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4 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms And All You Need To Know

4 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms And All You Need To Know

For many women, they don’t experience pregnancy symptoms until a few weeks after conception starts. It’s common to notice pregnancy symptoms at 4 weeks when the body starts taking on noticeable physical and mental changes. Additionally, cells start to divide in the baby’s body that will later make up the child’s brain, spinal cord, and other body parts.

Knowing the most common pregnancy symptoms at 4 weeks could be key to experiencing a happy and healthy pregnancy. And more importantly, any mother would want to know how well their baby is developing because major changes start to occur in the baby’s life at just a few weeks.

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So, let’s take a look at some major changes for mom and baby during 4 weeks gestation as well as some tips for making sure your pregnancy progresses with ease.

1. What to Know about the Baby at 4 Weeks

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    4 weeks into your pregnancy, your little tyke truly is a little tyke. A common size for an embryo (or a blastocyst at this point in the pregnancy) is about 3mm long. If you need a better visual, your baby is about the size of a mustard or poppy seed or smaller. During this period, many things are developing for the baby. First, cells are starting to separate into 3 different parts. These 3 parts will eventually become these major body parts:

    • Brain, spinal cord, and back
    • Circulatory system
    • Lungs, stomach, and urinary system

    As far as the baby, he or she is now growing in your plush amniotic sac which will be their “house” for the next several months. Your placenta is also developing at this time along the uterine walls. The placenta will send vitamins, nutrients, and oxygen to the baby in the amniotic sac via the umbilical cord.

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    2. How Your Body Is Changing and Common Pregnancy Symptoms at 4 Weeks

    Pregnancy symptoms at 4 weeks are non-existent for some mothers but hit like a ton of bricks for others. At 4 weeks, one of the most common symptoms is the lack of a period or a very spotty one. If the latter, this is likely due to the embryo detaching from the uterine lining. Hence, why you may see light spotting as opposed to typical menstrual blood flow.

    Physically, you may experience a wave of fatigue. What is usually a normal 8 hours of sleep turns into 13. While there are conflicting medical reasons to pregnancy fatigue, many blame it on higher than usual levels of progesterone.

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    Fluctuating hormonal levels could also mean larger, tender breasts, too. Sky-rocketing estrogen and progesterone levels are preparing your breasts for milk production so swollen boobs are to be expected.

    Lastly, you may find yourself snapping at everyone! Moodiness is also one of the most common expected pregnancy symptoms at 4 weeks. The heightened levels of hormones mean the neurotransmitters in your brain are reacting differently to certain stimuli.

    3. Tips to Consider When You’re 4 Weeks Pregnant

    Pregnant woman in the process of washing a batch of assorted produce prior to the preparation of a salad

      Outside from the many physical changes you and your baby are experiencing at 4 weeks, there are several tips you can take advantage of to ensure this phase progresses smoothly.

      • Ditch the bad habits NOW! Because of the very crucial developments taking place with your baby, it’s vital that you cease with your unsavory habits now. Smoking and drinking are the first things to cross off your list. Carbon monoxide and alcohol could severely damage the baby’s neurological development, so shelve the Virginia Slims and Bourbon immediately! If you enjoy strenuous workouts, ease up a little. Consider a brisk walk to a hyperactive run. Trade your weight lifting classes for yoga or aerobics. Your body is catering to a delicate being so now is definitely the time to start taking it easy.
      • Take your vitamins seriously. At 4 weeks, you and your baby will need many nutrients to ensure a healthy pregnancy for the next several months. Start taking in more folic acid to prevent neurologic birth defects. Up your calcium game to strengthen your baby’s bones as well as yours. Foods with iron are a great way to ensure your baby gets plenty of extra oxygen through the bloodstream. Lastly, consider taking iodine supplements. Iodine is helpful to prevent severe mental and physical deformities, as well as preventing miscarriages and stillbirths. An easy way to get all of these vitamins and more is through prenatal supplements. Your OBGYN can provide them or you can get them over-the-counter.
      • Ease up on the junk food. Everyone enjoys a nice burger and fries occasionally, but now is the time to leave McDonald’s and Burger King in the fry cooker. Reduce the burgers and upgrade to more lean meats like white chicken and fish at 4 weeks. And you’ll want to maintain a healthier diet throughout your pregnancy. Lean meats, leafy greens, and fruits will provide an abundant amount of crucial nutrients, including the ones listed above. Junk food often comes loaded with sodium, sugar, fat (not the good kind!) and other foulness that could wreak havoc on your heart health. And what affects your body will affect your baby.
      • Get a due date. While some medical professionals advise against visiting the OBGYN at 4 weeks (some say to make a first appointment at 8 weeks), it may be a good idea to get an approximate due date at 4 weeks. This will come in handy when considering other major events in your life. Are you buying a house? If so, you know to have something large enough for you and your growing family come the baby’s birthday. Knowing the baby’s introduction date will provide you the time frame to start financially planning for your new addition. Many parents take this time to consider 529 education accounts for their children, life insurance policies, and other financial safety nets. Additionally, become familiar with the pregnancy leave policy at work. Knowing how much time you have for leave will provide you the peace of mind in planning for your little one’s arrival.

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      Published on November 20, 2020

      13 Practical Pieces of Advice for New Parents

      13 Practical Pieces of Advice for New Parents

      I have given birth to four babies (in the span of five years, all full term babies too). I have been a foster parent to several babies as well. Our first born only lived 8 weeks. He was diagnosed with a fatal genetic disorder several weeks after birth. Our second baby was actually a foster baby we had for 15 months. She was placed with us when she was seven weeks old. When she was eight months old, I gave birth to a baby girl. It was like having twins.

        And then we actually had twins. I learned quickly that twins are hard. Really hard. But they are fun too. Our twins are no longer babies. They are six years old. I do remember that first year clearly, even though much of it felt like a sleep deprived hazy existence.

        The first six months with my twins was sheer survival mode. They would both sleep for two hours and then wake for feeding. I would bottle feed them, while pumping milk (they were not good at nursing). After I fed them in the wee morning hours and middle of the night, I then changed them, swaddled both, and placed them in their bassinets close to my bed. Then it would start all over again. They would sleep for two hours and then wake to be fed once again. This routine went on for six months.

        Sleeping in two hour increments is not easy. I learned to go to bed at 8:00 pm, so that the two hour increments would add up to enough sleep to function by 7:00 am when our two year old daughter would wake and be ready to start the day.

        It was not easy to have three little ones at the same time, especially with twins who had reflux and colic to top things off. The non-stop crying every evening for hours is something I don’t wish on any parent. It is possible to survive this, in fact, I have friends who have quadruplets. They survived too.

        Our twin boys as newborns was a completely opposite experience than we had with both our foster daughter and our biological daughter when they were babies. The girls were easy babies. They required no “sleep training”, as both were sleeping through the night by three or four months of age on their own. They were happy, easily contented babies. I could take them to lunch with my girlfriends and they cooed happily and entertained nearby strangers with their smiles and baby talk. When I was caring for both baby girls, it made me wonder why so many mothers complained about lack of sleep, fussy babies, and the hardships involved in caring for a newborn. Having very difficult twin baby boys showed me that not all babies are alike.

        What I learned from all these babies I have cared for is that each baby is different. There is no one set formula that works for all babies. Each situation is unique, because every baby is unique. You can have an easy-going baby and it may make you think that all babies are that easy. They are not.

        If you are like most of us who have been blessed to become parents, you will experience ups and downs on a daily basis when you bring a newborn into your home. It will not be sheer bliss to have a baby. They are a great deal of work and take tremendous energy out of moms and dads. However, they can provide you with an overflowing heart filled with love and joy you didn’t know was possible.

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        Even though not all babies are alike, I can provide some tips to help you navigate the world of parenthood. Below are 13 practical tips I have for all new parents.

        1. Recognize That the First Year Is Usually Challenging

        I have heard people say that when they have kids it won’t change their life. They will simply take the baby along with them wherever they go. It’s a nice thought, but it doesn’t work out that way in reality.

        If you want to attend a concert, a newborn baby will likely not be able to be brought along. They will cry and interrupt others at the concert. Babies can’t go everywhere we go and do everything we are doing. They cry a great deal during that first year. They also require feeding every few hours. It puts a crimp in any lifestyle.

        The first year is challenging because having a baby will turn anyone’s world upside down. If you are the primary caregiver for a newborn, your life and schedule are no longer your own. You have a tiny human counting on you for feedings, changings, comforting, holding, rocking, swinging, being sung to, and whatever else it is that your baby will need from you.

        We like to think that our own baby will be an easy baby, especially if that is our own personality. The reality is that most babies are high maintenance. They require round the clock care and that it itself makes that first year challenging.

        2. Sleep When Baby Sleeps

        Because babies are so much work while they are awake, take the opportunity to sleep when they sleep. You can’t take a nap while they are awake. Therefore, don’t miss the opportunity to catch up on sleep while they are sleeping.

        It can be tempting to stay up late to binge watch your favorite show. However, the reality of struggling to care for a baby during the day when you are sleep deprived because you stayed up late and then they woke you up four times in six hours will make your day quite miserable. Avoid the misery and try to get enough sleep.

        Often, the only way this is feasible is to sleep when your baby is sleeping. It is exactly why I started going to bed at 8pm when my twins would go to bed. I knew that I would be woken up every two to three hours, so going to bed early was the only way I was able to get enough hours of sleep.

        3. Allow for Normal Household Noise

        My brother and his wife came to visit us a few years ago. Actually it was a 10-day extended stay because they had a hurricane in their area. They had a newborn baby who was two months old. I also had three small kids who were very loud and energetic all day long. We tried to keep the kids quiet so the baby could nap. Like most babies, their son was napping once in the morning and again in the afternoon.

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        At first their son would wake up with every tiny noise we made in the home. There was only so much that I could do. I wasn’t go to vacate our house for the majority of the day, just so their newborn could sleep. I knew one thing about babies that my brother and sister-in-law hadn’t learned yet. They learned this after a few days in our noisy home. I told them that if they didn’t rush to get him every time he wakes because of a small noise he will learn to sleep through the noise. By the end of the week, he was napping just fine through our chaos filled noisy household activities.

        I have done the same with my own children. We allow for normal household noise, including talking, cooking, and everyday activities to commence. The baby is often asleep in a nearby bedroom, but they certainly aren’t cut off from the noise.

        When you whisper while baby sleeps and insist on silence in your home for your sleeping baby, then your baby becomes a sleeper who is easily woken by any sound. If you condition your baby to sleep through normal household noises they will learn to be good sleepers in spite of the noise.

        4. Don’t Get Hung Up on Advice From Others

        New parents get a lot of unsolicited advice, especially from family and friends. Keep in mind that they are giving advice because they love you and they are trying to help. However, you don’t have to follow the advice of others just because they offer it. You do what is best for your own baby.

        Just because your sister tells you that you must use organic cloth diapers because it worked well for her children doesn’t mean that you have to take the advice. You can say “thank you” and then do whatever is best for your own family.

        5. Accept Help When Offered

        Babies and small children are a lot of work. I hope that if you can learn anything from me it is that no baby is really “easy”. They all require lots of time, energy, effort, and love.

        When you have trusted people in your life offer to help, then accept their help. My mother-in-law flew in to help us after the twins were born. She was going to stay a week. She offered to stay longer and ended up extending her stay twice, for a total of three weeks.

        If she would have offered to stay longer, I would have accepted the help. It was a blessing to have her there to help us, as we were in survival mode those first few months.

        6. Breastfeed or Formula: Do What Works Best for Your Situation

        The benefits of breastmilk have been proven by science to be better than formula. However, how much better? And at what cost? There are too many women who beat themselves up emotionally because they are unable to breastfeed for one reason or another.

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        If your baby is being fed, you are doing a good job. Our foster daughter only had formula as an infant. Many children only have formula because it is the only option available. Our foster daughter is now a healthy and smart girl. Formula did not negatively affect her development. What was most important was that she was fed. This is true of all babies.

        So do what is best for your own situation. If you end up giving your baby formula, remind yourself that millions, if not billions, of babies have grown up on formula and end up being healthy, intelligent, well adjusted people.

        7. Don’t Compare Your Baby to Other Babies

        All babies are different. It is not good or bad. Some babies have colic. It doesn’t mean that they will have issues later. My twins both had reflux and colic and they are healthy and happy six year old’s now.

        Babies all develop at different rates. You can have one baby who walks at nine months and another that doesn’t until 14 months and they are both healthy and happy.

        Don’t compare your baby to other babies. The range of “normal” for development is quite wide. If you legitimately have a concern about their development then ask your pediatrician.

        8. Take a Shower, It Will Make You Feel Better

        We often don’t take care of ourselves as new moms or dads. Many parents spend their life caring for their children to the extent that their own self care goes by the wayside.

        As a new parent, one way to care for yourself is by showering daily. It will help you feel refreshed. Even if it is a five minute quick shower it will help you feel better.

        9. Get Out of the House and Meet Fellow Moms/Dads

        Don’t think you have to parent alone! There are so many parent groups to join. As a new mom, I joined MOPS (Mothers of Preschoolers) and developed some wonderful mom friendships that have lasted for years.

        Look for local mom groups in your particular area. Connection is something that is helpful to all of us; especially connections with others who are going through the same phase of life and have similar experiences.

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        10. Get Outside and Walk

        If you are the one who gave birth, then getting up and becoming active can be hard at first. Birth is really hard on our bodies. A simple way to get active that will help with your mood as well is to get outside and go on walks.

        Put the baby in the stroller and get yourself walking outside, even if it is just around the block to get started. You will find that the fresh air and blood pumping through your body will help brighten your mood and spirit.

        11. Find the Humor in Your New Life

        Don’t take your life too seriously. Be willing to laugh at the humorous things when they happen. For example, the blow out diaper that happens immediately after you have bathed and dressed your baby. Your little one is happily cooing and smiling at you when it happens, while you are literally covered in….poop.

        These things are bound to happen. Be willing to laugh and find the humor in life.

        12. Take Photos Because Time Flies

        The days may seem long but the years are short. Time goes by quicker than you will realize.

        Take photos and videos, even when nothing special is happening, because they grow up fast. You will blink and they are no longer babies, blink again and they are no longer toddlers.

        Capture life as it is happening, because tomorrow they are another day older and you can’t get that day back.

        13. Bond with Your Baby and Enjoy the Present

        Enjoy life with your baby and cherish the small moments as they happen. Take the time to breathe in the baby smell that comes from the top of their head, gaze at them as they sleep peacefully in your arms, and soak up the baby giggles. These are the precious moments and memories that will keep you fueled through the many days and nights that will be a struggle.

        They are only babies once, so be sure to take mental snapshots of those precious moments that you want to capture for a lifetime.

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        Featured photo credit: Sharon McCutcheon via unsplash.com

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