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14 Untranslatable Words Shown In Incredibly Stunning Illustrations

14 Untranslatable Words Shown In Incredibly Stunning Illustrations

The languages of the world are a beautiful thing. Although most objects have direct translations into all different languages, many ideas and concepts are unique to the culture in which the language exists. Because of this, a word used frequently in one language might be completely alien to another, and require a sentence-long explanation. Thankfully, artist Marija Tiurina has created these illustrations to explain some of the strangest culture-specific words in the world:

1. Palegg, Norwegian for “anything you can put on a slice of bread”

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    I’m not saying you should put any and everything on a slice of bread, but I’m not not saying that, either. (Disclaimer: Please only put edible things on your slices of bread.)

    2. Duende, Spanish for “the mysterious power a work of art has on a person”

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      Remember that scene in Ferris Beuller’s Day Off when Cameron became transfixed with George Seurat’s “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte”? That.

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      3. Baku-shan, Japanese for “a girl that looks beautiful when viewed from behind”

      Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture1__880

        I disagree here. There’s definitely an English translation for this. You just have to check Urban Dictionary to find it. (And no, I’m not going to tell you what it is)

        4. L’appel Duvide, French for “the instinctive urge to jump from a high place”

        Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture__880

          Does anyone really suffer from this? I mean, I guess if they do, they don’t for long. Sorry, I guess that was a bit insensitive.

          5. Tingo, Pascuense for “taking objects of desire from a friend’s house over a period of time by borrowing and not returning them”

          cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina-7

            “Hey neighbor, did I lend you my shovel?” “Oh, yeah a few weeks ago. It’s in my tool shed next to your lawn mower, your rake, and your step ladder.”

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            6. Schadenfreude, German for “feeling pleasure from other’s pain or misfortune”

            cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina-6

              Of all the words on this list, you’ve probably heard this one before. I know we’re supposed to be kind to everyone, turn the other cheek and all that…but when karma takes over and someone gets what’s coming to them, sometimes you just have to sit back and enjoy the show.

              7. Kyoikumama, Japanese for “a mother who relentlessly pushes her children toward academic achievement”

              cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina-5

                All joking aside, the rate of suicide for young men in Japan is astronomical because of the pressure they face to do well in school.

                8. Schlimazl, Yiddish for “a chronically unlucky person”

                cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina-4

                  Being a bit of a schlimazl myself, I have to take extra precautions when leaving the house, driving to the store, taking a shower…you name it, I’ve probably hurt myself doing it.

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                  9. Age-otori, Japanese for “to look worse after a haircut”

                  cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina-2

                    Who here hasn’t gotten a bad haircut at least once in their life? Don’t worry, it grows back.

                    10. Luftmensch, Yiddish for “air person,” meaning “someone who is a bit of a dreamer”

                    cute-illustrations-untranslatable-words-marija-tiurina

                      Get your head out of the clouds and come back to Earth. There’s work to do!

                      11. Tretar, Swedish for “a second refill of a cup of coffee”

                      Charming-Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture4__880

                        Just order a venti and you won’t have to keep asking for more.

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                        12. Gufra, Arabic for “the amount of water that can be held in cupped hands”

                        Charming-Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture3__880

                          Also the sound you make when you accidentally inhale water while splashing your face in the morning.

                          13. Cafuné, Brazilian Portuguese for “to run your fingers through someone’s hair tenderly”

                          Charming-Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture2__880

                            I love when my wife cafunés me. Sorry, that sounds a bit dirty.

                            14. Torschlusspanik, German for “the fear of diminishing opportunities as one ages”

                            Charming-Series-of-Illustrations-Depict-What-Words-Fail-to-Capture1__880

                              “There are so many things I haven’t done!” Sounds like a mid-life crisis to me. Except it’s more focused on abilities and skills than, you know, sports cars and pretty women.

                              Featured photo credit: Marija Tiurina via facebook.com

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                              Matt Duczeminski

                              A passionate writer who shares lifestlye tips on Lifehack

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                              Last Updated on January 15, 2021

                              7 Ways To Have More Confident Body Language

                              7 Ways To Have More Confident Body Language

                              The popular idiomatic saying that “actions speak louder than words” has been around for centuries, but even to this day, most people struggle with at least one area of nonverbal communication. Consequently, many of us aspire to have more confident body language but don’t have the knowledge and tools necessary to change what are largely unconscious behaviors.

                              Given that others’ perceptions of our competence and confidence are predominantly influenced by what we do with our faces and bodies, it’s important to develop greater self-awareness and consciously practice better posture, stance, eye contact, facial expressions, hand movements, and other aspects of body language.

                              Posture

                              First things first: how is your posture? Let’s start with a quick self-assessment of your body.

                              • Are your shoulders slumped over or rolled back in an upright posture?
                              • When you stand up, do you evenly distribute your weight or lean excessively to one side?
                              • Does your natural stance place your feet relatively shoulder-width apart or are your feet and legs close together in a closed-off position?
                              • When you sit, does your lower back protrude out in a slumped position or maintain a straight, spine-friendly posture in your seat?

                              All of these are important considerations to make when evaluating and improving your posture and stance, which will lead to more confident body language over time. If you routinely struggle with maintaining good posture, consider buying a posture trainer/corrector, consulting a chiropractor or physical therapist, stretching daily, and strengthening both your core and back muscles.

                              Facial Expressions

                              Are you prone to any of the following in personal or professional settings?

                              • Bruxism (tight, clenched jaw or grinding teeth)
                              • Frowning and/or furrowing brows
                              • Avoiding direct eye contact and/or staring at the ground

                              If you answered “yes” to any of these, then let’s start by examining various ways in which you can project confident body language through your facial expressions.

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                              1. Understand How Others Perceive Your Facial Expressions

                              A December 2020 study by UC Berkeley and Google researchers utilized a deep neural network to analyze facial expressions in six million YouTube clips representing people from over 140 countries. The study found that, despite socio-cultural differences, people around the world tended to use about 70% of the same facial expressions in response to different emotional stimuli and situations.[1]

                              The study’s researchers also published a fascinating interactive map to demonstrate how their machine learning technology assessed various facial expressions and determined subtle differences in emotional responses.

                              This study highlights the social importance of facial expressions because whether or not we’re consciously aware of them—by gazing into a mirror or your screen on a video conferencing platform—how we present our faces to others can have tremendous impacts on their perceptions of us, our confidence, and our emotional states. This awareness is the essential first step towards

                              2. Relax Your Face

                              New research on bruxism and facial tension found the stresses and anxieties of Covid-19 lockdowns led to considerable increases in orofacial pain, jaw-clenching, and teeth grinding, particularly among women.[2]

                              The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research estimates that more than 10 million Americans alone have temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ syndrome), and facial tension can lead to other complications such as insomnia, wrinkles, dry skin, and dark, puffy bags under your eyes.[3])

                              To avoid these unpleasant outcomes, start practicing progressive muscle relaxation techniques and taking breaks more frequently throughout the day to moderate facial tension.[4] You should also try out some biofeedback techniques to enhance your awareness of involuntary bodily processes like facial tension and achieve more confident body language as a result.[5]

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                              3. Improve Your Eye Contact

                              Did you know there’s an entire subfield of kinesic communication research dedicated to eye movements and behaviors called oculesics?[6] It refers to various communication behaviors including direct eye contact, averting one’s gaze, pupil dilation/constriction, and even frequency of blinking. All of these qualities can shape how other people perceive you, which means that eye contact is yet another area of nonverbal body language that we should be more mindful of in social interactions.

                              The ideal type (direct/indirect) and duration of eye contact depends on a variety of factors, such as cultural setting, differences in power/authority/age between the parties involved, and communication context. Research has shown that differences in the effects of eye contact are particularly prominent when comparing East Asian and Western European/North American cultures.[7]

                              To improve your eye contact with others, strive to maintain consistent contact for at least 3 to 4 seconds at a time, consciously consider where you’re looking while listening to someone else, and practice eye contact as much as possible (as strange as this may seem in the beginning, it’s the best way to improve).

                              3. Smile More

                              There are many benefits to smiling and laughing, and when it comes to working on more confident body language, this is an area that should be fun, low-stakes, and relatively stress-free.

                              Smiling is associated with the “happiness chemical” dopamine and the mood-stabilizing hormone, serotonin. Many empirical studies have shown that smiling generally leads to positive outcomes for the person smiling, and further research has shown that smiling can influence listeners’ perceptions of our confidence and trustworthiness as well.

                              4. Hand Gestures

                              Similar to facial expressions and posture, what you do with your hands while speaking or listening in a conversation can significantly influence others’ perceptions of you in positive or negative ways.

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                              It’s undoubtedly challenging to consciously account for all of your nonverbal signals while simultaneously trying to stay engaged with the verbal part of the discussion, but putting in the effort to develop more bodily awareness now will make it much easier to unconsciously project more confident body language later on.

                              5. Enhance Your Handshake

                              In the article, “An Anthropology of the Handshake,” University of Copenhagen social anthropology professor Bjarke Oxlund assessed the future of handshaking in wake of the Covid-19 pandemic:[8]

                              “Handshakes not only vary in function and meaning but do so according to social context, situation and scale. . . a public discussion should ensue on the advantages and disadvantages of holding on to the tradition of shaking hands as the conventional gesture of greeting and leave-taking in a variety of circumstances.”

                              It’s too early to determine some of the ways in which Covid-19 has permanently changed our social norms and professional etiquette standards, but it’s reasonable to assume that handshaking may retain its importance in American society even after this pandemic. To practice more confident body language in the meantime, the video on the science of the perfect handshake below explains what you need to know.

                              6. Complement Your Verbals With Hand Gestures

                              As you know by now, confident communication involves so much more than simply smiling more or sounding like you know what you’re talking about. What you do with your hands can be particularly influential in how others perceive you, whether you’re fidgeting with an object, clenching your fists, hiding your hands in your pockets, or calmly gesturing to emphasize important points you’re discussing.

                              Social psychology researchers have found that “iconic gestures”—hand movements that appear to be meaningfully related to the speaker’s verbal content—can have profound impacts on listeners’ information retention. In other words, people are more likely to engage with you and remember more of what you said when you speak with complementary hand gestures instead of just your voice.[9]

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                              Further research on hand gestures has shown that even your choice of the left or right hand for gesturing can influence your ability to clearly convey information to listeners, which supports the notion that more confident body language is readily achievable through greater self-awareness and deliberate nonverbal actions.[10]

                              Final Takeaways

                              Developing better posture, enhancing your facial expressiveness, and practicing hand gestures can vastly improve your communication with other people. At first, it will be challenging to consciously practice nonverbal behaviors that many of us are accustomed to performing daily without thinking about them.

                              If you ever feel discouraged, however, remember that there’s no downside to consistently putting in just a little more time and effort to increase your bodily awareness. With the tips and strategies above, you’ll be well on your way to embracing more confident body language and amplifying others’ perceptions of you in no time.

                              More Tips on How to Develop a Confident Body Language

                              Featured photo credit: Maria Lupan via unsplash.com

                              Reference

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