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What happens to your body when you sit for too long?

What happens to your body when you sit for too long?

Taking time to relax and put your feet up is important to maintain self-care, but doing this in excess actually has many negative effects. Even taking the time to decompress from a long day at the office might actually not be as great for you in the long run. Think about it – sitting all day just to come home and sit. Here are some ways that it can negatively impact your body.

1. Slow Digestion

Many times those who sit for long periods of time tend to eat while sitting as well. Sitting down after eating can cause the abdomen to compress, and then slows down digestion. Slow digestion can cause several small issues such as constipation, heartburn, bloating, cramping, and weight gain if this is a long-standing habit.

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2. Problems with Posture

Sitting for long periods of time can cause aching shoulders, neck, and back. It can also lead to poor posture which then turns into back problems or strains in the neck and shoulders. The more time that is spent sitting, the more likely it is to slip into a lean or slouch position. Commonly when at the computer, people hold their neck and shoulders forward which causes strain on these areas when held for an extended period of time. Sitting also applies more pressure on to the back than standing does, and the vertebrae of the back are designed to expand and contract with movement. Long periods of sitting cause the disks to compress and lose flexibility which raises the risk of a herniated disc.

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3. Leg Disorders

The term “use it or lose it” applies when sitting for long periods of time. The inactivity and excess sitting leads to poor circulation, blood clots, swelling, weak bones, varicose veins, and sometimes in extreme cases it can lead to osteoporosis. Make sure to stay active and keep the blood circulating. This is easy; if you were watching TV, during commercial breaks get up and take a walk or just take a walk once an hour, even when at work. The break will allow you to stretch your legs and get blood flowing and will refresh you mentally as well.

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4. Weak muscles

Generally the more active you are, the stronger you have the potential to be. Staying active does not only allow you to be strong but it keeps you moving and this maintains flexibility. Resting after a workout can be relaxing, but don’t forget to stretch the muscles or they will feel tight and make you sore the next day. It is not only legs that suffer when sitting for an extended period of time, standing and walking requires various muscles to tense that are not flexed when sitting. Prolonged sitting has the potential to cause muscle degeneration in the abs, glutes, calves, hips, and more.

How to Avoid These Dangers

These are a few simple ways to counteract the dangers of sitting for prolonged periods of time.

  • Taking the stairs whenever possible can jumpstart your heart rate and blood circulation.
  • Park further away, take a longer walk in route to your destination.
  • When in an office walk to your coworkers or classmates rather than sending them an email.
  • Use a chair without armrest as this can force you to sit up straighter.
  • Set a reminder to move around for at least 10 minutes every hour.
  • Walk on coffee breaks, during lunch or before or after class get some time in at the gym.
  • Stretch often and utilize an exercise ball. Small leg raises can be done under your desk instead of using a foot rest.

Turning into a puddle on the couch after a mentally exhausting day might seem appealing, but it does nothing for your physical health. If you have not been able to work some stretching into your day, consider taking time to visit the gym after work. It will help both mentally and physically.

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Last Updated on June 20, 2019

Science Says Guitar Players’ Brains Are Different From Others’

Science Says Guitar Players’ Brains Are Different From Others’

There’s nothing quite like picking up a guitar and strumming out some chords. Listening to someone playing the guitar can be mesmerising, it can evoke emotion and a good guitar riff can bring out the best of a song. Many guitar players find a soothing, meditative quality to playing, along with the essence of creating music or busting out an acoustic version of their favourite song. But how does playing the guitar affect the brain?

More and more scientific studies have been looking into how people who play the guitar have different brain functions compared to those who don’t. What they found was quite astonishing and backed up what many guitarists may instinctively know deep down.

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Guitar Players’ Brains Can Synchronise

You didn’t read that wrong! Yes, a 2012 study[1] was conducted in Berlin that looked at the brains of guitar players. The researchers took 12 pairs of players and got them to play the same piece of music while having their brains scanned.

During the experiment, they found something extraordinary happening to each pair of participants – their brains were synchronising with each other. So what does this mean? Well, the neural networks found in the areas of the brain associated with social cognition and music production were most activated when the participants were playing their instruments. In other words, their ability to connect with each other while playing music was exceptionally strong.

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Guitar Players Have a Higher Intuition

Intuition is described as “the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning” and this is exactly what’s happening when two people are playing the guitar together.

The ability to synchronise their brains with each other, stems from this developed intuitive talent indicating that guitar players have a definite spiritual dexterity to them. Not only do their brains synchronise with another player, but they can also even anticipate what is to come before and after a set of chords without consciously knowing. This explains witnessing a certain ‘chemistry’ between players in a band and why many bands include brothers who may have an even stronger connection.

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This phenomenon is actually thought to be down to the way guitarists learn how to play – while many musicians learn through reading sheet music, guitar players learn more from listening to others play and feeling their way through the chords. This also shows guitarists have exceptional improvisational skills[2] and quick thinking.

Guitar Players Use More of Their Creative, Unconscious Brain

The same study carried out a different experiment, this time while solo guitarists were shredding. They found that experienced guitar players were found to deactivate the conscious part of their brain extremely easily meaning they were able to activate the unconscious, creative and less practical way of thinking more efficiently.

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This particular area of the brain – the right temporoparietal junction – typically deactivates with ‘long term goal orientation’ in order to stop distractions to get goals accomplished. This was in contrast to the non-guitarists who were unable to shut off the conscious part of their brain which meant they were consciously thinking more about what they were playing.

This isn’t to say that this unconscious way of playing can’t be learnt. Since the brain’s plasticity allows new connections to be made depending on repeated practice, the guitar player’s brain can be developed over time but it’s something about playing the guitar in particular that allows this magic to happen.

Conclusion

While we all know musicians have very quick and creative brains, it seems guitar players have that extra special something. Call it heightened intuition or even a spiritual element – either way, it’s proven that guitarists are an exceptional breed unto themselves!

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Featured photo credit: Lechon Kirb via unsplash.com

Reference

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