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Healthy Habit Changes for 2009

Healthy Habit Changes for 2009

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    Trying to make 2009 your healthiest year to date?   I’ve compiled for you what I believe to be some of the best health conscience habits you can easily adopt.

    Habit 1:  Drink more water.

    Sure, I know about all the news reports that say it’s possible to drink too much water.  Surprisingly, this same story is told just about every 4 years when news stations have no other “news” going on, and it always seems to stir up all sorts of awareness on the topic.  The truth is, in all my years of guiding individuals on proper nutrition, I have yet to run into one person who had an H2O disorder.  A well-hydrated body has a much easier time at shedding unwanted body fat and preserving lean muscle mass.  A healthy, active individual should be consuming .6 – .7 ounces of water per pound of body weight.

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    Habit 2:  Eat more fiber.

    I’ll say it again.  People do not get nearly enough fiber in their diets.  Work on trying to get anywhere from 25 – 30 grams of fiber per day into your eating plan.  Fiber provides a plethora of benefits from increasing the thermic effect (calories burned from digestion) of a meal, to trapping and evacuating excess fats.

    Habit 3:  Eat every 3 hours.

    Start splitting your larger meals up into smaller, more frequent bouts of eating.  Spreading your calories throughout the day allows for an increase in metabolism and insures that none of the nutrients you are consuming go to waste.  This can be difficult for many people who maintain busy lifestyles, which is why I suggest picking one or two days a week to do all of your cooking.  At that point, Tupperware containers become your new best friend.

    Habit 4:  Eat more fruits and vegetables.

    And eat a large variety as well.  The more colors you consume the better.  They’re packed with fat-burning fiber, vitamins, and minerals.  We all know that vegetables are gold, but when it comes to fruit, it sometimes gets a bad rep.  I often get the question “but doesn’t fruit have a lot of sugar in it?”  Again, I have yet to meet the person who has a well-balanced diet who has found that fruit was the main reason they couldn’t let go of the extra body fat.  Get over it. If you’re obese fruit isn’t the culprit.  Take a long look at everything else you’re eating, and I’m positive you’ll find something a little more worthy to drop. 

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    Habit 5:  Drink less alcohol.

    If you want a drug that will help you gain body fat as well as decrease your lean body mass, then you’ve found the right prescription.  This is true only when it’s consumed in excess, of course.  Don’t get me wrong, I love me some beer, and there are studies showing plenty of benefits from its consumption at moderate dosages.  But let’s not get carried away now.  If you tend to go overboard, and you know who you are, maybe it’s time to start keeping track of just how much you’re putting back.

    Habit 6:  Choose organic and local foods when possible.

    There is no doubt in my mind that we will start to see more and more studies come out showing the adverse effects of consuming over-processed food.  It’s only a matter of time.  Digestion is a delicate process, a process our bodies have spent hundreds of thousands of years perfecting.  In just the past few decades we have started introducing extra hormones, antibiotics, and other impurities into our foods.  Our bodies have filters that take care of these things, but let’s not put them to the test.

    Habit 7:  Reduce the amount of sugars consumed.

    At this point it should be a no brainer.  If anything good has come from the hundreds of diet books written this past decade, it’s the awareness that controlling your blood sugar is crucial to achieving optimal health.  The sweets do not have to be eliminated from your diet completely, but you should have them well under control. 

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    Habit 8:  Stop going to the super market hungry.

    Real simple.  If you’re hungry, you’ll buy what you want, not what you need.  Our bodies are still hard-wired for survival.  Unfortunately when you stroll down the aisle at your local food supply your brain will target just about anything in your field of vision and deem it an acceptable choice of nourishment, regardless of its nutritional value. 

    Habit 9:  Take regular stand up breaks at work.

    Do it for your posture, do it for circulation, and do it for your own sanity.  Our bodies were not designed to be in a seated position all day long.  You could prevent much of life’s chronic pains if you would just take a moment to stand up and stretch your legs every 30 or 40 minutes.  Set a timer on your desktop if you have to; just get it done.

    Habit 10:  Start using the stairs instead of the elevator.

    Even park farther away from your destination so you have to walk a few extra steps in the day.  Adding a tiny bit of extra footwork can add up at the end of the year.  I know it’s not exciting or drastic, but the difference can be a few extra pounds that you don’t need hanging around your waist.

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    Habit 11:  Balance your physical and sedentary activities.

    I’m talking about what you do with your free time.  Have you ever spent a couple of hours on the weekend watching TV, playing video games, or browsing the internet looking at cat pictures?  Try to create some balance by doing an equal amount of leisure activities on your feet.  Take a walk, shoot some hoops, and maybe take up a new physically active hobby.  Who knows, you might find something new you really like.

    Habit 12:  Keep a health journal.

    One of the most powerful ways to be successful with your health is to write it all down.  Keep track of your workouts and your nutrition.  It can be very hard to figure out where you’re going if you don’t remember where you’ve been.  You’ll be giving yourself a point of reference so you can truly see if any of the changes you make are creating a difference.  If they’re not, then at least you know that and can change your plan of action and recalibrate.   

    A lot of times we get a little too ambitious when it comes to our new year’s resolutions and try to take on more than we can handle.  This inevitably leads to failure.  Start with the small habits and work your way up the fitness ladder for a more subtle and long term experience.  Good Luck.

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    Last Updated on November 15, 2019

    Expert Advice That Will Teach You How to Increase Your Metabolism

    Expert Advice That Will Teach You How to Increase Your Metabolism

    Wouldn’t you like to be able to eat twice as much as you do now without gaining weight? If so, I have good news for you because this is possible when you learn how to increase metabolism.

    How Much Do You Know About Metabolism?

    Before we get to the meat, let me say that metabolism is a term that describes all the chemical reactions in your body.[1] These chemical reactions keep your body alive and functioning, however, the word metabolism is often used interchangeably with the metabolic rate or the number of calories you burn.

    The metabolic rate is a rough estimate of how much energy your body needs to simply stay alive and perform all its biochemical reactions. These reactions require energy, aka burn calories.

    Imagine that your brain alone consumes nearly 20% of your TDEE (total daily energy expenditure at rest),[2] your digestion and the detoxifying system come second, repairing tissues third and so on.

    Staying alive is expensive for your body and its two main currencies are fats and sugars.

    When I am talking about improving your metabolic rate (metabolism), I mean improving the amount of energy, your body requires to (pretty much) lay down in bed and do nothing for 24 hours.

    Extra physical activity, extra thinking or fighting illness are things that require a lot of energy (burn a lot of calories) but they don’t really increase metabolism… actually they can decrease it.

    Can You Naturally Change the Speed of Your Basal Metabolism?

    The answer to this question is yes and you can also achieve an increase in metabolism and a drop in body fat by eating more.

    Shocked? Well, I was too.

    The way I came across this phenomenon is quite funny. Over my 10 years as a coach, I helped many busy professionals to naturally increase their metabolism by getting them leaner, fitter and stronger but, at the beginning of my career, I actually had no idea whether they were losing weight because of an increase in metabolism or because we created a calorie deficit with diet and exercise.

    When I was training my clients regularly, they would lose weight. Every time I would take a few weeks of vacation, I would come back to London and find out that most of them gained back a generous amount of weight despite the fact that they were following their diet and they swapped our weight training sessions with cardio.

    On the contrary, when they were going on vacation, they would do zero exercises and binge like there was no tomorrow but come back either lighter or weighing the same (but looking more muscular).

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    Observing this phenomenon happening over and over again, got me curious about the mechanics of our metabolism and the ways to hack it.

    Was it really possible that by relaxing and eating more food, someone could actually maintain his/her current weight or even be losing fat?

    Driven by the desire to answer this question, I spent a good amount of years researching and testing different food strategies until I finally cracked the code to an improved metabolism that allows you to eat like a king and look like a Greek God.

    Does Eating More Increase Metabolism?

    Before I explain why eating more increases your metabolism, let me dig into something that I see people doing much more often: “eating less and moving more.”

    It is quite common to see people embarking their yearly weight loss journey (usually after Christmas or Easter) by following very restrictive diets and bombarding their body with several hours of exercise per day.

    Despite the short-term effectiveness of this approach, in the long run, if the goal is to increase metabolism and lose a lot of fat over an extended period of time, this simply won’t work.

    As I have mentioned before, eating fewer calories and exercising more are energy-consuming activities for your body. In the first case, your body needs to use its own energy reserves to top up the missing energy it needs to fully function; and in the second, it takes your body extra energy to contract your muscles.

    In both cases, your TDEE (Total daily energy expenditure at rest) doesn’t vary much; therefore your metabolism stays unchanged.[3]

    A different scenario happens when you eat less and move more for an extended period of time (weeks or months). In that case, your metabolism will slow down because your body is receiving a “we have little access to food and we need to run away from threats” signal.

    Your metabolism is like your bank account.

    To understand this concept, let’s imagine that you have $4,000 coming into your bank account each and every month. The money you spend on housing, transport, food and leisure are calibrated according to this monthly income.

    Now, imagine that a rich uncle starts to send you $1,000 each day. What would you do? Probably, you would save that money for the first two or three days but, when you notice that $1,000 keep on coming every single day, you would likely start to spend more right?

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    What if, instead of a rich uncle sending you money, a poor uncle needed your financial help to pay for the treatments of his illness? You would probably try your best to adjust your spending according to your old $4,000 monthly budget.

    That’s exactly how your body reasons:

    More Resources Coming in = More Energy Released (Improved Metabolism)

    Fewer Resources Coming in = Less Energy Released (Decreased Metabolism)

    Note that activities like weight training[4] and high-intensity interval training (HIIT),[5] when combined with an increase in nutrient-rich foods, will also improve your metabolism.

    For this reason, today, when I coach a new client, I always start by increasing their daily food intake and their physical activities. Usually, people are quite confused because they come to me to lose weight and I tell them to eat more but, without fail, the next weekly weight-check shows a lower number.

    Be aware that not all foods are equal and only certain foods have the power to increase metabolism to a noticeable extent.

    Foods That Increase Metabolism

    Doubling up on Snickers bars won’t improve your metabolism and you know that. What you may not know is that certain foods that are marked as “healthy” doesn’t help you with increasing your metabolism. They also make you gain weight.

    Before giving you a list of foods to eat or avoid, let me explain a simple principle of human biochemistry.

    Your body uses energy from three (or four) main sources:

    • Sugars: whether you eat a Snickers bar or a banana, the carbohydrates contained in both get absorbed in the gut and become blood glucose (the basic form of sugar our body utilizes as a source of energy).[6]
      When blood glucose is present in the bloodstream (elevated levels), the body always uses it as its primary source of energy. When blood glucose levels drop (this phenomenon happens when you’re using these sugars to fuel a physical activity or when your pancreas produced a spike of insulin and stores that glucose into fat and muscles), your body starts to release fatty acids into the bloodstream to use as a source of energy.
    • Fatty acids: either from your own fat cells (adipocytes) or from whatever fat-containing foods you ate in the past 2-3 hours. Fatty acids are a slower and more consistent form of energy than sugars that your body can utilise.
    • Amino acids: Amino acids are the broken-down form of proteins. Proteins cannot be used by the body as a source of energy, not even in their broken-down form. Your body can transform amino acids into glucose with a process called gluconeogenesis.[7] This is a very inefficient process where a decent amount of energy gets wasted (and that’s a good thing for us but I’ll get to that later).
    • Ketones: when you don’t feed your body any source of carbs (or proteins in excess), your liver produces an alternative source of energy called Ketones. It can replace the need for glucose (most of it at least).[8]

    Now that you know the four energy sources the body can use to fuel its metabolism, let’s get to the meat (quite literally).

    To make this simple for you, I am going to divide foods into three categories:

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    1. Red Flags – Avoid the red foods because they slow your metabolism. They are usually extremely low in micronutrients and high in antinutrients (agents that are highly toxic). They are highly processed or spike your insulin levels (therefore stopping your fat burning process).
    2. Orange Foods – Limit your consumption of orange foods. The orange foods on the list are suboptimal choices but they don’t have a negative impact on your metabolism when consumed in moderation. In fact, they contain a decent amount of micronutrients and, if eaten in small amounts, they shouldn’t stop your fat burning process.
    3. Green Foods – These are foods to consume most. Green foods will improve your metabolism and should be the main bulk of your diet.

    Next, I’ll get into details exactly what foods to eat and avoid:

    Sugars and Carbs

    Sugars do not directly improve metabolism because they stop the process of fat utilisation. There is an exception to this rule though. When you eat a diet extremely low in carbohydrates and sugars for an extended period of time (two to six days onwards), introducing carbohydrates and sugars can actually improve metabolism quite a bit.

    Unfortunately, for most of us that love eating bread, pasta, fruit and yoghurt, unless we were on a low-carb diet for the past few days, these foods are not an optimal choice.

    Sugars like fructose (found in fruit or commercial sugar) actually decrease metabolism and should be limited. Heavily processed sugars and carbohydrates should be also limited. Here is the colour list of sugars and carbs that affect metabolism:

    Red Flag Sugary Foods You Should Avoid:
    • Dried fruit
    • Commercial and packaged corn
    • High fructose corn syrup
    • All sorts of candies and lookalike
    • Packaged fruit juices and purees
    • Sugary dairy products like flavoured yoghurt, condensed milk etc
    Orange Sugary Foods You Should Limit:
    • Bread and flour-based products
    • Milk and also vegan milk alternatives that are sweetened
    • Most fruit (exceptions are in the green list below)
    • Potatoes and potato starch products
    • Oatmeals and other grains
    Green Sugary and Carb-Containing Foods That Improve Metabolism
    • All berries except strawberries
    • Tubers like squash, carrots, parsnips etc
    • Sweet potatoes
    • White rice
    • All green vegetables

    Fats

    Fatty acids and fats, in general, can improve or decrease metabolism depending on their composition.

    Red Flag Fatty Foods You Should Avoid:
    • Margarine and hydrogenated fat
    • Lard
    • Gmo oils
    • Most vegetable oils from seeds and peanut oil
    Orange Fatty Foods You Should Limit:
    • Nuts
    • Meat fat
    • Nut oils (macadamia, almond, cashew etc..)
    • Seeds
    Green Fatty Foods You Should Eat Daily
    • Extra virgin olive oil (non-heated)
    • Avocado
    • Coconut oil
    • Butter (organic)
    • Egg yolks (free-range)
    • Bone marrow

    The fatty foods in the green section tend to be very effective in increasing metabolism, especially in the absence of carbohydrates because they stimulate the production of ketones (I’ll talk about this later).

    Bear in mind that 1 gram of fat has 2.5 times the calories of a gram of protein or carbohydrates; therefore “eating more fats” to increase metabolism should be done very gradually to avoid weight gain.

    Proteins

    Eating food not only sends regulatory signals to your brain about abundance vs scarcity of resources, but it can also increase your metabolism for a few hours. This is called the thermic effect of food (TEF).[9] It’s caused by the extra calories required to digest, absorb and process the nutrients in your meal.

    Protein causes the largest rise in TEF.[10] It increases your metabolic rate by 15-30%, compared to 5-10% for carbs and 0-3% for fats

    Eating protein has also been shown to help you feel more full and prevent you from overeating, in fact, a study found that people were likely to eat around 441 fewer calories per day when protein made up 30% of their diet.[11]

    Also, proteins help preserve muscle mass.[12] The more muscle mass we have, the higher our basal metabolism is.

    For these reasons, the first nutritional advice I usually give to clients is to reduce sugars and increase proteins. This quick swap is often enough to kickstart their metabolism and commence the fat burning process.

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    Red Protein Sources That Should Be Avoided
    • Cheap whey proteins
    • Soy proteins
    • GMO meat
    • GMO eggs
    • Packaged meat
    Orange Protein Source to Be Limited
    • Canned tuna
    • Canned fish
    • Canned meat
    • Gluten-rich products like Seitan
    • Farmed fish
    Green Protein Sources to Have Daily
    • Free-range meat
    • Free-range eggs
    • Wild meat and fish
    • Whey protein isolate
    • Collagen and beef protein hydrolyzed

    Note that this is a general categorisation of the foods that, when added to your diet, have the power to increase or decrease metabolism. There are some specific foods and supplements worth mentioning because they have been proven to improve metabolism by increasing thyroid output or resting heart rate, they are as follows.

    Other Foods and Supplements

    Cold water

    Drinking water may temporarily speed up your metabolism. Studies have shown that drinking 17 ounces (0.5 litres) of water increases resting metabolism by 10-30% for about an hour.[13]

    This is not a surprise since our body is made up mainly by water and proper hydration is key to a fast metabolism. This calorie-burning effect may be even greater if you drink cold water, as your body uses energy to heat it up to body temperature.

    MCT Oils or Powders

    Medium-chain triglycerides or MCT have been shown to improve metabolism by stimulating Ketone production.[14] Coconut oil contains MCT fats and, when used as a replacement for cooking oil can help you improve metabolism.

    You can buy the concentrated version of MCT oils and eat it separately to further enhance this effect. Either way, coconut oil or pure MCT oil can be a great addition to your diet if you’re following a ketogenic or intermittent fasting protocol.

    Caffeine

    Caffeine and coffee have been shown to improve metabolism by improving heart rate and, therefore improving calorie consumption.[15]

    Green Tea

    Green tea

    is thought to increase energy expenditure and fat oxidation, and to reduce fat production and absorption.[16]

    Bottom Line

    In this article, I just covered the basics of food and metabolism but, there are many other non-food related things you can do to improve your metabolism, like improving your sleep quality and following certain exercise routines.

    For now, just know that making small and gradual changes to your diet can increase your metabolism and improve your general health. Starting from changing one habit at a time is always the best strategy to accomplish any goal.

    Once you improve your diet, your hydration and your supplementation you can think about testing more advanced “bio-hacks” or techniques like ice baths and fasted HIIT training.

    And remember, having a higher metabolism doesn’t only help you lose weight and keep it off but it also give you more energy and a feeling of vibrancy. If you give it time, it really is worth the investment.

    Featured photo credit: Fitsum Admasu via unsplash.com

    Reference

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