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Best Cities in the World to Find New Job Opportunities

Best Cities in the World to Find New Job Opportunities

Looking for world job opportunities? Perhaps this article can get you started in your search! It is based on the 2012 Cities of Opportunity report put together by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) in 2012, and includes job outlook projections to 2025.

In this study, the cities were chosen based on the following factors:

1. Intellectual capital and innovation

2. Technology readiness

3. Transportation and infrastructure

4. Health, safety and security

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5. Sustainability and the natural environment

6. Economic clout

7. Ease of doing business

8. Cost

9. Demographics and livability, and

10. City Gateway

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For a full description of these factors, you can download the report here.

1. New York

Most jobs in New York are in Financial and Business Services and Healthcare

Originally named New Amsterdam, after its humble beginnings as a Dutch trading post, New York, while not actually topping of any of the economic indicator lists, did well enough in ten of them – including intellectual capital and innovation, global connections, city gateway, and technology readiness – that it earned the #1 place in the 2012 Cities of Opportunity Report. According to the same report, between now and 2025, New York will add plenty of jobs in a global economy that favors good education and connection. However, if technology takes a hit or protectionism puts the kibosh on trade, New York will eliminate as many jobs as it created.

If you’re in the healthcare field or love doing business, and appreciate smart, tech-savvy people – and you don’t mind the long commutes or high cost of living – New York might be your dream career destination.

2. London

Most jobs in London are in Financial and Business Services

London has the most overseas banks of any country in the world, and, as home to major music corporations such as EMI and Warner Music Group, is one of the major classical and popular music capitals. It is the winner of the “city gateway” prize, being a major hub for European travel. Also, in prosperous times, London leads the pack in job growth, whether the economy is growing as a result of technology, travel connections, or knowledge. However, if the global economy turns sour, London will also be forced to downsize its workforce.

If you have an entrepreneurial spirit and love having easy access to education, music, and good reads, and you don’t mind the cloudy skies, bad food, and the fact that it’s not the most sustainable city on Earth, London could be your Holy Grail.

3. Toronto

Most jobs in Toronto are in Financial and Business Services, and Healthcare

People from Canada are actually less common in Toronto than people from England and, surprisingly, China. But if you consider that Toronto did well in the “economic clout” category, which means, among other things, that a healthy number of Global 500 companies have headquarters in Toronto, perhaps this isn’t so surprising. Also, this Canadian city is good at getting funding from other countries for projects that create new jobs. If the global economy took a downturn between now and 2025, Toronto wouldn’t lay off quite as many workers as New York or London, although it would definitely feel the effects.

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If you don’t mind travel being a little more challenging, Toronto would be a great place to start and run your new business.

4. Paris

Most jobs in Paris are in Financial and Business Services, and Hospitality and Tourism

Not surprisingly, given its cultural wealth and amazing cuisine, Paris did very well in the “demographics and livability” and “city gateway” economic indicators, and was beaten only by Milan in the percentage of employment opportunities to be found in the financial and business services. Not surprisingly, this cultural hub is wildly popular with tourists, and ease of travel into and out of Paris makes it a great place for the hospitality and tourism industries. Long-term, Paris wouldn’t lay off quite as many workers as London or New York if the global economy flounders, but employment would definitely be affected.

Foodies, travelers, and lovers of culture of all kind will find Paris a city of dreams. Just watch out for the price tag, stay healthy, and keep an eye on your wallet!

5. Stockholm

Most jobs in Stockholm are in Financial and Business Services, and Healthcare

With very little heavy industry and a dearth of fossil fuel power plants, Stockholm is one of the world’s cleanest big cities. In the 90’s, it was also a trendsetter in fibre optic telecommunication. Easy access to libraries and universities helped Stockholm take the prize in the “intellectual capital” economic category, and the Swedish city also did well in “health, safety and security”. This Scandinavian city’s job market is projected to be relatively steady-Eddie long term, regardless of worldwide growth or shrinkage.

While it’s not the easiest city to get in and out of travel-wise, if you like good reads and being able to walk around at night without worrying about thugs swiping your stuff, Stockholm’s your place.

6. San Francisco

Most jobs in San Francisco are in Financial and Business Services, and Hospitality and Tourism

“The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco”, contrary to popular belief, was actually not said by Mark Twain, but this hilly California city, famous for its cool, if not downright chilly summers, did pretty well in eight of the ten categories of economic development; its two strongest being “intellectual capital and innovation” and “sustainability and the natural environment”. No matter what happens to the worldwide economy between now and 2025, San Francisco will most likely avoid any major upsets in business-as-usual.

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If you appreciate great city planning, sustainability, and counterculture, leave your heart in San Francisco. But be prepared to open your wallet wide to pay the rent, and if you want to work for a Fortune 500 company, you’re better off looking elsewhere.

7. Singapore

Most jobs in Singapore are in Manufacturing and Construction

One out of six households in Singapore has a million dollars or more in disposable income, and this city did well in the “transportation and infrastructure” and “ease of doing business” categories of economic development.  Like London and New York, this Southeast Asian city promises to thrive between now and 2025 if the global economy grows, but may not fare so well if protectionism spreads or the tech industries hit a slump.

If you love easy access to public libraries or universities, Singapore might not hold much appeal for you, and all of those millionaires have sent real estate prices through the roof. But if you love being able to zip around a city easily without the bother of a car – and you adore Asian cuisine – look no further.

8. Hong Kong

Most jobs in Hong Kong are in Hospitality and Tourism

Low taxes and free trade make Hong Kong one of the easiest cities in the world in which to do business. Hong Kong is also a major Asian travel hub, making it an awesome “city gateway”. This Southeast Asian city will add a fair number of jobs between now and 2025 if trade rises due to education and connection, but will definitely feel the pinch in the event of a global economy that suffers from a scale back in industry or information technology.

If you are an entrepreneur who wants to open a restaurant or a hotel, you aren’t too concerned about the environment and sustainability, and you don’t mind rubbing elbows with lots and lots of other people, Hong Kong may be in your future. 

Featured photo credit: Henry at 206 amazing landmarks of the world/Leong Him Woh via flickr.com

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Last Updated on April 6, 2020

How to Make a Career Change at 50 for Great Opportunities

How to Make a Career Change at 50 for Great Opportunities

Turning 50 is a milestone in anyone’s life, after all you are half way to 100! But seriously, turning 50 is often a time in life when people can sit back and take a look at where they’ve been and contemplate what the future holds.

Can you change careers at 50? It’s not uncommon for people in their 50’s to consider a career change, after all if you’ve spent 20 to 30 years in a career, chances are that some of the bloom is off the rose.

Often, when we are starting out in our 20’s, we choose a career path based on factors that are no longer relevant to us in our 50’s. Things like our parents’ expectations, a fast paced exciting lifestyle or the lure of making a lot of money can all be motivating factors in our 20’s.

But in our 50’s, those have given way to other priorities. Things like the desire to spend more time with family and friends, a slower paced less stressful lifestyle, the need to care for a sick spouse or elderly parents can all contribute to wanting a career change in your 50’s.

Just like any big life changing event, changing careers is scary. The good news is that just like most things we are scared of, the fear is mostly in our own head.

Understanding how to go about a career change at 50 and what you can expect should help reduce the anxiety and fear of the unknown.

What are Your Goals for a Career Change?

As in any endeavor, having properly defined goals will help you to determine the best path to take.

What are you looking for in a new career? Choosing a slower less stressful position that gives you more time with family and friends may sound ideal, but you’ll often find that you’re giving up some income and job satisfaction in the process.

Conversely, if your goal is to quit a job that is sucking the life from your soul to pursue a lifelong passion. You might be trading quality time with family and friends for job satisfaction.

Neither decision is wrong or bad, you just need to be aware of the potential pitfalls of any decision you make.

Types of Career Changes at 50+

There are four main types of career changes that people make in their 50’s. Each type has it’s unique set of challenges and will very in the degree of preparation required to make the change.

Industry Career Change

In this career change, a person remains in the same field but switches industries.

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With an industry change, a person takes their set of skills and applies them to an industry that they have no previous experience in.

An example would be a salesperson in the oil and gas industry becoming a salesperson for a media (advertising) company. They are taking their skill set (selling) and applying it to a different industry (media).

This type of career change is best accomplished by doing a lot of homework on the industry you want to get into as well as networking within the industry.

Functional Career Change

A functional career change would be a change of careers within the same industry.

For example, an accountant at a pharmaceutical company who changes careers to become a human resources manager. It may or may not be with the same company, but they remain within the pharmaceutical industry. In this case, they are leaving one set of skills behind (accounting) to develop a new set (human resource) within the same industry.

In a functional career change, new or additional training as well as certifications may be required in order to make the switch. If you are considering a functional career change, you can start by getting any training or certifications needed either online, through trade associations or at your local community college.

Double Career Change

This is the most challenging career change of all. A person doing a double career change is switching both a career and an industry.

An example of a double change would be an airline pilot quitting to pursue their dream of producing rock music. In that case, they are leaving both the aviation industry and a specific skill set (piloting) for a completely unrelated industry and career.

When considering a double career change, start preparing by getting any needed training or certifications first. Then you can get your foot in the door by taking an apprenticeship or part time job.

With a double change, it’s not uncommon to have to start out at the bottom as you are asking an employer to take a chance on someone without any experience or work history in the industry.

Entrepreneurial Career Change

Probably one of the most common career changes made by people in their 50’s is the entrepreneurial career change.

After 20 to 30 years of working for “Corporate America”, a lot of people become disillusioned with the monotony, politics and inefficiency of the corporate world. Many of us dream of having our own business and being our own boss.

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By this time in our life, we have saved some money and the financial pressures we had with young children have passed; so it’s a perfect time to spread our entrepreneurial wings.

Entrepreneurial career changes can be within the same industry and using your existing knowledge and contacts to start a similar business competing within the same industry. Or it can be completely unrelated to your former industry and based on personal interests, passions or hobbies.

A good example would be someone who played golf as a hobby starting an affiliate marketing website selling golf clubs. If you are considering an entrepreneurial career change, there are a lot of very good free resources available on the internet. Just be sure to do your homework.

Practical Tips on Making a Career Change at 50+

So you’ve decided to take the plunge and make a career switch in your 50’s. No matter what your reasons or what type of a career change you are embarking on, here are some helpful hints to make the transition easier:

1. Deal with the Fear

As stated earlier, any big life change comes with both fear and anxiety. Things never seem to go as smoothly as planned, you will always have bumps and roadblocks along the way. By recognizing this and even planning for it, you are less likely to let these issues derail your progress.

If you find yourself becoming discouraged by all of the stumbling blocks, there are always resources to help. Contacting a career coach is a good place to start, they can help you with an overall strategy for your career change as well as the interview and hiring process, resume writing / updating and more. Just Google “Career Coach” for your options.

I also recommend using the services of a professional counselor or therapist to help deal with the stress and anxiety of this major life event.

It’s always good to have an unbiased third party to help you work through the problems that inevitably arise.

2. Know Your “Why”

It’s important that you have a clear understanding of the “why” you are making this career change. Is it to have more free time, reduce stress, follow a passion or be your own boss?

Having a clear understanding of you personal “why” will influence every decision in this process. Knowing your “why” and keeping it in mind also serves as a motivator to help you reach your goals.

3. Be Realistic

Take an inventory of both your strengths and weaknesses. Are your organizational skills less than stellar? Then, becoming a wedding planner is probably not a good idea.

This is an area where having honest outside input can be really helpful. Most of us are not very good at accurately assessing our abilities. It’s a universal human trait to exaggerate our abilities while diminishing our weaknesses.

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Requesting honest feedback from friends and co-workers is a good place to start, but this is another area where a career coach can come in handy.

4. Consider an Ad-Vocation

Sometimes, making a career change all at once is just too big of a change. Issues like a severely reduced income, geography and lack of benefits can all be impediments to your career change. In those cases, you may want to start your new career as an ad-vocation.

An ad-vocation is a second or ad-on vocation in addition to your primary vocation. Things like a part-time job, consulting or even a side business can all be ad-vocations.

The benefit of having an ad-vocation is being able to build experience a reputation and contacts in the new field while maintaining all the benefits of your current job.

5. Update Your Skills

Whether it means acquiring new certifications or going back to school to get your cosmetology licence, having the right training is the foundation for a successful career change.

The great thing about changing careers now is that almost any training or certifications needed can be free or at very little cost online. Check with trade associations, industry websites and discussion groups for any requirements you may need.

Learn How to Cultivate Continuous Learning to Stay Competitive.

6. Start Re-Branding Yourself Now

Use the internet and social media to change the way you present yourself online.

Changing your LinkedIn profile is a good way to show prospective employers that you are serious about a career change.

Joining Facebook groups, trade associations and discussion boards as well as attending conventions is a great way to start building a network while you learn.

Here’re some Personal Branding Basics You Need to Know for Career Success.

7. Overhaul Your Resume

Most of us have heard the advice to update our resume every six months, and most of us promptly ignore that advice and only update our resume when we need it.

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When making a career change, updating is not enough; this calls for a complete overhaul of your resume. Chances are that your current resume was designed around your old career which may or may not apply to your new goals.

Crafting a new resume emphasizing your strengths for the new position your looking for is key. There are many places that will help you craft a resume online and it is a service included with most career coaching services.

8. Know Your Timeline

There are a lot of factors when it comes to how long it will take to make the career change.

Industry and Functional career changes tend to be the easiest to do and therefore can be accomplished in the shortest period of time. While the Double Career Change and the Entrepreneurial Career Change both require more effort and thus time.

There are also personal factors involved in the time it will take to switch careers.

Generally speaking the more you are willing to be flexible with both compensation and geography, the shorter time it will take to make the switch.

Final Thoughts

Changing careers at anytime can be stressful, but for those of us who are 50 or above, it can seem to be an overwhelming task fraught with pitfalls and self doubt.

Prospective employers know the benefits that come with more mature employees. Things like a wealth of experience, a proven work history and deeper understanding of corporate culture are all things that older workers bring to the table.

And while the younger generation may possess better computer or technical skills than us, if you’re willing to learn, there are a ton of free or nearly free resources available to you.

Deciding on a career change at 50 is a great way to experience life on your own terms.

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Featured photo credit: rawpixel via unsplash.com

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