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Study Finds That Travelers Are More Trusting And Less Prejudiced

Study Finds That Travelers Are More Trusting And Less Prejudiced

If there is anything that we should not miss doing in our lifetime, it is traveling. If you get the opportunity to be a traveler, never say no. Because when you get back home, you will be a different person. Researchers can back up this claim.

In a paper [1], researchers had made five studies to find out about the effect of foreign travel on a person’s level of trust and their willingness to be charitable. Does traveling make a person more trusting and charitable? They found out that yes, traveling indeed does make a person more trusting and more charitable.

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So how did they find out about it?

The researchers used Mark Twain’s quote in his book Innocents Abroad as an inspiration:

“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one’s lifetime.”

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The researchers made five studies. The studies revealed that the number of countries traveled, and not the amount of time spent traveling, predicted trust level. The researchers have concluded that the more countries a person has traveled to, the more trusting the person is.

The researchers found out about this through a survey to participants before and after traveling abroad. The surveys revealed that those who traveled to more places were more trusting.

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On another experiment that the researchers made, they gave a survey to undergraduates about their foreign travels and feelings of trust. Again, the survey revealed that those who visited more countries were more trusting.

There were more than 700 people that participated in the studies. One limitation of the surveys, however, is that they only reflected the participants’ attitudes and beliefs.

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The researchers also created a game where one participant decides how much of a $10 endowment to send to another person. The researchers told the “sender” that whatever amount is sent will triple in value when in gets to the “receiver.” And then the “receiver” will decide how much of this tripled amount he or she will want to return to the sender.

And in their last experiment, the researchers found out that those who went to places that are more different with their home country became more trusting than those who went to places that are more similar to their home country.

So now we have more proof that we should not take traveling for granted. This research proves that traveling to many different places broadens the mind and makes us more trusting and less prejudiced. This gives us more reason why we should choose to be travelers: because it will, in fact, make us a better person.

If only each of us will choose be a broad and diverse traveler, the world maybe will turn into a better place.

Reference

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Sarah Bonander

Writer, Human Resources Professional

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Last Updated on March 5, 2021

Science Says People Who Talk To Themselves Are Geniuses

Science Says People Who Talk To Themselves Are Geniuses

I talk a lot to myself. It helps me to keep my concentration on the activity on hand, makes me focus more on my studies, and gives me some pretty brilliant ideas while chattering to myself; more importantly, I produce better works. For example, right now, as I am typing, I am constantly mumbling to myself. Do you talk to yourself? Don’t get embarrassed admitting it because science has discovered that those who talk to themselves are actually geniuses… and not crazy!

Research Background

Psychologist-researcher Gary Lupyan conducted an experiment where 20 volunteers were shown objects, in a supermarket, and were asked to remember them. Half of them were told to repeat the objects, for example, banana, and the other half remained silent. In the end, the result shown that self-directed speech aided people to find the objects faster, by 50 to 100 milliseconds, compared to the silent ones.

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“I’ll often mutter to myself when searching for something in the refrigerator or the supermarket shelves,” said Gary Lupyan.

This personal experience actually made him conduct this experiment. Lupyan, together with another psychologist, Daniel Swigley, came up with the outcomes that those to talk to oneself are geniuses. Here are the reasons:

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It stimulates your memory

When you are talking to yourself, your sensory mechanism gets activated. It gets easier on your memory since you can visualize the word, and you can act accordingly.[1]

It helps stay focused

When you are saying it loud, you stay focused on your task,[2] and it helps you recognise that stuff immediately. Of course, this only helps if you know what the object you are searching looks like. For example, a banana is yellow in colour, and you know how a banana looks like. So when you are saying it loud, your brain immediately pictures the image on your mind. But if you don’t know what banana looks like, then there is no effect of saying it loud.

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It helps you clarify your thoughts

Every one of us tends to have various types of thoughts. Most make sense, while the others don’t. Suppose you are furious at someone and you feel like killing that person. Now for this issue you won’t run to a therapist, will you? No, what you do is lock yourself in a room and mutter to yourself. You are letting go off the anger by talking to yourself, the pros and cons of killing that person, and eventually you calm down. This is a silly thought that you have and are unable to share it with any other person. Psychologist Linda Sapadin said,[3]

“It helps you clarify your thoughts, tend to what’s important and firm up any decisions you are contemplating.”

Featured photo credit: Girl Using Laptop In Hotel Room/Ed Gregory via stokpic.com

Reference

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