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9 Personality Types: Which One Are You And What Are Your Merits And Defects ?

9 Personality Types: Which One Are You And What Are Your Merits And Defects ?
The nine personality types, as documented by 9types.com, are a great way to get a stronger sense of what kind of individual you are. To start understanding yourself better, try choosing one sentence that best describes you in the format of “I [your statement.]” This is not a thorough test, but it can provide a quick reference. If you want something more thorough, you can find solid tests to take online at places like here and here. If you’re just sticking with the one sentence approach for now, though, ask yourself which description most closely matches how you described yourself.

1. Reformer: “I do everything the right way.”

Reformers are the people who think that there’s a right and wrong way to do things, and they are absolutely determined to learn the right way. A common goal of reformers is to eat healthy, because they struggle to understand how having a sugary treat is anything but a black mark on their meal plans. That limited awareness can be a problem, but their sense of commitment is certainly advantageous.

2. Helper: “I must help others.”

Helpers are the the segment of the nine types of personality who desperately need to convince themselves that they’re making a positive difference in the world. Their goals include the need to build quality relationships, usually by proving themselves worthy of others’ friendship and companionship. Helpers can be too needy at times, but their generosity should be appreciated and valued.

3. Motivator: “I need to succeed.”

Motivators are the members of the nine types of personalities who are perhaps most likely to be reading articles on Lifehack. For motivators, increasing productivity and efficiency is a primary concern. They might be a little too focused on work, but that drive can lead them to big success in both their professional and personal lives.

4. Romantic: “I am unique.”

Romantics are the ones in the nine types of personalities who believe the most in their power to change the world. They know in their hearts that they have something to offer that no one else does, and are desperate to find their passion so they can do what they consider their life’s work. While maybe a little too idealistic at time, romantics’ ability to believe in something bigger than themselves is certainly worth admiring.

5. Thinker: “I need to understand the world.”

A thinker is eager to figure out how things work. They want to understand the mechanics everything they come across, up to and including their relationships. While they overanalyze things at times, their analysis skills can certainly come in handy.

6. Skeptic: “I am affectionate and skeptical.”

Skeptics are as far removed from romantics as any two groups in the nine types of personalities can be. They want to worry less, but should also remember that skepticism often leads to great discoveries.

7. Enthusiast: “I am happy and open to new things.”

If you’re someone who wants a lot of adventure in your life, you might be an enthusiast. Their tendency to live their lives to the fullest can sometimes mean they’re not concerned enough about their futures, but they also don’t waste time second-guessing themselves.

8. Leader: “I must be strong.”

Like the motivators, leaders are another group in the nine types of personality that’s likely to be reading this article and others on Lifehack. Often businessmen and businesswomen, a goal of many leaders is to build a successful start-up. Sometimes leaders have trouble following orders, but they also tend to influence big changes.

9. Peacemaker: “I am at peace.”

Peacemakers are people who feel very happy with their lives. The downside is they may be too complacent and won’t strive to achieve more, but who wouldn’t like to have that kind of self-assurance? Now that you’ve read about all nine, what personality type best matches your original sentence? Hopefully identifying that will in turn help you understand yourself a little more.

Featured photo credit: Thomas Hawk/Personality Analysis via flickr.com

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Matt OKeefe

Matt is a marketer and writer who shares about lifestyle and productivity tips on Lifehack.

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Last Updated on January 15, 2021

7 Ways To Have More Confident Body Language

7 Ways To Have More Confident Body Language

The popular idiomatic saying that “actions speak louder than words” has been around for centuries, but even to this day, most people struggle with at least one area of nonverbal communication. Consequently, many of us aspire to have more confident body language but don’t have the knowledge and tools necessary to change what are largely unconscious behaviors.

Given that others’ perceptions of our competence and confidence are predominantly influenced by what we do with our faces and bodies, it’s important to develop greater self-awareness and consciously practice better posture, stance, eye contact, facial expressions, hand movements, and other aspects of body language.

Posture

First things first: how is your posture? Let’s start with a quick self-assessment of your body.

  • Are your shoulders slumped over or rolled back in an upright posture?
  • When you stand up, do you evenly distribute your weight or lean excessively to one side?
  • Does your natural stance place your feet relatively shoulder-width apart or are your feet and legs close together in a closed-off position?
  • When you sit, does your lower back protrude out in a slumped position or maintain a straight, spine-friendly posture in your seat?

All of these are important considerations to make when evaluating and improving your posture and stance, which will lead to more confident body language over time. If you routinely struggle with maintaining good posture, consider buying a posture trainer/corrector, consulting a chiropractor or physical therapist, stretching daily, and strengthening both your core and back muscles.

Facial Expressions

Are you prone to any of the following in personal or professional settings?

  • Bruxism (tight, clenched jaw or grinding teeth)
  • Frowning and/or furrowing brows
  • Avoiding direct eye contact and/or staring at the ground

If you answered “yes” to any of these, then let’s start by examining various ways in which you can project confident body language through your facial expressions.

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1. Understand How Others Perceive Your Facial Expressions

A December 2020 study by UC Berkeley and Google researchers utilized a deep neural network to analyze facial expressions in six million YouTube clips representing people from over 140 countries. The study found that, despite socio-cultural differences, people around the world tended to use about 70% of the same facial expressions in response to different emotional stimuli and situations.[1]

The study’s researchers also published a fascinating interactive map to demonstrate how their machine learning technology assessed various facial expressions and determined subtle differences in emotional responses.

This study highlights the social importance of facial expressions because whether or not we’re consciously aware of them—by gazing into a mirror or your screen on a video conferencing platform—how we present our faces to others can have tremendous impacts on their perceptions of us, our confidence, and our emotional states. This awareness is the essential first step towards

2. Relax Your Face

New research on bruxism and facial tension found the stresses and anxieties of Covid-19 lockdowns led to considerable increases in orofacial pain, jaw-clenching, and teeth grinding, particularly among women.[2]

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research estimates that more than 10 million Americans alone have temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ syndrome), and facial tension can lead to other complications such as insomnia, wrinkles, dry skin, and dark, puffy bags under your eyes.[3])

To avoid these unpleasant outcomes, start practicing progressive muscle relaxation techniques and taking breaks more frequently throughout the day to moderate facial tension.[4] You should also try out some biofeedback techniques to enhance your awareness of involuntary bodily processes like facial tension and achieve more confident body language as a result.[5]

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3. Improve Your Eye Contact

Did you know there’s an entire subfield of kinesic communication research dedicated to eye movements and behaviors called oculesics?[6] It refers to various communication behaviors including direct eye contact, averting one’s gaze, pupil dilation/constriction, and even frequency of blinking. All of these qualities can shape how other people perceive you, which means that eye contact is yet another area of nonverbal body language that we should be more mindful of in social interactions.

The ideal type (direct/indirect) and duration of eye contact depends on a variety of factors, such as cultural setting, differences in power/authority/age between the parties involved, and communication context. Research has shown that differences in the effects of eye contact are particularly prominent when comparing East Asian and Western European/North American cultures.[7]

To improve your eye contact with others, strive to maintain consistent contact for at least 3 to 4 seconds at a time, consciously consider where you’re looking while listening to someone else, and practice eye contact as much as possible (as strange as this may seem in the beginning, it’s the best way to improve).

3. Smile More

There are many benefits to smiling and laughing, and when it comes to working on more confident body language, this is an area that should be fun, low-stakes, and relatively stress-free.

Smiling is associated with the “happiness chemical” dopamine and the mood-stabilizing hormone, serotonin. Many empirical studies have shown that smiling generally leads to positive outcomes for the person smiling, and further research has shown that smiling can influence listeners’ perceptions of our confidence and trustworthiness as well.

4. Hand Gestures

Similar to facial expressions and posture, what you do with your hands while speaking or listening in a conversation can significantly influence others’ perceptions of you in positive or negative ways.

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It’s undoubtedly challenging to consciously account for all of your nonverbal signals while simultaneously trying to stay engaged with the verbal part of the discussion, but putting in the effort to develop more bodily awareness now will make it much easier to unconsciously project more confident body language later on.

5. Enhance Your Handshake

In the article, “An Anthropology of the Handshake,” University of Copenhagen social anthropology professor Bjarke Oxlund assessed the future of handshaking in wake of the Covid-19 pandemic:[8]

“Handshakes not only vary in function and meaning but do so according to social context, situation and scale. . . a public discussion should ensue on the advantages and disadvantages of holding on to the tradition of shaking hands as the conventional gesture of greeting and leave-taking in a variety of circumstances.”

It’s too early to determine some of the ways in which Covid-19 has permanently changed our social norms and professional etiquette standards, but it’s reasonable to assume that handshaking may retain its importance in American society even after this pandemic. To practice more confident body language in the meantime, the video on the science of the perfect handshake below explains what you need to know.

6. Complement Your Verbals With Hand Gestures

As you know by now, confident communication involves so much more than simply smiling more or sounding like you know what you’re talking about. What you do with your hands can be particularly influential in how others perceive you, whether you’re fidgeting with an object, clenching your fists, hiding your hands in your pockets, or calmly gesturing to emphasize important points you’re discussing.

Social psychology researchers have found that “iconic gestures”—hand movements that appear to be meaningfully related to the speaker’s verbal content—can have profound impacts on listeners’ information retention. In other words, people are more likely to engage with you and remember more of what you said when you speak with complementary hand gestures instead of just your voice.[9]

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Further research on hand gestures has shown that even your choice of the left or right hand for gesturing can influence your ability to clearly convey information to listeners, which supports the notion that more confident body language is readily achievable through greater self-awareness and deliberate nonverbal actions.[10]

Final Takeaways

Developing better posture, enhancing your facial expressiveness, and practicing hand gestures can vastly improve your communication with other people. At first, it will be challenging to consciously practice nonverbal behaviors that many of us are accustomed to performing daily without thinking about them.

If you ever feel discouraged, however, remember that there’s no downside to consistently putting in just a little more time and effort to increase your bodily awareness. With the tips and strategies above, you’ll be well on your way to embracing more confident body language and amplifying others’ perceptions of you in no time.

More Tips on How to Develop a Confident Body Language

Featured photo credit: Maria Lupan via unsplash.com

Reference

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