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15 Images Showing How Refugio Oil Spill Kills Lives

15 Images Showing How Refugio Oil Spill Kills Lives

The catastrophic oil spill across the Gaviota Coast on Tuesday 19th of May 2015 saw a devastating 21,000 gallons of crude oil leak from a ruptured underground pipe. The oil spill has devastated the flora and fauna for 9 miles, causing insurmountable damage to this incredibly bio-diverse coastline.

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    A young sea lion lies dead and drenched in oil on the beach (Photo: Santa Barbara Channelkeeper)

    It is difficult to put an exact number on the amount of animals that have and will die as a result of the oil spill, because most of the damage is occurring underwater. The Gaviota coastline is host to a range of creatures, including pelicans, cormorants, grebes, dolphins, sea lions, elephant seals, bass, guitarfish, spiny lobsters, rock crabs, urchins, octopi, shrimp, mussels, sea hares, sponges, anemones, coral, and whole swaths of smaller sea life, the habitats of which are now irreparably damaged for years to come.

    Refugio Oil Spill 3
      Plants and trees, which flourish along the Refugio coastline, suffer as crude oil leaks toxic chemicals into the earth (Picture: Paul Wellman)

      Estimates put the spill at approximately 21,000 gallons, but it is feared that up to 105,000 gallons of crude oil may have leaked into the ocean from the Plains All American Pipeline, covering nine miles of coastline, west of Refugio State Beach, with the viscous, carcinogenic liquid.

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        Crude oil is highly carcinogenic, containing many cancer-causing chemicals, including Benzene, Sulfur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Formaldehyde, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and Hydrofluoric acid (Photo: Paul Wellman)

        Volunteers have turned out in their droves to assist with the cleanup effort, although health officials are advising the public to avoid affected areas. “Breathing oil fumes can cause headache, nausea, vomiting… and respiratory problems,” said Santa Barbara County Public Health Department spokesperson Susan Klein-Rothschild.

        Pic 4
          Crude oil, carried by the tides, can spread down the coast and deep into the earth, poisoning the atmosphere for years to come. (Photo: Paul Wellman)

          Breathing the fumes from crude oil are known to cause chemical pneumonia, irritation of the nose, throat, and lungs, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of coordination, fatigue, nausea, and labored breathing. Chronic exposure can result in irregular heartbeats, convulsions, and coma.

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            Oil is churned and shifted down the coast with the tide (Picture: Paul Wellman)

            Local fisheries have been closed down for fear that their produce could be contaminated with carcinogenic and toxic chemicals from crude oil.

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              An oil drenched crab crawls a short distance across the beach before dying (Photo: David McNew/Getty Images)

              The Gaviota coast is one of only five Mediterranean ecosystems in the world, boasting a diverse and vibrant range of creatures native to the area.

                Oil floods the beach, soaking the sand and rocks (Photo: David McNew/Getty Images)

                The previously pristine Gaviota Coast, called “the Galapagos of North America,” is one of only five places on the planet where plants and animals of the North and the South meet.

                  A lobster, soaked in oil, lies dead in the sand (Photo: David McNew/Getty Images)

                  Crude oil blackens the water, choking sea grass and other marine plants from much needed sunlight, and in turn preventing small marine animals from feeding.

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                    A lobster, soaked in oil, lies dead in the sand (Photo: David McNew/Getty Images)

                    Crude oil seeps into and under rocks, soaks into the sand, sits on top of the water, and below it. It’s toxic fumes are carried by the wind, meaning there is almost no safe-zone for plants and animals.

                      The body of a Pelican, saturated with oil (Picture: Tamlorn Chase)

                      Even a small amount of oil can kill a bird. The oil globs their feathers together, which can prevent them from flying properly, restricting their ability to hunt. Their diet also consists mainly of fish, which are likely to contain toxins from the oil spill.

                        Oil spills down the beach towards the sea (Picture: Paul Wellman)

                        Oil has been found as far as 11 miles out from the shore.

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                          Oil seeps into the sand and rocks, killing wildlife and making the area inhospitable (Photo: Paul Wellman)

                          Oil is killing plankton in their droves, essential to the ecosystem of the Gaviota coast. This can effect everything from tide-pool fliter feeders, to endangered blue whales, migrating through the Santa Barbara Channel.

                            The waves are thick and black with oil, as a sheen 50-100 yards wide coats the coast in viscous oil (Picture: Paul Wellman)

                            Efforts are being made to transport kelp, eel grass and surf grass away from dangerous areas. Preserving the flora of the area is essential to ensuring the eventual restoration of the animals that live along the Gaviota coast, whose survival is dependent on flourishing greenery.

                              Cormorants, a common site along the Refugio coastline, emigrate north to avoid the oil-soaked beaches. (Picture: Paul Wellman)

                              The long term effects of the Refugio oil spill will have a devastating effect on the wildlife of the area. Restoration projects will have to go on for years in order to try to recover some of the damage.

                                Crude oil spreads across 9 miles of coastline, killing fish and other wildlife and devastating their coastal habitats (Photo: Paul Wellman)

                                Featured photo credit: (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images) via media.mnn.com

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                                JC Axe

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                                Last Updated on November 18, 2020

                                50 Habits of Highly Successful People You Should Learn

                                50 Habits of Highly Successful People You Should Learn

                                If you’re like me and really into self-development, you’ve probably read many of the thousands of self-help books out there on the market. But also like me, you probably find all the information a bit overwhelming.

                                That’s why I wanted to do the self-less task of taking the most important, life-changing lessons I’ve drawn from these books and condensed them into 50 key points.

                                Here’re 50 habits of successful people you should learn:

                                1. Believe It to See It

                                Our minds tend to focus on what’s happening around us and refuse to see what could happen. Only when you trust in what’s possible and dare to dream big, big things can happen for you.

                                2. See Problems as a Wonderful Gift

                                While others only see problems and give up, successful people use the problem as a lesson to find improvement in themselves or the task at hand.

                                3. Keep Looking for Solutions

                                Even if they’re knee-deep in problems, successful people will still put all of their focus on finding solutions.

                                4. Remember It’s All About the Journey

                                Successful people are conscious and methodical in creating their own success. They don’t sit around doing the bare minimum, hoping success finds them.

                                5. Feel the Fear and Do It Anyway

                                There’s so much fear on the road to success, but instead of letting that fear control and limit them, successful people do a good job of just forging ahead regardless.

                                6. Always Ask Productive Questions

                                It’s all about asking the right questions. Successful people make sure they are questions that will elicit information for a more productive, creative and positive mindset moving forward.

                                7. Understand the Best Waste of Energy Is Complaining

                                Successful people know that choosing to see the negative side of things will only create a useless and unproductive state.

                                8. Don’t Play the Blame Game

                                Taking responsibility for actions and outcomes is a form of empowerment that you can build your success upon. While the act of blaming others or outside circumstances takes this empowerment away from you.

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                                9. Maximize Your Strengths

                                Not every successful person is simply more talented than the rest, but they do use what they know they’re good at to achieve more successful results.

                                10. Be in It to Win It

                                Successful people are busy, productive and proactive. Instead of sitting around over-thinking and over-planning a great idea, they just take a step towards it no matter how small.

                                11. Know That Success Attracts Success

                                People who are successful surround themselves and seek out like-minded people. They understand the importance of being part of a team and forge win-win relationships.

                                12. Actually Choose to Be Successful

                                Dreaming big is a massive part of being successful even if your dream seems impossible. Ambition is a mindset that needs to be a daily conscious choice.

                                13. Visualize, Visualize, Visualize!

                                You’ve got to see your success in your mind’s eye even before it comes. Successful people clarify and get that certainty about what they want their reality to look like rather than being mere spectators of life.

                                14. Be a One-Off Original

                                Successful people look for what’s working and then create a unique spin on it. Imitating only regurgitates other people’s ideas with no originality.

                                15. The Perfect Time to Act Is Now

                                Waiting for the right time to act is basically procrastination wrapped up in an excuse. Successful people know there’s never a perfect time so they may as well just do it now.

                                16. Keep Learning, Keep Growing

                                Continuous learning is the key to a successful life. Whether it’s academic, being a student of life or actionable learning, it’s all about expanding your knowledge and personal development.

                                17. Always Look on the Bright Side of Life

                                Successful people have the knack for finding positive aspects in all people and circumstances no matter what.

                                18. Having a Bad Day? Do It Anyway!

                                We all have bad moods but it shouldn’t be an excuse to stop everything. Giving into a bad mood just stop-starts your life, slowing success way down.

                                19. Sometimes Risky Business Is Needed

                                Calculated risks are a must for success. It’s about weighing the pros and cons while moving forward with that element of trust.

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                                20. Accept Challenge All the Time

                                Dealing with problems head-on is a must to be successful. Successful people also face challenges in order to improve themselves.

                                21. Make Your Own Luck

                                In the mindset of a successful person, there’s no such thing as ‘luck’ or ‘fate’. They take control to actively and consciously create their own best life.

                                22. Ignite Your Initiative

                                While many people are reactive, successful people are proactive – taking action before they have to.

                                23. Be the Master of Your Emotions

                                Being effective at managing emotions is key on the road to success. That’s not to say successful people don’t feel like we all do, but they’re just not slaves to their emotions.

                                24. Champion in Communication

                                Consciously working on effective communication skills gets anyone closer to success.

                                25. Plan Your Life Strategically

                                Successful people’s lives aren’t a clumsy series of unplanned events and outcomes, they methodically work at turning their plans into a reality.

                                26. Become Exceptional at What You Do

                                To become exceptional, you typically have to do things that most won’t. To become successful, hard decisions need to be made and acting on them is crucial.

                                27. Choose to Live Outside of Your Comfort Zone

                                While many people are pleasure junkies and avoid pain and discomfort at all costs, successful people understand the value and benefits of working through the tough stuff that most would avoid.

                                28. Live by Core Values

                                Successful people firstly identify their core values and what’s important to them, then do their best to live a life that reflects these values.

                                29. Realize Money Isn’t Everything

                                Money and success are not interchangeable and the most successful people understand this. Putting money on a pedestal and equating it to success is a dangerous mindset to have. Success comes in many forms.

                                30. Don’t Get Carried Away

                                Successful people understand the importance of discipline and self-control and as a result they are happy to take the road less travelled.

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                                31. Self-Worth Is Not Tied to Success

                                Successful people are secure. They do not derive their self-worth from what they own, who they know, where they live or what they look like.

                                32. Kindness Breeds Kindness (And Success)

                                Generosity and kindness is a common trait among long-term successful people. It’s important to take pleasure in helping others achieve.

                                33. More Humility, Less Arrogance

                                Successful people are humble and happy to admit and apologize for mistakes. This is because they’re confident in their ability. They are happy to learn from others and happy to make others look good rather than seek their own personal glory.

                                34. Change Opens New Doors

                                People who are successful are adaptable and embrace change, while the majority are creatures of comfort and habit. They are comfortable with, and embrace, the new and the unfamiliar.

                                35. Success Requires a Healthy Body

                                It’s not just how you think, it’s about how you show up for success. Successful people understand the importance of being physically well, not for vain reasons but because being in tiptop condition creates a better personal life for success.

                                36. Laziness Just Doesn’t Exist

                                Successful people are never considered lazy. Yes, they can relax when they need to, but working hard is their game.

                                37. Resilience by the Bucket Load

                                When difficulty strikes, most would throw in the towel, but successful people are just warming up.

                                38. Feedback Is Just Another Chance to Improve

                                How people react to feedback determines their potential for success. Being open to constructive criticism and acting on it to improve is most seen in those who are successful.

                                39. Your Vibe Attracts Your Tribe

                                If people are hanging out with toxic and negative people, then they need to take a look at themselves. Successful people hang out with others who are positive and supportive.

                                40. Can’t Control It? Forget It

                                Successful people don’t invest time or emotional energy into things which they have no control of.

                                41. Swim Against the Tide

                                Successful people are not people-pleasers and they don’t need constant approval from others in order to move ahead.

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                                42. Alone Time Is Valuable Time

                                More self-worth means being more comfortable with your own company. Successful people are more happy and see the value in spending time alone.

                                43. Self-Standard Is Higher Than Most

                                Everyone has a choice to set high standards for themselves. Successful people do this, which in turn produces greater commitment, more momentum, a better work ethic and of course, better results.

                                44. Failure Isn’t Rationalized

                                While many use age, health, lack of time, ‘bad luck’, or lack of opportunity to explain away their failure, the key to success is finding a way to succeed despite facing these challenges.

                                45. Down Time Is an Important Part of a Routine

                                Having an off switch and taking time to do things that make them happy is a common trait of a successful person. Take a look at here The Importance of Scheduling Downtime.

                                46. Career Isn’t Who You Are, It’s What You Do

                                Successful people know their career isn’t their identity. They are multi-dimensional and don’t define themselves by their job.

                                47. Be Interested in Only the Path of Resistance

                                While most people look for the easiest way or the shortcut, successful people are more interested in the most effective way. They look for the course of action which will produce the best results over the long term.

                                48. Follow Through

                                Many spend their life starting things that they never finish, but successful people get the job done. Even when the excitement and the novelty has worn off they still follow through and finish.

                                49. Invest in All Your Dimensions

                                We’re not just physical and psychological beings, but emotional and spiritual creatures as well. Successful people consciously work at being healthy and productive on all levels.

                                50. Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is

                                To obtain success, it’s important to practice what you preach. Successful people don’t talk about the theory, they live the reality.

                                So there you have it, a summary of what I’ve learned from self-help books. But of course, you need to start taking actions so you will get closer to success too.

                                Bonus: 5 Bad Habits To Quit

                                More About Success

                                Featured photo credit: Juan Jose via unsplash.com

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