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10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

Some like chewy cookies, others like them crispy, but no matter what your preference may be, there is a recipe out there to help you achieve the cookie of your dreams. Here, we give you some of the basic guidelines for making different textured and flavored chocolate chip cookies and the science behind them. It all comes down to manipulating the ingredients to achieve different textured and flavored cookies. All the tips listed here are based on the classic Nestle Toll House Chocolate Chip Cookie recipe.

1. Thin and chewy

thick and chewy cookie

    Thin and chewy cookies are easily achieved by simply following the Toll House recipe which inevitably results in these cookies. Kendra Nyberg, from the Science & Food Student Organization, explains how the Toll House Cookie Recipe helps achieve a chewy and thin cookie. The recipe increases cookie water content making for a chewier cookie as water increases gluten production. The recipe uses less flour than some other cookie recipes. The recipe also includes melted butter, fewer egg whites, and more brown sugar which increase the cookies gluten-producing chemistry.

    2. Thick and soft

    Thick and soft cookie

      Kendra Nyberg also explained how to achieve a thick and soft cookie at one Science of Cookies student event held back in 2013. The recipe at hand is from My Baking Addiction, and unlike the previous recipes, asks for less moisture to achieve a soft cookie. Less moisture results in less gluten production according to Nyberg. The increased flour content with the leavening agents makes for more fluff in the cookies resulting in a much softer and thicker texture. For a bit more flavor, you can also add oatmeal or flaxseeds which are some of the best anti-aging foods.

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      3. Like store bought

      Like store bought cookie 3

        Store bought cookies have something special about them that we can definitely learn to appreciate. Tessa Arias, a chef and cookbook author who writes about cookies science on her Handle the Heat website claims that you’ll achieve the store-bought cookies texture by replacing butter for shortening. Unfortunately, this takes away some of the flavors of the cookies in which case you can use the half-butter and half-shortening mixture.

        4. Thick cookies

        Like store bought cookie

          If you like your cookies extra thick, then freezing the cookie batter overnight or for at least 30 minutes before baking. This will keep the butter firmer for longer during the baking process and make it less likely to spread over resulting in a full mouth of wonderfully thick chocolate chip cookies. Furthermore, if you want to get some health benefits from your cookies, using organic un-pasteurized butter can help if you have osteoarthritis. Stigmasterol is an ingredient in unpasteurized milk products found to reduce inflammation in Osteoarthritis, which is one of the most common types of arthritis.

          5. Cakey cookies

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          Cakey cookies

            Cakey cookies aren’t usually what most aim for when making chocolate chip cookies, but, nevertheless, it’s a fact that some like their cookies extra soft with less moisture content. According to Nyberg, putting more baking soda into your cookie dough will increase the release of carbon dioxide in the cookies. This will result in puffy and soft cookies.

            6. Butterscotch-flavored

            Butterscotch-flavored

              The intense butterscotch flavor of cookies also has a scientific explanation behind it. According to J. Kenji Lopez-Alt on his blog post The Food Lab: The Science of the Best Chocolate Chip Cookies, the enticing flavor of cookies comes from sugar caramelizing during the baking process. Putting a white sugar will make for a richer-flavored cookie because white sugar tends to melt easily and caramelize at a faster rate than brown sugar.

              7. More flavor

              More flavor cookie

                If you really appreciate the cookies for their flavor first and foremost, Nyberg found that chilling the dough for at least 24 hours will deepen the flavors due to longer exposure of the dough to the flavoring ingredients such as vanilla extract, brown sugar, and butter. This may also make for better-textured cookies.

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                8. Dark cookies

                Dark cookies

                  Tanned and extra caramelized cookies are achieved by just slightly increasing the oven temperature from say 350 degrees Fahrenheit to 360 degrees. This is explained in the TED-Ed video about the Science of cookies. According to the TED-Ed video, caramelization occurs just above 356 degrees Fahrenheit.

                  9. Uniform cookies

                  Uniform cookies

                    Chocolate chip cookies aren’t really all about appearances, but if you want your cookies to look their best, they secret may lie in corn syrup. According to the OZY website, to create uniform cookies for a nice look, add half corn syrup and half sugar to your cookie dough.

                    10. Gooey cookies

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                    Gooey cookies

                      You can achieve gooey cookies by either adding 2 more cups of all-purpose flour or even adding just two tablespoons of cornstarch to the cookie ingredients. Tessa Arias found that although the cornstarch made the cookies paler in appearance, the extra ingredient resulted in gooey, soft, and with crisp edges.

                      Conclusion

                      Chocolate chip cookies are essentially quite easy to make. However, getting that perfect texture and flavor you want to achieve can be quite frustrating. The main reason why cookies vary so much in texture, appearance, and the flavor is that it all depends on the ingredients ratio and cooking time. If you’ve found your favorite cookie listed here, make sure to follow the tips and see if you’ll finally indulge in the cookie of your liking.

                      References

                      1. https://www.verybestbaking.com/recipes/18476/original-nestle-toll-house-chocolate-chip-cookies/

                      2. http://www.ozy.com/good-sht/the-science-behind-baking-the-most-delicious-cookie-ever/6613

                      Featured photo credit: www.huffingtonpost.com via google.com

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                      Last Updated on May 22, 2019

                      10 Simple Morning Exercises That Will Make You Feel Great All Day

                      10 Simple Morning Exercises That Will Make You Feel Great All Day

                      There are lots of studies that show if you do some exercise in the morning, you will be in a better mood all day long. You will have more energy and you will certainly be a better colleague, friend or partner.

                      One psychologist at Duke University has researched the effects of exercise on depressed patients and he has come to the conclusion that exercise has a definite role in treating this condition and has an important role in preventing people from relapsing.[1] According to the New York Times, scientists have now established that exercise also boosts your brain power.[2]

                      In addition, there are studies from the Appalachian State University which show that blood pressure can be reduced by doing regular morning exercise.[3]

                      Here are 10 simple morning exercises that will help you feel great the whole day long. You can include some of them in your morning exercise routine or do them all at home without having to enrol in a gym. Consult your doctor before starting any form of exercise routine if you are new to this.

                      1. Cat Camel Stretch

                      Stretching exercises are useful for muscle toning and also preventing arthritis. They can either be dynamic or static.

                      Dynamic ones such as the cat camel stretch, are particularly useful for doing other exercises in the morning. They are also beneficial at other times of the day, especially after long periods of sedentary work. This one is great for spinal flexibility and is a good warm up exercise.

                      Kneel down on all fours. Start by rounding your back just like a camel so that your head will try to meet your pelvis. This is the camel position. Then lower and lift your head so that your lower back is arched. This is the cat position. Do these movements slowly and smoothly. About 4 or 5 times.

                      Here’s a video to guide you through:

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                      2. Go for a Walk or a Run

                      This is better done outside so that you can connect with nature but running inside on a treadmill is almost as good. You can time yourself and increase length and time according to your fitness program.

                      Always have new goals to reach. Start with brisk walking and work up to running. At my age, I am still walking!

                      The health benefits are considerable. You can build stronger bones and you can help to maintain your weight.

                      Also, you are helping your heart to stay healthy and keeping your blood pressure low.

                      Learn more about the benefits of running here: 8 Benefits of Running 5 Minutes Every Day You Didn’t Know

                      3. Jumping Jacks

                      Michelle Obama is a great fan of this exercise and has become “Jumper in Chief.”[4] They are great for cardiovascular health and also for toning muscles especially the calves and the deltoids.

                      Stand with feet together. Jump while spreading your arms and legs. Return to first position and keep going! You can start with doing these for 1 minute and then gradually build up to the number you are comfortable with. Here’s how:

                      4. Abductor Side Lifts

                      Watch the video below to see how to do this exercise. These muscles are important because you use them everyday to run, get into the car or onto and off a bicycle. They are very important also for your core stability and prevent the pelvis from tilting.[5]

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                      Do about 10 to 15 raises for each side like this:

                      5. Balancing Table Pose

                      This is a classic yoga pose. It benefits the spine, balance, memory and concentration.

                      Start with the table pose (hands and knees). Breathe in before starting each movement. As you exhale, raise your left leg parallel to the floor as you raise the right arm, also parallel to the floor. Breathe in as you lower arm and leg. Repeat for the other side. 10 repetitions on each side is a good starting point.

                      ablab

                        6. Leg Squats

                        Not just legs are involved but also hips and knees.

                        Stand with your feet a bit further out from your hips. Arms are out in front of you. Then lower yourself as if you wanted to sit down until you reach a 90 degree angle. You can go down further if you want to. Then return to the starting position. Repeat 15 times for 2 sets for beginners.

                        The benefits are that these exercises help with knee stability and can benefit the leg muscles such as quadriceps, hamstrings and calves.[6]

                        7. Push Ups

                        You start lying down (face down) but with your body held up at arm’s length. Your hands should be in line with your shoulders. Breathe in as you lower your body. That is fairly easy. Now, as you exhale, you have to get back up to the starting position.

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                        An easier version to start with is to bend your legs at the knees so you do not have to lift your whole body.

                        Beginners may take up to a month to be able to do 100 push ups so you will have to start with a very small number and gradually increase it.

                        This exercise is great for strengthening the chest, shoulders and the triceps. It is a great strengthening exercise for many muscle groups. In fact, most muscles from the toes to the shoulders are being used.

                        8. Bicycle Crunches

                        There are numerous crunch exercises targeting the abs. The bicycle crunch is a variation where you work more muscle groups. Aim for 15 to 20 reps to start off with.

                        Watch the video to see how this is done correctly:

                        9. Lunges

                        Stand with feet shoulder width apart. Place your hand on your hips. Take one giant step forward with the right leg. Make sure the knee does not go too far forward, that is, past your toes. The left knee will go down to almost floor level. Alternate the legs as you go on.

                        Try to do a set of between 8 and 12 reps for each leg. It is important to allow for a day of rest, so this exercise should be done on alternate days, especially if you are using weights.

                        This exercise is great for strengthening and toning the quadriceps, glutes and hamstrings.

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                        10. Bicep Curls

                        You can do this sitting down so if you spend a lot of time on the phone, this is a great exercise to do.

                        Choose suitable dumbbells or another household object that you can easily hold. Sit down with the dumbbell in your hand. You need to sit forward a bit so that your triceps can lean on your thigh to give you support.

                        Then bring the weighted arm up to shoulder length and then down again. Exhale as you lift the weight and inhale as you lower it.

                        Here’re some important notes before you start doing this exercise:

                        Try to do one or two sets of about ten repetitions for each arm and then switch arms.

                        These exercises are really useful for toning the arm muscles.[7] In addition, they can strengthen and tone the brachioradialis muscle located in the forearm. These are the muscles we use to pick up things when we flex the arm at the elbow so we use these muscles countless times a day.

                        You may have to build in a rest day for the heavier exercises, numbers 6–10. On the rest days, you can do gentler stretching exercises and also some walking or running.

                        Morning exercise is not only a great mood booster, but will help you keep your weight down and also sleep better![8] Start including one or some of these exercises in your morning routine!

                        More Articles About Exercises for Beginners

                        Featured photo credit: Unsplash via unsplash.com

                        Reference

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