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5 Hormones That May Be Responsible for Weight Gain

5 Hormones That May Be Responsible for Weight Gain

Do you find yourself unable to lose weight as easily as you could when you were younger?

As women enter into their menopausal years (usually around the age 45+), the hot flashes and night sweats, though annoying, are nowhere near as difficult and confusing as the resulting weight gain.

Here are the top 5 pesky hormones that may be sabotaging your weight loss success and how you can tame them.

1. Oestrogen (AKA The Temptation Hormone)

Carrying excess weight is a leading factor in weight gain in women 45 and over due to low oestrogen levels. Oestrogen is produced in the ovaries but it is also produced in your fat stores.

This can perpetuate the cycle – the more oestrogen-deficient you are, the more fat is deposited on the hips and thighs, because oestrogen stimulates fat cells to store fat.

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How to tame high fat stores for oestrogen production.

Foods that contain fibre help to eliminate used oestrogen through the bowels. The fibre in green smoothies binds to oestrogen and moves it through your bowels so it does not go back into circulation, but rather is eliminated.

2. Cortisol (AKA The H…angry Hormone).

Some studies have shown an association between increased stress levels and abdominal fat distribution. Cortisol levels increase in times of stress, and cortisol is known to increase appetite. Some people are constantly in stressful environments, and, even if they eat well and exercise, chronic high stress can prevent them from losing weight – or worse, add a pound or two.

Increased levels of cortisol can also result in higher insulin levels, causing low blood sugar, which can increase hunger.

This can make you hungry…very hungry. And your body keeps on pumping out that cortisol as long as the stress continues.

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So how do you tame this “hangry” hormone?

The best way to tackle this hormone head on is to decrease your stress levels. Some people accomplish by relaxing, others by getting active. How you de-stress is completely up to you.

3. Leptin (AKA Satiety Hormone)

Leptin is produced by the body’s fat cells. Its primary target is in the brain, particularly the hypothalamus. Leptin is supposed to tell the brain that we have enough fat stored, that we don’t need to eat, and that we can burn calories at a normal rate.

These days, something is broken in the mechanism that is supposed to prevent us from overeating, leaving us feeling rarely satisfied after eating a meal.

The fat cells use leptin to tell the brain how much body fat the body is carrying. High levels of leptin should tell the brain that we have plenty of fat stored, while low levels of leptin tell the brain that fat stores are low and that we are at risk of starvation. The problem for many women is that the leptin signal isn’t working. There may be a high level of leptin floating around, but the brain doesn’t register that it is there. This condition is known as leptin resistance. It is now believed to be the main biological abnormality in human obesity.

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How to tame this pesky hormone?

A key to preventing (or reversing) leptin resistance, is reducing diet-induced inflammation. This is where a great green smoothie helps in any “hunger fixing mission” —with extraordinary results! Green smoothies with a higher ratio of green vegetables to fruit contain all the right lean and “green” quality proteins. Adding 2 teaspoons of hemp powder or nut butter will also increase the protein content more which is great to help tame any leptin resistance you may be experiencing.

4. Ghrelin (AKA The Craving Hormone)

Ghrelin works in tandem with leptin. When your stomach is empty, it is ghrelin that is responsible for telling you that you’re hungry and that you need to eat something.

Ghrelin is supposed to tell the brain that you are hungry and start eating, switching off once you do have something to eat. These days, something is broken in the ghrelin mechanism as well, increasing your hunger while you rarely feel satiated. Ghrelin is secreted primarily in the lining of the stomach.Your stomach makes ghrelin when it’s empty. Just like leptin, ghrelin goes into the blood, crosses the blood-brain barrier, and ends up at your hypothalamus, where it tells you you’re hungry. Basically, ghrelin is high before you eat and low after you eat.

How to tame this c…raving hormone?

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Water is an essential part of life and well, it can help you tame this hunger hormone so make sure you keep yourself well hydrated and next time you feel hungry, have a glass of water first and you may be surprised to find your hunger pains abating.

5. Testosterone (AKA The Mojo Hormone)

We all know what it feels like when you have lost your mojo. Women with low testosterone often find it more difficult to gain muscle or burn fat. The decline in testosterone in women is solely age-related, not menopause-related, and actually begins years before perimenopause.

With low testosterone levels your muscles may atrophy, leading to a sluggish metabolism and weight gain.

How to tame this mojo hormone?

You can coax this hormone back with resistance training which revs up your testosterone training. Moving through menopause doesn’t have to be such a tough mental and physical battle. If you focus on your weight-training program, you’ll be able to fight potential fat gain and battle the tummy bulge.

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Last Updated on January 3, 2020

The 10 Essential Habits of Positive People

The 10 Essential Habits of Positive People

Are you waiting for life events to turn out the way you want so that you can feel more positive about your life? Do you find yourself having pre-conditions to your sense of well-being, thinking that certain things must happen for you to be happier? Do you think there is no way that your life stresses can make you anything other than “stressed out” and that other people just don’t understand?  If your answer is “yes” to any of these questions, you might find yourself lingering in the land of negativity for too long!

The following are some tips to keep positive no matter what comes your way. This post will help you stop looking for what psychologists call “positivity” in all the wrong places!  Here are the ten essential habits of positive people.

1. Positive people don’t confuse quitting with letting go.

Instead of hanging on to ideas, beliefs, and even people that are no longer healthy for them, they trust their judgement to let go of negative forces in their lives.  Especially in terms of relationships, they subscribe to The Relationship Prayer which goes:

 I will grant myself the ability to trust the healthy people in my life … 

To set limits with, or let go of, the negative ones … 

And to have the wisdom to know the DIFFERENCE!

 2.  Positive people don’t just have a good day – they make a good day.

Waiting, hoping and wishing seldom have a place in the vocabulary of positive individuals. Rather, they use strong words that are pro-active and not reactive. Passivity leads to a lack of involvement, while positive people get very involved in constructing their lives. They work to make changes to feel better in tough times rather than wish their feelings away.

3. For the positive person, the past stays in the past.

Good and bad memories alike stay where they belong – in the past where they happened. They don’t spend much time pining for the good ol’ days because they are too busy making new memories now. The negative pulls from the past are used not for self-flagellation or unproductive regret, but rather productive regret where they use lessons learned as stepping stones towards a better future.

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4. Show me a positive person and I can show you a grateful person.

The most positive people are the most grateful people.  They do not focus on the potholes of their lives.  They focus on the pot of gold that awaits them every day, with new smells, sights, feelings and experiences.  They see life as a treasure chest full of wonder.

5. Rather than being stuck in their limitations, positive people are energized by their possibilities.

Optimistic people focus on what they can do, not what they can’t do.  They are not fooled to think that there is a perfect solution to every problem, and are confident that there are many solutions and possibilities.  They are not afraid to attempt new solutions to old problems, rather than spin their wheels expecting things to be different this time.  They refuse to be like Charlie Brown expecting that this time Lucy will not pull the football from him!

6. Positive people do not let their fears interfere with their lives!

Positive people have observed that those who are defined and pulled back by their fears never really truly live a full life. While proceeding with appropriate caution, they do not let fear keep them from trying new things. They realize that even failures are necessary steps for a successful life. They have confidence that they can get back up when they are knocked down by life events or their own mistakes, due to a strong belief in their personal resilience.

7. Positive people smile a lot!

When you feel positive on the inside it is like you are smiling from within, and these smiles are contagious. Furthermore, the more others are with positive people, the more they tend to smile too! They see the lightness in life, and have a sense of humor even when it is about themselves. Positive people have a high degree of self-respect, but refuse to take themselves too seriously!

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8. People who are positive are great communicators.

They realize that assertive, confident communication is the only way to connect with others in everyday life.  They avoid judgmental, angry interchanges, and do not let someone else’s blow up give them a reason to react in kind. Rather, they express themselves with tact and finesse.  They also refuse to be non-assertive and let people push them around. They refuse to own problems that belong to someone else.

9. Positive people realize that if you live long enough, there are times for great pain and sadness.

One of the most common misperceptions about positive people is that to be positive, you must always be happy. This can not be further from the truth. Anyone who has any depth at all is certainly not happy all the time.  Being sad, angry, disappointed are all essential emotions in life. How else would you ever develop empathy for others if you lived a life of denial and shallow emotions? Positive people do not run from the gamut of emotions, and accept that part of the healing process is to allow themselves to experience all types of feelings, not only the happy ones. A positive person always holds the hope that there is light at the end of the darkness.  

10. Positive person are empowered people – they refuse to blame others and are not victims in life.

Positive people seek the help and support of others who are supportive and safe.They limit interactions with those who are toxic in any manner, even if it comes to legal action and physical estrangement such as in the case of abuse. They have identified their own basic human rights, and they respect themselves too much to play the part of a victim. There is no place for holding grudges with a positive mindset. Forgiveness helps positive people become better, not bitter.

How about you?  How many habits of positive people do you personally find in yourself?  If you lack even a few of these 10 essential habits, you might find that the expected treasure at the end of the rainbow was not all that it was cracked up to be. How could it — if you keep on bringing a negative attitude around?

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I wish you well in keeping positive, because as we all know, there is certainly nothing positive about being negative!

Featured photo credit: Janaína Castelo Branco via flickr.com

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