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How Your Employer May Have Paid You Less Working Overtime

How Your Employer May Have Paid You Less Working Overtime

Overtime is a common practice in most job unfortunately; getting paid for it is usually not consistent. The first thing to keep in mind is that overtime is voluntary unless it is an emergency situation or an urgent attention.

That is the theory, but in reality we all know that if you repeatedly refuse to do overtime when the situation demands, you are most likely to be fired. If the company asks for an overtime, it is best to do them and if necessary demand the collection for an extra wage at the appropriate time.

How Bad Is Overtime for Us?

Disadvantages of overtime are usually aligned with health and un-productivity. below are some demerits of overtime your should know.

Exhaustion is a condition that you feel completely overwhelmed. It is often caused by stressful or excessive work, making you feel sick, tired and weak. According to a recent study by the Aragon Institute of Health Sciences, people who work more than 40 hours a week increase their risk of exhaustion six times compared to people who work less 35 hours per week.

But the question is, are employers really obligated to pay you for overtime and on what ground should you be paid for an overtime?

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How Is Overtime Paid?

Overtime is generated[1] when an employee exceed the standard working hour or time agreed. However, The remuneration of these extra hours can be made with money, days off or with the corresponding hours of rest pending on employer.

If it is with money, overtime must be reflected in the payroll and in no case can be paid with an amount less than the normal working hour. In fact, it is normal for the value of the overtime worked to be greater than the remuneration of an ordinary hour and more if those overtime hours were generated on a weekend or on a holiday.

When Must A Company Pay For Overtime Working?

During interviews,[2] employers do not inform potential employees of a need for overtime. However, the terms are often stated in the agreement papers or employment guide which most employee are not aware of.

The concept of non compliance with overtime far outweigh the consequences of not paying employees. Sometimes companies deliberately ignore employees right.

Below are some concepts your should know about overtime:

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1. When Your Employer Is Covered by the FLSA Law

If your employer is covered by the FLSA,[3] they are obligated to pay you for an overtime. However, If you fall into the “exempt” categories, you are not entitled for any payment. However, if your employer isn’t covered by the FLSA, you may be entitled to overtime under state law or otherwise.

2. When the Company’s Annual Income Meets the Specific Standard

Not all companies are eligible to pay employees for overtime. To determine if you are eligible first, determine whether it’s covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), and if it has $500,000 and above in annual sales and income. If not paying for overtime is at the companies discretion.

3. When You Are Asked to Report Duties Early

Sometimes employers may ask you to resume for duties early. However, most employees do not realize that starting before the appointed time could count as overtime. If this happens and you work on a clock system, you are entitled to extra payment.

Who Gets Paid For Overtime?

For employees working more than 40 hours a week are qualified to extra pay for the overtime hours. This is simple the standard as stated in the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, which requires the payment of overtime fro non-exempt employees.

Basically, there are two types of employees:[4]

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Non-Exempt Employees – 1.5 Times Regular Rates

Firstly, If you are employed as a non-exempt employee, then you are entitled to be paid a minimum of one and one-half times your regular rates of pay if your working hours exceed 40 hours in a week.

Exempt Employees – Obligated to Be Paid

If you were employed as an exempt personal then your company has a right to pay you for overtime at their discretion for engaging in overtime.[5] However, you are obligated to get paid for working overtime.

Anything to Do to Cope with Overtime?

There are times when overtime is not recommended. For example, if your employer made you do overtime on an earlier occasion and never acknowledge it. You must then demand for clear terms on working overtime.[6]

Accepting to work overtime should depends on many factors. It is advisable to analyze all the pros and cons of working longer hours for a company. If you see that it benefits you, do not hesitate to accept it.

Here are some helpful hints for accepting overtime.

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Establish a Relationship

There is nothing absolutely outstanding than a cordial relationship with your superior. Thus, to help you alleviate the burden that comes with overtime, develop a great relationship with your superior he or she could likely be a helping hand during overtime.

Analyze Company Practices

Each company has its own philosophy when it comes to schedules. When you join a company try to investigate the policies in the schedule so that you have full knowledge of the company’s practices.

Work from Home

There is always the possibility of taking work home, so you can avoid overtime. Try to reach an agreement with your company if this possibility is feasible.

Be Familiar with the FLSA Laws and Know Your Rights

Above all, be conversant with the FLSA Laws regarding employers and employees and you will be at the knowhow of your companies compliance regarding your rights.

Featured photo credit: Stocksnap via stocksnap.io

Reference

[1] UnitedStatesDepartmentOfLabor: Overtime Pay
[2] SiliconGap: Interview Using Body Language Spotting a Potential and Productive Fellow
[3] UnitedStatesDepartmentOfLabor: Handy Reference Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act
[4] TheBalance: The Difference Between an Exempt and a Non-exempt Employee
[5] OvertimeLawsInWashingtonState: How to Calculate Overtime Pay
[6] OfficeOfFinancialManagement: Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

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Last Updated on October 21, 2019

How to Be a Good Leader and Lead Effectively

How to Be a Good Leader and Lead Effectively

U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a contender for the 2020 Democratic nomination, is a reminder of why I am so drawn to leadership as a topic. Whenever I think it is impossible for me to be more impressed with her, she proves me wrong.

Earlier this week, a former marine suggested that he had been in a long-term sexual relationship with the Senator. She flipped the narrative and used the term “Cougar,” a term used to describe older women who date younger men, to reference her alma mater.

Rather than calling the young man a liar, or responding to the accusations in kind, she re-focused the conversation back to her message of college affordability and lifted up that “Cougar” was the mascot for her alma mater. She went on to note that tuition at her school was just $50 per semester when she was a student. Class act.

But by the end of the week, news broke that U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, another contender for the presidency, had a heart attack. Warren not only wished Sanders a speedy recovery but her campaign sent a meal to his staff. She knew that the hopes of staff, donors and supporters were with the Senator from Vermont and showed genuine compassion and empathy.

To me, she has proven time and time again that she is more than a presidential candidate: she belongs in a leadership hall of fame.

What makes some people excel as leaders is fascinating. You can read about leadership, research it and talk about it, yet the interest in leadership alone will not make you a better leader.

You will have more information than the average person, but becoming a good leader is lifelong work. It requires experience – and lots of it. Most importantly, it requires observation and a commitment to action. Warren observed what was happening with Sen. Sanders, empathized with his team and then took action. Regardless of the outcome of this election, Sanders’ staff will likely never forget her gesture.

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You would have had to work on a political campaign in order to appreciate the stress and anxiety that comes with it. In this moment, staff may not remember everything that Warren said throughout the lengthy campaign, but they will remember what she did during an unforgettable time during the campaign.

If this model of leadership is appealing, and if you are searching for how to up your own leadership game, read on for six characteristics that good leaders share:

1. Good leaders are devoted to the success of the people around them.

Good leaders are not self-interested. Sure, they want to succeed, but they also want others to succeed.

Good leaders see investing in others just as important as they see investing in themselves. They understand that their success is closely tied to the people around them, and they work to ensure that their peers, employees, friends and family have paths for growth and development.

While the leaders may be the people in the spotlight, they are quick to point to the people around them who helped them (the leaders) enter that spotlight. Their willingness to lift others inspires their colleagues’ and friends’ devotion and loyalty.

2. Good leaders are not overly dependent on others’ approval.

It is important for managers to express their support for their teams; good leaders must be independent of the approval of others. I explained in an article for The Chronicle of Philanthropy, that:[1]

“While a desire to be loved is natural, managers who prioritize approval from subordinates will become ineffective supervisors who may do employees harm. For example, a manager driven by a need for approval may shy away from delivering constructive feedback that could help an employee improve. A manager fearful of upsetting someone may tolerate behavior that degrades the work environment and culture.”

In yet another example, a manager who is dependent on the approval of others may not make decisions that could be deemed unpopular in the short run but necessary in the long run.

Think of the coaches who integrated their sporting teams. Their decision to do so, may have seemed odd, and even wrong, in the moment, but time has proven that those leaders were on the right side of history.

3. Good leaders have the capacity to share the spotlight.

Attention is nice, but it is not the prime motivator for good leaders. Doing a good job is.

For this reason, good leaders are willing to share the spotlight. They aren’t threatened by a lack of attention, and they do not need credit for every accomplishment. They are too focused on their goal and too focused on the urgency of their work.

4. Good leaders are students.

In the same way that human beings are constantly evolving, so too are leaders. As long as you are living, you have the potential to learn. It doesn’t matter how much knowledge you think you have; you can always learn something new.

I have the experience of thinking I was doing everything right as a manager, only to receive conflicting feedback from my team. Perhaps my approach was not working for my team, and I had to be willing to hear their feedback to improve.

Good leaders understand that their secret sauce is their willingness to keep receiving information and keep learning. They aren’t intimidated by what they do not know: As long as they maintain a willingness to keep growing, they believe they can overcome any obstacle they face.

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As both masters and students, good leaders read, listen and study to grow. They consume content for information, not just entertainment purposes. They aren’t impressed with their knowledge; they are impressed with the learning journey.

5. Good leaders view vulnerability as a superpower.

It means “replacing ‘professional distance and cool,’ with uncertainty, risk, and emotional exposure,” said Emma Sappala in a Dec. 11, 2014, article, “What Bosses Gain by being Vulnerable” for Harvard Business Journal.[2] She went on to note the importance of human connection, which she asserts is often missing at work.

“As leaders and employees, we are often taught to keep a distance and project a certain image. An image of confidence, competence and authority. We may disclose our vulnerability to a spouse or close friend behind closed doors at night but we would never show it elsewhere during the day, let alone at work.”

This rings so true for me as a woman leader. I was raised believing that any show of emotion in the workplace could be used against me. I was raised believing that it was best for women leaders to be stoic and to “never let ‘em see you sweat.” This may have prevented me from connecting with employees and colleagues on a deeper, more personal level.

6. Good leaders understand themselves.

I am a huge fan of life coach and spiritual teacher Iyanla Vanzant. In addition to her hit show on the OWN network, Vanzant has authored dozens of books. In her books and teachings, she underscores the importance of knowing ourselves fully. She argues that we must know what makes us tick, what makes us happy and what makes us angry.

Self-awareness enables us to put ourselves in situations where we can thrive, and it also enables us to have compassion when we fall short of the goals and expectations we have for ourselves. Relatedly, understanding ourselves will allow us to know our strength. When we know our strengths, we will be able to put people around us who compliment our strengths and fill the gaps in our leadership.

Final Thoughts

Being a good leader, first and foremost, is an inside job. You must focus on growing as a person regardless of the leadership title that you hold. You cannot take others where you yourself have not been. So focusing on yourself, regardless of your time or where you are in your career will have long term benefits for you and the people around you.

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Further, if you want to become a good leader, you should start by setting the intention to do so. What you focus on grows. If you focus on becoming a better leader, you will research and invest in things that help you to fulfill this intention. You will also view the good and bad leadership experiences as steppingstones that hone your character and help you improve.

After you set the intention, get really clear on what a good leader looks like to you. Each of us has a different understanding of leadership. Is a good leader someone who takes risk? Is a good leader, in your estimation, someone who develops other leaders? Whatever it is, know what you’re shooting for. Once you define what it means to be a good leader, look for people who exemplify your vision. Watch and engage with them if you can.

Finally, understand that becoming a good leader doesn’t happen overnight. You must continually work at improving, investing in yourself and reflecting on what is going well and what you must improve. In this way, every experience is an opportunity to grow and a chance to ask: ‘What is this experience trying to teach me?’ or ‘what action is necessary based on this situation?’

If you are committed to questioning, evaluating and acting, you are that much closer to becoming a better leader.

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Featured photo credit: Sam Power via unsplash.com

Reference

[1] The Chronicle of Philanthropy: Why Good Managers Overcome the Desire to Be Liked
[2] Harvard Business Journal: What Bosses Gain by being Vulnerable

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