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How Your Employer May Have Paid You Less Working Overtime

How Your Employer May Have Paid You Less Working Overtime

Overtime is a common practice in most job unfortunately; getting paid for it is usually not consistent. The first thing to keep in mind is that overtime is voluntary unless it is an emergency situation or an urgent attention.

That is the theory, but in reality we all know that if you repeatedly refuse to do overtime when the situation demands, you are most likely to be fired. If the company asks for an overtime, it is best to do them and if necessary demand the collection for an extra wage at the appropriate time.

How Bad Is Overtime for Us?

Disadvantages of overtime are usually aligned with health and un-productivity. below are some demerits of overtime your should know.

Exhaustion is a condition that you feel completely overwhelmed. It is often caused by stressful or excessive work, making you feel sick, tired and weak. According to a recent study by the Aragon Institute of Health Sciences, people who work more than 40 hours a week increase their risk of exhaustion six times compared to people who work less 35 hours per week.

But the question is, are employers really obligated to pay you for overtime and on what ground should you be paid for an overtime?

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How Is Overtime Paid?

Overtime is generated[1] when an employee exceed the standard working hour or time agreed. However, The remuneration of these extra hours can be made with money, days off or with the corresponding hours of rest pending on employer.

If it is with money, overtime must be reflected in the payroll and in no case can be paid with an amount less than the normal working hour. In fact, it is normal for the value of the overtime worked to be greater than the remuneration of an ordinary hour and more if those overtime hours were generated on a weekend or on a holiday.

When Must A Company Pay For Overtime Working?

During interviews,[2] employers do not inform potential employees of a need for overtime. However, the terms are often stated in the agreement papers or employment guide which most employee are not aware of.

The concept of non compliance with overtime far outweigh the consequences of not paying employees. Sometimes companies deliberately ignore employees right.

Below are some concepts your should know about overtime:

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1. When Your Employer Is Covered by the FLSA Law

If your employer is covered by the FLSA,[3] they are obligated to pay you for an overtime. However, If you fall into the “exempt” categories, you are not entitled for any payment. However, if your employer isn’t covered by the FLSA, you may be entitled to overtime under state law or otherwise.

2. When the Company’s Annual Income Meets the Specific Standard

Not all companies are eligible to pay employees for overtime. To determine if you are eligible first, determine whether it’s covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), and if it has $500,000 and above in annual sales and income. If not paying for overtime is at the companies discretion.

3. When You Are Asked to Report Duties Early

Sometimes employers may ask you to resume for duties early. However, most employees do not realize that starting before the appointed time could count as overtime. If this happens and you work on a clock system, you are entitled to extra payment.

Who Gets Paid For Overtime?

For employees working more than 40 hours a week are qualified to extra pay for the overtime hours. This is simple the standard as stated in the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, which requires the payment of overtime fro non-exempt employees.

Basically, there are two types of employees:[4]

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Non-Exempt Employees – 1.5 Times Regular Rates

Firstly, If you are employed as a non-exempt employee, then you are entitled to be paid a minimum of one and one-half times your regular rates of pay if your working hours exceed 40 hours in a week.

Exempt Employees – Obligated to Be Paid

If you were employed as an exempt personal then your company has a right to pay you for overtime at their discretion for engaging in overtime.[5] However, you are obligated to get paid for working overtime.

Anything to Do to Cope with Overtime?

There are times when overtime is not recommended. For example, if your employer made you do overtime on an earlier occasion and never acknowledge it. You must then demand for clear terms on working overtime.[6]

Accepting to work overtime should depends on many factors. It is advisable to analyze all the pros and cons of working longer hours for a company. If you see that it benefits you, do not hesitate to accept it.

Here are some helpful hints for accepting overtime.

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Establish a Relationship

There is nothing absolutely outstanding than a cordial relationship with your superior. Thus, to help you alleviate the burden that comes with overtime, develop a great relationship with your superior he or she could likely be a helping hand during overtime.

Analyze Company Practices

Each company has its own philosophy when it comes to schedules. When you join a company try to investigate the policies in the schedule so that you have full knowledge of the company’s practices.

Work from Home

There is always the possibility of taking work home, so you can avoid overtime. Try to reach an agreement with your company if this possibility is feasible.

Be Familiar with the FLSA Laws and Know Your Rights

Above all, be conversant with the FLSA Laws regarding employers and employees and you will be at the knowhow of your companies compliance regarding your rights.

Featured photo credit: Stocksnap via stocksnap.io

Reference

[1] UnitedStatesDepartmentOfLabor: Overtime Pay
[2] SiliconGap: Interview Using Body Language Spotting a Potential and Productive Fellow
[3] UnitedStatesDepartmentOfLabor: Handy Reference Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act
[4] TheBalance: The Difference Between an Exempt and a Non-exempt Employee
[5] OvertimeLawsInWashingtonState: How to Calculate Overtime Pay
[6] OfficeOfFinancialManagement: Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

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Last Updated on February 21, 2019

7 Natural Memory Boosters That Actually Work for All Ages

7 Natural Memory Boosters That Actually Work for All Ages

Forgot a name? Misplaced your keys? Taking longer to find the right words? Don’t panic. There’s plenty you can do to improve your memory.

You’re probably expecting us to reveal 7 little known and newly discovered herbs from the forests of the Amazon, the peaks of the Himalayas and the Arctic tundra. No such luck.

Despite Americans spending hundreds of millions of dollars a year on Ginkgo Biloba, Ashwagandha, Periwinkle, Bacopa, Vitamin B’s, Omega 3’s and memory boosting supplement cocktails, there is very little scientific evidence they actually work. [1]

Instead, we’re going to offer you 7 completely natural memory boosters, backed up by scientific research. It may take a little more effort than a magic memory pill, but the benefits will transcend your memory and improve your overall quality of life as well, making you more fit, energetic, happy and sharp.

How Do We Remember?

The first process in remembering is creating a memory.

This is where our brain sends a signal, associated with a thought, event or piece of information our mind is processing, over our brains neural pathways, called synapses.

Think of our neural pathways like roads and information like trucks. The better the roads, the more trucks can be driven.

The second step in remembering is memory consolidation.

Consolidation is when the brain takes that thought, event or piece of information and actually stores it in the brain. So now we’re talking about taking delivery of the trucks and storing its contents in the warehouse.

Consolidation helps us store information and label it properly, so its organized and easy to retrieve when needed.

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The last step is memory retrieval.

That’s the step whereby we try to retrieve the information stored in our brains. You know when you have the name of someone on the tip of your tongue.

You have the information; it’s been stored, but you just can’t find it. Our memory recall is typically better the stronger the memory is and the more often we’ve used it.

Memory decline is a normal part of aging. However, new scientific research is discovering many new ways for us to improve memory creation, consolidation and retrieval–no matter our age.

7 Natural Memory Boosters

So how to work on memory and boost your brain power? Here’re 7 brain boosters backed by science that you should try:

1. Aerobic Exercise

Aerobic activity is about as close as we get to a magic pill for our memories. Exercise helps your brain create new capillaries and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) which creates new brain cells and connections. To put it in plain english, aerobic activity changes our brains and helps it grow.

Studies have shown that exercising increases the size of the hippocampus and improves memory. In fact, even if you start exercising as an older adult, you can reverse cognitive decline by 1 to 2 years and protects against further decreases in the size of the hippocampus, which is essential for memory. [2]

In another study, reviewed by Dr. Ian Robertson of the University of Dublin, they looked at a group of people of 60 years and older, who engaged in “active walking” for four months.

They compared them with another group of people who only stretched over the same period of time. After testing both groups before and after the 4 month period, the walkers improved their memory and attention considerably more than the stretching group.

So which exercises are best and how much do we have to exercise?

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Turns out, it doesn’t really matter whether you run, swim, row or bike. What does matter is that you push yourself beyond your current abilities, keep doing more, keep getting better. Set yourself short term goals and keep pushing the goal posts.

2. Sleep

You need your sleep. The deeper the better. Sleep helps improve your procedural memory (how to do things, like how do I navigate my iPhone) and declarative memory (facts, like what’s my password). [3]

Even short naps from 6 to 45 minutes have been shown to improve your memory. In one Harvard study, college students memorized pairs of unrelated words, memorized a maze and copied a complex form. All were tested on their work. Half were then allowed to take a 45 minute nap. They were then retested. Those who took a nap, got a boost in their performance. [4]

Another study showed that getting REM (deep) sleep can increase your memory and mental performance by 33% to 73%. Getting a deep sleep helps the brain consolidate memories through dreams and “associative processing”. However, the study also revealed that heart rate variability in deep sleep also contributed significantly to increased memory performance. [5]

3. MIND Diet

Healthy eating, particularly more dark colored fruit, vegetables and oily fish has been shown to improve memory and stave off cognitive decline.

The MIND diet is proven to reduce the risk of dementia. It’s a mix of the popular Mediterranean diet and the low blood pressure DASH diet. [6]

The study kept track of the diets of almost 1,000 older adults. They were followed for an average of 4½ years.

The study concluded that “people whose diets were most strongly in line with the MIND diet had brains that functioned as if they were 7½ years younger than those whose diets least resembled this eating style.”

The study also showed that people who followed the MIND diet in the study reduced their chance of getting Alzheimer’s disease in half.

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So what does the MIND diet consist of? Lots of vegetables, leafy greens, nuts, berries, beans, fish, poultry, olive oil, whole grains and wine.

4. Relax

We all know that stress is bad for our health. It can raise our blood pressure, impact our immune system and interrupt our sleep. Stress also impairs our memory.

When our body gets stressed, it releases cortisol into our blood stream, which can cause short and long term physical changes to the brain. While cortisol has sometimes been shown to cause increases in short term memory, it can actually decrease our long term recall memory.

To help reduce the stress in your life, try relaxing with meditation, yoga or breathing exercises. Unplug–even for just a few hours. Stop checking your emails, social accounts and news. Release some endorphins with some exercise.

Bottom line, the more anxious and stressed we are, the less clearly we think, the poorer our memory works.

5. Continuous Learning

The mind is like a muscle. The more you challenge it, the stronger it gets. The more you learn, the more you can learn.

Research shows that learning can actually change the physical makeup of your brain. Not too long ago, we used to think that you were born with a fixed amount of brain cells, which declined with age. New research now shows that we can actually increase the number of brain cells we have throughout our life.

Aside from staying physically active, learning new skills and studying can actually keep our brains healthier. Consider taking a continuing education class, studying a new language, learning a new instrument, playing new card games. [7]

Studies show that the more complex the task, the more benefits for your mind. Simply showing up to class is not enough. You need to be actively engaged. Anything that forces you to focus and learn something new and get out of a rote routine will help you sharpen your mind and boost your memory.

6. Stay Social

The more deep and meaningful social connections you maintain, the more you protect your brain. Bottom line, the more friends you have, the more people you work with, the more you’re forced to use your brain.

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Social isolation and loneliness are significant risks of dementia. Without interacting with others, our brains wilt. Isolation and loneliness lead to depression, physical and mental decline. [8]

In a 2016 study published in Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, seniors with a full social calendar did better on memory, reasoning, and processing speed tests. [9]

What to do?

Party! Seriously, get together with friends as often as possible. Have family dinners. Choose social activities or sports like tennis, golf, cards or go for walks with a friend. Bottom line have fun, build meaningful social relationships and stay connected. Not only will it make your mind sharper and your memory better, you’ll be happier, too!

7. Wakeful Rest

This one is getting harder and harder to do. In a world where we can’t sit on a bus, go up an elevator or go to the bathroom without our phones, doing absolutely nothing to distract our minds is becoming increasingly difficult.

But, the results are in. Doing nothing is great for your memory. Quietly resting for 10 minutes, after you learn something will help you remember and help you create more detailed memories. [10]

What we do minutes after we learn something new has a significant impact on how well we retain the new information. In another study, it didn’t matter what you did after you learned something new, as long as you weren’t distracted by outside factors. In other words, you could be thinking of your day, making a grocery list, or thinking of a story. In either case, wakeful rest for a period of 10 minutes helped the brain process and consolidate your memories so that you were better able to recall the information at a later date. [11]

Conclusion

You don’t have to spend a dime on cocktails and supplements promising a quick boost to your memory power. There is very little conclusive scientific evidence suggesting supplements will help improve the memories of healthy individuals–not for Ginkgo Biloba, Vitamin B, fish oils, Vitamin D, Folate or other supplements claiming they a secret formula.

There are far cheaper and more effective ways to boost your memory: exercise, rest, eat well, learn, love, laugh and relax. Who wouldn’t want that prescription?

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Featured photo credit: Unsplash via unsplash.com

Reference

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