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Artificial Intelligence Will Not Take Up Half of Our Employment

Artificial Intelligence Will Not Take Up Half of Our Employment

There have been some alarming reports recently about the possibility of artificial intelligence leaving half of the world potentially unemployed. Recent research shows that within 30 years, robots will be in a position to perform almost all jobs that are held by humans right now. A recent detailed study from the Martin Oxford School has speculated that approximately 47 percent of U.S. jobs are at risk of automation. As there may be some truth in this report, it is not likely that half of the world’s jobs will be taken by machines in 30 years. Here’s why:

Jobs still require human input

The Martin Oxford School’s report didn’t estimate the total number of jobs facing the risk of automation. Additionally, some of the jobs facing the risk of automation might not be automated because of technical, societal and economical reasons.

For instance, an airline pilot may be a very easy job to automate. This is because computers fly planes most of the time. However, people will still need the reassurance of a human pilot on their plane.

Similarly, the Oxford report estimates a 92 percent probability of bicycle repairing being automated. However, automating this kind of a job can prove to be very difficult and expensive, making automation uneconomical.

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Technology can create employment

It is prudent to put into consideration how much working weeks will change in the coming decades. Most developed countries have witnessed the total number of work per week hours decreasing significantly since the industrial revolution began.

For instance, the average working week in the U.S. has reduced from approximately 60 hours to only 33.

Some other developed countries like Germany have even shown lower working hours per week.

This makes it harder to predict the number of people facing the risk of unemployment in the coming decades.

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Other reports show that by 2050, nearly half of the jobs held by people today will be lost to robots. Additionally, the machines will be able to perform most of these jobs faster and better compared to humans.

According to professionals, the world is headed toward a time when robots will outperform humans in almost all tasks.

However, experts advise of the importance of confronting this danger before it really takes place.

If robots are able to do all the work done by humans today, people need to find out what they can do about this. If machines take over for humans, humanity might face its biggest test ever, which is uncovering the true what it really means to be a person.

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Some reports have shown that the pace at which artificial intelligence is progressing is increasing by the day. Therefore, people need to find out how they can deal with this reality fast.

Additionally, technology has progressively been driving up inequality in incomes as the total number of white collar jobs is increasing.

Soldiers, drivers, and waiters could have themselves replaced by machines in the coming years. Last year, artificial intelligence reports predicted that the total number of service androids could hit the 31 million mark by 2018.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence has been showing some invaluable progress over the past years, and it might soon take over drivers’, waiters’ and soldiers’ jobs.

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Although machines may eliminate the need to have human input in workplaces, professionals have predicted that technology will create additional opportunities for people.

Additionally, it will increase a person’s ability to perform on the job. But there is need to learn new skills to ensure that people fit in the new job market.

Most importantly, people should figure out what they will do in case their job is taken over by robots, as experts foresee the possibility of artificial intelligence causing more disparities in income distribution and a significant decline in blue collar jobs.

More by this author

Vivian Michaels

DM Expert and Technology Adviser

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Last Updated on June 21, 2018

Science Says Screaming Is Good For You

Science Says Screaming Is Good For You

There are many reasons why people might scream – they’re angry, scared, or in pain (or maybe they’re in a metal band!). Some might say that screaming is bad, but here’s why science says it’s good for you.

“For the first time in the history of psychology there is a way to access feelings, hidden away, in a safe way and thus to reduce human suffering. It is, in essence, the first science of psychotherapy.” — Dr. Arthur Janov

Primal Therapy

Dr. Arthur Janov invented Primal Therapy in the late 1960’s. It is a practice that allows the patient to face their repressed emotions from past trauma head on and let those emotions go. This treatment is intended to cure any mental illness the patient may have that surfaced from this past trauma. In most cases, Primal Therapy has lead Dr. Janov’s patients to scream towards the end of their session, though it was not part of the original procedure. During a group therapy session that was at a standstill, Dr. Janov says that one of his patients, a student he called Danny, told a story that inspired him to implement a technique that he never would have thought of on his own.

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How it Started

“During a lull in our group therapy session, he told us a story about a man named Ortiz who was currently doing an act on the London stage in which he paraded around in diapers drinking bottles of milk. Throughout his number, Ortiz is shouting, ‘Mommy! Daddy! Mommy! Daddy!’ at the top of his lungs. At the end of his act he vomits. Plastic bags are passed out, and the audience is requested to follow suit.”

It doesn’t end there, though. Dr. Janov said that his patient was quite fascinated with that story, and that alone moved him to suggest something even he believed to be a little elementary.

“I asked him to call out, ‘Mommy! Daddy!’ Danny refused, saying that he couldn’t see the sense in such a childish act, and frankly, neither could I. But I persisted, and finally, he gave in. As he began, he became noticeably upset. Suddenly he was writhing on the floor in agony. His breathing was rapid, spasmodic. ‘Mommy! Daddy!’ came out of his mouth almost involuntarily in loud screeches. He appeared to be in a coma or hypnotic state. The writhing gave way to small convulsions, and finally, he released a piercing, deathlike scream that rattled the walls of my office. The entire episode lasted only a few minutes, and neither Danny nor I had any idea what had happened. All he could say afterward was: ‘I made it! I don’t know what, but I can feel.’”

Delving deeper

Dr. Janov says he was baffled for months, but then he decided to experiment with another patient with the same method, which lead to a similar result as before. The patient started out calling “Mommy! Daddy!” then experienced convulsions, heavy breathing, and then eventually screamed. After the session, Dr. Janov says his patient was transformed and became “virtually another human being. He became alert… he seemed to understand himself.”

Although the initial intention of this particular practice wasn’t to get the patient to scream, more than once did his Primal Therapy sessions end with the patient screaming and feeling lighter, revived, and relieved of stresses that were holding them down in life.

Some Methods To Practice Screaming

If you want to try it out for yourself, keep reading!

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  • Step 1: Be Alone — Be alone. If you live in a place that you can’t be alone, it might be a good idea to talk to your family or roommates and explain to them what you’re about to do and make sure they’re okay with it. If you’re good to go, move on to step 2.
  • Step 2: Lie Down — Lie down on a yoga mat on your back and place a pillow underneath your head. If you don’t own a yoga mat, you can use a rug or even a soft blanket.
  • Step 3: Think — Think of things that have hurt you or made you angry. It can be anything from your childhood or even something that happened recently to make yourself cry, if you’re not already crying or upset. You could even scream “Mommy! Daddy!” just like Dr. Janov’s patients did to get yourself started.
  • Step 4: Scream — Don’t hold anything back; cry and scream as loud as you can. You can also pound your fists on the ground, or just lie there and scream at the top of your lungs.

After this, you should return your breathing to a normal and steady pace. You should feel lighter, like a weight has been lifted off of you. If not, you can also try these other methods.

Scream Sing

Scream singing” is referring to what a lot of lead singers in metal or screamo bands will do. I’ve tried it and although I wasn’t very good at it, it was fun and definitely relieved me of any stress I was feeling from before. It usually ends up sounding like a really loud grunt, but nonetheless, it’s considered screaming.

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  • Step 1 — Bear down and make a grunting sound.
  • Step 2 — Hiss like a snake and make sure to do this from your diaphragm (your stomach) for as long as you can.
  • Step 3 — Breathe and push your stomach out for more air when you are belting notes, kind of like you would if you were singing.
  • Step 4 — Try different ways to let out air to control how long the note will last, just make sure not to let out too much air.
  • Step 5 — Distort your voice by pushing air out from your throat, just be careful not to strain yourself.
  • Step 6 — Play around with the pitch of your screams and how wide your mouth is open – the wider your mouth is open, the higher the screams will sound. The narrower or rounder your mouth is (and most likely shaped like an “o”), the lower the screams will sound.
  • Step 7 — Start screaming to metal music. If you’re not a huge metal fan, it’s okay. You don’t have to use this method if you don’t want to.

If you want a more thorough walkthrough of how to scream sing, here’s a good video tutorial. If this method is too strenuous on your vocal chords, stop. Also, make sure to stay hydrated when scream singing and drink lots of water.

Scream into a pillow

Grab a pillow and scream into it. This method is probably the fastest and easiest way to practice screaming. Just make sure to come up for air.

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Always remember to make sure that you’re not going to disturb anyone while practicing any of these methods of screaming. And with that, happy screaming!

Featured photo credit: Sharon Mollerus via flickr.com

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