“Be more productive,” is a phrase most people hear on a regular basis. It could be your boss giving you advice, your teacher telling you how slow your performing or your parents lecturing you. No one is pressuring you to be perfect, but being productive and boosting your performance is important. Although the phrase above is quite common, it is easier to say and harder to implement. People usually say “be more productive” but skip the part about how to be more productive.
Productivity is important to strive for in your daily routine. Everyone has their own approach for adapting to be more productive. Most of these methods have something in common with one other. These commonalities, when organized, can really help you raise your productivity a few notches. Here’s seven ways to make you productive again.
1. Prioritize Your Activities
Always start your workday by sitting down with a list of your activities, and prioritize them into categories. See which activities need more attention and which ones have stringent deadlines. Develop a systematic approach to your daily tasks. Shuffling through your tasks always ends with you having a troubled mind; you won’t achieve anything by the end of the day. Just take the time, and prioritize.
2. Freshen Your Mind
Physicians believe that a healthy, fresh mind can achieve almost anything. One way to have a fresh mind is to exercise. So, start your routine by working out. Get your blood pumping by doing a normal exercise like jogging. When you’re done exercising, you are bound to notice that you feel more awake and have a clearer approach to the tasks ahead of you. Make a habit of working out first thing in the morning. You’ll start noticing improvements in your performance from this simple habit.
3. Race the Clock
Set up a competition for yourself. Competing is one of the best ways to become motivated, and it is a great method to boost your performance. Set a time limit for yourself, and try finishing your tasks within that time frame. Do not force yourself to work unless it’s manageable. Try to avoid burnout. Remember, perfection is not the goal.
4. Take Short Breaks and Relax
Try taking a short break in between your tasks. A 30- to 40-minute break to relax yourself won’t harm your productivity. Don’t make it a frequent habit throughout the day, rather time your breaks and set them accordingly. Taking a break helps you reflect on your tasks in a much more relaxed way. Taking a break helps you come up with ideas to perform your tasks better and ways to be more efficient.
5. Say No to Things That Are Unrelated
Have a phone ringing when you’re working? People usually get side-tracked by distractions like phone calls. Take a call only if it helps you with your project, otherwise let it ring or set it to silent. Keep yourself away from distractions, because they tend to break the flow of things which can affect your performance.
6. Do Check On the Clock Regularly
It’s good to race the clock, because it reminds you to keep your eye on it. Deadlines have a well-defined cut-off time. In order to complete your work within that period, you need to keep yourself well aware of the time.
7. Get Help From People Doing Similar Tasks
If you find yourself stuck with a task you can’t handle, don’t hesitate to get help from the others. Asking for help isn’t a bad thing, and it helps you learn. Seeing how others complete a task helps you get insight on different ways to achieve a task. Always try to learn new things, and apply what you learn.
All managers and leaders must master the art of delegation. Understanding how and when to allocate responsibility to others is essential in maintaining a high level of productivity, both on a personal and organizational level. Knowing how to delegate is also essential for an effective leadership.
To learn how to delegate is to build a cohesive and effective team who can meet deadlines. Moreover, knowing when and how to delegate work will reduce your workload, thus improving your wellbeing at work and boosting your job satisfaction. Unfortunately, many leaders are unsure how to delegate properly or are hesitant to do so.
In this guide, you will discover what delegation really entails, how it benefits your team, and how to delegate work effectively.
An effective leader knows how to delegate. When you delegate some of your work, you free up your time and achieve more on a daily basis. Effective delegation also promotes productivity within a team by drawing on the existing skill set of its members and allowing them to develop new knowledge and competencies along the way. The result is a more flexible team that can share roles when the need arises.
When you are willing to delegate, you are promoting an atmosphere of confidence and trust. Your actions send a clear signal: as a leader, you trust your subordinates to achieve desired outcomes. As a result, they will come to think of you as a likeable and efficient leader who respects their skills and needs.
Delegation isn’t about barking orders and hoping that your staff falls in line. A manager’s job is to get the very best from those under their supervision and in doing so, maximizing productivity and profit.
Here’s an example of bad delegation:
Careful delegation helps to identify and capitalize on the unique strengths and weaknesses of the team members. Delegation also boosts employees’ engagement as it proves that the managers are interested in drawing on their talents.
The Fear of Delegating Tasks
Delegation boosts productivity, but not all managers are willing or able to delegate. Why? Here’re some common reasons:
They may resent the idea that someone else may get the credit for a project.
They may be willing to delegate in principle but are afraid their team won’t be able to handle an increased degree of responsibility.
They may suspect that their staff is already overworked, and feel reluctant to increase their burden.
They may suspect that it’s simpler and quicker just to do a task themselves.
They dislike the idea of letting go of tasks they enjoy doing.
They fear that if they delegate responsibility, their own manager will conclude that they can’t handle their workload.
Delegation vs Allocation
Most people think that delegation and allocation are synonymous, but there is an important distinction to be made between the two.
When you allocate a task, you are merely instructing a subordinate to carry out a specific action. You tell them what to do, and they do it–it’s that simple. On the other hand, delegation involves transferring some of your own work to another person. They do not just receive a set of instructions. Rather, they are placed in a role that requires that they make decisions and are held accountable for outcomes.
How to Delegate Work Effectively (A Step-By-Step Guide)
So what’s the best way to delegate work so you can fight the fear of delegation, build an efficient team and work faster? Here’s a step-by-step guide:
1. Know When to Delegate
By understanding how much control you need to maintain over a situation, you can determine the best strategy for empowering workers. There are 7 levels of delegation that offer workers different degrees of responsibility.
This brief video explains these levels and offers examples of when it’s appropriate to use each one:
Delegation occurs along a spectrum. The lowest level of delegation happens when you tell other people what to do. It offers little opportunity for employees to try new approaches. The most empowering form of delegation occurs when you are able to give up most of your control over the project to the employee.
Knowing how to delegate work helps you understand how to connect people with tasks that make the best use of their talents. When done properly, it ensures that you will get the best end-result.
When you’re deciding how to delegate work, ask the following questions:
Do you have to be in charge of this task, or can someone else pull it off?
Does this require your attention to be successful?
Will this work help an employee develop their skills?
Do you have time to teach someone how to do this job?
Do you expect tasks of this nature to recur in the future?
2. Identify the Best Person for the Job
You have to pass the torch to the right team member for delegation to work. Your goal is to create a situation in which you, your company, and the employee have a positive experience.
Think about team members’ skills, willingness to learn, and their working styles and interests. They’ll be able to carry out the work more effectively if they’re capable, coachable, and interested. When possible, give an employee a chance to play to their strengths.
Inexperienced workers may need more guidance than seasoned veterans. If you don’t have the time to set the newer employee up for success, it’s not fair to delegate to them.
You also have to consider how busy your employees are. The last thing you want to do is overwhelm someone by giving them too many responsibilities.
3. Tell and Sell to Get the Member Buy-In
After you’ve found the perfect person for the job, you still have to get them to take on the new responsibility. Let them know why you chose them for the job.  When you show others that you support their growth, it builds a culture of trust. Employees who see delegated tasks as opportunities are more likely to be invested in the outcome.
When you’re working with newer employees, express your willingness to provide ongoing support and feedback. For seasoned employees, take their thoughts and experiences into account.
4. Be Clear and Specific About the Work
It’s critical to explain to employees why the project is necessary, what you expect of them, and when it’s due. If they know what you expect, they’ll be more likely to deliver.
By setting clear expectations, you help them plan how to carry out the task. Set up project milestones so that you can check progress without micromanaging. If your employee has trouble meeting a milestone, they still have time to course correct before the final product is due.
This type of accountability is commonly used in universities. If students only know the due date and basic requirements for completing major research papers, they might put off the work until the eleventh hour. Many programs require students to meet with advisers weekly to get guidance, address structure, and work out kinks in their methods in advance of deadlines. These measures set students up to succeed while giving them the space to produce great work.
5. Support Your Employees
To see the best possible outcomes of delegating, your subordinates need resources and support from you. Connect them with training and materials to develop skillsets they don’t already have. It may take more time up front to make resources available, but you’ll save time by having the work done correctly. For recurring tasks, this training pays off repeatedly.
Sometimes employees need a help to see what they’re doing well and how they can improve. Giving and receiving feedback is an essential part of delegation. This is also a good way to monitor the delegated tasks as a leader. While you can keep track of the progress of the tasks, you are not micro-managing the employees.
Throughout the project, periodically ask your employees if they need support or clarification. Make it clear that you trust them to do the work, and you want to create a space for them to ask questions and offer feedback. This feedback will help you refine the way you delegate work.
6. Show Your Appreciation
During periodic check-ins, recognize any wins that you’ve seen on the project so far. Acknowledge that your employees are making progress toward the objective. The Progress Principle lays out how important it is to celebrate small wins to keep employees motivated. Workers will be more effective and dedicated if they know that you notice their efforts.
Recognizing employees when they do well helps them understand the quality of work you expect. It makes them more likely to want to work with you again on future projects.
Now that you know exactly what delegation means and the techniques to delegate work efficiently, you are in a great position to streamline your tasks and drive productivity in your team.
To delegate is to grant autonomy and authority to someone else, thus lightening your own workload and building a well-rounded, well-utilized team.
Delegation might seem complicated or scary, but it gets much easier with time. Start small by delegating a couple of decisions to members of your team over the next week or two.