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Published on September 14, 2018

17 Practical Money Skills that Will Set You Up for Early Retirement

17 Practical Money Skills that Will Set You Up for Early Retirement

One might get excited about the idea of an early retirement, but to actually make it happen requires careful financial planning and some practical money skills.

In this article, I will list down 17 practical money skills that will set you up on path for early retirement and financial independence.

1. Make a written plan

Making a plan only in mind is not the best way to go about retirement planning.

Whether you believe it or not, you cannot simply tread on an unplanned road and expect to reach the right destination. It would just be akin to playing your luck rather than “planning”.

You must remember that financial success is a choice. Each financial decision that you make every single day will determine closer or farther you are going from your goal.

Invest time in writing down your financial goals so that they can materialize over time.

Remember that you are not simply aiming to jot down some words of motivation through this plan. Instead, the aim is to define each and every aspect of your financial goals and give them a shape with exact written words and figures. This includes defining the timeline and quantum of money management to meet the financial goals.

2. Ask yourself: Did you invest in financial literacy?

We slog hours to earn a living but when it comes to managing that money, we fair rather poorly. And it does happen because we are not financial literate.

Therefore the first and foremost thing one needs to do is to invest enough time and resources to become financially educated.

Becoming financially educated doesn’t mean getting a degree but becoming aware of the first principles of money like compounding, ROI, NPV, inflation.

3. Income over lifestyle

In the contemporary era, most people are running after showing off the illusion of being wealthy, instead of actually being wealthy.

Being wealthy is a long term goal, something which materializes only at the later stage of life. This clearly implies that you will have to forego your present day luxuries if you wish to realise financial success in the long run.

Spending money never made anyone rich. This is as simple as anything can ever get. This is also where the importance of written financial goals manifests itself.

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Choose your expenses wisely so that you are able to meet your lifestyle needs but limit your wants which are discretionary expenses in nature.

4. Start right away

Compounding is that Eight wonder of the wonder that stands at the base of the first step that you can possibly take towards financial success. Added to the principal and rate of interest, the element of time can significantly impact how your investment grows.

The earlier you start with your savings, the earlier you are going to be able to meet financial success and plan your early retirement.

Don’t wait out to become a financial genius or seek the advice of a financial guru. Start as quickly as you can. Starting early will also allow you to ample time to grow your savings rate.

5. Wealth building on auto-pilot mode

You cannot possibly expect yourself to be able to manage each and every thing on a daily basis, can you? You can only divert some part of your attention and resources towards your retirement goals but what about the present?

This is where your auto pilot mode should be enabled.

You need to take certain financial decisions which will not only accrue a number of assets in your hand but also make sure that they grow over a period of time; so that your life can sail on smoothly.

The idea here is to allocate monthly income towards paying off money which builds equity assets for you in the long run.

Saving plans and investment clubs ensure that you are forced to invest and save your funds, whether you like it or not. So even if out of compulsion, you still manage to save your funds and build wealth in the process. Remember 401(k), IRAs?

6. Make your money hard to reach

Quite literally, just put your money somewhere so that you have to think twice before you reach out to get it back.

Imagine how different it’d be if you had cash lying in your wallet and if the same cash was stacked and shut closed behind the door of a locker. Which one would be the easiest to reach out to?

Similarly, once your money is invested in some retirement plan or investment scheme, you will have to go through some policies and possibly some penalties as well, before you can lay your hands on that money.

Therefore, define your financial plans to make it hard for you to reach your own money, so that you can resist the temptation to spend it.

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7. Don’t touch your social security

It is called social security for a reason. Stated simply, it is always easy to wash your hands in a running stream but not as easy when the water is stagnant.

The same applies to your earnings as well. No matter how large or important your need is, touching your social security should always be a last resort option.

Social security is meant to be used after your retirement, meaning that you may at the least, meet your daily expenses with the amount of your social security.

Hence, the longer you wait out to claim your social security, the better for your retirement.

Plan your expenses so that you may not need to meet your daily expenses out of your social security at present.

8. Focus on savings

While this may sound a very basic and obvious money skill, it is very hard to implement in reality.

The safest way to achieve this goal is to list down your average expenses for the month. You will be surprised at the quantum of your expenses when you undertake this exercise.

Having written them on paper, you will suddenly find the vision to analyse which expenses are wasteful and can be avoided.

9. Develop sources of passive income

It is always a good idea to develop multiple sources of income so that in case one dries up, others are still running and taking care of your financial upkeep.

Do you like to write? Then get yourself freelancing content projects or if you have a spare space, put it on AirBnB.

The idea is to create as many possible avenues to generate income. And once this extra income is generated, care must be taken to save it and invest it rather than spend it.

10. Plan your risks

As the saying goes, the higher the risk the higher are the returns. This however, does not mean that you blatantly enter the rat race and seek higher risk investments without giving them a second thought.

Based on your financial health, the risk that any person can afford to take is different. Hence, you need to evaluate your financial health and your ability to bear a loss, more importantly than the idea of earning a profit. This will perhaps give you a clear image of the risk that you can afford to take in the long run.

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Do remember when you are planning to retire early, capital preservation should be the top goal. Do access your risk profile first before investing in any financial instrument.

For example, cryptocurrency might be a suitable instrument to invest for those who have high risk appetite; whereas for those who are extremely risk averse, even equity seem to be a risky proposition.

11. Plan your taxes

While you juggle between your earnings, expenses and savings, there is one factor which is completely out of your hand but also stands as a compulsion, which is taxes.

As a resident of the country, you must be well aware about the taxation laws and how your earnings are taxed in one way or the other. This is where you need to use the scope of tax planning and try to save as many funds as you can.

Tax planning will also become relevant after retirement, when you will have to be very careful about your investments, which are also liable to be taxed.

12. Stay healthy

You might be wondering how health can take a centre stage when we are discussing about money skills. However, one needs to be healthy to enjoy the benefits of early retirement.

Besides, being healthy also ensures that out of pocket expenses (not covered by health insurance) on health care are at the minimum. Needless to say that you must have a decent health insurance.

13. Always prefer used cars

It’s a well known fact that cars usually lose around 20-30% of the value (depending on the make and the model) within first couple of years due to depreciation. It is a wise decision to always hunt for a used car since it has already taken the depreciation hit.

Besides, car is a liability that requires money for its annual maintenance and loses value with time.

If you are planning to retire early, you would want to invest in building assets rather than buying a liability.

14. Plan your mortgage

While the jury is still out on whether to rent a house or buy one, if at all you decide to buy one, make sure that you plan your mortgages carefully.

Taking a 30 year mortgage on your house will tie you up for the entire life. And with so many vagaries in professional life, chances are that you would find it difficult to maintain the financial discipline that is required for early retirement.

If you are planning to buy a house, try to repay the entire mortgage in 10-15 years. Start by taking a 30 years mortgage and try to increase your monthly payments every year.

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For example, if you are paying $2000 per month this year, try to do $2200 next year. And since this payment will be on auto-pilot, you will adjust to the new normal with time.

15. Vacation in off season

If you are one of those who like to travel, then this one is for you. You could save quite a fortune by vacationing in the off season.

Not only air tickets will be cheaper but also the hotels. And if you are looking for a short sojourn, then try to do it during weekdays rather than weekends.

These savings, over a period of time, would accumulate to become a sizeable portion of your entire savings bank.

16. Apply the 5% rule

This is not a proverbial rule but is practical and very effective. Stated simply, this means cutting down your expenses (by 5%) from top 3 expense categories every year.

To implement this skill, first of all list down your 3 top expense categories. Then break down expenses within those categories. This will show areas of improvement where money can be saved. Now to actually put savings into action, try to develop good habits that automatically do that for you.

For example, if your monthly expense on dining out is substantial and makes to the list, then try to find out reasons not to go outside; probably pack your lunch to office, or make a strict rule to eat only 2 times (say) a month.

A goal is pretty easy to achieve if it can be broken down into habits. Therefore cultivate good savings habits.

17. Track the progress

Last but not the least, track the progress:

Progress of savings, progress of investments and progress of how close you have reached to your goal.

Tracking the progress provides positive feedback to the tough financial discipline life you have been living. And that in turns provides more motivation to stay the course.

It also helps to benchmark the situation and take corrective measures if required.

The bottom line

Planning for early retirement is not that hard. All it requires is financial discipline (over long period of time); discipline to save as much as possible and invest wisely.

The path to (successful) early retirement lies not in the maths behind it (maths is easy) but cultivating good habits and the right mindset. So start now!

Featured photo credit: Unsplash via unsplash.com

More by this author

Ankit Garg

Serial entrepreneur and working towards Early Retirement

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Last Updated on July 4, 2019

25 Killer Sites For Free Online Education

25 Killer Sites For Free Online Education

Whether you’re five or ninety five, the internet has a lot to offer. Particularly when the topic is education, the resources on the internet are endless.

Best of all, many high quality sites are completely free. From history to coding, excellent free online education awaits on the following 25 sites.

1. Coursera

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    Coursera is a website that partners with universities and organizations around the world. This brings a wide variety of topics and perspectives to one searchable database.

    Coursera is a powerful tool for free online education, and includes courses from many top universities, museums and trusts. This gives the site an extremely wide range of in-depth courses.

    Coursera is extremely useful if you’re looking to study many different topics, or want courses from different schools and groups.

    2. Khan Academy

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      Partnering with many post secondary schools, Khan Academy offers a useable, well organized interface. Also curating many courses from around the web, Khan Academy offers impressive depth on many different subjects.

      Among the more well known educational sites, Khan Academy is also incredibly useable, which may make it easier to keep learning goals.

      3. Open Culture Online Courses

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        If you are struggling to find exactly the material you are looking for, try Open Culture’s listing of free online education courses. The page highlights 1000 lectures, videos and podcasts from universities around the world. The site features a lot of material found only on universities private sites, all in easy to browse categories. This means you can find hundreds of university courses, without having to visit and search each university’s own site.

        Open Culture’s list features courses from England, Australia, Wales and many state universities around the United States. A very helpful resource for finding many courses in one area of study.

        4. Udemy 

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          Udemy’s free courses are similar in concept to Coursera’s but additionally allows users to build custom courses from lessons.

          Working with many top professors and schools, the site mixes the customizable platform of other sites with a heavy emphasis on top quality content. This is another site however, that mixes free and paid content.

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          5. Academic Earth

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            Another site with courses from many different schools is Academic Earth. Much like the three sites above, Academic Earth brings together top notch courses from many different sources, and focuses on offering a wide variety of subjects.

            Academic Earth lists courses by subject and school, so it might be easier to find what you’re looking for.

            6. edX

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              Another great option for free online education is edX. Also bringing together courses from many different schools, the site has impressive, quality information for everyone. edX covers a great range of topics.

              7. Alison

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                Unlike the previous sites on this lists, Alison is a free education site offering certification in some areas. Alison offers courses mainly in business, technology, and health, but also includes language learning courses.

                It’s a great option if users need certification for their learning as Alison also offers school curriculum courses.

                8. iTunesU Free Courses

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                  A very convenient place for free online education is iTunesU, because it integrates seamlessly with your iPod, or any app-ready Apple mobile device. On iPad, iPhone, or iPod touch, users download the iTunesU app.

                  Desktop users can access  iTunesU on the upper right hand corner of the iTunes Store. iTunesU is also convenient because the store is categorized much like iTunes.

                  Users can search learning materials in many different ways, including genre and topic. However, courses are often a mix of free podcasts or videos, and paid content.

                  ITunesU does include courses on a pretty wide scope of topics, but does not integrate with Android, Google or Windows mobile devices.

                  9. Stanford Online

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                    Your hub for all the online offerings from Stanford University, Stanford Online offers self-paced and session based courses. While Coursera features some courses from Stanford, many classes are only available via other hosts. Some courses require iTunes, but most are completed in your web browser.

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                    Stanford Online is a great site for high quality courses, though the topics are somewhat limited compared to sites partnered with more than one school.

                    10. Harvard Extension

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                      Like Stanford Online, Harvard Extension features free online education courses from Harvard only. This is another excellent source for top notch course material, though the course variety is less rich than multi-school sites.

                      Additionally, Harvard Extension allows you to search for courses by professional certificate. This makes it much easier if your online education goal includes certification.

                      11. Open Yale Courses

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                        Open Yale Courses echoes Harvard Extension and Stanford Online, in that it offers only courses from Yale. While the site is similarly limited to topics taught at the school, Open Yale Courses offers a lot of videos of actual campus lectures. The availability of videos makes the site a great option if you’re looking for quality courses, but learn better by watching than by reading.

                        12. UC Berkeley Class Central

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                          Much like the other schools on this list, UC Berkeley has a variety of free online education options. The school has slightly fewer courses than the schools above, but includes some supplementary lectures, webcasts and RSS Feeds, making it easy to keep up with the topics you choose.

                          13. MIT OpenCourseWare

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                            Similarly, MIT offers a variety of free courses. The school has a comparable number of courses to the schools above, plus includes very in-depth course materials on the subjects available. MIT also offers free RSS feeds, a convenient way to continue learning.

                            14. Carnegie Mellon Open Learning Initiative

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                              Carnegie Mellon’s free online education site is comparable with the other school’s on this list, however, Open Learning Initiative also covers a smaller range of topics. But for the topics that are covered impressive, in-depth material is available.

                              15. Codecademy

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                                Codecademy is a website dedicated specifically to teaching coding. Where other coding sites follow an example/practice session workflow, Codecademy includes a live practice window. This means you can practice coding while still viewing the lesson material.

                                The courses at Codecademy are well written and easy to follow and the website is organized very nicely. Codecademy features a centralized dashboard where you can monitor your progress, plus organizes lessons into complete modules. This lets you learn an entire language without needing to pick the next course manually.

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                                16. Code

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                                  Code is another website focused on coding and app writing. A site with high quality courses, Code also features learning options for kids.

                                  In addition to kid friendly courses, Code offers free online education classes on a wide variety of technology topics. These classes include app writing, robotics and Javascript.

                                  Most of the courses are also geared in a such a way that they can be useful in a classroom setting. This makes Code a great resource for harder to find coding topics, as well as various learning settings.

                                  17. University of London Podcasts

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                                    The podcast page on the University of London website is another great source for free education. While the courses are limited to podcasts, the site features podcasts from it’s own campus, as well as eleven universities in and around London. This gives learners a wide base of topics and lectures, but still ensures in-depth material.

                                    18. University of Oxford Podcasts

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                                      Similar to the University of London, the University of Oxford features many different podcasts. Most are public lecture series or lectures from visiting professors, with several different recordings available.

                                      The advantage to this particular site is that podcasts are organized into series, making it easy to subscribe to multiple lectures on one topic. Another good site for thoroughly in-depth lectures.

                                      19. BBC Podcasts

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                                        For the more casual learner, the BBC offers a wide variety of podcasts on many different topics. Most podcasts are updated weekly, and focus on everything from finance, to sports, to current events.

                                        Through the World Service line of podcasts, there are also many in different languages. The focus of these podcasts are less in-depth and theory based, which may be more accessible to the average person.

                                        20. TED-Ed

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                                          Another great destination for more general learning is TED-Ed. From the same people that brought you the all encompassing, motivational web series, comes a site chocked full of educational videos. Most include impressive animation, and all are ten minutes long or less.

                                          Not only is TED-Ed an excellent site for the curious, it also includes supplemental materials and quizzes on the videos. This makes the site extremely useful in formal education settings, as well as in entertaining ways to brush up on new discoveries and topics.

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                                          21. LessonPaths

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                                            LessonPaths is another great tool for those looking for a more usable and convenient way to access learning material. On this site, users create link playlists of their favorite learning materials from other sites. Users then rank these collections, making it easy to find many different high quality, accessible sources on a given topic.

                                            22. Memrise

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                                              Another impressive free online education site offering ease of use and convenience is Memrise. Available both on desktop and as an app, Memrise is a particularly powerful tool if you are studying a language. The site encompasses many other topics as well, though some of the course material is user generated content.

                                              Part of what makes Memrise special is their integration of games into the learning materials, mixing learning with entertainment.

                                              23. National Geographic Kids

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                                                The kids site for National Geographic is another site that makes free online education applicable for younger users. For those looking for kid friendly education, a large variety of games, puzzles, videos and photos keeps kids interested on this site.

                                                National Geographic Kids doesn’t organize learning into courses, making materials available by topic and medium instead. This makes National Geographic Kids a good option for those looking for a more casual learning environment.

                                                24. Fun Brain

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                                                  Fun Brain is another good option for kids who want to learn online, but focuses on games and fun puzzles. Particularly focused on math and reading, Fun Brain’s game based approach can be valuable if the child in question struggles to pay attention.

                                                  Fun Brain offers rewards and challenges as well, and is another site aimed at a casual learning experience for kids K-8.

                                                  25. Whyville

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                                                    Similar to the sites for kids free online education is Whyville a destination for preteen online learning. The site includes a variety of social features, with a focus on learning materials geared for young teens.

                                                    Whyville also mixes in educational games, to make the site a well rounded option for kids too old for simple games, but too young for heavy reading based material.

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                                                    Featured photo credit: Dai KE via unsplash.com

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