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How to Avoid an Accident in These 5 Emergency Scenarios

How to Avoid an Accident in These 5 Emergency Scenarios

Techniques to avoid car accidents aren’t all taught in driver’s education. Instead, it is something that most people learn when their lives on are the line. However, following the tips below can help you avoid an accident in an emergency scenario.

1) Tire Blows out

Tire blowouts usually occur on hot days when drivers are traveling in a straight line. The most common cause of tire blowouts is under inflated tires, a situation that can be avoided entirely if tire pressure is checked on a regular basis. To survive a tire blowout, you have to push the gas and drive straight. Sounds easy, but it is actually quite difficult. The blast that occurs when a tire blows is enough to startle even the most composed and experienced drivers. Most driver’s natural reaction is to brake and turn off the road. However, to avoid a crash, drivers must coast to a slow speed and then gently turn off the road. It is best to head for the median that corresponds to the blown tire because this will make changing the tire safer.

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2) Tire Tread Separates

A tread separation is when the tread rubber and the underlying steel belt come off a tire. After the separation has occurred, the driver is left with tire shreds and a blade of steel-backed rubber spinning around at an extremely high rate of speed. The survival technique for tread separation and a tire blowout is almost identical. However, a tread separation is a much more dangerous situation than a tire blowout. If a driver does not slow down and stop quickly, the tread separation debris can cause damage to brake lines, the fuel tank, rear seats, inner fender panels, windows and of course any person who is unlucky enough to be near the vehicle when the separation occurs.
While a tread separation may surprise you, there are symptoms of a tread separation that you should be aware of. The most common event that precedes a tread separation is a long thumping noise that turns into a slapping noise. When the tread separation occurs, it sounds like a jackhammer pounding. The time it takes for this progression to occur can be days or just mere seconds. However, the best bet when you suspect an impending tread separation is to visit a professional and have the tire inspected.

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3) Throttle Sticks

While a stuck throttle is a fairly uncommon occurrence for average drivers, it can occur. The most important thing a driver in this situation can do is to try to stop the car safely and quickly. A driver in this situation should immediately shift the car to neutral and apply the brake moderately. Don’t worry about the damage this may cause the engine, engine speed limiters on all modern cars prevent engine damage in this scenario.
If you can’t get the car to shift to neutral, shut it off, but only as the last resort. Shutting the car down will make it harder to steer, but you will still have reserve braking power to help you get the car stopped. Once you have managed to successfully stop the car, turn it off. Do not attempt to restart the vehicle, instead call a tow truck, and have the vehicle towed.

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4) Vehicle Accelerates Suddenly

Sudden acceleration, also commonly referred to as unintended acceleration, is exactly the same as a stuck throttle. However, a stuck throttle is usually a mechanical failure and a sudden acceleration is usually contributed to driver error. The error is usually that the driver meant to apply the brake, and instead hit the gas pedal. If you are not sure whether it is a true stuck throttle or a driver induced sudden acceleration, apply the same stopping techniques as you would in a stuck throttle situation.

5) Two Wheels Drop off the Shoulder

While dropping two wheels off the road may sound like a terrible situation, it is actually the easiest of the five scenarios to survive. The best technique to apply in this situation is to take your time getting back on the pavement. Trying to get back on the road too soon could result in you shooting out into traffic or across several lanes of traffic. Begin by slowly removing pressure from the gas pedal. Try not to hit the brakes unless you absolutely have to. For instance, if you are careening down a huge hill, or there is a gigantic tree in your way, you are going to want to hit the brakes. However, if there is no immediate danger or obstacle stay away from braking. Once you have allowed the car to slow down to 35 or 40 mph, you can gently turn the wheel. However, make sure to not turn the wheel more than 5 degrees. If you find that you must turn the wheel more than 5 degrees, let the car slow down more before trying to get back on the road.
Applying the above driving survival techniques in any of the suggested scenarios will help you reduce your chances of an accident, even in uncommon or dangerous situations.

Featured photo credit:  Car Crash via Shutterstock

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More by this author

T. Brown

Editor, Lifehack

How to Avoid an Accident in These 5 Emergency Scenarios

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Last Updated on July 28, 2020

14 Low GI Foods for a Healthier Diet

14 Low GI Foods for a Healthier Diet

Diet trends may come and go, but a low-GI diet remains one of the few that has been shown to include benefits based on science. Low GI foods provide substantial health benefits over those with a high index, and they are key to maintaining a healthy weight.

What is GI? Glycemic index (GI) is the rate at which the carbohydrate content of a food is broken down into glucose and absorbed from the gut into the blood. When you eat foods containing carbohydrates, your body breaks them down into glucose, which is then absorbed into your bloodstream.[1]

The higher the GI of a food, the faster it will be broken down and cause your blood glucose (sugar) to rise. Foods with a high GI rating are digested very quickly and cause your blood sugar to spike. This is why it’s advisable to stick to low GI foods as much as possible, as the carbohydrate content of low GI foods will be digested slowly, allowing a more gradual rise in blood glucose levels.

Foods with a GI scale rating of 70 or more are considered to be high GI. Foods with a rating of 55 or below are considered low GI foods.

It’s important to note that the glycemic index of a food doesn’t factor in the quantity that you eat. For example, although watermelon has a high glycemic index, the water and fiber content of a standard serving of water means it won’t have a significant impact on your blood sugar.

Like watermelon, some high GI foods (such as baked potatoes) are high in nutrients. And some low GI foods (such as corn chips) contain high amounts of trans fats.

In most cases, however, the GI is an important means of gauging the right foods for a healthy diet.

Eating mainly low GI foods every day helps to provide your body with a slow, continuous supply of energy. The carbohydrates in low GI foods is digested slowly, so you feel satisfied for longer. This means you’ll be less likely to suffer from fluctuating sugar levels that can lead to cravings and snacking.

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Let’s continue with some of the best examples of low GI foods.

1. Quinoa

GI: 53

Quinoa has a slightly higher GI than rice or barley, but it contains a much higher proportion of protein. If you don’t get enough protein from the rest of your diet, quinoa could help. It’s technically a seed, so it’s also high in fiber–again, more than most grains. It’s also gluten-free, which makes it excellent for those with Celiac disease or gluten intolerance.

2. Brown Rice (Steamed)

GI: 50

Versatile and satisfying, brown rice is one of the best low GI foods and is a staple for many dishes around the world. It’s whole rice from which only the husk (the outermost layer) is removed, so it’s a great source of fiber. In fact, brown rice has been shown to help lower cholesterol, improve digestive function, promote fullness, and may even help prevent the formation of blood clots. Just remember to always choose brown over white!

3. Corn on the Cob

GI: 48

Although it tastes sweet, corn on the cob is a good source of slow-burning energy (and one of the tastiest low GI foods). It’s also a good plant source of Vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron, all of which are required for the healthy production of red blood cells in the body. It’s healthiest when eaten without butter and salt!

4. Bananas

GI: 47

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Bananas are a superfood in many ways. They’re rich in potassium and manganese and contain a good amount of vitamin C. Their low GI rating means they’re great for replenishing your fuel stores after a workout.

They are easy to add to smoothies, cereal, or kept on your desk for a quick snack. The less ripe they are, the lower the sugar content is! As one of the best low GI foods, it’s a great addition to any daily diet.

5. Bran Cereal

GI: 43

Bran is famous for being one of the highest cereal sources of fiber. It’s also rich in a huge range of nutrients: calcium, folic acid, iron, magnesium, and a host of B vitamins. Although bran may not be to everyone’s tastes, it can easily be added to other cereals to boost the fiber content and lower the overall GI rating.

6. Natural Muesli

GI: 40

Muesli–when made with unsweetened rolled oats, nuts, dried fruit, and other sugar-free ingredients–is one of the healthiest ways to start the day. It’s also very easy to make at home with a variety of other low GI foods. Add yogurt and fresh fruit for a nourishing, energy-packed breakfast.

7. Apples

GI: 40

Apple skin is a great source of pectin, an important prebiotic that helps to feed the good bacteria in your gut. Apples are also high in polyphenols, which function as antioxidants, and contain a good amount of vitamin C. They are best eaten raw with the skin on! Apples are one of a number of fruits[2] that have a low glycemic index. Be careful which fruits you choose, as many have a large amount of natural sugars[3].

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8. Apricots

GI: 30

Apricots provide both fiber and potassium, which make them an ideal snack for both athletes and anyone trying to keep sugar cravings at bay. They’re also a source of antioxidants and a range of minerals.

Apricots can be added to salads, cereals, or eaten as part of a healthy mix with nuts at any time of the day.

9. Kidney Beans

GI: 29

Kidney beans and other legumes provide a substantial serving of plant-based protein, so they can be used in lots of vegetarian dishes if you’re looking to adopt a plant-based diet[4]. They’re also packed with fiber and a variety of minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, and other beneficial plant compounds. They are great in soups, stews, or with (whole grain) tacos.

10. Barley

GI: 22

Barley is a cereal grain that can be eaten in lots of ways. It’s an excellent source of B vitamins, including niacin, thiamin, and pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), fiber, molybdenum, manganese, and selenium. It also contains beta-glucans, a type of fiber that can support gut health and has been shown to reduce appetite and food intake.

Please note that barley does contain gluten, which makes it unsuitable for anyone who is Celiac[5] or who follows a gluten-free diet. In this case, gluten-free alternatives might include quinoa, buckwheat, or millet.

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11. Raw Nuts

GI: 20

Most nuts have a low GI of between 0 and 20, with cashews slightly higher at around 22. Nuts, as one of the best low GI foods, are a crucial part of the Mediterranean diet[6] and are really the perfect snack: they’re a source of plant-based protein, high in fiber, and contain healthy fats. Add them to smoothies and salads to boost the nutritional content. Try to avoid roasted and salted nuts, as these are made with large amounts of added salt and (usually) trans fats.

12. Carrots

GI: 16

Raw carrots are not only a delicious low GI vegetable, but they really do help your vision! They contain vitamin A (beta carotene) and a host of antioxidants. They’re also low-calorie and high in fiber, and they contain good amounts of vitamin K1, potassium, and antioxidants. Carrots are great for those monitoring their weight as they’ve been linked to lower cholesterol levels.

13. Greek Yogurt

GI: 12

Unsweetened Greek yogurt is not only low GI, but it’s an excellent source of calcium and probiotics, as well. Probiotics help to keep your gut microbiome in balance and support your overall digestive health and immune function. Greek yogurt makes a healthy breakfast, snack, dessert, or a replacement for dip. The most common probiotic strains found in yogurt are Streptococcus thermophilus[7] (found naturally in yogurt) and Lactobacillus acidophilus[8] (which is often added by the manufacturer). You can also look into probiotic supplements for improving your gut health.

14. Hummus

GI: 6

When made the traditional way from chickpeas and tahini, hummus is a fantastic, low-GI dish. It’s a staple in many Middle Eastern countries and can be eaten with almost any savory meal. Full of fiber to maintain satiety and feed your good gut bacteria, hummus is great paired with freshly-chopped vegetables, such as carrots and celery.

Bottom Line

If you’re looking to eat healthier or simply cut down on snacking throughout the day, eating low GI foods is a great way to get started. Choose any of the above foods for a healthy addition to your daily diet and start feeling better for longer.

More Tips on Eating Healthy

Featured photo credit: Alexander Mils via unsplash.com

Reference

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