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Top Tax Breaks for Homeowners

Top Tax Breaks for Homeowners

If you own a home or are thinking of buying one, you’ve probably heard about tax breaks for homeowners.

Buying a home is typically the largest investment that everyday, ordinary folks make in their lifetime. A little planning goes a long way toward ensuring that you get the most value from homeownership. One way to create value is to reduce expenses – and tax deductions can help cut into your overhead.

When it comes to tax deductions, there are various benefits instituted by the government, aimed at encouraging more people to own homes. You can take advantage of these tax advantages by comparing your standard and itemized tax deductions and settling on the scenario with the highest tax benefits. Here are some itemizations that can help you make that determination.

Mortgage Interest

The deductions on mortgage interest are among the biggest tax benefits you can get on your home. Mortgage interest refers to any interest paid on a debt secured by the primary residence or second home. (Deductions are not applicable for interest paid on a personal loan, just home loans). Interest deductions can be taken up to $1 million of the loan used to acquire or improve the home.

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At the beginning of each year, your lender should provide you with Form 1098, detailing the total amount of interest you paid in the previous year. Check the settlement sheet to ensure that Form 1098 includes the interest you paid from when you closed on the home, to the last day of that month.

Mortgage Insurance Premiums (MIP)

Mortgage insurance premiums refer to extra fees paid to protect the lender should a borrower default on a home loan. These premiums are paid by buyers who make a down payment of less than twenty percent of the loan amount. Mortgage insurance premium deductions can be made on home mortgages issued from 2007 onward.

According to the IRS, if the adjusted gross income as indicated on Form 1040 is more than a hundred thousand dollars or fifty thousand dollars if you are married and filing separately, the amount of deductible mortgage insurance is reduced. The statement on the mortgage insurance premiums is available in Form 1098.

Mortgage Points

Mortgage points are fees paid directly to the lender/broker at closing in exchange for a lower interest rate. Points are deductible as interest if the loan is secured by the home and the amount you deposited at the closing as down payment is equal to the points.

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It does not matter whether you or the seller paid the points; you are entitled to the deductions as long as you meet the minimum requirements. You will be able to deduct your points in the same year you pay them if you itemize them on Schedule A of IRS Form 1040.

Home Improvement Expenses

If you have made home improvements, keep the receipts and other documents safely. Those expenses become tax breaks when you decide to sell your home. Current, the law allows you to add all the home improvement expenses on the purchase price of your home thus reducing the capital gains taxable amount.

IRA Payouts

As a first-time home buyer, you can take advantage of the IRA penalty-free withdrawal for your down payment. IRA rules allow you to withdraw up to $10,000 to help build or acquire a home for yourself or loved ones. The money must, however, be used to build or buy a first home within 120 days from the time it’s withdrawn. You can be considered a first-time buyer as long as you have not owned a home in the last three years.

However, even though not penalized, the IRA withdrawals are subject to federal and state tax. It is therefore not advisable to tap into this account unless there is no other option. Alternatively, you can withdraw your contribution to a ROTH IRA account, which is usually penalty free and tax free. The best thing about a ROTH is that after five years, you can withdraw up to $10,000 of earnings for first home purchase without incurring any taxes or penalties.

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Tax-Free Profit From Sale

Another tax break for homeowners is in the capital gains; a single person can sell a home for a profit of $250,000 and not pay a dime in taxes. Likewise, a married couple can sell a home and make a profit of $500,000 and still not pay anything in taxes. However, some conditions apply.

First, the home on sale must be your principal residence, and you must have lived in it for two of the five years before you sell it.

Energy Credits

You can earn an additional tax break on your primary residence through energy-saving home improvement practices. For instance, you can get credit for up to ten percent of the cost of installing things like insulation systems, qualifying central air conditioners, energy-efficient heat pumps, furnaces, water boilers and water heaters.

The credit can extend up to thirty percent of the cost for more expensive energy-efficient equipment.

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Home Equity Loans (HELs)

When your home appreciates in value, you can use the equity as security to borrow more money. Like a regular mortgage interest, the interest of home equity loans is tax deductible. Federal tax law permits mortgage interest deductions on up to $100,000 in home equity loan.

Adjust Your Withholding

The best place to check whether you are overpaying or underpaying your taxes is the W-4 form you filed with your employer. If you are always finding out that you have underpaid your taxes, check whether you are getting the mortgage interest and other deductions as required.

There are numerous ways you can genuinely claim deductions on your taxes. For instance, you can claim a deduction if you have a side job, a side business or you do some freelancing. Ensure you adjust your W-4 withholding by following the instructions on the IRS website.

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Published on November 8, 2018

How to Answer the Tough Question: What are Your Salary Requirements?

How to Answer the Tough Question: What are Your Salary Requirements?

After a few months of hard work and dozens of phone calls later, you finally land a job opportunity.

But then, you’re asked about your salary requirements and your mind goes blank. So, you offer a lower salary believing this will increase your odds at getting hired.

Unfortunately, this is the wrong approach.

Your salary requirements can make or break your odds at getting hired. But only if you’re not prepared.

Ask for a salary too high with no room for negotiation and your potential employer will not be able to afford you. Aim too low and employers will perceive as you offering low value. The trick is to aim as high as possible while keeping both parties feel happy.

Of course, you can’t command a high price without bringing value.

The good news is that learning how to be a high-value employee is possible. You have to work on the right tasks to grow in the right areas. Here are a few tactics to negotiate your salary requirements with confidence.

1. Hack time to accomplish more than most

Do you want to get paid well for your hard work? Of course you do. I hate to break it to you, but so do most people.

With so much competition, this won’t be an easy task to achieve. That’s why you need to become a pro at time management.

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Do you know how much free time you have? Not the free time during your lunch break or after you’ve finished working at your day job. Rather, the free time when you’re looking at your phone or watching your favorite TV show.

Data from 2017 shows that Americans spend roughly 3 hours watching TV. This is time poorly spent if you’re not happy with your current lifestyle. Instead, focus on working on your goals whenever you have free time.

For example, if your commute to/from work is 1 hour, listen to an educational Podcast. If your lunch break is 30 minutes, read for 10 to 15 minutes. And if you have a busy life with only 30–60 minutes to spare after work, use this time to work on your personal goals.

Create a morning routine that will set you up for success every day. Start waking up 1 to 2 hours earlier to have more time to work on your most important tasks. Use tools like ATracker to break down which activities you’re spending the most time in.

It won’t be easy to analyze your entire day, so set boundaries. For example, if you have 4 hours of free time each day, spend at least 2 of these hours working on important tasks.

2. Set your own boundaries

Having a successful career isn’t always about the money. According to Gallup, about 70% of employees aren’t satisfied with their current jobs.[1]

Earning more money isn’t a bad thing, but choosing a higher salary over the traits that are the most important to you is. For example, if you enjoy spending time with your family, reject job offers requiring a lot of travel.

Here are some important traits to consider:

  • Work and life balance – The last thing you’d want is a job that forces you to work 60+ hours each week. Unless this is the type of environment you’d want. Understand how your potential employer emphasizes work/life balance.
  • Self-development opportunities – Having the option to grow within your company is important. Once you learn how to do your tasks well, you’ll start becoming less engaged. Choose a company that encourages employee growth.
  • Company culture – The stereotypical cubicle job where one feels miserable doesn’t have to be your fate. Not all companies are equal in culture. Take, for example, Google, who invests heavily in keeping their employees happy.[2]

These are some of the most important traits to look for in a company, but there are others. Make it your mission to rank which traits are important to you. This way you’ll stop applying to the wrong companies and stay focused on what matters to you more.

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3. Continuously invest in yourself

Investing in yourself is the best investment you can make. Cliche I know, but true nonetheless.

You’ll grow as a person and gain confidence with the value you’ll be able to bring to others. Investing in yourself doesn’t have to be expensive. For example, you can read books to expand your knowledge in different fields.

Don’t get stuck into the habit of reading without a purpose. Instead, choose books that will help you expand in a field you’re looking to grow. At the same time, don’t limit yourself to reading books in one subject–create a healthy balance.

Podcasts are also a great medium to learn new subjects from experts in different fields. The best part is they’re free and you can consume them on your commute to/from work.

Paid education makes sense if you have little to no debt. If you decide to go back to school, be sure to apply for scholarships and grants to have the least amount of debt. Regardless of which route you take to make it a habit to grow every day.

It won’t be easy, but this will work to your advantage. Most people won’t spend most of their free time investing in themselves. This will allow you to grow faster than most, and stand out from your competition.

4. Document the value you bring

Resumes are a common way companies filter employees through the hiring process. Here’s the big secret: It’s not the only way you can showcase your skills.

To request for a higher salary than most, you have to do what most are unwilling to do. Since you’re already investing in yourself, make it a habit to showcase your skills online.

A great way to do this is to create your own website. Pick your first and last name as your domain name. If this domain is already taken, get creative and choose one that makes sense.

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Here are some ideas:

  • joesmith.com
  • joeasmith.com
  • joesmithprojects.com

Nowadays, building a website is easy. Once you have your website setup, begin producing content. For example, if you a developer you can post the applications you’re building.

During your interviews, you’ll have an online reference to showcase your accomplishments. You can use your accomplishments to justify your salary requirements. Since most people don’t do this, you’ll have a higher chance of employers accepting your offer

5. Hide your salary requirements

Avoid giving you salary requirements early in the interview process.

But if you get asked early, deflect this question in a non-defensive manner. Explain to the employer that you’d like to understand your role better first. They’ll most likely agree with you; but if they don’t, give them a range.

The truth is great employers are more concerned about your skills and the value you bring to the company. They understand that a great employee is an investment, able to earn them more than their salary.

Remember that a job interview isn’t only for the employer, it’s also for you. If the employer is more interested in your salary requirements, this may not be a good sign. Use this question to gauge if the company you’re interviewing is worth working for.

6. Do just enough research

Research average salary compensation in your industry, then wing it.

Use tools like Glassdoor to research the average salary compensation for your industry. Then leverage LinkedIn’s company data that’s provided with its Pro membership. You can view a company’s employee growth and the total number of job openings.

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Use this information to make informed decisions when deciding on your salary requirements. But don’t limit yourself to the average salary range. Companies will usually pay you more for the value you have.

Big companies will often pay more than smaller ones.[3] Whatever your desired salary amount is, always ask for a higher amount. Employers will often reject your initial offer. In fact, offer a salary range that’ll give you and your employer enough room to negotiate.

7. Get compensated by your value

Asking for the salary you deserve is an art. On one end, you have to constantly invest in yourself to offer massive value. But this isn’t enough. You also have to become a great negotiator.

Imagine requesting a high salary and because you bring a lot of value, employers are willing to pay you this. Wouldn’t this be amazing?

Most settle for average because they’re not confident with what they have to offer. Most don’t invest in themselves because they’re not dedicated enough. But not you.

You know you deserve to get paid well, and you’re willing to put in the work. Yet, you won’t sacrifice your most important values over a higher salary.

The bottom line

You’ve got what it takes to succeed in your career. Invest in yourself, learn how to negotiate, and do research. The next time you’re asked about your salary requirements, you won’t fumble.

You’ll showcase your skills with confidence and get the salary you deserve. What’s holding you back now?

Featured photo credit: LinkedIn Sales Navigator via unsplash.com

Reference

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