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15 Special Transports in the World that You May Have Never Imagined

15 Special Transports in the World that You May Have Never Imagined

Once the mankind invented the wheel, it immediately started thinking of more special transports to move around the Earth. Today you can still travel horseback to camelback, take a high speed train or jet aircraft, or take one of  these 15 incredible transports you may have never imagined.

1. Pig skin rafts, China

Pig Skin Rafs

    Simple floating rafts made of polished pork skins have been used in China for centuries. Yet, you can still ride one in the remote rural regions along the the Yanzte River!

    2. Underground Funicular, Turkey

    Tünel Istanbul

      Tünel funicular in Istanbul is the second oldest underground transportation in the world, after the London’s tube. The  573 meters tunnel with two station was opened to the public on January 17, 1875 and is still in function today! The trip in a fancy red carriage from Karaköy quarter to Beyoğlu will take just 1.5 minutes! 

      3. Totora Boat, Peru

      Totora boat

        These funky reed boats are among the oldest known types of boats known to the world! Today, totora boats are still in use among indigenous people living on the floating islands of Titicaca Lake (which are also made of totora reed). The boats vary in size from tiny fishing canoes to thirty meters long vessels! Traditionally shaped with a dragon head on the bow of the boat to ward off evil spirits.

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        4.  Chiva Express in Ecuador

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          Is it a bus or is it a train? It doesn’t matter much as the route goes through jaw dropping Andian scenery from Plaza Grande, in Quito, to Hacienda San Augustin, near Cotopaxi volcano! Unfortunately, the local officials banned the route a few years ago due to safety concerns.

          Yet, you can still ride las chivas at the rural roads of  Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela and a few regions of Ecuador. Make sure you know how to work with your elbows as the bus-trains are usually loaded front-to-back and floor-to-ceiling with: packages of  bananas, coffee, chickens, pigs, dogs, cows, cats, and people.

          5. Mikrolet in Manado, Indonesia

          6289454237_43f425115c_b

            Now Mikrolet blue minivans can be seen in numerous Indonesian cities, however in Manado they’ve gotten to a way new level of awesomeness. Once it goes dark the drivers switch on all the neon and set the music out loud. Think really loud with huge woofing sub-buffers hidden under the last row of seats. The fair is less than 1$, making it the cheapest club on wheels I have ever seen.

            6. Amfibus, The Netherlands

            4344347372_5495dd05d3_o

              Amfibus is one of the main attractions in Rotterdam. Take a bus tour of the city for €24,50 and get splashed in the Maas River! Similar buses recently replaced River Clyde ferry crossing in Renfrew and Yoker, close to Glasgow City.

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              7. Bamboo train, Cambodia

              Bamboo Train

                Technically, it’s more like a square platform put on reused military tank wheels and equipped with an engine. Running between Phnom Penh and Battambang, the train is incredibly popular among the locals and primarly used for transporting all sort of stuff – from chickens to scooters. 

                8. Toboggan in Madeira, Portugal

                Toboggan Madeira

                  A transport for the true daredevils! How do you feel about taking a 2 kilometer ride down the crooked hill from Monte to Funchal neighborhood with a speed of 48 km/hour?

                  9.  Sauna boat, Sweden 

                  Sauna Boat

                    For those who love relaxing travel, head to Klädesholmen or Mälaren in Stockholm! You can travel up to 15 knots on water while taking all sort of spa treatments and soaking your skin in a warm sauna!

                    10. Outdoor escalator in Medellín, Colombia

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                    Escalator Columbia

                      The notorious city of Medellin (former murder capital of the world, controlled by Pablo Escobar) is steadily becoming one of the most progressive urban cities in Colombia! In 2011, the city opened a 85-meter long coveted escalator in Comuna Trece. Now the residents can travel up the hill to the newly built shopping area in just 6 minutes instead of taking an hour walk around the crooked lanes.

                      11 Jeepney, The Philippines

                      Jeepney

                        You hate them or love them, but you can’t completely ignore them! Kitsch and  loud jeepneys are everywhere around the Philippines. They vary in shape, size, and design, yet nearly always are tightly people-packed and driving at insane speed. Can you imagine, those used to be military jeeps during World War II?

                        12. Bicycle lift in Trondheim, Norway

                        Bicycle_lift_in_Trondheim_2 (1)

                          I love riding down the hill with wind whistling in my ears…but huffing and puffing up the hill doesn’t seem as fun to me. In Trondheim, you can use this awesome lift to get you all the way up to the top for free. Place your right foot on the starting point and keep the left foot on the bicycle pedal. After pushing the start button, a footplate emerges to get you pushed forward.

                          13. Tangah in Pakistan

                          Tanga

                            Tangah are high-seated carriages on two big wheels, pulled by one or two horses. It is definitely not the most comfortable mean of transportation (or the fastest), but incredible fun guaranteed!

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                            14. Dhow in Zanzibar

                            Dhow

                              Gracious dhow boats can often been seen around the Red Sea and Indian Ocean region. Originally, a traditional Arab sailing vessel, designed for transporting heavy items, like fruit, fish, people and cattle to the coasts of the Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan, India, today smaller dhows are used for fishing in the Indian Ocean all the way from Madagascar to the Bay of Bengal.

                              15.  Basket Boat in Vietnam

                              Basket Boat

                                These incredible basket boats, named as Thung Chai by the locals – are insanely valuable to their owners (mostly fishermen in central Vietnam).  I wonder how difficult it is to sail a boat like that?

                                Featured photo credit: randomix via flickr.com

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                                Elena Prokopets

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                                Last Updated on August 20, 2019

                                How to Control Your Thoughts and Be the Master of Your Mind

                                How to Control Your Thoughts and Be the Master of Your Mind

                                Your mind is the most powerful tool you have for the creation of good in your life, but if not used correctly, can also be the most destructive force in your life.

                                Your mind, more specifically, your thoughts, affect your perception and therefore, your interpretation of reality. (And here’s Why Your Perception Is Your Reality.)

                                I have heard that the average person thinks around 70,000 thoughts a day. That’s a lot, especially if they are unproductive, self-abusive and just a general waste of energy.

                                You can let your thoughts run amok, but why would you? It is your mind, your thoughts; isn’t it time to take your power back? Isn’t it time to take control?

                                Choose to be the person who is actively, consciously thinking your thoughts. Become the master of your mind.

                                When you change your thoughts, you will change your feelings as well, and you will also eliminate the triggers that set off those feelings. Both of these outcomes provide you with a greater level of peace in your mind.

                                I currently have few thoughts that are not of my own choosing or a response from my reprogramming. I am the master of my mind, so now my mind is quite peaceful. Yours can be too!

                                Who Is Thinking My Thoughts?

                                Before you can become the master of your mind, you must recognize that you are currently at the mercy of several unwanted “squatters” living in your mind, and they are in charge of your thoughts. If you want to be the boss of them, you must know who they are and what their motivation is, and then you can take charge and evict them.

                                Here are four of the “squatters” in your head that create the most unhealthy and unproductive thoughts:

                                1. The Inner Critic

                                This is your constant abuser who is often a conglomeration of:

                                • Other people’s words; many times your parents.
                                • Thoughts you have created based on your own or other peoples expectations.
                                • Comparing yourself to other people, including those in the media.
                                • The things you told yourself as a result of painful experiences such as betrayal and rejection. Your interpretation creates your self-doubt and self-blame, which are most likely undeserved in cases of rejection and betrayal.

                                The Inner Critic is motivated by pain, low self-esteem, lack of self-acceptance and lack of self-love.

                                Why else would this person abuse you? And since this person is actually you– why else would you abuse yourself? Why would you let anyone treat you this badly?

                                2. The Worrier

                                This person lives in the future; in the world of “what ifs.”

                                The Worrier is motivated by fear which is often irrational and with no basis for it. Occasionally, this person is motivated by fear that what happened in the past will happen again.

                                3. The Reactor or Trouble-Maker

                                This is the one that triggers anger, frustration and pain. These triggers stem from unhealed wounds of the past. Any experience that is even closely related to a past wound will set him off.

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                                This person can be set off by words or feelings, and can even be set off by sounds and smells.

                                The Reactor has no real motivation and has poor impulse control and is run by past programming that no longer serves you, if it ever did.

                                4. The Sleep Depriver

                                This can be a combination of any number of different squatters including the inner planner, the rehasher, and the ruminator, along with the inner critic and the worrier.

                                The Sleep Depriver’s motivation can be:

                                • As a reaction to silence, which he fights against
                                • Taking care of the business you neglected during the day
                                • Self-doubt, low self-esteem, insecurity and generalized anxiety
                                • As listed above for the inner critic and worrier

                                How can you control these squatters?

                                How to Master Your Mind

                                You are the thinker and the observer of your thoughts. You must pay attention to your thoughts so you can identify “who” is running the show; this will determine which technique you will want to use.

                                Begin each day with the intention of paying attention to your thoughts and catching yourself when you are thinking undesirable thoughts.

                                There are two ways to control your thoughts:

                                • Technique A – Interrupt and replace them
                                • Technique B – Eliminate them altogether

                                This second option is what is known as peace of mind!

                                The technique of interrupting and replacing is a means of reprogramming your subconscious mind. Eventually, the replacement thoughts will become the “go to” thoughts in the applicable situations.

                                Use Technique A with the Inner Critic and Worrier; and Technique B with the Reactor and Sleep Depriver.

                                For the Inner Critic

                                When you catch yourself thinking something negative about yourself (calling yourself names, disrespecting yourself, or berating yourself), interrupt it.

                                You can yell (in your mind), “Stop! No!” or, “Enough! I’m in control now.” Then, whatever your negative thought was about yourself, replace it with an opposite or counter thought or an affirmation that begins with “I am.”

                                For example, if your thought is, “I’m such a loser,” you can replace it with, “I am a Divine Creation of the Universal Spirit. I am a perfect spiritual being learning to master the human experience. I am a being of energy, light, and matter. I am magnificent, brilliant, and beautiful. I love and approve of myself just as I am.”

                                You can also have a dialogue with yourself with the intention of discrediting the ‘voice’ that created the thought, if you know whose voice it is:

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                                “Just because so-and-so said I was a loser doesn’t make it true. It was his or her opinion, not a statement of fact. Or maybe they were joking and I took it seriously because I’m insecure.”

                                If you recognize that you have recurring self-critical thoughts, you can write out or pre-plan your counter thoughts or affirmation so you can be ready. This is the first squatter you should evict, forcefully, if necessary:

                                • They rile up the Worrier.
                                • The names you call yourself become triggers when called those names by others, so he also maintains the presence of the Reactor.
                                • They are often present when you try to fall asleep so he perpetuates the Sleep Depriver.
                                • They are a bully and is verbally and emotionally abusive.
                                • They are the destroyer of self-esteem. They convince you that you’re not worthy. They’re a liar! In the interest of your self-worth, get them out!

                                Eliminate your worst critic and you will also diminish the presence of the other three squatters.

                                Replace them with your new best friends who support, encourage, and enhance your life. This is a presence you want in your mind.

                                For the Worrier

                                Prolonged anxiety is mentally, emotionally and physically unhealthy. It can have long-term health implications.

                                Fear initiates the fight or flight response, creates worry in the mind and creates anxiety in the body.

                                You should be able to recognize a “worry thought” immediately by how you feel. The physiological signs that the fight or flight response of fear has kicked in are:

                                • Increased heart rate, blood pressure, or surge of adrenaline
                                • Shallow breathing or breathlessness
                                • Muscles tense

                                Use the above stated method to interrupt any thought of worry and then replace it. But this time you will replace your thoughts of worry with thoughts of gratitude for the outcome you wish for.

                                If you believe in a higher power, this is the time to engage with it. Here is an example:

                                Instead of worrying about my loved ones traveling in bad weather, I say the following (I call it a prayer):

                                “Thank you great spirit for watching over _______. Thank you for watching over his/her car and keeping it safe, road-worthy, and free of maintenance issues without warning. Thank you for surrounding him/her with only safe, conscientious, and alert drivers. And thank you for keeping him/her safe, conscientious, and alert.”

                                Smile when you think about it or say it aloud, and phrase it in the present tense; both of these will help you feel it and possibly even start to believe it.

                                If you can visualize what you are praying for, the visualization will enhance the feeling so you will increase the impact in your vibrational field.

                                Now take a calming breath, slowly in through your nose, and slowly out through the mouth. Take as many as you like!

                                Replacing fearful thoughts with gratitude will decrease reactionary behavior, taking the steam out of the Reactor.

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                                For example:

                                If your child gets lost in the mall, the typical parental reaction that follows the fearful thoughts when finding them is to yell at them.

                                “I told you never to leave my sight.” This reaction just adds to the child’s fear level from being lost in the first place. Plus, it also teaches them that mom and/or dad will get mad when he or she makes a mistake, which may make them lie to you or not tell you things in the future.

                                Change those fearful thoughts when they happen:

                                “Thank You (your choice of Higher Power) for watching over my child and keeping him safe. Thank you for helping me find him soon.”

                                Then, when you see your child after this thought process, your only reaction will be gratitude, and that seems like a better alternative for all people involved.

                                For the Trouble-Maker, Reactor or Over-Reactor

                                Permanently eliminating this squatter will take a bit more attention and reflection after the fact to identify and heal the causes of the triggers; but until then, you can prevent the Reactor from getting out of control by initiating conscious breathing as soon as you recognize his presence.

                                The Reactor’s thoughts or feelings activate the fight or flight response just like with the Worrier. The physiological signs of his presence will be the same. With a little attention, you should be able to tell the difference between anxiety, anger, frustration, or pain:

                                • Increased heart rate and blood pressure; surge of adrenaline
                                • Shallow breathing or breathlessness
                                • Muscles tension

                                I’m sure you’ve heard the suggestion to count to ten when you get angry—well, you can make those ten seconds much more productive if you are breathing consciously during that time.

                                Conscious breathing is as simple as it sounds; just be conscious of your breathing. Pay attention to the air going in and coming out.

                                Breathe in through your nose:

                                • Feel the air entering your nostrils.
                                • Feel your lungs filling and expanding.
                                • Focus on your belly rising.

                                Breathe out through your nose:

                                • Feel your lungs emptying.
                                • Focus on your belly falling.
                                • Feel the air exiting your nostrils.

                                Do this for as long as you like. Leave the situation if you want. This gives the adrenaline time to normalize.

                                Now you can address the situation with a calmer, more rational perspective and avoid damaging behavior.

                                One of the troubles this squatter causes is that it adds to the sleep depriver’s issues. By evicting, or at least controlling the Reactor, you will decrease reactionary behavior, which will decrease the need for the rehashing and ruminating that may keep you from falling asleep.

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                                Master your mind and stop the Reactor from bringing stress to you and your relationships!

                                For the Sleep Depriver

                                (They’re made up of the Inner Planner, the Rehasher and the Ruminator, along with the Inner Critic and the Worrier.)

                                I was plagued with a very common problem: not being able to turn off my mind at bedtime. This inability prevented me from falling asleep and thus, getting a restful and restorative night’s sleep.

                                Here’s how I mastered my mind and evicted the Sleep Depriver and all his cronies.

                                1. I started by focusing on my breathing—paying attention to the rise and fall of my belly—but that didn’t keep the thoughts out for long. (Actually, I now start with checking my at-rest mouth position to keep me from clenching.)
                                2. Then I came up with replacement strategy that eliminated uncontrolled thinking—imagining the word in while breathing in and thinking the word out when breathing out. I would (and do) elongate the word to match the length of my breath.

                                When I catch myself thinking, I shift back to in, out. With this technique, I am still thinking, sort of, but the wheels are no longer spinning out of control. I am in control of my mind and I choose quiet.

                                From the first time I tried this method I started to yawn after only a few cycles and am usually asleep within ten minutes.

                                For really difficult nights, I add an increase of attention by holding my eyes in a looking-up position (Closed, of course!). Sometimes I try to look toward my third eye but that really hurts my eyes.

                                If you have trouble falling asleep because you can’t shut off your mind, I strongly recommend you try this technique. I still use it every night. You can start sleeping better tonight!

                                You can also use this technique any time you want to:

                                • Fall back to sleep if you wake up too soon.
                                • Shut down your thinking.
                                • Calm your feelings.
                                • Simply focus on the present moment. 

                                The Bottom Line

                                Your mind is a tool, and like any other tool, it can be used for constructive purposes or for destructive purposes.

                                You can allow your mind to be occupied by unwanted, undesirable and destructive tenants, or you can choose desirable tenants like peace, gratitude, compassion, love, and joy.

                                Your mind can become your best friend, your biggest supporter, and someone you can count on to be there and encourage you. The choice is yours!

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                                Featured photo credit: Priscilla Du Preez via unsplash.com

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