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Artificial Intelligence Will Not Take Up Half of Our Employment

Artificial Intelligence Will Not Take Up Half of Our Employment

There have been some alarming reports recently about the possibility of artificial intelligence leaving half of the world potentially unemployed. Recent research shows that within 30 years, robots will be in a position to perform almost all jobs that are held by humans right now. A recent detailed study from the Martin Oxford School has speculated that approximately 47 percent of U.S. jobs are at risk of automation. As there may be some truth in this report, it is not likely that half of the world’s jobs will be taken by machines in 30 years. Here’s why:

Jobs still require human input

The Martin Oxford School’s report didn’t estimate the total number of jobs facing the risk of automation. Additionally, some of the jobs facing the risk of automation might not be automated because of technical, societal and economical reasons.

For instance, an airline pilot may be a very easy job to automate. This is because computers fly planes most of the time. However, people will still need the reassurance of a human pilot on their plane.

Similarly, the Oxford report estimates a 92 percent probability of bicycle repairing being automated. However, automating this kind of a job can prove to be very difficult and expensive, making automation uneconomical.

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Technology can create employment

It is prudent to put into consideration how much working weeks will change in the coming decades. Most developed countries have witnessed the total number of work per week hours decreasing significantly since the industrial revolution began.

For instance, the average working week in the U.S. has reduced from approximately 60 hours to only 33.

Some other developed countries like Germany have even shown lower working hours per week.

This makes it harder to predict the number of people facing the risk of unemployment in the coming decades.

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Other reports show that by 2050, nearly half of the jobs held by people today will be lost to robots. Additionally, the machines will be able to perform most of these jobs faster and better compared to humans.

According to professionals, the world is headed toward a time when robots will outperform humans in almost all tasks.

However, experts advise of the importance of confronting this danger before it really takes place.

If robots are able to do all the work done by humans today, people need to find out what they can do about this. If machines take over for humans, humanity might face its biggest test ever, which is uncovering the true what it really means to be a person.

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Some reports have shown that the pace at which artificial intelligence is progressing is increasing by the day. Therefore, people need to find out how they can deal with this reality fast.

Additionally, technology has progressively been driving up inequality in incomes as the total number of white collar jobs is increasing.

Soldiers, drivers, and waiters could have themselves replaced by machines in the coming years. Last year, artificial intelligence reports predicted that the total number of service androids could hit the 31 million mark by 2018.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence has been showing some invaluable progress over the past years, and it might soon take over drivers’, waiters’ and soldiers’ jobs.

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Although machines may eliminate the need to have human input in workplaces, professionals have predicted that technology will create additional opportunities for people.

Additionally, it will increase a person’s ability to perform on the job. But there is need to learn new skills to ensure that people fit in the new job market.

Most importantly, people should figure out what they will do in case their job is taken over by robots, as experts foresee the possibility of artificial intelligence causing more disparities in income distribution and a significant decline in blue collar jobs.

More by this author

Vivian Michaels

DM Expert and Technology Adviser

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Last Updated on September 10, 2018

Overcoming The Pain Of A Breakup: 3 Suggestions Based On Science

Overcoming The Pain Of A Breakup: 3 Suggestions Based On Science

We thought that the expression ‘broken heart’ was just a metaphor, but science is telling us that it is not: breakups and rejections do cause physical pain. When a group of psychologists asked research participants to look at images of their ex-partners who broke up with them, researchers found that the same brain areas that are activated by physical pain are also activated by looking at images of ex-partners. Looking at images of our ex is a painful experience, literally.[1].

Given that the effect of rejections and breakups is the same as the effect of physical pain, scientists have speculated on whether the practices that reduce physical pain could be used to reduce the emotional pain that follows from breakups and rejections. In a study on whether painkillers reduce the emotional pain caused by a breakup, researchers found that painkillers did help. Individuals who took painkillers were better able to deal with their breakup. Tamar Cohen wrote that “A simple dose of paracetamol could help ease the pain of a broken heart.”[2]

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Just like painkillers can be used to ease the pain of a broken heart, other practices that ease physical pain can also be used to ease the pain of rejections and breakups. Three of these scientifically validated practices are presented in this article.

Looking at images of loved ones

While images of ex-partners stimulate the pain neuro-circuitry in our brain, images of loved ones activate a different circuitry. Looking at images of people who care about us increases the release of oxytocin in our body. Oxytocin, or the “cuddle hormone,” is the hormone that our body relies on to induce in us a soothing feeling of tranquility, even when we are under high stress and pain.

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In fact, oxytocin was found to have a crucial role as a mother is giving birth to her baby. Despite the extreme pain that a mother has to endure during delivery, the high level of oxytocin secreted by her body transforms pain into pleasure. Mariem Melainine notes that, “Oxytocin levels are usually at their peak during delivery, which promotes a sense of euphoria in the mother and helps her develop a stronger bond with her baby.”[3]

Whenever you feel tempted to look at images of your ex-partner, log into your Facebook page and start browsing images of your loved ones. As Eva Ritvo, M.D. notes, “Facebook fools our brain into believing that loved ones surround us, which historically was essential to our survival. The human brain, because it evolved thousands of years before photography, fails on many levels to recognize the difference between pictures and people”[4]

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Exercise

Endorphins are neurotransmitters that reduce our perception of pain. When our body is high on endorphins, painful sensations are kept outside of conscious awareness. It was found that exercise causes endorphins to be secreted in the brain and as a result produce a feeling of power, as psychologist Alex Korb noted in his book: “Exercise causes your brain to release endorphins, neurotransmitters that act on your neurons like opiates (such as morphine or Vicodin) by sending a neural signal to reduce pain and provide anxiety relief.”[5] By inhibiting pain from being transmitted to our brain, exercise acts as a powerful antidote to the pain caused by rejections and breakups.

Meditation

Jon Kabat Zinn, a doctor who pioneered the use of mindfulness meditation therapy for patients with chronic pain, has argued that it is not pain itself that is harmful to our mental health, rather, it is the way we react to pain. When we react to pain with irritation, frustration, and self-pity, more pain is generated, and we enter a never ending spiral of painful thoughts and sensations.

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In order to disrupt the domino effect caused by reacting to pain with pain, Kabat Zinn and other proponents of mindfulness meditation therapy have suggested reacting to pain through nonjudgmental contemplation and acceptance. By practicing meditation on a daily basis and getting used to the habit of paying attention to the sensations generated by our body (including the painful ones and by observing these sensations nonjudgmentally and with compassion) our brain develops the habit of reacting to pain with grace and patience.

When you find yourself thinking about a recent breakup or a recent rejection, close your eyes and pay attention to the sensations produced by your body. Take deep breaths and as you are feeling the sensations produced by your body, distance yourself from them, and observe them without judgment and with compassion. If your brain starts wandering and gets distracted, gently bring back your compassionate nonjudgmental attention to your body. Try to do this exercise for one minute and gradually increase its duration.

With consistent practice, nonjudgmental acceptance will become our default reaction to breakups, rejections, and other disappointments that we experience in life. Every rejection and every breakup teaches us great lessons about relationships and about ourselves.

Featured photo credit: condesign via pixabay.com

Reference

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