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5 Steps To Train Your Dog Using Positive Reinforcement

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5 Steps To Train Your Dog Using Positive Reinforcement

Whether you have a new puppy, a new rescue dog, or are simply boarding an animal for a shelter, training your dog is a vital part of responsible pet ownership. Training dogs makes them behave in public, but also ensures the dog is attentive around strangers. While some try to train dogs by punishing them for failing to do a command, positive reinforcement training is the most effective way. Many people think training a dog is harder than it is. Simply by understanding how dogs perceive our actions, training can be easier, faster, and more effective. Following these five critical universal steps will make training your dog a breeze.

1. Illustrate Your Command

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    The first step in training any dog is to make it clear what you’re asking. Dogs don’t understand language inherently, so you need to illustrate to the dog what the command means. For example, if you’re asking your dog to sit, give the command, then gently nudge the dogs bottom to the ground. As silly as it sounds, it’s also usually helpful to have a second person go on their hands and knees and imitate what a dog would do when given that command. Give the command to the human (who illustrates it successfully) and give them a piece of fruit. Then, give the command to the dog, and the dog should catch on in a few tries.

    2. Show Off The Treat

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      The next step in training a dog using positive reinforcement, is to make it clear that the dog will receive a treat. Use something the dog loves, and something the dog doesn’t have every day. In order for the dog to get excited about training, it needs to be excited about the treat. When you give the command, make the treat very clear to your dog. As hard as it is, don’t give in to puppy dog eyes and give the treat when the dog hasn’t done the command. 

      3. Get Excited

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        As soon as your dog understands what you’re asking them to do, get overwhelmingly excited the first few times the dog is successful. It’s more than ok to go a pretty crazy over your adorable little pup. If you make training rewards the most enjoyable ones, your dog will be eager to complete new commands. Training with positive reinforcement is only successful if you make the reinforcement extraordinarily positive. Rub their head, give them treats, and shower your pup with love, and your dog will soon understand the learning process.

        4. Repeat, Repeat, Repeat

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          The next step in training a dog with positive reinforcement is to repeat the command over and over. Still reward with positive reinforcement, but the dog needs to hear this new word enough times to instantly recognize it. Repeating the command is also crucial to let the dog know they will be rewarded every time. When your dog starts doing the command immediately after you give it, you’re on the right track.

          5. Gradually Decrease Attention

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            After the first 10 or 15 times, slowly decrease your enthusiasm every time your dog successfully completes the command. It’s okay to give your dog a treat still, but eventually get to the point where you’re giving a forceful “good boy/girl”. Still let your dog know that they’re doing an excellent job, just make it less of a celebration. After a while, it will be clear that when you give the command, it is an expectation. Once your dog has mastered the first command, start from the beginning again with a new one. In no time at all, your new puppy will be more obedient then Lassie.

            Featured photo credit: Latteda via flickr.com

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            Alicia Prince

            A writer, filmmaker, and artist who shares about lifestyle tips and inspirations on Lifehack.

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            Last Updated on January 13, 2022

            10 Cheap And Amazing Honeymoon Ideas

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            10 Cheap And Amazing Honeymoon Ideas

            A honeymoon is important.  The wedding is over.  The months, or even years, of stress and planning are finally over.  It’s time for the two of you to relax, settle in, and start enjoying your time together as you embark on your first journey as a family.

            To make the most of this time for the least amount of money, it’s important to focus on what you want out of a honeymoon.  This isn’t your typical list of touristy honeymoon locations everyone goes to.  Rather, it’s a list of cheap honeymoon experiences a couple can enjoy together, regardless of where it’s at.

            1. Camping

            A week long camping trip is a fantastic way to see how you mesh together as a couple.  You’re put in a low impact “survival” situation where it’s just the 2 of you and nature.  You have a chance to see how your new spouse handles themselves when left with the basics of life.  There are amazing national parks all over the United States where you can camp for a week for $20-30, disconnect from technology, and enjoy some of the natural wonders our nation has to offer.

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            2. Staycation

            You don’t have to go anywhere for a honeymoon.  In fact, the tradition of taking a honeymoon vacation is a relatively new one.  Prior to the 19th century, a honeymoon involved staying home together for a month to get to know each other physically.  Think of how blissful it could be to take a full month off work, disconnect from the outside world, and focus entirely on projects together.  You may not be wowing your friends and family with pictures of some exotic location, but they’ll be envious of your escape from the rat race nonetheless.

            3. Island Getaway

            People tend to overspend on their honeymoon vacations to Hawaii, Tahiti, etc.  Going to these places doesn’t have to be expensive.  You don’t need to stay in a 5 star resort when you’re on a Best Western budget.  You’re there to be in the atmosphere of the island, not a hotel room. Book a cheap flight and sleep in a hotel alternative, on the beach or in your car.  It’s the view in paradise that really matters.

            4. Fancy Resort

            Book an expensive resort, spa, or retreat in the city you live in.  While this may seem counterintuitive as a cheap destination, when you consider your savings on airfare and other travel costs, you can afford to be treated like royalty within your own city limits.  If you book a honeymoon package, you’ll end up with a lot of free amenities and extra attention.  There’s no need to fly halfway across the world to live the good life.

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            5. Road Trip

            The journey is often more fulfilling than the actual destination.  If you fly out to some exotic locale, you’ll be stuck on a plane for 8-30 hours.  Rent a luxury car, pick a handful of places you each have always wanted to visit, and go on an adventure.  You can keep food costs down by packing your own snacks, but it’s always a good idea to sample the local delicacies wherever you go, even if it’s only a few states over.

            6. Charter a Boat

            If the ocean is your thing, a week-long cruise can cost you $1500-$3000 per person, depending on the destination.  You also have to factor in travel costs to and from the cruise, alcohol, souvenirs, and on-shore excursions.  You’ll also be surrounded by people.  For the same price (and often much cheaper), you can charter your own boat and enjoy the experience in private.

            7. Las Vegas/Atlantic City

            If gambling is your thing, these are the places to do it.  Which one you choose depends on your preference, budget, and proximity.  The way to make this vacation cheaper is to gamble smart.  Stay away from low odd tables (i.e craps, roulette) and read up on the MIT blackjack strategies to beat the house.  If you do it right, you can win enough for a free trip (and gain a valuable team skill in the process).

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            8. Themed Retreats

            There are weeklong retreats all over the world where you can fully immerse yourselves as a couple into a hobby you’re both passionate about.  Go on a yoga/meditation retreat, a ranch, a vineyard/farm, a backpacking adventure, treasure hunt, or whatever you’re into.

            9. Working Honeymoon

            Your honeymoon doesn’t have to be a vacation.  For a truly memorable experience, dedicate a week to a charity or volunteer organization.  You can drive out to a campground to help restore it in the offseason.  Maybe you’ve always wanted to volunteer to help out your local animal shelter, plant trees, help the homeless, etc.  Use the time to do something together as a couple that will fulfill you spiritually while contributing to the community.  Just because you’re on a honeymoon doesn’t mean you can’t be productive.

            10. Festivals, Fairs & Special Events

            Every city, state, and country has festivals, fairs, and special events.  Find one you’re interested in.  If you time your wedding right, your honeymoon can be a trip to one of these festivals.  Burning Man, SXSW, Bonnaroo, the Renaissance Fair, regional harvest festivals, Mardi Gras, New Years Eve in Times Square, a movie premiere, or whatever you’re into.  If you plan your honeymoon at the right time in the right place, the possibilities are endless.

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            Featured photo credit: Josue Michel via unsplash.com

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