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10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

10 Best Cookie Recipes Tailored Made For Different Preferences By A Scientist

Some like chewy cookies, others like them crispy, but no matter what your preference may be, there is a recipe out there to help you achieve the cookie of your dreams. Here, we give you some of the basic guidelines for making different textured and flavored chocolate chip cookies and the science behind them. It all comes down to manipulating the ingredients to achieve different textured and flavored cookies. All the tips listed here are based on the classic Nestle Toll House Chocolate Chip Cookie recipe.

1. Thin and chewy

thick and chewy cookie

    Thin and chewy cookies are easily achieved by simply following the Toll House recipe which inevitably results in these cookies. Kendra Nyberg, from the Science & Food Student Organization, explains how the Toll House Cookie Recipe helps achieve a chewy and thin cookie. The recipe increases cookie water content making for a chewier cookie as water increases gluten production. The recipe uses less flour than some other cookie recipes. The recipe also includes melted butter, fewer egg whites, and more brown sugar which increase the cookies gluten-producing chemistry.

    2. Thick and soft

    Thick and soft cookie

      Kendra Nyberg also explained how to achieve a thick and soft cookie at one Science of Cookies student event held back in 2013. The recipe at hand is from My Baking Addiction, and unlike the previous recipes, asks for less moisture to achieve a soft cookie. Less moisture results in less gluten production according to Nyberg. The increased flour content with the leavening agents makes for more fluff in the cookies resulting in a much softer and thicker texture. For a bit more flavor, you can also add oatmeal or flaxseeds which are some of the best anti-aging foods.

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      3. Like store bought

      Like store bought cookie 3

        Store bought cookies have something special about them that we can definitely learn to appreciate. Tessa Arias, a chef and cookbook author who writes about cookies science on her Handle the Heat website claims that you’ll achieve the store-bought cookies texture by replacing butter for shortening. Unfortunately, this takes away some of the flavors of the cookies in which case you can use the half-butter and half-shortening mixture.

        4. Thick cookies

        Like store bought cookie

          If you like your cookies extra thick, then freezing the cookie batter overnight or for at least 30 minutes before baking. This will keep the butter firmer for longer during the baking process and make it less likely to spread over resulting in a full mouth of wonderfully thick chocolate chip cookies. Furthermore, if you want to get some health benefits from your cookies, using organic un-pasteurized butter can help if you have osteoarthritis. Stigmasterol is an ingredient in unpasteurized milk products found to reduce inflammation in Osteoarthritis, which is one of the most common types of arthritis.

          5. Cakey cookies

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          Cakey cookies

            Cakey cookies aren’t usually what most aim for when making chocolate chip cookies, but, nevertheless, it’s a fact that some like their cookies extra soft with less moisture content. According to Nyberg, putting more baking soda into your cookie dough will increase the release of carbon dioxide in the cookies. This will result in puffy and soft cookies.

            6. Butterscotch-flavored

            Butterscotch-flavored

              The intense butterscotch flavor of cookies also has a scientific explanation behind it. According to J. Kenji Lopez-Alt on his blog post The Food Lab: The Science of the Best Chocolate Chip Cookies, the enticing flavor of cookies comes from sugar caramelizing during the baking process. Putting a white sugar will make for a richer-flavored cookie because white sugar tends to melt easily and caramelize at a faster rate than brown sugar.

              7. More flavor

              More flavor cookie

                If you really appreciate the cookies for their flavor first and foremost, Nyberg found that chilling the dough for at least 24 hours will deepen the flavors due to longer exposure of the dough to the flavoring ingredients such as vanilla extract, brown sugar, and butter. This may also make for better-textured cookies.

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                8. Dark cookies

                Dark cookies

                  Tanned and extra caramelized cookies are achieved by just slightly increasing the oven temperature from say 350 degrees Fahrenheit to 360 degrees. This is explained in the TED-Ed video about the Science of cookies. According to the TED-Ed video, caramelization occurs just above 356 degrees Fahrenheit.

                  9. Uniform cookies

                  Uniform cookies

                    Chocolate chip cookies aren’t really all about appearances, but if you want your cookies to look their best, they secret may lie in corn syrup. According to the OZY website, to create uniform cookies for a nice look, add half corn syrup and half sugar to your cookie dough.

                    10. Gooey cookies

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                    Gooey cookies

                      You can achieve gooey cookies by either adding 2 more cups of all-purpose flour or even adding just two tablespoons of cornstarch to the cookie ingredients. Tessa Arias found that although the cornstarch made the cookies paler in appearance, the extra ingredient resulted in gooey, soft, and with crisp edges.

                      Conclusion

                      Chocolate chip cookies are essentially quite easy to make. However, getting that perfect texture and flavor you want to achieve can be quite frustrating. The main reason why cookies vary so much in texture, appearance, and the flavor is that it all depends on the ingredients ratio and cooking time. If you’ve found your favorite cookie listed here, make sure to follow the tips and see if you’ll finally indulge in the cookie of your liking.

                      References

                      1. https://www.verybestbaking.com/recipes/18476/original-nestle-toll-house-chocolate-chip-cookies/

                      2. http://www.ozy.com/good-sht/the-science-behind-baking-the-most-delicious-cookie-ever/6613

                      Featured photo credit: www.huffingtonpost.com via google.com

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                      Last Updated on October 30, 2018

                      How To Be Successful In Life? 13 Tips From The Most Successful People

                      How To Be Successful In Life? 13 Tips From The Most Successful People

                      What is success to you? How to be successful in life?

                      To some, when they think of success, they imagine wealth; others want power; some just want to make a positive impact on the world.

                      All of these are perfectly valid, indeed success is a concept that means different things to different people. Though no matter what success is to you, it almost certainly isn’t something will come easily.

                      There are countless guides and books to being successful, however, as success is personal and unique to each individual. The advice contained in these books can often not be relevant. Therefore following the advice of a single individual can often be unhelpful.

                      With this in mind, considering the advice of a great many people, people whose ideas of success were different both to each other, and quite possibly, to you can be a good alternative.

                      What follows is a list of thirteen of the best pieces of advice from some of the most successful people who have ever lived. If you want to learn how to be successful, these 13 tips are essential:

                      1.Think big.

                        From Michelangelo Buonarroti, Great Renaissance Artist:

                        “The greater danger for most of us lies not in setting our aim too high and falling short; but in setting our aim too low, and achieving our mark.”

                        There are few artists as influential as Michaelangelo. Today centuries after his death, his work still inspires and connects to people. His work is world famous, just think of his statue of David, or the Mural in the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican.

                        Imagine then, if he decided not to work as an artist.

                        Being a successful artist has always been extremely difficult, imagine if he decided to give up this ambition in favour of something easier?

                        Oftentimes, people often decided to put their dreams aside for something more “realistic”. To give up their dream for something easier. This quote teaches us the danger of such a point of view.
                        Instead be ambitious.

                        2.Find what you love to do and do it.

                          From Oprah Winfrey, Media Mogul:

                          “You know you are on the road to success if you would do your job and not be paid for it.”

                          This is a good quote to remember and think about when you’re at work.

                          Imagine being as successful as possible in your current job. Ultimately you’ll probably find yourself working extremely hard and this it will take up much of your time.

                          If it’s a job you hate, then being successful at it might only mean filling your life with something you hate to do. What’s the sense in this?

                          Instead, why not focus on doing something you love? When you’ve found what you’re passionate about, you get the motivation to keep you moving. Success at this means the fulfilment of your dreams.

                          Not sure what your passion is yet? You should learn about this Motivation Engine first.

                          Even if you’re not successful, you still filled your time with something you love to do. Many successful musicians spent years of their lives doing unpaid performances, the only reason they kept playing was because they loved to perform.

                          3. Learn how to balance life.

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                            From Phil Knight, CEO of Nike Inc.:

                            “There is an immutable conflict at work in life and in business, a constant battle between peace and chaos. Neither can be mastered, but both can be influenced. How you go about that is the key to success.”

                            All too often, people think that to be successful, they need to make the object of their success their life.

                            If a person thinks their job will lead them to success, then they may spend countless hours per day, and well into the evening working hard.

                            However this comes at the cost of rest, your health and having an enjoyable life. Ultimately they may burn out and cease to be successful at their job anyway.

                            If success comes from having a strong social life and a good group of friends, their job may suffer; meaning that they may lose their job, and then be unable to afford going out with friends.

                            In these ways, success, as Phil Knight says above, is helped by balance. Think of it as a balance between rest and work, or work and play.

                            To achieve that balance, this Ultimate Guide to Prioritizing Your Work And Life can help you.

                            4. Do not be afraid of failure.

                              From Henry Ford, Founder of Ford Motors:

                              “Failure is simply the opportunity to begin again, this time more intelligently.”

                              There is a story, it’s unconfirmed whether it actually happened, yet the message within is none the less true:

                              Thomas Edison inventing the lightbulb was the result of several hundred failed attempts. In an interview, he was asked “How do you feel after all of your failed attempts?”

                              His response was great, “I didn’t fail, I learned hundreds of ways not to invent the lightbulb”

                              He saw each “failure” as a lesson. From that lesson he learned what won’t work, and also might work instead.

                              Each failed attempt, each rejection, were key steps on his path to success. It is easy to feel like you should give up after a failure. But perhaps in that failure is a lesson.

                              Pay attention to your failures, study them. Perhaps then you’ll learn how to succeed.

                              5. Have an unwavering resolution to succeed.

                                From Colonel Sanders, Founder of KFC:

                                “I made a resolve then that I was going to amount to something if I could. And no hours, nor amount of labor, nor amount of money would deter me from giving the best that there was in me. And I have done that ever since, and I win by it. I know.”

                                This, in many ways relates to the above quote about learning from your failures.

                                It’s the easiest thing in the world to give up from a failure. The only way to push on is if you have the true burning desire to succeed, to not be moved or dissuaded from your goals.

                                If you are not truly dedicated towards success, then each failure will hurt more, each set back will slow you down.

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                                Success is hard; without the unwavering desire to succeed, this difficulty may seem insurmountable. With the desire, it is merely an obstacle to go through.

                                6. Be a person of action.

                                  From Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance Genius:

                                  “It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things.”

                                  Though it was said hundreds of years ago, it works just as much today as it ever had. It applies to literally any successful person.

                                  Think about it, picture someone like William Shakespeare:

                                  When we think of the time he lived in, we think of the time in a way shaped by him. When we think of Renissance era Italy, we think of Michaelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci.

                                  Or think about the present day:

                                  Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. Our current way of life would simply be incomparably different if they didn’t accomplish what they did.

                                  You’re probably reading this article on a device by a company that they either founded or companies influenced by them.

                                  All these figures were proactive, they saw ways to do things differently and did them. If they let the world shape them, then they’d simply fit into the background. Instead they shaped the world.

                                  Applying this to you?

                                  Don’t be afraid of going outside the norm. If you can think of a better way to do something, do it that way. If you fail, try again.

                                  7. Avoid conflicts.

                                    From Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of America: “

                                    The most important single ingredient in the formula of success is knowing how to get along with people.”

                                    The best leaders and some of the most influential people (and Theodore Roosevelt is one of the best leaders and one of the most influential people to have lived) were not those who caused commotions, who fought with people or disregarded people; but were people who were friendly to those around them.

                                    People liked them. They wanted them to do well.

                                    This is key to good leadership.

                                    It’s logical. If someone likes you, they want to help you; if you give them a suggestion, they’ll gladly follow through with it.

                                    But if someone doesn’t like you, they may either refuse to help or actively get in your way.

                                    What’s more, it’s always a good idea to cultivate good relationships. You can never tell who will prove to become someone who’ll be able to help you in a big way, or even be a good and supportive friend.

                                    As such, help people and they may help you; and be good to people, and they my be good to you.

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                                    8. Don’t be afraid of introducing new ideas.

                                      From Mark Twain, Famed Author:

                                      “A person with a new idea is a crank until the idea succeeds.”

                                      It is an unfortunate truth that those with the boldest ideas are often disregarded.

                                      Most of us are taught from an early age to think and do things similarly to everyone else. This can be great to fill an existing role. But to truly do things differently (and all successful people did things differently), you need to think differently.

                                      If you have a new idea, don’t throw it away because it’s new and different; instead, celebrate it. Your strange new idea might one day be the one that leads you to success.

                                      9. Believe in your capacity to succeed.

                                        From Walter Disney, Founder of Walt Disney Company:

                                        “If you can dream it, you can do it.”

                                        Success has to be something you can imagine yourself achieving.

                                        It is possible that you will come across those who doubt you and your ability to succeed. You must not become one of these people because the moment you cease believing and dreaming is the moment these dreams fall away.

                                        Keep dreaming!

                                        10. Always maintain a positive mental attitude.

                                          From Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of America:

                                          “Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude.”

                                          Like the above quote says, you need to trust in your ability to succeed. This is the only way to cultivate the right mindset.

                                          Replace negative thoughts with the positive ones. You need to approach problems, not as obstacles stopping you, but merely tasks that need to be completed for you to keep going.

                                          If you stay positive and think like this, setbacks won’t affect you so much, people’s doubts won’t impact you and even the biggest obstacles will seem like minor problems.

                                          However with the wrong mindset of doubt, you’ll be much easier to stop.

                                          11. Don’t let discouragement stop you from pressing on.

                                            From Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of America:

                                            “Let no feeling of discouragement prey upon you, and in the end you are sure to succeed.”

                                            It is an unfortunate fact of human nature — all of us in some way, doubt ourselves. This can be made far worse if others doubt us too.

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                                            When surrounded by doubts, giving up can actually seem like a good idea.

                                            Don’t pay attention to the doubts. If you are discouraged, ignore it.

                                            If this discouragement moves into your mind and you begin to doubt yourself. It is important to ignore this too.

                                            Take a look at these 5 Ways to Stop Self Doubt in its Tracks.

                                            12. Be willing to work hard.

                                              From JC Penny, Founder of JC Penney Inc.:

                                              “Unless you are willing to drench yourself in your work beyond the capacity of the average man, you are just not cut out for positions at the top.”

                                              You might have heard the quote that “success is 1% inspiration, 99% perspiration” or you may have heard about the 10,000 hours idea.

                                              Whichever way you frame it, they say one thing:

                                              True success comes from work.

                                              You’ll never become successful if you don’t work towards your goal in life and keep working towards it.

                                              Check out this article and you’ll understand Why Hard Work Beats Talent.

                                              13. Be brave enough to follow your intuition.

                                                From Steve Jobs, Co-founder of Apple Inc.:

                                                “Have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”

                                                In ancient Greece, there was a group of Oracles who lived in Delphi. Everyone who needed advice or to know their future visited them, from the poorest of society to kings. Above the doorway of the temple were the words “know thyself”.

                                                If you strongly believe and desire something, the chances are that you already have an idea how to get there. If not, you may naturally know what things will help you and what things will slow you down.

                                                It’s like how your body can detect danger even when things seem safe.

                                                Ultimately then, you need to trust your own instincts.

                                                Final thoughts

                                                What you might have noticed is that many of the above lessons are similar — most are about developing the right state of mind. This clearly suggests that the key to achieving success, in whatever you wish, comes down to the way you approach it mentally.

                                                Moreover, no matter what stage of life you’re at now, you can still make a difference and pursue success. You can make resetting your life possible when you do this:

                                                How to Start Over and Reboot Your Life When It Seems Too Late

                                                More Recommended Lifehack Experts in Success

                                                • Mandie Holgate — Successful life coach in the UK, helping businesses and individuals achieve greatness
                                                • David Carpenter — Lifelong entrepreneur and business owner helping others to realize the American Dream of business ownership
                                                • Ray Zinn — An inventor, entrepreneur, bestselling author and the longest serving CEO in Silicon Valley

                                                Featured photo credit: Ryan Wong via unsplash.com

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