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The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions

The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions

It is quite an extraordinary thing to say that human decisions and normal life matters are shaped and carved by hidden forces. Whether we decide a particular thing, or select a single option from a number of available options, we think a lot and do what our instinct tell us to do. The question that arises here is what is our instinct and why does it guide us to do a certain thing and take a certain step?

Dan Ariely has solved this mystery in his bookPredictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape our Decisions.The human mind is surely complex and most decisions we take are often influenced by real life events or something that relates to the decisions. It is surely irrational to say that there are hidden forces in nature that shape our decision, however, saying this bold statement wouldn’t be wrong in one way or another.

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Predictably Irrational is an outstanding journey of emotional as well as rational thinking. The book is a behavioural analysis of economics and human psychology and covers the topic very interestingly. The writer’s persuasive style of writing has made this book a blend of creativity and intellect. The plot of this book is interesting and the book contains real life examples and experimentation to deliver its message to the readers.

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    How can hidden forces influence our decisions?

    Hidden forces can influence and shape our decisions. This book has been written after following a series of experiments which showed that human decisions are shaped by factors invisible to us.

    Emotions, social norms, expectations, relationships, mutual understanding and a lot of other invisible factors affect our decisions and alter our decision making power. As humans, most people fail to realize the effect of emotions and social norms of everyday decisions. We think that we are at control of our decision making, but our decision making power can be influenced and affected by many unknown and unseen factors. Yet, as humans, we keep believing that we are in control of what we are doing and what we want.

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    In his book, Dan Ariely defines this mystery and reveals many secrets of the human mind and decision making. This book in an outstanding journey of understanding human minds and develop really good decision making ability.The book is recommended for people who procrastinate a lot and feel that they make bad decisions in life.

    Reading duration: 7 hours 56 minutes

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    GetPredictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape our Decisions from Amazon at $10.71

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    Last Updated on April 6, 2020

    How to Stop Bad Habits: 9 Scientifically Proven Methods

    How to Stop Bad Habits: 9 Scientifically Proven Methods

    Have you ever imagined why some individuals maximize every aspect of their lives?

    When they establish goals, they always attain it. It could be a goal to break an addiction, work out more, or to achieve financial freedom.

    Do you find it challenging to replicate their successes? Perhaps, you even make some attempts for a while, but then you give up before you could reach the target.

    If you experience that consistently, you can quickly become frustrated, but you don’t have to give up.

    But how long does it take to break a bad habit? Some researchers recommended a 21-day plan to permanently get rid of bad habits. Others suggest a month plan or even 3 months. The most crucial factor is to follow through whichever timeframe you choose.

    In this article, I will share with you 9 proven strategies on how to stop bad habits permanently.

    1. Make the Negative Habits Obvious

    If you desire better habits, the best approach is to make those habits visible. This strategy also applies if you are devising strategies on how to stop bad habits.

    Cues are very crucial in habit formation. James Clear, in his book Atomic Habits, recommended the use of Habit Scorecard. This is an easy exercise that helps you become conscious of your behaviors daily.

    The first step is to pen down a chronological list of your daily habits. Then, you rate each habit as an “effective,” “ineffective,” or a “neutral habit.” The importance of this strategy is that it assists you in discerning the relevance of each habit in your personal growth.[1].

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    Now that you have a list of habits, the next thing is to take the negative habits out, which leads to the next point.

    2. Start from Simple to Complex

    Everybody wants to generate a significant change as fast as they can. They want to work out for 1 hour every morning, reflect for 20 minutes when they have been managing to meditate consistently for 5 minutes, switch to eating a healthy diet.

    The challenge is it will always require strong willpower to achieve any bigger goal. Willpower is like your muscles. It becomes tired, the more you exert it. And when it retires, you will give up on achieving your goal.

    The best approach is to take out the single target, then make progress towards a higher target. You can start by dealing with the bad habits from the less serious to the more severe.

    3. Create a New Environment for Good Habits To Grow

    Several studies show that our environment influences our habits. The basis is that you depend more on what you see (visual cues) than other senses of perception. This is no doubt why visual cues define our behavior.

    To stop bad habits, you need to focus on positive cues that reinforce good habits. Another approach is to build new habits and stop exposing yourself to cues that will strengthen negative patterns. You will find it easier to avoid temptation than to resist it.

    For instance, if you want to read more books than you watch the TV, keep the remote control in another room, and position books at every corner of your house and your office.

    4. Identify the Consequences of Bad Habits

    Bad habits have grave consequences. According to WebMD, bad habits affect nearly every organ of your body. They can lead to cancer, stroke, emphysema, diabetes, heart disease, bronchitis, and other health problems. Bad habits can increase the chances of eye problems, tuberculosis, and several immune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. It becomes easy to stop those bad habits when you are aware of their consequences.[2]

    Here’re more consequences of bad habits: 13 Bad Habits You Need to Quit Right Away

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    5. Make Bad Habits Difficult and Painful

    Do you want to eliminate those nasty habits? Then, attach an instant cost to each action or make those unhealthy behaviors difficult.

    James Clear again recommended ‘a habit contract’. This is a written agreement where you stipulate commitment to a specific habit and the punishment for not meeting up. You will also identify two individuals who will serve as accountability mentors to append on the written agreement. In this same way, make good habits simple and attach rewards for practicing them.

    6. Change Your Mindset

    Whenever you are devising a strategy on how to stop bad habits, use a ‘scientist and subject’ mindset. You will need to consider each action as a behavioral experiment where every challenge offers useful data for the subsequent step.

    Direct your energy on how to stop those bad habits daily instead of focusing on the long-term. If you follow the process, the outcomes will show up as outcomes of your daily efforts.

    7. Associate with Supporters

    The individuals you associate with have a significant influence on your habits. According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, if your friend becomes obese, you stand the risk of obesity by 57% even if that friend lives some miles away. [3]

    Other studies also added that we tend to adopt the same lifestyle, goals, and aspirations of the company we keep. If you want to stop smoking, you need to dissociate yourself from friends who smoke.

    8. Practice Positive Speaking

    Peradventure you have made these statement in the past:

    ‘This situation is seemingly hopeless.’

    ‘I don’t think I can go through this.’

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    ‘I will never be able to break through this situation.’

    ‘I will give it a shot, but…’

    ‘It’s just disgusting.’

    If you have made any of these statements, then you have been reinforcing bad habits. Psychological studies have found that the subconscious provides meaning to what it hears. Your thought pattern and your body will align with your words. Thus, if you desire more success, peak performance, and more connections, begin to speak positive words every time you open your mouth.

    The power to stop bad habits is in your words. The ability to make a good impression and create opportunities is in the words you speak.

    9. Meditate to Knock Out That Bad Habit

    Your life derives definitions from what you repeatedly do, not what you do once in a while. Thus, developing a knock-out strategy on how to stop bad habits is a must and not an option for total transformation.

    A lot of individuals have at least one or two bad habits they wish to discard. Some people are heavy smokers, and they want to quit. Some others aspire to minimize their consumption of sugar and alcohol. Some people are also battling with less dangerous habits such as nail-biting, nose picking, and they find it difficult to let go.

    Several practices exist on how to stop those bad habits. Meditation is of them.

    People who practice mindfulness and meditation achieves two things:

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    First, they become more self-aware. As you start to meditate, you progressively penetrate each layer of your being and move beyond the delusions and lies that you often believe about yourself.

    Second, they focus on reality and what they desire. Meditation assists in identifying what will satisfy you beyond what those bad habits can. You will learn how to stop bad habits by visualizing reality while discarding the bad behavior.

    In a recent study, researchers Marlatt, Rose, Pagano, and Marques studied the impact of meditation and other organized relaxation exercises among heavy social drinkers.[4] They discovered that the respondents who have histories of substantial social drinking but began to engage in meditation experienced a significant decrease in the consumption of alcohol. This means meditation can help on how to stop bad habits and illicit personal improvement in your behaviors.

    Final Thoughts

    Bad habits will prevent you from reaching your full potentials. Establish a commitment timeline to avoid procrastination and excuses. It could be a 21-day or one-month timeframe.

    It takes a higher force to dispel an effect. It takes words to overcome thoughts. Habits are the outcome of a cycle. It starts from a feeling(positive or negative), it culminates into a thought(positive or negative), then leads to action. An action is a thought that implement. Repeated action forms a habit.

    If you don’t like the outcome, block the source, which is the feeling by speaking the right words.

    Your words empower you to take control of how you feel. If you need to wake up early, for instance, you need to tell your body to rise and shine. If you don’t, your feeling will entice you to sleep more.

    Learn more about breaking bad habits and sticking to good ones:

    Featured photo credit: Jason Briscoe via unsplash.com

    Reference

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