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A utility tells you what to pack for travelling

A utility tells you what to pack for travelling

There is a good online utility called The Universal Packing List. After filling in your trip’s information, it will generate a custom packing list suitable for that particular journey.

It will return a very detailed check list. Example as follow. You definitely don’t want to bring all of items in the list along but it should be a good reference on what you should bring.

The Universal Packing List


Here is a snippet of what it will return:

Electrical stuff

General electrical or electromechanical stuff sometimes worth bringing with you.

General electrical items

Cell Phone (Mobile Phone, Cellular Phone)

Remember that there is a big risk your phone may not work in other countries.
It could be the wrong network technology, or your phone service doesn’t
allow you to use it outside your own country, or even outside your own state
in the US. An alternative is to rent a phone at your destination, but that is
probably expensive.

Charger to Cell Phone

Remember that you may need a Wall socket adapter if you wish to recharge the
batteries of the telephone, unless you have one of those new solar-powered cell
phone battery chargers.

Computer

There are many choices from Laptop, Notebook to Subnotebook. Make sure you really
need it, since many of them are heavier than you first might think! Remember that
you may need a Wall socket adapter if you wish to recharge the batteries in the
computer.

PDA

Watch

Next time I’ll buy myself a Swatch or something similar. No big deal if it gets
stolen, and they are waterproof and sturdy. Be sure the battery is fresh! Some
watches have a handy alarm feature and a built-in tiny compass. Another handy
option would be a watch with a built-in calculator, but they are unfortunately
often ugly beyond description and also seldom watertight.

Flashlight (Torch)

I have a Maglite (a thin black slick metallic torch with an adjustable magnifying
glass) that I like to bring with me. It’s nice to carry along at night in strange
neighbourhoods abroad. Kind of expensive. The smallest Maglite is called
“Solitaire” and can hang off your key ring. An alternative is the tiny,
long-lasting LED lights that cost about $10 US. Get the kind with the lockable
on/off switch for hands-free use.

Batteries

For your camera, flash, torch, watch, Walkman, PDA and GPS.

Digital Camera equipment

In many cases a digital camera is probably a better choice for a trip
than a normal camera, since they are so much simpler to handle, takes
up less space in your luggage, and are cheaper to use in the long run.
But the quality of digital photos aren’t yet really as good as normal
photos, so if you are really into this, then you’d better bring a normal
camera and normal film.

Digital camera

Be sure the batteries are fresh!

Memory cards

Some memory cards are now so large (4 GB CompactFlash are available, for
example) that you may be able to get away with a single card for the
whole of your trip. Try to estimate how many pictures you’ll take during
your trip, and how much memory they normally take up on your memory card,
and you should be able to calculate what size memory card you’ll need.

Battery charger

If your camera uses non-standard batteries, and you’re off to a longer
trip. You may also need a Wall socket adapter.

Associated cables

To your charger, or from the camera to your computer, in case you want to
move some of the pictures off your memory card, to make room for more
pictures.

Generic photo equipment

Various things to bring with you if you bring along a camera or video camera.

Camera bag

Music items

A Walkman can be heaven and hell. It can be stolen, and it can also give you some of
the best highlights of a trip.

Music player (Cassette, CD, MiniDisc, MP3)

For travels it is probably best to take a player that can read MP3 disks, since
they can store about 10 times more music, as well as many many MP3 audio books.
Particularly great if you can’t read on buses. Even better if it has a radio
tuner. There are solar cell battery chargers you can buy, so that you don’t
need to buy so many batteries. Remember that you may need a Wall socket adapter
if you wish to recharge batteries the normal way.

Headphones

Can also be a good idea on long flights, since the ones you’re offered on planes
are often of very low quality.

Music media (Music cassettes, CDs)

If you bring too many, they take up a lot of place in your backpack. If you bring
too few, you get sick and tired of them in a flash. One option is to leave them
all at home with your music player. That way all your music will be like brand
new when you come home.

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Leon Ho

Founder of Lifehack

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Last Updated on February 13, 2020

What Is Speed Reading and How to Successfully Learn It

What Is Speed Reading and How to Successfully Learn It

Too much to read, too little time! Don’t you wish you could read faster without compromising your knowledge intake? This is where a valuable learning technique comes to the rescue: speed reading.

Speed reading is the top skill to learn in 2020. Read on to find out all about this amazing technique!

What Is Speed Reading?

On average, an adult can read somewhere between 200 to 300 words per minute. With speed reading, you can read around 1500 words per minute.[1] Yes, that sounds impossible, but it is true.

In order to understand how this skill works, you first need to know how the reading process works inside a human’s brain.

The Reading Process

The first step is for the eyes to look at a word. This “fixation” on every word takes around 0.25 seconds.

Next, the eye moves on to the following word. It takes 0.1 seconds for the brain to move from one word to the next. This is called “saccade.”

Usually, a person reads 4 to 5 words or a sentence at once. After all the fixations and saccades, the brain goes over the entire phrase again in order to process the meaning. This takes around half a second.

All in all, this allows the average person to read 200 to 300 words in a minute.

Speeding up the Process

The concept of speed reading is to speed up this process at least 5 times. Since the saccade period cannot be shortened any further, speed reading emphasizes quicker fixations.

To accomplish this, scientists recommend that the reader skips the subvocalization: when the readers actually say the word in their mind, even when reading silently.

Basically, speed reading is the technique of only seeing the words instead of speaking them silently.

Do not confuse this with skimming. When a reader skims through a text, they skip the parts that their brain considers to be unnecessary.

You may skip important information in this process. Moreover, skimming does not allow the brain to retain what has been read.

Why Speed Read?

Speed reading is not just quick, but also effective. This skill saves a lot of of time without sacrificing information.

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Also, it has been proven to improve memory. The brain’s performance improves during speed reading, which allows the reader to remember more information than before.

Since speed reading stabilizes the brain, the information is processed faster and more efficiently.

Believe it or not, this technique leads to improved focus, too. As the brain receives a lot of information during speed reading, there is far less chance of distraction. The brain focuses solely on the job at hand.

Since the brain is, after all, a muscle, the process of speed reading acts as an exercise. Just like the rest of your muscles, your brain needs exercise to grow stronger, too.

A focused brain means improved logical thinking. As your brain gets used to receiving and organizing so much information so quickly, your thinking process will become faster.

As soon as a problem is thrown at you, your brain will quickly put two and two together. You will be able to retrieve stored information, figure out correlations, and come up with new solutions, all within seconds!

Still not convinced? Read 10 Reasons Why You Should Learn Speed Reading

Greater Benefits

With a healthier brain, you can expect better things in other parts of your life, too. A boost in self-esteem is just one of them.

As you begin to understand information at a faster pace, you will also begin to figure out more opportunities all around you.

With the ability to deeply understand information in a shorter period of time, your confidence levels will quickly grow higher.

Moreover, all the aforementioned benefits will relieve you of stress. You will manage your readings in lesser time, your brain will be healthier, and you will feel so much better about yourself.

With all these advantages, your emotional well-being will be healthier than ever. You’ll feel less stress since your brain will learn to tackle problems efficiently. Speed reading will lead to a relaxed, tension-free lifestyle!

How to Learn to Speed Read

Speed reading is a superpower. Fortunately, unlike other superpowers, this one can be learned!

There are different techniques that can be used to master this skill. Opt for the one that best suits your learning style.

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1. The Pointer Method

The person who is credited for popularizing speed reading, Evelyn Wood, came up with the pointer method. It is a simple technique in which the reader uses their index finger to slide across the text that they’re reading.

As the finger moves, the brain coherently moves along with it. It is an effective technique to keep the eyes focused where the finger goes without causing any distraction.

Readers have a tendency to back-skip. The pointer method prevents this from happening, thereby saving at least half the reading time.

2. The Scanning Method

In this technique, the reader’s eyes move along one part of the page only. This can be the left or right side of the text but is usually the center since that is the most convenient.

Instead of pacing through the entire text from left to right, the vision shifts from top to bottom.

This method involves fixation on keywords such as names, figures, or other specific terms. By doing so, the saccade time is minimized.

3. Perceptual Expansion

Generally, a reader focuses on one word at a time. This technique, on the other hand, encourages the brain to read a chunk of words together. In doing so, this method increases the reader’s peripheral vision.

Here’s the thing: even though the fixation time remains the same with perceptual expansion, the number of words that the eyes fixate on increases.

So basically, the brain receives 5 times more information within the same amount of time.

This technique is the hardest to master and takes the most time to learn. You’ll need help from speed reading tools in order to practice the perceptual expansion method.

However, once you master it, this technique will offer you the fastest reading pace with the maximum knowledge intake.

The Best Speed Reading Apps

The easiest tool to aid any process in any part of life these days is your smartphone.

You can use mobile applications to learn speed reading on the go. It has been proven that regularly practicing speed reading is the fastest way to learn this skill. [2]

Here are a few great options to look into:

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1. Reedy

If you own an Android smartphone, you can download Reedy to your mobile. Otherwise, get the chrome extension on your laptop to enjoy speed reading with Reedy.

This app trains readers to read faster by displaying words one by one on the screen. Instead of having to go through lines or long texts, Reedy prepares the user to focus on one word at a time.

Although this isn’t an effective method to learn speed reading long texts, it is a great way to start.

Once your brain gets used to the idea, you can shift to another app to train speed reading sentences or longer texts.

2. ReadMe!

Whether you’re an android or iOS user, you can take advantage of the ReadMe! application. This app even comes with some e-book options to practice speed reading on.

Start by choosing your desired font size, color, layout, etc. Other than that, there are different reading modes for the user to choose from.

If you want to practice reading sentence by sentence or in short paragraphs, you can choose the focused reading mode.

The beeline reader mode changes the color of the text to guide the eye to read from the beginning to the end at a certain pace.

Lastly, there is the spritz mode in which the app focuses on chunks of words at once. This controls the reader’s peripheral vision. However, this mode is not fully available in the free version of the app.

3. Spreeder

Spreeder is available on both iOS and Android. However, users may also gain benefits from Spreeder’s website. This application lets the reader paste in any text that they would like to speed read.

Starting off at a rather low speed, the app flashes words one by one. Gradually, as the user becomes more comfortable, the speed increases.

Slowly, the user is trained to speed read without having to skip any words.

This app is different from the rest because it tracks the user’s reading improvements, recording the overall reading time and speed.

The progress and improvement are tracked in order to motivate the user to perform even better.

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Adjustable settings, such as the speed of the text, background color, etc. are in the control of the user.

The Controversy Surrounding Speed Reading

Truthfully, speed reading does sound too good to be true. It’s hard to believe that it is humanly possible to attain such a fast pace in reading without compromising the quality of information you receive.

Perhaps as a result, there are people who do not trust the process of speed reading. They believe that when you read through a text at such a high speed, you cannot comprehend the information successfully.

According to these people, your brain is unable to process information at the speed that you’re reading, and so, they regard speed reading as problematic.

It is true that speed reading will be of no use if you do not understand the text you’re reading, no matter how quickly you did it.

Similarly, if you were to read slowly and still not retain or understand the information you read, that would be useless, too.

However, there a few factors to consider here. When reading at a normal pace, there is enough time in between every step of the process for the brain to get distracted.

Conversely, speed reading leaves behind no time for the brain to focus on something else. It is unlike skimming. No part of the text is skipped, which means that the brain receives every single bit of information.

Conclusion

Keeping all of this in mind, speed reading cannot be labeled a hoax or a failure. Science has backed up this technique, and numerous readers have been using this skill to improve their learning ability.

At the end of the day, it is your decision whether or not you want to trust this process.

However, if you decide to take advantage of the opportunities speed reading provides, you will find a world of possibilities opening up to you.

We live in a fast-paced world. Consuming information faster will help you keep up with that pace and find further success.

Speed Read Like a Pro!

Featured photo credit: Blaz Photo via unsplash.com

Reference

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