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Extensive Study on Visual Presentation Support

Extensive Study on Visual Presentation Support

On the topic of presentation, we have talked a lot about how to use visual presentation aid such as powerpoint to assist your presentation – what you should, or shouldn’t do. Come to think of it, they are pretty good, but they are not extensive enough compared to the piece I am going to introduce. Over at sooper powerpointless, they have a great link to Till Voswinckel’s thesis on Presentational Visualisation: Towards An Imagery-based Approach Of Presentation Visuals. It talks about how existing presentation computing software endorse the bullet point slide schema and it became the most dominant format for presentation. He agures that research has proven its ineffectiveness in the learner’s perspective. Instead the pure visual imagery is proven to be effective for both learning and persuasion strategies. Here is the clip of the abstract:

… However, despite the well-established need for cognition, comprehension, and persuasion in any such presentational scenario, cognitive psychology and advertisement research have in fact substantiated previously voiced critique on the “intellectual reductionism” (Cyphert 2004) and communicative ineptitude of these “bulleted approaches” from an educational, “learner’s perspective”. In fact, experimental evidence from dual-coding psychologists particularly found the aforementioned, text-centric visualisation approaches “ineffective” within our initially defined, “narrated” presentation scenario: Instead of enhancing an orally delivered speech, simultaneous text display actually “exceeds the cognitive capacity of most people” (Raymond
2003), not leastly since suchlike, visual-verbal processing would essentially represent something of a “processing challenge” to the human, cognitive system (Mayer, 2001).

Alternatively, the use of purely visual imagery has been proven effective not merely in terms of “spatial reasoning”, but moreover as an operative approach to learning and persuasion strategies. Based on mental, vi– sual imagery and picture superiority assumptions (Paivio 1986) now generally “agreed on” within the cognitive-scientific community (Kosslyn 1994), visualisation theory has recognized and leveraged the communicative potential of such pictorial approaches for some time now (Crapo et al. 2000, Barkowsky 2002)…

The format of the thesis document is pretty attractive too…

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Presentational Visualisation | Towards An Imagery-based Approach Of Presentation Visuals – [sooper via Presentation Zen]

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Leon Ho

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Last Updated on January 18, 2019

7 Ways To Deal With Negative People

7 Ways To Deal With Negative People

Some people will have a rain cloud hanging over them, no matter what the weather is outside. Their negative attitude is toxic to your own moods, and you probably feel like there is little you can do about it.

But that couldn’t be farther from the truth.

If you want to effectively deal with negative people and be a champion of positivity, then your best route is to take definite action through some of the steps below.

1. Limit the time you spend with them.

First, let’s get this out of the way. You can be more positive than a cartoon sponge, but even your enthusiasm has a chance of being afflicted by the constant negativity of a friend.

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In fact, negativity has been proven to damage your health physically, making you vulnerable to high levels of stress and even cardiac disease. There’s no reason to get hurt because of someone else’s bad mood.

Though this may be a little tricky depending on your situation, working to spend slightly less time around negative people will keep your own spirits from slipping as well.

2. Speak up for yourself.

Don’t just absorb the comments that you are being bombarded with, especially if they are about you. It’s wise to be quick to listen and slow to speak, but being too quiet can give the person the impression that you are accepting what’s being said.

3. Don’t pretend that their behavior is “OK.”

This is an easy trap to fall into. Point out to the person that their constant negativity isn’t a good thing. We don’t want to do this because it’s far easier to let someone sit in their woes, and we’d rather just stay out of it.

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But if you want the best for this person, avoid giving the false impression that their negativity is normal.

4. Don’t make their problems your problems.

Though I consider empathy a gift, it can be a dangerous thing. When we hear the complaints of a friend or family member, we typically start to take on their burdens with them.

This is a bad habit to get into, especially if this is a person who is almost exclusively negative. These types of people are prone to embellishing and altering a story in order to gain sympathy.

Why else would they be sharing this with you?

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5. Change the subject.

When you suspect that a conversation is starting to take a turn for the negative, be a champion of positivity by changing the subject. Of course, you have to do this without ignoring what the other person said.

Acknowledge their comment, but move the conversation forward before the euphoric pleasure gained from complaining takes hold of either of you.

6. Talk about solutions, not problems.

Sometimes, changing the subject isn’t an option if you want to deal with negative people, but that doesn’t mean you can’t still be positive.

I know that when someone begins dumping complaints on me, I have a hard time knowing exactly what to say. The key is to measure your responses as solution-based.

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You can do this by asking questions like, “Well, how could this be resolved?” or, “How do you think they feel about it?”

Use discernment to find an appropriate response that will help your friend manage their perspectives.

7. Leave them behind.

Sadly, there are times when we have to move on without these friends, especially if you have exhausted your best efforts toward building a positive relationship.

If this person is a family member, you can still have a functioning relationship with them, of course, but you may still have to limit the influence they have over your wellbeing.

That being said, what are some steps you’ve taken to deal with negative people? Let us know in the comments.

You may also want to read: How to Stop the Negative Spin of Thoughts, Emotions and Actions.

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