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Job Search 101: When a CV? When a Resume?

Job Search 101: When a CV? When a Resume?

Did you read the title and think: “But, aren’t a CV and resume the same thing?”

No.

There are some key differences between a CV and resume, which include:

  • How long they are
  • The information they include
  • What you’re applying for

Feel like you might have been using the wrong one?

Don’t worry.

This article will give you all the information you need to create a winning CV, and will tell you exactly when you should be using one.

Use a resume when you should be using a CV, and you could miss out on your dream job.

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Don’t let that happen.

What Is a CV, Exactly?

A CV, or curriculum vitae, provides a summary of your skills and experiences. It will usually be 2-3 pages long, and includes much more details than a resume.

Tailored Content for a Killer CV

Your CV should be tailored to be as relevant as possible to the position you’re applying for, but all CVs should include these basic things:

  • Your name, address and contact details
  • Education and qualifications
  • Your work history and experience
  • Information on your academic background. This can include research projects, teaching or lecturing experience, publications, presentations and awards.

A resume will include the first three points, but will be more tailored to the job you’re applying for, less thorough, and less focused on academic background.

When a CV, When a Resume?

When applying for a job outside of the US, a CV will usually be expected. Some jobs in the US, like those in medicine or academia, will ask for a CV.

For most jobs in the US, however, a resume is acceptable.

You wouldn’t write a three page CV to apply for a weekend waitressing job, but a CV would be perfect if you were applying for an academic research position [1]

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.If in doubt, get in touch with the recruiter for the organisation you’re applying to and ask for their preference.

The Essence of a Perfect CV

Worried your CV will go straight into the bin?

Follow the tips below to craft a CV that’s readable, relevant and persuasive.

  • Tailor your CV to the job you’re applying for. If you’re going for a teaching job, make sure to emphasise your experience in education.
  • Make sure it’s well-formatted. Make your CV as clear and easy to read as possible. Don’t waste time on fancy formatting, and don’t add pictures.
  • Use bullet points. Using lists to display your key achievements, skills and experience is a great way to quickly convey them to the person reading.
  • Don’t include irrelevant information. You don’t need to list every detail of everything you’ve ever done. Stick to what’s relevant to the position you’re applying for.

    What does a good CV look like?

    Checking out examples of winning CVs is a great way to shed some light on what yours should look like. We’ve curated some examples of excellent CVs below.

    Basic CV format

    Does education come before work experience? Where should my address be?

    Check out this example of a correctly formatted curriculum vitae to see exactly how your CV should be laid out.

    CVs for young people

    Don’t have any work experience? Feel like there’s nothing to write on your CV?

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    These sample CV templates will help if you’re still in school or have recently left.

    CVs for graduates

    Ready to enter the big wide world of employment? Make your first job search a successful one with these sample graduate CVs.

    CVs for academia

    Applying for a research position or PhD? These academic CV templates will show you everything you need to include.

    CVs for medical jobs

    Writing a medical CV can feel daunting, even if you know you’re fully qualified.

    Check out this page for advice on how to prepare and structure your medical CV.

    CVs for business

    What should you focus on in a business CV? How detailed should it be?

    These example business CVs will help you to write a winner.

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    CVs for a change of career

    Want to move industry or change your career, but worried it’ll never happen?

    With the right CV, you can find your dream job. Check out these sample career change CVs for inspiration.

    Don’t let your dream job pass you by because you didn’t write a good CV – or worse, you submitted a resume!

    Spend some time getting it right and your future self will thank you.

    Featured photo credit: Flaticon via flaticon.com

    Reference

    More by this author

    Eloise Best

    Content Writer

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    Published on April 16, 2019

    How Self Care Can Help You Live Your Best Life

    How Self Care Can Help You Live Your Best Life

    When was the last time you did something for yourself?

    Whether it was deciding to treat yourself with a little something or travel for some R&R, how often do you practice self-care?

    Well, as good as above sounds, there’s a common misconception that many of us have about self-care: that it’s only about indulgence and enjoyment.

    However, self-care goes far beyond indulgence. It’s actually about respecting your mind and body, understanding its limits, and being able to take care of every part of yourself, in a holistic way.

    And, you really don’t have to go to extreme measures or do anything specific–like meditating or following a plant based diet–in order to practice self-care. You just have to make sure that what you’re doing is in your best interests.

    So how can you make that happen?

    Below are a few proven methods that will help you become a better version of you. Follow through with these regularly and you’ll be well on your way to living your very best life.

    Listen to Yourself

    The bulk of self-care is knowing yourself.

    This means knowing your body’s limitations, and being in tune with your feelings, emotions and thoughts. So it’s important, then, to know who you are and what you want to do in life, in order to truly say that you know yourself. 

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    What is your purpose?

    Have you ever thought about this question?

    Your purpose doesn’t have to remain the same throughout your life. What you found a purpose in at age 19 would likely be different at age 49.

    In your current situation, think about the different roles that you have – as a working professional, a spouse, a partner, a parent, etc.

    Do you feel like you are fulfilling your purpose through any of these roles?

    All you have to do is ensure that what you’re chasing is meaningful to you; this will bring focus and motivation as you strive to achieve your goals.

    If you have your purpose defined, then that’s awesome! You know what drives you and why.

    But, if you don’t feel like you have a purpose nailed down, it’s good to start by asking why.

    For example, why are you working in your particular job or industry? If the reason is vague or unclear, then your motivational energy will be the same. In which case, you may find yourself not having a direction for where you’re headed in life.

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    If you’d like to learn more about finding your purpose, then I recommend you check out this article:

    How to Get Motivated and Be Happy Every Day When You Wake Up

    Seek Out Continuous Education

    Now, this may seem less common when you think of self-care, but lifelong learning is incredibly useful and an important component of taking care of yourself.

    It’s Super Practical

    Lifelong learning is extremely practical these days and does not require as much effort as it may have in the past. Long gone are the days when you could only find information on something by visiting a library. In this day of the internet, anything you can imagine is at your fingertips.

    You don’t need to physically go to a learning institution to learn. You can watch Youtube videos to learn new skills, take online courses to earn a degree, and scroll through an endless amount of articles, books and journals from reputable news and informative sites.

    When you’re constantly pushing yourself to learn and take up new things, your mental health also improves. Research shows that an active and engaged mind is responsible for diminishing age-related memory loss and improves overall cognitive abilities.

    Your Confidence Will Skyrocket

    You’ll also have improved self worth as it teaches you to step outside of your comfort zone, which will undoubtedly improve your confidence.

    You’ll also connect better with others by expanding your knowledge base. Learning exposes you to a multitude of new ideas and perspectives that you may have otherwise never considered. This also increases your adaptability. Whether it’s at work or just wanting to adapt to society, your peers, and loved ones, life long learning prepares you to take on new challenges.

    You’ll Be More Desired in the Job Market

    Another obvious reason for continuous education, is that your employability will also increase.

    With the ever changing economy, and huge influences from technology, social media, science etc., job descriptions today are moving targets. Assignments and roles change so quickly in response to changing business demands, it becomes a Herculean task to keep a job description database current.

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    In years past, stability was a characteristic of the world of work. Procedures, information, jobs, and organizations were established and provided continuity. Education was completed in the first 14 to 22 years of one’s life, followed by a long career occasionally punctuated by short-term job training.

    Today, however, jobs, companies, and technology are disappearing and being created simultaneously. To remain current and maintain a competitive advantage in the human capital marketplace, an individual is challenged to continually learn.

    People return to school at every age to enrich their skills and knowledge for their current positions. Some even prepare themselves for new jobs or career changes, moving them forward into new opportunities and technology.

    We can be assured that we will be challenged to continue to learn new tasks and information throughout our lives. Successful careers belong to flexible, curious learners who are prepared for opportunities because they know themselves and where they make their best contribution. As Peter Drucker, the father of modern management stated,

    “Knowledge is choice.”

    Lifelong learning also increases social awareness and perspective. To genuinely understand and empathize with others, increase social awareness, and foster strong interpersonal relationships, it’s important to seek out new perspectives. Enhancing the skills that positively impact emotional intelligence can bring even greater happiness and success, both personally and at work; and, this is all part of self-care.

    Improve Your Habits (Both at Work and at Home)

    Now, the last piece of advice I want to introduce to your self-care regimen, is to improve your habits.

    Habits define who you are, and are built up over time. You are what you eat is a great example of this. If you make it a habit to eat foods that nourish your body, rather than make your body feel bad, then you will be much healthier overall.

    Good Habits Allow You to Reach Your Goals

    Since habits dictate your days and nights, such as waking up every morning to get to work before a certain time, or brushing your teeth before bedtime every night, they play a major role in whether we do or do not reach our goals.

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    When you form habits that allow you to progress towards your goals, you’re automatically living a purposeful day, everyday.

    Habits Make Your Time a Priority

    How do you spend your free time? Do you opt to lounge on the couch watching Netflix passively, or do you engage in activities that support your purpose in life?

    It’s natural to waste a lot of time during the day, but fostering good habits will make you set a pattern for how you spend your time and give you the choice of what you choose to spend your time on. By improving your habits, you’ll find that you can be a LOT more productive. When you create good habits, you become more efficient with your time and a lot less is wasted.

    This in essence creates an overall positive influence on your life, allowing you to treat your mind and body well, which is why improving your habits are so important to self-care.

    Your Well Being Comes First

    We live in such a fast-paced society, where we are often so caught up in our work, families, maintaining our social lives, our studies and everything in between. It’s an understatement to say that life can get a little overwhelming at times.

    If you’ve ever watched the safety video onboard a plane, you’ll know that they always ask for a parent or adult to put on the safety mask first, before tending to the child. This may sound selfish, but the fact is that if you truly want to ensure the child’s safety, then your safety needs to come first so that you can protect and care for the child without complications from your end.

    The same goes for self-care. We need to ensure that our well being is priority, so that we can be the best for the people around us.

    Listening to yourself, practicing lifelong learning and improving your habits are steps that you can take to ensure you’re constantly in the best state of mind, alongside the indulgence and rest that you reward yourself with.

    Featured photo credit: Photo by Raychan on Unsplash via unsplash.com

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