for positions at the top.”

                                              You might have heard the quote that “success is 1% inspiration, 99% perspiration” or you may have heard about the 10,000 hours idea.

                                              Whichever way you frame it, they say one thing:

                                              True success comes from work.

                                              You’ll never become successful if you don’t work towards your goal in life and keep working towards it.

                                              Check out this article and you’ll understand Why Hard Work Beats Talent.

                                              13. Be Brave Enough to Follow Your Intuition

                                                From Steve Jobs, Co-founder of Apple Inc.:

                                                “Have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”

                                                In ancient Greece, there was a group of Oracles who lived in Delphi. Everyone who needed advice or to know their future visited them, from the poorest of society to kings. Above the doorway of the temple were the words “know thyself”.

                                                If you strongly believe and desire something, chances are that you already have an idea how to get there. If not, you may naturally know what things will help you and what things will slow you down.

                                                It’s like how your body can detect danger even when things seem safe.

                                                Ultimately then, you need to trust your own instincts.

                                                Final Thoughts

                                                What you might have noticed is that many of the above lessons are similar — most are about developing the right state of mind. This clearly suggests that the key to achieving success, in whatever you wish, comes down to the way you approach it mentally.

                                                Moreover, no matter what stage of life you’re at now, you can still make a difference and pursue success. You can make resetting your life possible when you do this: How to Start Over and Reboot Your Life When It Seems Too Late

                                                More to Help You Succeed in Life

                                                Featured photo credit: Ryan Wong via unsplash.com

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