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How Will Your Body Feel Different During Second Pregnancy?

How Will Your Body Feel Different During Second Pregnancy?

There are some noticeable differences between your first and second pregnancy. For one you will probably experience more fatigue, having to care for the little one you already have. A benefit of being pregnant again is that you will not have as many stress-induced symptoms that a first-time mother experiences like insomnia or general anxiety about pregnancy and parenthood since you have gone through it all before.

Having gone through giving birth your body is different now and reacts to another pregnancy in new ways. The important thing is to remember that these changes are normal and part of being pregnant the second time around. Here are a few changes that may occur in your second pregnancy:

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You can feel this child move earlier than the first one

One of the biggest differences is that you feel you child move around sooner in you belly than your firstborn moved. On average, a first-time mother feels her baby kick around 5 months, whereas on her second time around she can feel it usually around 4 months. This phenomenon is probably due to the fact that a mom is familiar already with how a baby’s movement feels like and can recognize the first tiny kicks and wiggles of their newborn. For first time mothers, any early movement that often feels like tiny bubbles inside their belly, can often be mistaken for intestinal gas.

You tend to show earlier

Your uterus does not shrink back to its previous size, so this allows a head start for baby number two. You might be surprised how soon you “pop” and have a noticeable baby bump this time around, but it is all completely normal. Of course all women’s bodies are different and if you do not tend to show earlier, then that is completely normal and nothing to be alarmed about.

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You tend to carry your baby lower

Due to your abdominal muscles getting stretched extensively during your first pregnancy and become significantly weaker, your second baby may reside lower in you abdomen. The benefit of all this is that you most likely will have an easier time breathing and eating more comfortably, since these muscles are already stretched out. The downside is that you will feel the need to pee more frequently much sooner. This means you will also experience an increased amount of pressure on your pelvic area. To ease some of the discomfort, you can do some Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic muscles.

You may experience increased lower back pain

Carrying your child lower can also put more strain on your lower back. It is important to be preventative and ask your physician about any exercises that will strengthen your back. It is also important to make sure you avoid lifting heavy objects or arching your back. When you are standing, remember to bend your knees so you can keep the muscles in your lower back relaxed. When you are sitting for long periods of time, make sure to relieve any pressure on your lower spine by putting your feet up on a low stool. When you are lying down, remember to lie on one side with a pillow between your bent knees.

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You may experience some symptoms earlier in your second pregnancy than your first

Pregnancy-related symptoms like hemorrhoids, back pain and varicose veins can occur sooner in your second pregnancy. This is due to the fact that your vessel walls and musculoskeletal structure were weakened during your first pregnancy. This therefore creates an environment for these symptoms to resurface. The upside is that symptoms like morning sickness and cravings are usually not worse then they were the first time around. Although, this differs for each woman and her individual pregnancy.

Congratulations on your second pregnancy — and good luck this time around!

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Featured photo credit: Flickr via flickr.com

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Published on November 7, 2018

How to Homeschool in the 21st Century (For All Types of Parents & Kids)

How to Homeschool in the 21st Century (For All Types of Parents & Kids)

In 2016, it was estimated that 1.7 million children were being homeschooled in the U.S, roughly 3.3% of all school-aged children.[1] Although this may not sound like a big portion of the population, the growth rate of homeschooling has been 7 to15% per year for the last two decades.

The burgeoning numbers are not a coincidence. There are tremendous benefits to homeschooling, including one-on-one teaching, adaptability to individual needs and learning styles, a safe learning environment, encouraging learning for knowledge rather than grades, and tailoring a curriculum to the child’s interests.

Is homeschooling something that you have been considering for your family? With all of the tools and resources available for homeschoolers in the 21st century, it may be easier than you think.

How to Homeschool (Getting Started)

After thinking it through, you’ve decided that homeschooling is the right step for you and your family. Now what? Here are the first things you should do to get your homeschooling journey started on the right track.

Figure Out the Laws

Homeschooling is regulated by the state, not the federal government. The first step is to find the current and accurate legal requirements mandated by your state in order to educate your child legally.[2]

The regulations can vary widely, from strict guidelines to no guidelines at all. However, don’t be overwhelmed by the legal jargon. There are many resources and local communities for homeschooling families that can help you figure out the logistics.

Decide on an Approach

Every child’s needs are different. This is your chance to choose the homeschooling style or combination of styles that best fits your child’s learning style and interests. A brief description of seven different homeschooling methods are listed below.

Supplies/Resources

Often times, purchasing a homeschooling curriculum is done too early in the planning process, resulting in buyer’s remorse.

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A curriculum is not always needed for homeschooling, and other types of free or less structured resources are readily available.

Find a Community

Getting connected with a community of homeschoolers is one of the most important parts of building a successful and thriving homeschool environment for your kids.

Look for communities online for virtual support or a local group that you and your kids can interact with. Partnering with others fosters better socialization skills for the students and provides opportunities for field trips, classes, and outings that wouldn’t have otherwise been a part of the homeschooling experience.

7 Different Homeschooling Methods

1. School-At-Home

Also known as Traditional homeschool, School-At-Home uses essentially the same curriculum as the local private or public school but at home.

The lessons can be completed independently, but more commonly, they are administered by a parent or a teacher-facilitated online school.

  • Benefits: formal standards, wide selection of curricula, same pace as peers, short-term friendly
  • Drawbacks: expensive, inflexible, time consuming, parent can get easily burnt out
  • Resources: K12, Time4Learning, Abeka

2. Classical

One of the most popular homeschooling methods used, it borrows educational practices from Ancient Greece and Rome. Subject areas are studied chronologically so that students can understand the consequence of ideas over time.

Socratic dialogue fosters effective discussions and debate to achieve beyond mere comprehension. There is often a strong emphasis on Great Books[3] as well as Greek and Latin.

3. Unit Studies

Rather than breaking up education into subjects, unit studies approach each topic as a whole, studying it from the perspective of each subject area.

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For example, a unit study about animals could include reading books about animals, learning about the classification of animals, figuring out which animals live on which continents, etc. This method is often used as a technique in other more comprehensive educational methodologies.

  • Benefits: promotes thinking about concepts as a whole, not monotonous or redundant, student-directed, bolsters weaker subject areas, beneficial for teaching multi-age students
  • Drawbacks: incomplete, knowledge gaps, curriculum-dependent
  • Resources: Unit Study, Unit Studies, Unit Studies Made Easy, Konos

4. Charlotte Mason

This Christian homeschooling style utilizes shorts periods of study (15-20 minute max for elementary, 45 minute max for high school), along with nature walks and history portfolios.

Students are encouraged to practice observation, memorization, and narration often. With a focus on “living books” (stories with heroes, life lessons, socio-ethical implications), reading plays a big role in this student-paced teaching style.

5. Montessori

Maria Montessori developed this method through working with special needs children in the early 20th century.

With a primary focus on the student setting the pace and indirect instruction from the teacher, this approach includes free movement, large unstructured time blocks (up to 3 hours), multi-grade classes, and individualized learning plans based on interests.

6. Unschooling

Unschooling is a learning model largely based on the work of John Holt.[4] The teaching style focuses mainly on the students’ interests, putting priority on experiential, activity-based, and learn as you go approaches.

For basic skills such as reading, writing, and math, a systematic technique is employed, but testing and evaluations are typically not utilized. Teachers, in general, play more of a facilitator role.

7. Eclectic/Relaxed

As the most popular method of homeschool, eclectic homeschooling is child-directed, resourceful, and non-curriculum based.

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Parents can sample any combination of homeschooling methods and styles or resources. One growing sector of eclectic homeschooling combines part homeschooling with part traditional schooling.

How to Facilitate Homeschooling with Technology

One of the reasons homeschooling is more feasible than ever before is due to the accessibility of tools and resources to enhance the learning process.

Email

Email is a tool that has really stood the test of time. Invented in 1972, it is still used today as a primary means of communicating on the Internet.

It is a great way to share assignments, links, and videos between parent and student.

Google Drive/Calendar

Google Drive offers a multitude of essential programs that can come in handy for homeschoolers, such as Docs, Sheets, Slides, and more.

With its sharing capabilities, easy accessibility, and auto-save ability, it’s easier than ever to organize and complete assignments. It will improve students’ writing and typing skills, as well as eliminate the need for paper.

Google Calendar is an excellent tool for tracking assignment due dates, planning field trips and activities, and developing time management skills.

Ebooks

Rather than invest in physical copies of books, ebooks are a wonderful option for saving money and space. There are plenty of places that offer a free or paid subscription to a wide selection of ebooks:

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E-Courses

When a structured curriculum is necessary for teaching a certain topic, an e-course is the way to go.

From watercolors to calculus, there are e-courses available about almost everything. Including different teaching styles that vary from the parents will encourage students to learn in different ways.

The visual and auditory stimulation will also be beneficial in helping students understand and retain the concepts being taught.

Some recommendations:

Youtube

Youtube is not just a platform for music videos and cats doing funny things. There are a number of Youtube channels that produce quality educational videos, free of charge.

Creating a playlist of videos for various topics is a great way to supplement a homeschool education.

Some recommendations:

Final Thoughts

Homeschooling in the current age looks much different than it did ten years ago. There are more options and more flexibility when it comes to educating kids at home.

Don’t be overwhelmed by the idea of homeschooling your children if it could make a positive impact on your family.

Featured photo credit: Hal Gatewood via unsplash.com

Reference

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