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Christopher Columbus knew it – do we?

Christopher Columbus knew it – do we?

Christopher Columbus had his plan of exploration in mind for years before the actual event. His problem was that he had to wait for the right time as well as the right people, money and technology to catch up with him.

We all know that the most critical step in the process of completing a project is the planning phase. Planning is the foundation of a project and ultimate success depends on the depth, details and flexibility of your planning efforts. Planning a simple birthday party or a voyage to a new world requires many of the same processes. Planning must address who, what, when, where, why and how. It must also address the resources that you control in terms of time, money, technology and people. Planning always requires that one consider the restraints that are imposed on the project. Here are a few considerations for successful planning.

Planning has to consider the time element and identify the critical points in the project. A birthday party that occurs a month after the celebratory date will probably not achieve the right outcome, likewise a voyage to a new world cannot occur until the vehicle used for transport is ready. Columbus had to wait for the proper political timing as well as the opportunity to take advantage of the technology involved in construction of a new type of ship called a caravel . It is imperative that the planning cycle consider either the time that the event must occur or the length of time that is necessary to accomplish all the tasks that are entailed in the project. Our birthday party has a date certain and we can use backward planning to establish the key dates when events must occur. The cake cannot be ordered a month before the event nor can it be ordered the day of the celebration. The voyage to a new world had to have a target date set so that all events that occurred were timed in a sequential manner that enabled the journey to proceed based on a schedule.

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Money is always a critical consideration in successful planning endeavors. Even the most wealthy of people or nations have constraints. For our birthday party we will probably have some budget in mind. How much money will be spent on the cake? Will we rent a facility for the event or will it occur in a home? Will we buy balloons or party favors? All incur some expense. Likewise it is easy to imagine the expense of planning Columbus’ trip. The questions here are more complex. What will be sacrificed to pay for the voyage? Will there be money for maintaining the military force? It is easy to imagine the role of money in the planning process.

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The availability of technology is also an important part of the planning process. Technology impacts the decisions we make about something as basic as a birthday party. Are invitees going to fly to the celebration? Will we email the bakery about the details of the cake? Can a virtual birthday party occur over the Internet? The technological challenges in planning the voyage of Columbus were numerous. The trip would probably not have been successful without inventions such as the astrolabe and caravel as well as advances in cartography.

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People are the final consideration in planning. Some of the questions that must be addressed in planning are: How many are available? What skills do they possess? When do I need them?

This short article about planning highlights some of the considerations that are essential for success. It is hoped that it will shed some light on your planning endeavors and serve as an aid as you plan for events in your future. Columbus became an expert as he journeyed through the obstacles to success.

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Last Updated on September 28, 2020

How To Study Effectively: 7 Simple Tips

How To Study Effectively: 7 Simple Tips

The brain is a tangled web of information. We don’t remember single facts, but instead we interlink everything by association. Anytime we experience a new event, our brains tie the sights, smells, sounds and our own impressions together into a new relationship.

Our brain remembers things by repetition, association, visual imagery, and all five senses. By knowing a bit about how the brain works, we can become better learners, absorbing new information faster than ever.

Here are some study tips to help get you started:

1. Use Flashcards

Our brains create engrained memories through repetition. The more times we hear, see, or repeat something to ourselves, the more likely we are to remember it.

Flashcards can help you learn new subjects quickly and efficiently. Flashcards allow you to study anywhere at any time. Their portable nature lends them to quick study sessions on the bus, in traffic, at lunch, or in the doctor’s office. You can always whip out your flashcards for a quick 2 to 3 minute study session.

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To create effective flashcards, you need to put one point on each flashcard. Don’t load up the entire card with information. That’s just overload. Instead, you should dedicate one concept to each card.

One of the best ways to make flashcards is to put 1 question on the front and one answer on the back. This way, you can repeatedly quiz yourself into you have mastered any topic of your choice.

Commit to reading through your flash cards at least 3 times a day and you will be amazed at how quickly you pick up new information.

As Tony Robbins says,

“Repetition is the mother of skill”.

2. Create the Right Environment

Often times, where you study can be just as important as how you study. For an optimum learning environment, you’ll want to find a nice spot that is fairly peaceful. Some people can’t stand a deafening silence, but you certainly don’t want to study near constant distractions.

Find a spot that you can call your own, with plenty of room to spread out your stuff. Go there each time you study and you will find yourself adapting to a productive study schedule. When you study in the same place each time, you become more productive in that spot because you associate it with studying.

3. Use Acronyms to Remember Information

In your quest for knowledge, you may have once heard of an odd term called “mnemonics”. However, even if you haven’t heard of this word, you have certainly heard of its many applications. One of the most popular mnemonic examples is “Every Good Boy Does Fine”. This is an acronym used to help musicians and students to remember the notes on a treble clef stave.

An acronym is simply an abbreviation formed using the intial letters of a word. These types of memory aids can help you to learn large quantities of information in a short period of time.

4. Listen to Music

Research has long shown that certain types of music help you to recall information. Information learned while listening to a particular song can often be remembered simply by “playing” the songs mentally in your head.

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5. Rewrite Your Notes

This can be done by hand or on the computer. However, you should keep in mind that writing by hand can often stimulate more neural activity than when writing on the computer.

Everyone should study their notes at home but often times, simply re-reading them is too passive. Re-reading your notes can cause you to become disengaged and distracted.

To get the most out of your study time, make sure that it is active. Rewriting your notes turns a passive study time into an active and engaging learning tool. You can begin using this technique by buying two notebooks for each of your classes. Dedicate one of the notebooks for making notes during each class. Dedicate the other notebook to rewriting your notes outside of class.

6. Engage Your Emotions

Emotions play a very important part in your memory. Think about it. The last time you went to a party, which people did you remember? The lady who made you laugh, the man who hurt your feelings, and the kid who went screaming through the halls are the ones you will remember. They are the ones who had an emotional impact.

Fortunately, you can use the power of emotion in your own study sessions. Enhance your memory by using your five senses. Don’t just memorize facts. Don’t just see and hear the words in your mind. Create a vivid visual picture of what you are trying to learn.

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For example, if you are trying to learn the many parts of a human cell, begin physically rotating the cell in your minds eye. Imagine what each part might feel like. Begin to take the cell apart piece by piece and then reconstruct it. Paint the human cell with vivid colors. Enlarge the cell in your mind’s eye so that it is now six feet tall and putting on your own personal comedy show. This visual and emotional mind play will help deeply encode information into your memory.

7. Make Associations

One of the best ways to learn new things is to relate what you want to learn with something you already know. This is known as association, and it is the mental glue that drives your brain.

Have you ever listened to a song and been flooded by memories that were connected to it? Have you ever seen an old friend that triggered memories from childhood? This is the power of association.

To maximize our mental powers, we must constantly be looking for ways to relate new information with old ideas and concepts that we are already familiar with.

You can do this with the use of mindmapping. A mind map is used to diagram words, pictures, thoughts, and ideas into a an interconnected web of information. This simple practice will help you to connect everything you learn into a global network of knowledge that can be pulled from at any moment.

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Learn more about mindmapping here: How to Mind Map to Visualize Your Thoughts (With Mind Map Examples)

Featured photo credit: Alissa De Leva via unsplash.com

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