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5 Crucial Things To Keep In Mind About Bankruptcy

5 Crucial Things To Keep In Mind About Bankruptcy

Whether you’re on the road to bankruptcy, or thinking about declaring your business in a state of bankruptcy, this process isn’t as clear-cut and simple as you might initially think.

In Canada, it is largely due to the fact that it is a federal government affair and requires a fair amount of paperwork and legal proceedings. This can take a huge amount of time and money out of your life. Fortunately, the bankruptcy system has been designed to keep the cost of bankruptcy as low for you as possible.

However, you should know that you’ll also lose all your possessions and all your money unless, of course, your possessions are assets – then they’re exempt (as long as they are in your particular province).

Let’s quickly delve beyond the surface of bankruptcy and discern what it’s all about.

1. Bankruptcy Costs

Usually, the process of bankruptcy includes fees, such as administrative costs, government-fees (for the bothersome task of filing all the paperwork), mailing costs, court fees, etc. This, as you can imagine, takes a lot of money out of your account(s).

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The average cost of bankruptcy (usually – as it varies between provinces) is between $1,500-1,900. The differences in cost is wide because, largely, the fee is set by your Insolvency Trustee. The trustee’s charge is a reflection of the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB).[1] Keep in mind that the trustee’s charge is a reduced fee. This fee is based on what number your chosen trustee charges to file your bankruptcy paperwork.

You need to pay due diligence when it comes to picking an attorney to represent you in bankruptcy court. This is because there are some reports of attorneys collecting their fees and “dumping” the filing process and proceedings on another attorney’s shoulders. This is why it’s necessary to perform thorough background checks on attorneys and lawyers. Luckily, looking for reviews and testimonials and public ratings about such attorneys are easy to find, thanks to the internet.

However, if bankruptcy costs are more than you can pay, it’ll be to your satisfaction to contact a licensed Insolvency Trustee.[2]

2. What’s the Difference Between Lawyers And Trustees?

A trustee is a licensed official (by the federal government) who works with specific insolvency issues.[3] Many trustees are chartered accountants.

Bankruptcy lawyers, on the other hand, are solicitors who are experts when it comes to insolvency law.

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Unless a bankruptcy filing has several discrepancies, lawyers are not generally required in most cases.

3. How Bankruptcy Lets You Rise From The Ashes

Since bankruptcy is governed by federal law, the process is similar from state to state and it’s a process that will keep you busy.

Be careful when filing for bankruptcy. Your credit score can take a serious beating, since bankruptcy lowers your score by as much as 250 points, which, as you know is not peanuts.[4]

It’s a great way to erase your debt, however. Bankruptcy gives you a fresh start, a chance to wipe the slate clean, and a way to rebuild your credit score. If your bills haven’t defaulted (and your debts are through the roof), there’s a possibility your credit score is high enough to pass you through a mortgage refinance. This could potentially qualify you for a lower interest rate.

Since lower interest rates reduce monthly house payments, this means more freed-up cash in your budget so you can pay off any outstanding debts.

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4. What Does Bankruptcy Affect?

Don’t worry, if you’ve invested in 401k, IRA, or ERISA accounts, they’ll (in all probability) remain unaffected by the bankruptcy.

That means you do not take any money from these accounts to pay bills. Even if you’re pressed against the wall and these look like great last resorts, do not. The reason for this is simple: you’ll be hit with staggering penalties and taxes. These can never be discharged and will forever remain on your credit score. This makes it extremely hard to attain home loans in the future, which is why you should NOT take bankruptcy lightly. That is why you should check your credit report 60 days after you bankruptcy case closes. That way, you can check if there are any errors. It’s critical to stay on top of the report after bankruptcy, as there may be some mistakes.

After filing for bankruptcy, check your mail every single day. The court should send you legal paperwork that needs your signature by a certain date. Missing this paperwork means your case loses momentum and you’ll be stuck in this state for an even longer period. Once these documents arrive in your mail, review them carefully. And review them again to make sure you haven’t missed anything crucial.

And once you’ve set up an appointment or discussion with your attorney, update him/her on any relevant information that’s happening in your life because the more your attorney knows, the more successful your case will turn out. Your life and income (even your family’s life) is on the line here. Good, constant communication is key.

5. You Shouldn’t Declare Bankruptcy If…

You don’t need to go bankrupt just because you’re unable to pay your debts or are insolvent. Declaring bankruptcy seems like a smart thing to do when tides are low, but the reality of the situation is this:

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Sometimes bankruptcy is not a good option.[5]

It honestly depends on your situation. Let’s say a huge number of your debt is because those debts aren’t dischargeable. It would be inadvisable to file for bankruptcy. This is because non-dischargeable debts, such as child support, fines and penalties, student loans, etc. will remain on your record. Bankruptcy means that only debts that are dischargeable will be erased from your record.

Even so, it’s more important to know if you even need to file for bankruptcy. This is because a large amount of cases come down to credit or debt counseling. Knowing how to expertly handle your debt and credit scores/cards increases the likelihood that you won’t have to file for bankruptcy in the end.

Conclusion

Now you know more about bankruptcy and how to make wiser decisions. If, however, it’s too late and filing for bankruptcy is an absolute must, it is essential for your sanity and happiness that you remain cool, calm, and collected as you go through this process.

Featured photo credit: palmistryextraordinaire via palmistryextraordinaire.com

Reference

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Maya Levine

Passionate Writer & Researcher

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Last Updated on June 26, 2020

25 Easy Tips on How to Save Money Fast

25 Easy Tips on How to Save Money Fast

“How to save money fast?” This is the question asked by all of us not in the top 1% of rich people.

If you are looking for ways to drastically reduce your expenses immediately, first look at what you need to spend money on every week. And I mean really need.

You don’t really need to order in food. You don’t really need to buy expensive perfume.

Building from that, you can work out how your regular expenses can be reduced.

As for irregular expenses, they can also be deceptively costly in the long run. Once-off buys can also be tackled with some prudent planning and a little extra research.

And remember: a budgeted lifestyle does not mean a bad or boring one!

But first, understand what budget you can cut down on daily:

  • Regular expenses for the average adult (can be trimmed but not eliminated):
    • food
    • rent/mortgage
    • cell phone
    • insurance
    • socializing/entertainment
    • transportation
    • hygiene products
    • household bills
  • Irregular expenses for the average adult (can be eliminated or cut down a lot):
    • travel
    • clothing
    • medication (*depends)
    • grooming (hair, nails etc.)
    • gifts

Now, let’s dive right into the 25 ways to save money fast:

Save Money on Food

1. Bring a stock of food to the office/work

Instead of popping out for an overpriced salad and a smoothie, leave a set of basic utensils at the office as well as a stock of non-perishable goods such as tinned fruit, tuna, rice crackers and so on (try to avoid the junk food and this can turn into a pretty great diet!).

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Stocking up means you won’t forget or say “I didn’t have the time” when you rushed out to work in the morning.

2. Buy the store-brand version

Many basic foods, such as bread and milk, will taste exactly the same as their branded alternatives. Go for stuff with minimal additives and preservatives. Meat in a tube is probably insanely unhealthy!

3. Eat cheaper cuts of meat

Learn how to tenderize and flavour cheaper meat and fish, and save on the (typically) most expensive item on your grocery bill.

4. Have group dinners

If 10 friends put $5 each in the kitty, it’s pretty easy to make a giant lasagne and get refreshments, as well as hang out with your favourite people.

Save Money in Transport

5. Get a bicycle

Save on gas money and bus/metro fares with this underrated mode of transport.

6. Use public transport and/or don’t get taxis

Some places can only be reached by car. But as a good practise, check your public transport website and see if any routes pass nearby where you need to get to. Walk as much as you can.

7. Find the cheapest gas

Regularly check out where the cheapest gas can be bought.

Save Money in General Shopping

8. Shop online

Not only will you save on the gas or transport fares from going to the shopping mall but you will also find better deals

9. Sell your old stuff

Get your unwanted belongings up on eBay ASAP and earn a few dollars.

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Here’re more ideas for you: 25 Things to Sell to Make a Lot of Money

10. Bulk buying stores

For regular non-perishable/slow perishable purchases such as toilet paper, cat food, pasta, washing powder and so on, do an epic stocking-up trip to a co-op or equivalent (my mum used to go to a place that restaurants buy from).

Be wary of supermarket “deals”, as some have been found to be fraudulent after working out a simple calculation.

11. Become a flea market/car boot sale/street market guru

You can find original gifts and develop good negotiation skills at these places.

12. Generic brand medication

More often than not, the generic version of paracetamol and other basics work the same as the branded version.

13. Choose deodorant, not perfume

It blows my mind when someone drops $70 on a bottle of spray. Stick with a nice deodorant, and not only will you smell just fine but you’ll be sweat-free as well!

Cut Down on Household Expenses

14. Printing

Ink is one of the most expensive substances in the office and coloured ink is doubly so. B

e more efficient and choose black and white, and if your printer doesn’t have a print-both-sides options, just print odd pages first, re-insert the paper and print even pages.

Expand the margins of what you are printing as often as you can to save on paper.

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15. Minimize SMS and phone calls

A combination of a free chat service such as WhatsApp and a free call service such as Skype can reduce your bill to nothing (so long as you have a decent Wifi connection).

16. Shop around for insurance

Most people don’t spend enough time searching for the best insurance deal.

Keep a watchful eye out for deals and new competitors in the market.

17. Try re-negotiating your rent/mortgage

If you have built up a good credit history or a good rapport with your landlord, then chances are a frank chat about needing to tighten your spending could result in lowering your payments. You’ve nothing to lose from trying.

18. Don’t get a TV

Invest in a computer/laptop and an internet-only package. You can watch more (and often better) entertainment on the web, and skip the advertisements as well.

19. Pool your internet bill with a neighbour

My apartment building is basically a big old house split into three apartments. There are five of us in total. We pool the internet bill, making it crazy cheap.

Save Money in Socializing, Entertainment And Travel

20. Have house parties

Instead of paying for overpriced drinks, set up a series of in-house get-togethers with your friends. Everyone takes a turn, so it’s not always your house that needs cleaning.

For sound insulation, hang heavy drapes on the walls and windows. For music, invest in a good second-hand set of speakers which you can connect to your computer. Let Spotify or Grooveshark playlists do the rest.

21. Open festivals, meetups and events

It never fails to surprise me how much underground stuff goes on around me for free or for very cheap. Find out who runs the blogs and websites that list all the less well-known cultural activities.

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22. Volunteer

If you can’t pay for a ticket, volunteer and get to be there anyway.

23. Housesit

There are multiple housesitting websites offering you the possibility to avoid paying hotels and skip the discomfort of crummy hostels.

Save Money on Hygiene and Beauty

24. DIY beauty

French manicures, pedicures, waxing, eyebrows… pretty much all of these can be achieved at home (and done well) with some practise. There are plenty excellent blogs and YouTube tutorials to help.

25. Fewer haircuts/volunteer at a trainee hairdresser

If you can’t bear the risk of a trainee touching your locks, learn more ways to manipulate your hair as it grows and get haircuts sparingly. Women’s haircuts are outrageously priced in many cities.

Bonus: Effective Money-Saving Tips for Everything

Here’s a summary of what you can generally do to save more money:

  • Share/pool resources. Organize a neighbourhood sharing scheme, common resources for your apartment block or with your friends. Not everybody needs an individual lawnmower.
  • Buy energy-saving everything. The easiest way to lower your bills – replace those lightbulbs!
  • Buy in bulk. Be sensible about it (i.e. make sure you have space!), and drastically reduce weekly expenditure.
  • DIY. Skill up using YouTube tutorials on plumbing and many other essential services so you never have to pay for simple problems again.
  • Research a lot before making a decision. Most money-wasting is the result of poor preparation and planning. Don’t shirk this part just because you don’t like it!
  • Use your network. Your network is full of resources that can ease the pain of budgeting. Ask for help.
  • Stop and think. Do I really need it?

Unfortunately, there are some things that require plain ol’ giving up for the time being. This can include high-cost sports such as skiing, the latest versions of some technologies, the finest brands of food/drinks, premier seats at the opera and most other indulgences.

What is important to remember during lean times is that when you look back on your life, it will be the experiences that stand out, not the extra comforts.

Living on a budget can teach you a lot about how much you can really get out of your paycheck. We only live one life, so make the most of every penny you earn!

More Tips for Personal Finance Management

Featured photo credit: Unsplash via unsplash.com

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