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10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

Some like chewy cookies, others like them crispy, but no matter what your preference may be, there is a recipe out there to help you achieve the cookie of your dreams. Here, we give you some of the basic guidelines for making different textured and flavored chocolate chip cookies and the science behind them. It all comes down to manipulating the ingredients to achieve different textured and flavored cookies. All the tips listed here are based on the classic Nestle Toll House Chocolate Chip Cookie recipe.

1. Thin and chewy

thick and chewy cookie

    Thin and chewy cookies are easily achieved by simply following the Toll House recipe which inevitably results in these cookies. Kendra Nyberg, from the Science & Food Student Organization, explains how the Toll House Cookie Recipe helps achieve a chewy and thin cookie. The recipe increases cookie water content making for a chewier cookie as water increases gluten production. The recipe uses less flour than some other cookie recipes. The recipe also includes melted butter, fewer egg whites, and more brown sugar which increase the cookies gluten-producing chemistry.

    2. Thick and soft

    Thick and soft cookie

      Kendra Nyberg also explained how to achieve a thick and soft cookie at one Science of Cookies student event held back in 2013. The recipe at hand is from My Baking Addiction, and unlike the previous recipes, asks for less moisture to achieve a soft cookie. Less moisture results in less gluten production according to Nyberg. The increased flour content with the leavening agents makes for more fluff in the cookies resulting in a much softer and thicker texture. For a bit more flavor, you can also add oatmeal or flaxseeds which are some of the best anti-aging foods.

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      3. Like store bought

      Like store bought cookie 3

        Store bought cookies have something special about them that we can definitely learn to appreciate. Tessa Arias, a chef and cookbook author who writes about cookies science on her Handle the Heat website claims that you’ll achieve the store-bought cookies texture by replacing butter for shortening. Unfortunately, this takes away some of the flavors of the cookies in which case you can use the half-butter and half-shortening mixture.

        4. Thick cookies

        Like store bought cookie

          If you like your cookies extra thick, then freezing the cookie batter overnight or for at least 30 minutes before baking. This will keep the butter firmer for longer during the baking process and make it less likely to spread over resulting in a full mouth of wonderfully thick chocolate chip cookies. Furthermore, if you want to get some health benefits from your cookies, using organic un-pasteurized butter can help if you have osteoarthritis. Stigmasterol is an ingredient in unpasteurized milk products found to reduce inflammation in Osteoarthritis, which is one of the most common types of arthritis.

          5. Cakey cookies

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          Cakey cookies

            Cakey cookies aren’t usually what most aim for when making chocolate chip cookies, but, nevertheless, it’s a fact that some like their cookies extra soft with less moisture content. According to Nyberg, putting more baking soda into your cookie dough will increase the release of carbon dioxide in the cookies. This will result in puffy and soft cookies.

            6. Butterscotch-flavored

            Butterscotch-flavored

              The intense butterscotch flavor of cookies also has a scientific explanation behind it. According to J. Kenji Lopez-Alt on his blog post The Food Lab: The Science of the Best Chocolate Chip Cookies, the enticing flavor of cookies comes from sugar caramelizing during the baking process. Putting a white sugar will make for a richer-flavored cookie because white sugar tends to melt easily and caramelize at a faster rate than brown sugar.

              7. More flavor

              More flavor cookie

                If you really appreciate the cookies for their flavor first and foremost, Nyberg found that chilling the dough for at least 24 hours will deepen the flavors due to longer exposure of the dough to the flavoring ingredients such as vanilla extract, brown sugar, and butter. This may also make for better-textured cookies.

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                8. Dark cookies

                Dark cookies

                  Tanned and extra caramelized cookies are achieved by just slightly increasing the oven temperature from say 350 degrees Fahrenheit to 360 degrees. This is explained in the TED-Ed video about the Science of cookies. According to the TED-Ed video, caramelization occurs just above 356 degrees Fahrenheit.

                  9. Uniform cookies

                  Uniform cookies

                    Chocolate chip cookies aren’t really all about appearances, but if you want your cookies to look their best, they secret may lie in corn syrup. According to the OZY website, to create uniform cookies for a nice look, add half corn syrup and half sugar to your cookie dough.

                    10. Gooey cookies

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                    Gooey cookies

                      You can achieve gooey cookies by either adding 2 more cups of all-purpose flour or even adding just two tablespoons of cornstarch to the cookie ingredients. Tessa Arias found that although the cornstarch made the cookies paler in appearance, the extra ingredient resulted in gooey, soft, and with crisp edges.

                      Conclusion

                      Chocolate chip cookies are essentially quite easy to make. However, getting that perfect texture and flavor you want to achieve can be quite frustrating. The main reason why cookies vary so much in texture, appearance, and the flavor is that it all depends on the ingredients ratio and cooking time. If you’ve found your favorite cookie listed here, make sure to follow the tips and see if you’ll finally indulge in the cookie of your liking.

                      References

                      1. https://www.verybestbaking.com/recipes/18476/original-nestle-toll-house-chocolate-chip-cookies/

                      2. http://www.ozy.com/good-sht/the-science-behind-baking-the-most-delicious-cookie-ever/6613

                      Featured photo credit: www.huffingtonpost.com via google.com

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                      Katleen Brown

                      Katleen is a health and beauty advisor.

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                      Last Updated on July 10, 2020

                      How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

                      How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

                      We all have them—those hurtful, frustrating, offensive, manipulative people in our lives. No matter how hard we try to surround ourselves with positive and kind people, there will always be those who will disrespect, insult, berate, and misuse you if we allow them to.

                      We may, for a variety of reasons, not be able to avoid them, but we can determine how we interact with them and how we allow them to interact with us.

                      So, how to take control of your life and stop being pushed around?

                      Learning to set clear firm boundaries with the people in our lives at work and in our personal lives is the best way to protect ourselves from the negative effects of this kind of behavior.

                      What Boundaries Are (And What They’re Not)

                      Boundaries are limits

                      —they are not threats or ultimatums. Boundaries inform or teach. They are not a form of punishment.

                      Boundaries are firm lines—determined by you—which cannot be crossed by those around you. They are guidelines for how you will allow others to treat you and what kind of behaviors you will expect.

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                      Healthy personal boundaries help protect you from physical or emotional pain. You may also need to set firm boundaries at work to ensure you and your time are not disrespected. Don’t allow others to take advantage of your kindness and generosity.

                      Clear boundaries communicate to others that you demand respect and consideration—that you are willing to stand up for yourself and that you will not be a doormat for anyone. They are a “no trespassing” sign that makes it very clear when a line has been crossed and that there will be consequences for doing so.

                      Boundaries are not set with the intention of changing other people. They may change how people interact with you, but they are more about enforcing your needs than attempting to change the general behavior and attitude of others.

                      How to Establish Boundaries and Take Control of Your Life

                      Here are some ways that you can establish boundaries and take control of your life.

                      1. Self-Awareness Comes First

                      Before you can establish boundaries with others, you first need to understand what your needs are.

                      You are entitled to respect. You have the right to protect yourself from inappropriate or offensive behavior. Setting boundaries is a way of honoring your needs.

                      To set appropriate boundaries, you need to be clear about what healthy behaviors look like—what healthy relationships look like.

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                      You first have to become more aware of your feelings and honest with yourself about your expectations and what you feel is appropriate behavior:

                      • Where do you need to establish better boundaries?
                      • When do you feel disrespected?
                      • When do you feel violated, frustrated, or angered by the behavior of others?
                      • In what situations do you feel you are being mistreated or taken advantage of?
                      • When do you want to be alone?
                      • How much space do you need?

                      You need to honor your own needs and boundaries before you can expect others to honor them. This allows you to take control of your life.

                      2. Clear Communication Is Essential

                      Inform others clearly and directly what your expectations are. It is essential to have clear communication if you want others to respect your boundaries. Explain in an honest and respectful tone what you find offensive or unacceptable.

                      Many people simply aren’t aware that they are behaving inappropriately. They may never have been taught proper manners or consideration for others.

                      3. Be Specific but Don’t Blame

                      Taking a blaming or punishing attitude automatically puts people on the defensive. People will not listen when they feel attacked. It’s part of human nature.

                      That said, you do not need to overexplain or defend yourself. Boundaries are not open to compromise.

                      Sample language:

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                      • “You may not…yell or raise your voice to me…”
                      • “I need…to be treated with respect…”
                      • “It’s not okay when…you take things from my desk without asking…”
                      • “I won’t…do your work…cover for you anymore…”
                      • “It’s not acceptable when…you ridicule or insult me…”
                      • “I am uncomfortable when…you use offensive language”
                      • “I will no longer be able to…lend you money…”

                      Being able to communicate these without sounding accusatory is essential if you want others to respect your boundaries so you can take control of your life.

                      4. Consequences Are Often Necessary

                      Determine what the appropriate consequences will be when boundaries are crossed. If it’s appropriate, be clear about those consequences upfront when communicating those boundaries to others.

                      Follow through. People won’t respect your boundaries if you don’t enforce them.

                      Standing our ground and forcing consequences doesn’t come easily to us. We want to be nice. We want people to like us, but we shouldn’t have to trade our self-respect to gain friends or to achieve success.

                      We may be tempted to let minor disrespect slide to avoid conflict, but as the familiar saying goes, “if you give people an inch, they’ll take a mile.”

                      It’s much easier to address offensive or inappropriate behavior now than to wait until that behavior has gotten completely out of hand.

                      It’s also important to remember that positive reinforcement is even more powerful than negative consequences. When people do alter the way they treat you, acknowledge it. Let people know that you notice and appreciate their efforts.

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                      Final Thoughts

                      Respect is always a valid reason for setting a boundary. Don’t defend yourself or your needs. Boundaries are often necessary to protect your time, your space, and your feelings. And these are essential if you want to take control of your life.

                      Start with the easiest boundaries first. Setting boundaries is a skill that needs to be practiced. Enlist support from others if necessary. Inform people immediately when they have crossed the line.

                      Don’t wait. Communicate politely and directly. Be clear about the consequences and follow them through.

                      The better you become at setting your own boundaries, the better you become at recognizing and respecting the boundaries of others.

                      Remember that establishing boundaries is your right. You are entitled to respect. You can’t control how other people behave, but you do have control over the way you allow people to treat you.

                      Learning to set boundaries is not always easy, but with time, it will become more comfortable. You may eventually find that boundaries become automatic and you no longer need to consciously set them.

                      They will simply become a natural extension of your self-respect.

                      Featured photo credit: Thomas Kelley via unsplash.com

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