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5 Hormones That May Be Responsible for Weight Gain

5 Hormones That May Be Responsible for Weight Gain

Do you find yourself unable to lose weight as easily as you could when you were younger?

As women enter into their menopausal years (usually around the age 45+), the hot flashes and night sweats, though annoying, are nowhere near as difficult and confusing as the resulting weight gain.

Here are the top 5 pesky hormones that may be sabotaging your weight loss success and how you can tame them.

1. Oestrogen (AKA The Temptation Hormone)

Carrying excess weight is a leading factor in weight gain in women 45 and over due to low oestrogen levels. Oestrogen is produced in the ovaries but it is also produced in your fat stores.

This can perpetuate the cycle – the more oestrogen-deficient you are, the more fat is deposited on the hips and thighs, because oestrogen stimulates fat cells to store fat.

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How to tame high fat stores for oestrogen production.

Foods that contain fibre help to eliminate used oestrogen through the bowels. The fibre in green smoothies binds to oestrogen and moves it through your bowels so it does not go back into circulation, but rather is eliminated.

2. Cortisol (AKA The H…angry Hormone).

Some studies have shown an association between increased stress levels and abdominal fat distribution. Cortisol levels increase in times of stress, and cortisol is known to increase appetite. Some people are constantly in stressful environments, and, even if they eat well and exercise, chronic high stress can prevent them from losing weight – or worse, add a pound or two.

Increased levels of cortisol can also result in higher insulin levels, causing low blood sugar, which can increase hunger.

This can make you hungry…very hungry. And your body keeps on pumping out that cortisol as long as the stress continues.

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So how do you tame this “hangry” hormone?

The best way to tackle this hormone head on is to decrease your stress levels. Some people accomplish by relaxing, others by getting active. How you de-stress is completely up to you.

3. Leptin (AKA Satiety Hormone)

Leptin is produced by the body’s fat cells. Its primary target is in the brain, particularly the hypothalamus. Leptin is supposed to tell the brain that we have enough fat stored, that we don’t need to eat, and that we can burn calories at a normal rate.

These days, something is broken in the mechanism that is supposed to prevent us from overeating, leaving us feeling rarely satisfied after eating a meal.

The fat cells use leptin to tell the brain how much body fat the body is carrying. High levels of leptin should tell the brain that we have plenty of fat stored, while low levels of leptin tell the brain that fat stores are low and that we are at risk of starvation. The problem for many women is that the leptin signal isn’t working. There may be a high level of leptin floating around, but the brain doesn’t register that it is there. This condition is known as leptin resistance. It is now believed to be the main biological abnormality in human obesity.

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How to tame this pesky hormone?

A key to preventing (or reversing) leptin resistance, is reducing diet-induced inflammation. This is where a great green smoothie helps in any “hunger fixing mission” —with extraordinary results! Green smoothies with a higher ratio of green vegetables to fruit contain all the right lean and “green” quality proteins. Adding 2 teaspoons of hemp powder or nut butter will also increase the protein content more which is great to help tame any leptin resistance you may be experiencing.

4. Ghrelin (AKA The Craving Hormone)

Ghrelin works in tandem with leptin. When your stomach is empty, it is ghrelin that is responsible for telling you that you’re hungry and that you need to eat something.

Ghrelin is supposed to tell the brain that you are hungry and start eating, switching off once you do have something to eat. These days, something is broken in the ghrelin mechanism as well, increasing your hunger while you rarely feel satiated. Ghrelin is secreted primarily in the lining of the stomach.Your stomach makes ghrelin when it’s empty. Just like leptin, ghrelin goes into the blood, crosses the blood-brain barrier, and ends up at your hypothalamus, where it tells you you’re hungry. Basically, ghrelin is high before you eat and low after you eat.

How to tame this c…raving hormone?

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Water is an essential part of life and well, it can help you tame this hunger hormone so make sure you keep yourself well hydrated and next time you feel hungry, have a glass of water first and you may be surprised to find your hunger pains abating.

5. Testosterone (AKA The Mojo Hormone)

We all know what it feels like when you have lost your mojo. Women with low testosterone often find it more difficult to gain muscle or burn fat. The decline in testosterone in women is solely age-related, not menopause-related, and actually begins years before perimenopause.

With low testosterone levels your muscles may atrophy, leading to a sluggish metabolism and weight gain.

How to tame this mojo hormone?

You can coax this hormone back with resistance training which revs up your testosterone training. Moving through menopause doesn’t have to be such a tough mental and physical battle. If you focus on your weight-training program, you’ll be able to fight potential fat gain and battle the tummy bulge.

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Last Updated on July 10, 2020

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

How to Take Control of Your Life with Better Boundaries

We all have them—those hurtful, frustrating, offensive, manipulative people in our lives. No matter how hard we try to surround ourselves with positive and kind people, there will always be those who will disrespect, insult, berate, and misuse you if we allow them to.

We may, for a variety of reasons, not be able to avoid them, but we can determine how we interact with them and how we allow them to interact with us.

So, how to take control of your life and stop being pushed around?

Learning to set clear firm boundaries with the people in our lives at work and in our personal lives is the best way to protect ourselves from the negative effects of this kind of behavior.

What Boundaries Are (And What They’re Not)

Boundaries are limits

—they are not threats or ultimatums. Boundaries inform or teach. They are not a form of punishment.

Boundaries are firm lines—determined by you—which cannot be crossed by those around you. They are guidelines for how you will allow others to treat you and what kind of behaviors you will expect.

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Healthy personal boundaries help protect you from physical or emotional pain. You may also need to set firm boundaries at work to ensure you and your time are not disrespected. Don’t allow others to take advantage of your kindness and generosity.

Clear boundaries communicate to others that you demand respect and consideration—that you are willing to stand up for yourself and that you will not be a doormat for anyone. They are a “no trespassing” sign that makes it very clear when a line has been crossed and that there will be consequences for doing so.

Boundaries are not set with the intention of changing other people. They may change how people interact with you, but they are more about enforcing your needs than attempting to change the general behavior and attitude of others.

How to Establish Boundaries and Take Control of Your Life

Here are some ways that you can establish boundaries and take control of your life.

1. Self-Awareness Comes First

Before you can establish boundaries with others, you first need to understand what your needs are.

You are entitled to respect. You have the right to protect yourself from inappropriate or offensive behavior. Setting boundaries is a way of honoring your needs.

To set appropriate boundaries, you need to be clear about what healthy behaviors look like—what healthy relationships look like.

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You first have to become more aware of your feelings and honest with yourself about your expectations and what you feel is appropriate behavior:

  • Where do you need to establish better boundaries?
  • When do you feel disrespected?
  • When do you feel violated, frustrated, or angered by the behavior of others?
  • In what situations do you feel you are being mistreated or taken advantage of?
  • When do you want to be alone?
  • How much space do you need?

You need to honor your own needs and boundaries before you can expect others to honor them. This allows you to take control of your life.

2. Clear Communication Is Essential

Inform others clearly and directly what your expectations are. It is essential to have clear communication if you want others to respect your boundaries. Explain in an honest and respectful tone what you find offensive or unacceptable.

Many people simply aren’t aware that they are behaving inappropriately. They may never have been taught proper manners or consideration for others.

3. Be Specific but Don’t Blame

Taking a blaming or punishing attitude automatically puts people on the defensive. People will not listen when they feel attacked. It’s part of human nature.

That said, you do not need to overexplain or defend yourself. Boundaries are not open to compromise.

Sample language:

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  • “You may not…yell or raise your voice to me…”
  • “I need…to be treated with respect…”
  • “It’s not okay when…you take things from my desk without asking…”
  • “I won’t…do your work…cover for you anymore…”
  • “It’s not acceptable when…you ridicule or insult me…”
  • “I am uncomfortable when…you use offensive language”
  • “I will no longer be able to…lend you money…”

Being able to communicate these without sounding accusatory is essential if you want others to respect your boundaries so you can take control of your life.

4. Consequences Are Often Necessary

Determine what the appropriate consequences will be when boundaries are crossed. If it’s appropriate, be clear about those consequences upfront when communicating those boundaries to others.

Follow through. People won’t respect your boundaries if you don’t enforce them.

Standing our ground and forcing consequences doesn’t come easily to us. We want to be nice. We want people to like us, but we shouldn’t have to trade our self-respect to gain friends or to achieve success.

We may be tempted to let minor disrespect slide to avoid conflict, but as the familiar saying goes, “if you give people an inch, they’ll take a mile.”

It’s much easier to address offensive or inappropriate behavior now than to wait until that behavior has gotten completely out of hand.

It’s also important to remember that positive reinforcement is even more powerful than negative consequences. When people do alter the way they treat you, acknowledge it. Let people know that you notice and appreciate their efforts.

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Final Thoughts

Respect is always a valid reason for setting a boundary. Don’t defend yourself or your needs. Boundaries are often necessary to protect your time, your space, and your feelings. And these are essential if you want to take control of your life.

Start with the easiest boundaries first. Setting boundaries is a skill that needs to be practiced. Enlist support from others if necessary. Inform people immediately when they have crossed the line.

Don’t wait. Communicate politely and directly. Be clear about the consequences and follow them through.

The better you become at setting your own boundaries, the better you become at recognizing and respecting the boundaries of others.

Remember that establishing boundaries is your right. You are entitled to respect. You can’t control how other people behave, but you do have control over the way you allow people to treat you.

Learning to set boundaries is not always easy, but with time, it will become more comfortable. You may eventually find that boundaries become automatic and you no longer need to consciously set them.

They will simply become a natural extension of your self-respect.

Featured photo credit: Thomas Kelley via unsplash.com

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