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12 Books That Influenced Elon Musk

12 Books That Influenced Elon Musk

Elon Musk is one of the greatest entrepreneurs the world has ever seen. A widely successful man who was smart enough to get into a Physics PhD program at Stanford University and then dropped out because it didn’t seem that relevant to him. He is not only one of the smartest alive but also a persistent hard working man.

When asked about how he has learnt to build rockets. He has a simple answer: “I read books”.

In Elon Musk’s Bookshelf there are 12 books that shaped his character and make him wildly successful today. Surprisingly, science fiction and fantasy novels make up much of Tesla and Space X CEO’s reading list. Following are some of the books that influenced Elon Musk, inspiring him as a child and giving him heroes as a young adult.

1. The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien

During his upbringing in South Africa, Musk reported that he experienced tremendous looniness that he aimed to overcome by reading science fiction and fantasy novels. The books he read shaped his vision to save the world through the influence of the heroes portrayed on them.

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The lord of the rings

    2. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams

    Musk reported in an interview that he suffered a major existential crisis between the ages of 12 and 15. However, he could not overcome it until he stumble upon The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s guide to the galaxy, which taught him that the hardest part was to properly phrase the question but that once this was done the answer was easy.

    Guide to the galazy

      3. Benjamin Franklin: An American Life, by Walter Isaacson

      Musk was deeply inspired by Benjamin Franklin, a man who started from nothing and who was a runaway kid. Elon experienced a pretty similar story, growing up in South Africa, going to school in Canada and then transferring to UPEN to finally use an invitation to Stanford’s PhD program to land his feet in Silicon Valley.

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        4. Einstein: His Life and Universe, by Walter Isaacson

        Musk learned a lot from Einstein’s biography. A struggling father who couldn’t get a job or doctorate became the man who explained the universe as we know it today. Through his reading, Elon was definitely inspired by a genius who transformed the world through his intelligence and ambition the same way he is doing.

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          5. Structures: Or Why Things Don’t Fall Down, by J.E. Gordon

          Musk is an entrepreneur, and as all successful people on the business of entrepreneurship he is a proactive man with an autodidact mindset. The following book helped him get started when he was launching Space X to form the basics he needed to learn about rocket science.

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            6. Ignition!: An Informal History of Liquid Rocket Propellants, by John D. Clark

            Ignition! is another book about rocket science that has the right mix of technical details, descriptions of experiments with spectacular results, background info about the why and how, and about the politics involved. It is a very engaging and uplifting book because Clark captured a lot of the enthusiasm he had for rockets.

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               7. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, by Nick Bostrom

              Nick Bostrom explains his view on what would happen if computational intelligence surpassed human intelligence. Musk is a man of great curiosity who runs three extremely successful companies and who once tweeted “We need to be careful with  artificial intelligence”
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                8. Zero to One: Notes on Startups, or How to Build the Future, by Peter Thiel

                “Peter Thiel has built multiple breakthrough companies, and Zero to One shows how” Musk once said in an interview. From the man he shared his first major breakthrough with when PayPal went public. Peter Thiel is one of the most successful man in the Valley and his book on How to build the future is just great.

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                  9. Howard Hughes: His Life and Madness, by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele

                  A biography of the eccentric filmmaker and aviation tycoon who famously got a little nutty at the end of his life. But it’s easy to see why Musk would be attracted to Hughes, who worked in multiple industries and pushed the boundaries of flying.

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                    10. Merchants of Doubt, by Naomi Orestes and Erik M. Conway

                    Musk recommend Merchants of Doubt in a conference back in 2013 when he also summarized the book as “Same who tried to deny smoking deaths r denying climate change.”

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                      11. The Foundation trilogy, by Isaac Asimov

                      Musk interest in space exploration roots from his early days reading science fiction. This is what he says the book taught him “The lessons of history would suggest that civilizations move in cycles. You can track that back quite far — the Babylonians, the Sumerians, followed by the Egyptians, the Romans, China. We’re obviously in a very upward cycle right now and hopefully that remains the case. But it may not. There could be some series of events that cause that technology level to decline. Given that this is the first time in 4.5 billion years where it’s been possible for humanity to extend life beyond Earth, it seems like we’d be wise to act while the window was open and not count on the fact it will be open a long time.”

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                        12. The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, by Robert Heinlein

                        This award-winning science-fiction novel, originally published in 1966, paints the picture of a dystopia not too far in the future. It’s exactly the kind of vivid fantasy world that would satisfy an active imagination like Musk’s.

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                          Featured photo credit: Elon Musk via esteve.co

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                          Last Updated on February 17, 2021

                          50 Ways to Increase Productivity and Achieve More in Less Time

                          50 Ways to Increase Productivity and Achieve More in Less Time

                          If you feel like you don’t have enough time to do everything you want to do, maybe it’s time to check-in with your time management skills.

                          No one is born to be very good at time management, so that’s okay if you think you’re bad in it. But everyone can learn to boost their productivity and achieve more!

                          Here are 50 ways to increase productivity and add hours to your day.

                          1. Set a Timer

                          Estimate the time you need to tackle different tasks and set a timer for each of your tasks. How you go about this is up to you as there are many different ways. There is the Pomodoro technique where you focus on a task for 25 minutes followed by a five minute break afterwards.

                          In the event that you have a task that will take much longer than that, you can consider one of the many timer-based apps. One that comes to mind is Clockify. It’s used for freelancers and entrepreneurs alike, however it’s a good way to be setting yourself a timer. It provides reports and you can serve as a project manager of sorts too. Best of all, it’s free.

                          2. Eliminate All Distractions

                          Distractions include the phone, email notifications and having multiple web browsers open on the desktop. Just as it’s important to be organized offline, it’s key to have things organized online as well. This free guide End Distractions And Find Your Focus is a good tool to help you. With this guide, you’ll learn how to get rid of distractions and boost productivity. Grab your free guide here.

                          You can also learn more on how to get rid of all distractions in this guide: How to Focus and Maximize Your Productivity (the Definitive Guide)

                          3. Listen to Music That Boosts Productivity

                          Distractions should be avoided, but sometimes a bit of music in the background can help you focus.

                          Of course, it doesn’t need to be heavy rock music, but a bit of Beethoven may do you some good.

                          Here’s a complete guide to help you pick the right music for better productivity: How To Maximize Your Productivity With Music: A Complete Guide

                          4. Find Meaning in What You Do (And Love What You Do)

                          Enjoying what you do is the ultimate way to increase your productivity.

                          If you aren’t sure what you love doing yet, don’t worry. Leo Babauta has some unique ways to help you: How to Find Your Passion

                          5. Prioritize your tasks ahead of time.

                          By listing your tasks in order of importance, you can make sure that you finish all of your most important tasks during the day.

                          Learn a unique technique to Prioritize Right in 10 Minutes and Work 10X Faster.

                          6. Batch Similar Tasks into a Single Batch.

                          Tasks like blog writing, phone calls, email and errands can be grouped into a single batch. You will save time by completing similar tasks in one session. One way to help you with organizing all of those things is through the app Todoist. It’s an easy and simple way for you to plan out your day, set reminders, and group all of your most important tasks in a convenient spot.

                          7. Complete Your Most Dreaded Tasks First Thing in the Morning.

                          Whichever activity you are dreading the most is probably the one you need to complete first thing in the morning.

                          Many people tend to check emails in the morning because after checking a list of emails, they feel fulfilled. But that’s just an illusion of having achieved more.

                          Doing simple tasks like checking emails first in the morning is bad for you. Instead, do the difficult tasks because you have more energy in the morning to tackle them!

                          8. Reward Yourself for Finishing a Big Task

                          To stay motivated for whatever you do, reward yourself every now and then.

                          Keep track of your small wins and milestones and celebrate them. So whenever you struggle about your progress, you see how far you’ve come!

                          Find out more about this 2-Step Approach to Self-Motivation: Track Small Wins and Reward Yourself.

                          9. Don’t Multitask

                          Research has shown that multitasking is not productive. If you think you can multitask, think again.

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                          For optimum productivity, focus on one thing at a time.

                          10. Step Away from the Computer

                          The Internet has become one of the number one distraction. To increase your productivity, try to do as much of your work offline as possible.

                          I do this a lot when I try to brainstom new ideas and have found it to be very beneficial to simply unplug.

                          11. Use Focus Tools

                          Make good use of apps and technology to help you remove distractions.

                          Here’re 18 Best Time Management Apps and Tools to help you stay focused. This way, you’re not distracted by the web, e-mail, or IM.

                          Also, join the free Fast-Track Class – Overcoming Distraction, and you’ll learn the one simple method to work even when you’re surrounded by distractions. Join the free session now!

                          12. Just Start

                          Often times, starting is the hardest part. People tend to wait for the perfect time with perfect condition to start. But there’s no perfect condition.

                          Once you get going, you will quickly get into a rhythm that could last for hours.

                          13. Find out Your Productive Hours

                          Everyone has a certain time of the day in which they are more productive than others. For me, it’s the morning.

                          Find out when your prime time is for productivity and optimize your work schedule accordingly.

                          14. Keep a Notebook and Pen on Hand at All Times

                          This way, you can write down your thoughts, to-dos and ideas at any time. The key is to get everything out of your head and onto paper. Your subconscious mind won’t be reminding you about it every other second. Another consideration is getting the app Evernote. Not only does this save you on ink and paper, Evernote is a convenient place for you to jot down notes and thoughts and then share them with the team. In certain circumstances, this can prove useful if you’re the type of person that has a lot of ideas that you want to share.

                          15. Write a Blog to Chronicle Your Own Personal Development and Achievements

                          The blog keeps you accountable and always working towards self improvement and personal growth.

                          When you write down all the small achievements you’ve been having, you’re also more motivated to move forward.

                          And you know what, this is how I started Lifehack too! What also helped me in starting Lifehack is WordPress, which allows people to set up a website for free. WordPress has simplified a lot of the process of building a site to the point that virtually anyone can build a website now.

                          16. Write out a To-Do-List Each Day

                          I like to plan my day the night before. This way, I can get started on my most important tasks as soon as I wake up. The Full Life Planner is a nice tool to help you organize your days and get things that matter done. Check out the planner here and start to plan your day ahead easily!

                          Make sure you don’t make any of these common to-do-list mistakes!

                          17. Write Your Most Important Tasks and To-Dos on a Calendar.

                          The key to good time management is knowing where to be and what to be doing there at any given time. Effective calendar management goes hand in hand with good task list management.

                          Learn here How to Use a Calendar to Create Time and Space.

                          18. Reflect on Your Productivity Constantly

                          As you go throughout your day, repeatedly ask yourself:

                          “Am I currently making the best possible use of my time?”

                          This one simple question can be an excellent boost to your productivity.

                          19. Get up Early Before Anyone Else

                          I know it could be difficult for some to wake up early in the morning but nothing beats a quiet house!

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                          Here’s How to Start Your Day at 5:00 AM and some Simple Things Early Risers Do to make waking up early easier.

                          20. Get Plenty of Sleep

                          When you work online, sleep can become a long lost memory. However, it’s important to get plenty of sleep so that your working hours can be as productive as possible.

                          Try out this night routine which I highly recommend for productivity: The Ultimate Night Routine Guide: Sleep Better and Wake Up Productive

                          21. Exercise

                          Research has shown that midday exercise boosts productivity and morale in the workplace.

                          Take a short walk at lunch or do some simple stretches during your break to maximize your productivity.

                          Here I have some exercises recommendations for you:

                          22. Outsource as Much as Possible

                          If you want to achieve more in less time, learn to delegate or outsource work. Here are just a few of the companies that will help you outsource your everyday tasks:

                          Also, read this guide to learn how to delegate effectively: How to Delegate Work (the Definitive Guide for Successful Leaders)

                          23. Set Some Exciting Goals

                          Without worthy goals, you will never be motivated to get things done.

                          Set goals that are challenging and achievable. The best goal setting framework is a SMART goal. That said, there are other tools that can help you out as well. For example, The Dreamers’ Guide To Reaching Your Goal is a great guide to help you set and reach goals effectively. Grab your free guide and learn how to make your goals happen this year!

                          24. Tell Other People About Your Goals

                          When you tell others about your goals, you will instantly be held accountable.

                          25. Listen to Podcasts

                          Listen to educational podcasts or audio books while you’re driving to work, cleaning the house, exercising, or cooking dinner.

                          Audio learning has the power to add hours to your day. Not to mention, your cranium is sure to thank you for it.

                          Some recommendations for you: 11 Podcasts To Inspire Yourself

                          26. Read David Allen’s best-selling book Getting Things Done

                          This is one of the most important productivity books you will ever read. Read it, apply the tips in your daily lives and get more things done.

                          Here’re more great books about productivity too: 35 Books on Productivity and Organizational Skills for an Effective Life

                          27. Learn to Speed Read

                          When you can read faster, you will read and learn more! Check out these 10 Ways to Increase Your Reading Speed.

                          You can also make use of the app OutRead to help speed up your reading speed!

                          28. Learn to Skip When You Read

                          When you’re reading a book, just read the parts that you need and skip the rest. But you have to read with a purpose.

                          Learn how to make it work here: How to Read 10X Faster and Retain More

                          29. Focus on Result-Oriented Activities

                          Pareto’s law (also known as the 80 20 rule) states that 80% of the outputs result from 20% of the inputs. This means that 20% of our actions result in 80% of the results.

                          We must find the 20% that is creating the 80% of our desired outcomes and focus solely on those activities.

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                          30. Take a Break

                          You can’t always be working at optimum productivity. Instead, you should shoot for working in short bursts at your most productive times.

                          31. Start a Polyphasic Sleep Schedule

                          What is polyphasic sleep?

                          Polyphasic sleep is a sleep pattern specification intended to compress sleep time to 2-5 hours daily.[1] This is achieved by spreading out sleep into short (around 20-45 minute) naps throughout the day. This allows for more waking hours with relatively high alertness.

                          While you can learn more about it here, you’re recommended to take some naps during the day to recharge your energy too.

                          32. Learn to Say “No”.

                          We can’t do everything and therefore we must learn when to say no in order to save our sanity.

                          Learn the Gentle Art of Saying No from Leo Babauta.

                          33. Go on an Information Diet

                          Most of the world lives on information overload. We must eliminate mindless Internet surfing.

                          Stop reading three different newspapers a day and checking your RSS feeds multiple times a day. Otherwise, you’ll never get anything done.

                          The key is to limit yourself only to information that you can immediately take action on. Here’re some simple tips you can try: 10 Simple Productivity Tricks To Manage Overloaded Information

                          34. Organize Your Office

                          The piles of paper around your desk can be a huge barrier on your productivity. Optimize your time by organizing your office, setting up a system and dumping the junk.

                          Check out these 21 Tips to Organize Your Office and Get More Done and 20 Easy Home Office Organization Ideas to Boost Your Productivity.

                          35. Find a Mentor

                          By modeling after those who have already achieved success, you will save yourself a lot of time and energy.

                          A good mentor is hard to find, so here’s a guide to help you: What to Look for in a Mentor

                          36. Learn Keyboard Shortcuts

                          With technology’s help, you can double your work efficiency. Even better, you learn all the shortcuts when using technology, for example keyboard shortcuts.

                          When you use keyboard shortcut, you gain 64 hours every year!

                          Not sure what shortcuts to lear? Check out these 22 Tricks That Can Make Anyone A Keyboard Ninja.

                          Besides learning the shortcuts, you can also create keyboard shortcuts with AutoHotKey.

                          37. Improve Your Typing Speed to Save Time

                          Do you know you can save 21 days per year just by typing fast?

                          You don’t really need to take some serious courses to type faster, try these typing games online:

                          38. Work from Home and Avoid the Daily Commute

                          If your job is a flexible one, consider working from home. This saves you the commute time and you’ll find yourself more energetic throughout the day as you have saved the long ride.

                          Take a look at these tips to help you stay productive while working from home:

                          How to Work from Home and Stay Ultra-Productive

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                          39. Get Rid of Time Wasters

                          Common time wasters include Instant Messenger, video games, Flickr, checking your stats 10 times a day, television and extraneous Internet surfing.

                          Don’t rely on your willpower, make use of some of these useful tools to help you stay focus: 10 Online Apps for Better Focus

                          40. Plan Your Meals in Advance

                          Plan out all of your meals a week ahead and make your grocery list accordingly. This allows you to focus on the necessary – saving you time and money. You can also save yourself even more time through a wide variety of apps. One app that I find helpful is Mealime. It’s an app that provides you with a wide selection of recipes and also a convenient spot for your grocery list as well.

                          Considering the fact that over 4 million users have this app, it goes to show that there is a good selection of meal plans that you can follow and that the app is friendly to use.

                          41. Cook Your Meals in Bulk

                          When you cook your meals in bulk, you will have plenty of leftovers. This can avoid having to cook everyday.

                          Find out more about how to make cooking in bulk works: Once a Month Cooking: Productivity Hack or Overrated Time Suck?

                          42. Protect Yourself from Unnecessary Phone Time with Caller ID

                          The minutes you spend on picking up unnecessary phone calls are time wasted. You can prevent that from happening.

                          Check out this detailed guide how you can deal with those unnecessary phone calls: How To Lose the Useless Items that Weigh Down Your Day – Cellphone Calls

                          43. Take Shorter Showers

                          This one may sound silly but it’s actually something I struggle with. I spend up to 30 minutes in the shower. Think of the time I could save simply by speeding up a bit.

                          44. Save the Trips to Bank by Taking Direct Deposit

                          Many employers now offer direct deposit. If yours does, then be sure and take advantage of it and save yourself from a number of trips to the bank.

                          45. Auto Pay Your Bills

                          How many times have you been worried about whether you missed the bills deadline?

                          Auto paying your bills will save you time and eliminate late fees and increased interest rates.

                          46. Shop Online

                          Whenever possible, avoid going to the store. When you shop online, you can be more focus about what you’re getting.

                          47. Speed up your Internet With a Broadband Connection

                          Many people are aware of the slow speed of internet but aren’t doing anything about it. In fact, this is the number one Internet time-saver!

                          If you must use dial-up, then you can use accelerators like Propel and SlipStream to double or even triple your speed.

                          48. Keep up the Speed of Your Computer

                          If you’re a Windows user, use Windows hibernation feature to avoid the slowdown of exiting and restarting Windows.

                          Or maybe, consider switching to Mac as there’re plenty of Advantages You Probably Don’t Know About Switching To Mac From PC.

                          49. Turn off the TV

                          The average American watches more than 4 hours of television every day. Over a 65-year life, that’s 9 years glued to the tube.

                          For better health and productivity, turn off the TV. Here’re 11 more reasons to tell you to stop watching TV so often.

                          Turn off the TV and you are sure to get more out of life.

                          50. Use a Tivo or DVR

                          This can help you cut an hour-long television show down to just 40 minutes. You can save time while not missing the fun.

                          So, here’s the ultimate list of techniques you should learn to boost productivity. Pick the techniques that work for you and make them your daily habits. As time goes, you’ll find yourself being a lot more productive.

                          More Time Management Tips

                          Featured photo credit: Pexels via pexels.com

                          Reference

                          [1] Medical News Today: What is biphasic and polyphasic sleep?

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