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Which Is Better: Morning Workout Or Evening Workout?

Which Is Better: Morning Workout Or Evening Workout?

Have you been planning to start a new exercise regime? Perhaps you want to create a schedule for yourself that will provide you with maximum benefits. Are you debating whether you should exercise in the mornings or in the evening? If so, here is some information that will help you decide if it is best for you to go for a morning or evening routine.

Benefits of exercising in the morning

The study

A  study has shown that exercising in the morning is best for reducing blood pressure and improving sleep.

Dr. Scott Collier from Appalachian State University looked at the effect that exercise has on blood pressure. Together with research assistants Kimberly Fairbrother and Ben Cartner, Collier tracked the blood pressure levels and sleep patterns of a group of people between the ages of 40-60. These individuals undertook moderate exercise three times a week for 30 minutes at a time. They exercised at three different times during the day: 7 AM, 1 PM, and 7 PM.

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The results

All of the participants who had engaged in exercise in the morning hours showed a 10% reduction in blood pressure. This drop in blood pressure levels lasted throughout the day. At night these individuals slept longer, had better sleep cycles, and showed a 25% drop in blood pressure.

Collier reported:

“Much to our surprise, 7 a.m. exercise was better in terms of reduced blood pressure throughout the day and greater sleep benefits than exercise at 7 p.m., and there was little blood pressure or sleep benefit when exercise was done at 1 p.m.”.

“We don’t yet know the physiological mechanisms that result in these changes, but we do know enough to say if you need to decrease your blood pressure and if you need to increase your quality of sleep, 7 a.m. is probably the is probably the best time to exercise.”

So if you are a person at risk of heart problems or are suffering from high blood pressure or sleep disturbances, a morning exercise routine may be best. However, there are different advantages that can be gained from an evening exercise regime.

The benefits of exercising after work

The study

A study conducted at the Clinical Research Center of the University of Chicago found that individuals who partook in exercise after work attained a higher level of fitness than people who exercised in the morning.

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The study involved taking blood samples from 40 healthy men aged between 20-30. The men were divided into five groups. Four teams completed a vigorous exercise regime in the morning, afternoon, or evening. The fifth group did not exercise at all. The researchers obtained blood samples from each of the participants to see what their levels of two endocrine hormones cortisol and thyrotropin were.

The results

It was found that the both these hormones increased to the greatest extent in the men who had exercised either in the evening or late at night. It was also found that the same group of men experienced a drop in their glucose levels.

Dr. Orfeu Buxton, the head researcher, said: “These are signs that your metabolism is adapting well to regular exercise and suggests it may be better to train after work rather than first thing in the morning.

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Summation

John Trower, a technical director at UK Athletics, said top athletes usually undertake technical training in the morning and hard training between 4 PM and 6 PM. However, he notes that this does not suit everyone.

“Some are morning people and others might have more energy in the evening. It’s a personal choice.

So, if you are trying to find out when to factor exercise into your busy work schedule, you may want to take a look at your goals. If you want to improve your heart health and get a better night’s sleep, the morning is the way to go. However, if you wish to increase your fitness levels and reduce your risk of illness related to elevated glucose levels, such as diabetes, an evening exercise routine is your best option.

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Featured photo credit: Living healthy via blog.lafitness.com

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Last Updated on February 18, 2019

8 Best Cardio Workouts for Efficient Weight Loss

8 Best Cardio Workouts for Efficient Weight Loss

When people think of cardio, usually a boring treadmill, elliptical machine, or other mundane activity comes to mind. But that doesn’t have to be the case.

When you’re short on time or easily distracted, there are a variety of fat-burning cardio alternatives that will increase your body’s metabolism, boost weight loss, and keep you interested.

Here’s a list of different types of cardio workouts:

  • Steady State (Burns less fat, but isn’t as demanding on the body)
  • Interval Training (Burns more fat)
  • HIIT
  • Spinning
  • Stairs
  • Weight Training (Supersets) short rest periods
  • Weight Training (Compound Sets) short rest periods
  • Machine Circuit Training

And I’m going to talk about each of them in detail:

1. Steady State

Steady state cardio involves working at a low to moderate intensity — around 60 to 70 percent of your maximum heart rate, for a sustained period of time. This type of cardio doesn’t burn a huge number of calories, but it does burn a high percentage of fat tissue for fuel, and it isn’t too draining.

An example of steady state cardio would be a long outdoor walk at a moderate pace. Interval training, on the other hand, is much more intense.

2. Interval Training

Similar to HIIT but with exercises that are slightly longer in duration, interval training alternates levels of intensity. For example, if you enjoy running, you would run or sprint for 30 seconds, then bring down your heart rate and walk for two minutes.

Pick two intensities per interval, usually one at 85 percent of your maximum heart rate and the other at 60 percent, and alternate between them. I find that 85% for 30 seconds and 60% for one minute, not only burns more calories but increases my energy level as well.

Another example would be jumping rope. Jump rope for two minutes, rest for one minute. Begin again, this time jumping rope for one minute and resting for one minute. On the third and final round, jump rope for 30 seconds and resting for 30 seconds. Repeat five sets of this routine.

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3. HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training)

Have a busy schedule? Fifteen minutes a few times a week is all you need. HIIT is an extremely popular workout because it can be done quickly, burn calories in a short amount of time, and can even be done in your home or during a lunch break at work. And the best part – You don’t need any equipment.

With the use of your body weight, HIIT is typically 20 seconds of high intensity exercise followed by 10 seconds of active rest which means your heart rate remains elevated for the entire 15-minute workout.

Check out this HIIT routine by Fitness Blender: 15 Minute HIIT Workout

4. Spinning

Spinning is a great way to get your heart up and keep it up in a 45-minute spin class. Our thighs and back are our largest muscles so they work the hardest.

To get the most out of spinning, try to stay out of the saddle throughout an entire spin class. That way, you are forced to hold up your body weight which burns more calories and increases intensity.

It’s also great for stabilizing and building strong core muscles, versus cycling outdoors, where most of the time you are sitting in the saddle and going for distance (steady-state cardio).

5. Stairs

One of my favorite places to get out of the gym for cardio and trim fat from my thighs and butt is the Santa Monica Stairs, near California’s most popular beach. Climbing 170 steps a few times builds the glutes, leans the thighs, strengthens the calves, and builds endurance.

So, if the gym is not your scene and you love the outdoors, climbing stairs is a great alternative. Find a place with multiple steps, do six or seven rounds, and you’ve easily burned around 600 calories.

6. Supersets

A superset is two exercises that work opposing muscle groups, such as biceps and triceps, quadriceps and hamstrings, or different body parts such as the lower and upper body with little to no recovery between sets.

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The superset may include two to five sets of 8 to 15 repetitions of each exercise or more.[1]

So, if you love to workout with weight-training but aren’t really feeling cardio, supersets with no more than 30-second rest periods between exercises will keep your heart rate up. Not only will you build muscle, you will burn fat!

For example, say you are doing a leg workout, five sets of exercises with high reps and low weight is all it takes to turn your weight-training into a cardio workout.

Here’s one of my leg training workouts:

i. Dumbbell Step-Ups on a secure bench or box (4×15, each leg)

ii. Front Squat (4×15)

iii. Wide Stance Dumbbell Goblet (4×15)

iv. Leg Extension (4×15)

v. Leg Curl (4×15)

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    Photo Credit: Shape Magazine

    vi. Front Squat


      Photo Credit: Stack

      vii. Wide Stance Dumbbell Goblet Squat

      viii. Leg Extension

      ix. Leg Curl

        Photo Credit: T Nation

        7. Compound Sets

        Compound exercises are exercises that recruit muscles in the entire body, such as pull-ups, squats, bench press, etc. However, a compound set simply means to “compound” the number of different exercises into a series of sets with little or no recovery between, similar to supersets.

          This may be accomplished by performing four to five exercises for the same muscle group, opposing muscle groups or total body exercises performed in succession such as full body extensions, followed by squat/cleans and complete the compound set of compound exercises with lunges with biceps curls.

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          Compound sets put stress on the body and are great for expending additional calories while strength-training.

          8. Machine Weight Training Circuit

          Like compound exercises, a machine circuit workout targets the entire body, upper body, lower body, or core. The difference is, with the use of machines instead of free weights, muscle strength is increased by by making your muscles work against weight.[2] By limiting rest periods between exercises to 30 seconds, your metabolism will go into over-drive!

          Machines also give you better control over the exercises, which decreases risk of injury.

          Here’s a machine circuit training example: Muscle and Strength Machine Workout

          The Bottom Line

          The above-mentioned workouts should be completed within 30 minutes, unless you’re taking a class which is typically 45 to 60 minutes, giving you time to get on with the rest of your day.

          By keeping your rest periods to a minimum between exercises, your heart rate will stay elevated and you will burn more calories, get lean, and have more energy.

          Don’t be a gym rat, spending unnecessary time doing lengthy workouts that give you minimum results. For efficient weight loss, perform these workouts three times a week and watch the fat melt away while achieving your fitness goals.

          More Resources About Weight Loss

          Featured photo credit: Spencer Dahl via unsplash.com

          Reference

          [1] Mountain Life Fitness: Super sets, compound sets and giant sets
          [2] Better Health Channel: Resistance training – health benefits

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