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If You Know This Experiment, You Might Not Believe In Horoscope Anymore

If You Know This Experiment, You Might Not Believe In Horoscope Anymore

Horoscopes are commonplace these days, not only found in the back pages of the newspaper, but also all across the Internet. Personally, I don’t find myself seeking out my horoscope, but on occasion I do end up stumbling across it and, of course, I read it.

Do I believe it? Do you believe yours? Do you find yourself applying what it says to your personal life, believing that what is says will come true no matter what?

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Not to burst your bubble, but science thinks that the horoscope is…well, BS.

Is My Horoscope a Generalization?

According to science, you may be likely to accept a generalization (a statement that will feel like a truth to nearly everyone) to be specifically true of yourself. It’s called the “Forer effect,” sometimes known as the “Barnum effect.”

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In 1948, psychologist Bertram R. Forer gave his students a personality test. Despite their real answers, he gave them all the same fake responses:

  • You have a great need for other people to like and admire you;
  • You have a tendency to be critical of yourself;
  • You have a great deal of unused capacity which you have not turned to your advantage.

The students were asked to respond on a scale of 0 to 5, with 5 meaning that the description was an excellent evaluation of their personality and 0 meaning the description did not describe their personality at all. The average class response was 4.26.

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What does this prove?

What does this prove? That people are likely to believe vague generalizations about themselves so long as they are generally positive. In fact, studies[1] have shown that people who didn’t originally believe in astrology actually accepted their horoscope and increased their belief in astrology as a whole if the horoscope tended to be generally favorable.

I guess it goes to show that human beings are grasping for cosmic answers to our struggles, even if those answers are generic.

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Reference

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Lindsay Mattison

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Last Updated on March 5, 2021

Science Says People Who Talk To Themselves Are Geniuses

Science Says People Who Talk To Themselves Are Geniuses

I talk a lot to myself. It helps me to keep my concentration on the activity on hand, makes me focus more on my studies, and gives me some pretty brilliant ideas while chattering to myself; more importantly, I produce better works. For example, right now, as I am typing, I am constantly mumbling to myself. Do you talk to yourself? Don’t get embarrassed admitting it because science has discovered that those who talk to themselves are actually geniuses… and not crazy!

Research Background

Psychologist-researcher Gary Lupyan conducted an experiment where 20 volunteers were shown objects, in a supermarket, and were asked to remember them. Half of them were told to repeat the objects, for example, banana, and the other half remained silent. In the end, the result shown that self-directed speech aided people to find the objects faster, by 50 to 100 milliseconds, compared to the silent ones.

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“I’ll often mutter to myself when searching for something in the refrigerator or the supermarket shelves,” said Gary Lupyan.

This personal experience actually made him conduct this experiment. Lupyan, together with another psychologist, Daniel Swigley, came up with the outcomes that those to talk to oneself are geniuses. Here are the reasons:

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It stimulates your memory

When you are talking to yourself, your sensory mechanism gets activated. It gets easier on your memory since you can visualize the word, and you can act accordingly.[1]

It helps stay focused

When you are saying it loud, you stay focused on your task,[2] and it helps you recognise that stuff immediately. Of course, this only helps if you know what the object you are searching looks like. For example, a banana is yellow in colour, and you know how a banana looks like. So when you are saying it loud, your brain immediately pictures the image on your mind. But if you don’t know what banana looks like, then there is no effect of saying it loud.

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It helps you clarify your thoughts

Every one of us tends to have various types of thoughts. Most make sense, while the others don’t. Suppose you are furious at someone and you feel like killing that person. Now for this issue you won’t run to a therapist, will you? No, what you do is lock yourself in a room and mutter to yourself. You are letting go off the anger by talking to yourself, the pros and cons of killing that person, and eventually you calm down. This is a silly thought that you have and are unable to share it with any other person. Psychologist Linda Sapadin said,[3]

“It helps you clarify your thoughts, tend to what’s important and firm up any decisions you are contemplating.”

Featured photo credit: Girl Using Laptop In Hotel Room/Ed Gregory via stokpic.com

Reference

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