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The Interesting History Of Makeup

The Interesting History Of Makeup

The natural ingredients for makeup were in existence long before people started seeing the need to use it. When people discovered dark spots on their faces, perhaps by looking at their reflections in a river, the need to improve their appearance through makeup was born. Makeup products’ usage throughout the history of mankind has resulted in astounding beauty.

The timeline below represents a brief history of makeup.

1. Egyptian Makeup

Most of us have seen images of Cleopatra with her deep eye makeup and bronze foundation mixed with red clay and water. This reddish-brown solution was used to tint the nails and hair and was also applied to the lips and cheeks.

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In those times, people believed that the more beautiful you looked, the more the gods would be satisfied with you. They also believed that beauty could protect you from evil.

Men and women in Egypt often used scented oils and ointments to clean and soften their skin and to prevent body odor. Cosmetics were an integral part of Egyptian hygiene and health. Oils and creams were used for protection against hot weather and dry winds. Marjoram, chamomile, lavender flowers, peppermint, rosemary, cedar, rose, aloe, olive oil, sesame oil, and almond oil were essential ingredients in many perfumes that Egyptians used in rituals.

2. China and Japan

Around 1500 BC, Chinese and Japanese citizens used rice powder to make their faces white. They would also paint their teeth gold and often used black henna dye.

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3. Grecian Rituals

Around the year 1000 BC, wigs became popular for men and women in the upper classes of Greece. This was because it had become trendy to lighten the hair using bleach, and many people had wrecked their hair by using too much bleach. Ancient Greeks also used chalk to whiten their skin and fashioned crude lipstick out of ochre clay laced with red iron.

4. Roman Times

In ancient Rome, bathing was taken seriously, hence some public baths that can still be seen today were constructed. Crocodile dung was used for mud showers, grain flour and margarine were used to treat pimples, and sheep fat and blood were used for nail polish. Women wore white lead and chalk to brighten their faces, creating a look which they believed was modern and connoted wealth. Only the wealthy could stay inside and avoid the sun, so pale skin was a status symbol.

5. European Women

In Europe around 1500-1600 AD, women often attempted to lighten their skin using different makeup products which included white lead paint. The queen of England was well-recognized as a user of white lead, with which she produced a look known as “The Beauty of Youth.” Blonde hair became common and was considered to be beautiful. Mixtures of black sulfur, alum, and sweet honey were also used on the hair.

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6. 19th and Early 20th Century Practices

Zinc oxide was used as a facial powder, displacing the previous use of dangerous mixtures including lead and copper. These combinations, such as a makeup called ceruse which was made with white lead, were later found to be toxic and were blamed for physical problems including facial tremors, muscle paralysis, and even death.

Improvements in industry, chemistry, and medicine in the 18th and 19th centuries brought significant improvements in cosmetics. Though these improvements were not fully accepted at first, new Victorian styles that arose in the 19th century brought an era of cosmetic-centric fashion. This era demanded that all “ladies” must present themselves as beautiful and weak, with elegant clothes and precisely delineated facial features.

For that purpose, eye shadows, lipsticks, nail polish and other products gained popularity.

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In Edwardian society, around 1900 AD, pressure increased among old women to appear as young as possible while acting as entertainers. It was believed that for them to look young, makeup products were the best option.

Beauty salons grew in popularity, though patronizing those salons was not accepted because many women hated admitting that they needed assistance to look young. Out of pride they entered the salons through the back door.

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Last Updated on March 13, 2019

How to Get out of a Rut: 12 Useful Ways to Get Unstuck

How to Get out of a Rut: 12 Useful Ways to Get Unstuck

Have you gotten into a rut before? Or are you in a rut right now?

You know you’re in a rut when you run out of ideas and inspiration. I personally see a rut as a productivity vacuum. It might very well be a reason why you aren’t getting results. Even as you spend more time on your work, you can’t seem to get anything constructive done. While I’m normally productive, I get into occasional ruts (especially when I’ve been working back-to-back without rest). During those times, I can spend an entire day in front of the computer and get nothing done. It can be quite frustrating.

Over time, I have tried and found several methods that are helpful to pull me out of a rut. If you experience ruts too, whether as a working professional, a writer, a blogger, a student or other work, you will find these useful. Here are 12 of my personal tips to get out of ruts:

1. Work on the small tasks.

When you are in a rut, tackle it by starting small. Clear away your smaller tasks which have been piling up. Reply to your emails, organize your documents, declutter your work space, and reply to private messages.

Whenever I finish doing that, I generate a positive momentum which I bring forward to my work.

2. Take a break from your work desk.

Get yourself away from your desk and go take a walk. Go to the washroom, walk around the office, go out and get a snack.

Your mind is too bogged down and needs some airing. Sometimes I get new ideas right after I walk away from my computer.

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3. Upgrade yourself

Take the down time to upgrade yourself. Go to a seminar. Read up on new materials (#7). Pick up a new language. Or any of the 42 ways here to improve yourself.

The modern computer uses different typefaces because Steve Jobs dropped in on a calligraphy class back in college. How’s that for inspiration?

4. Talk to a friend.

Talk to someone and get your mind off work for a while.

Talk about anything, from casual chatting to a deep conversation about something you really care about. You will be surprised at how the short encounter can be rejuvenating in its own way.

5. Forget about trying to be perfect.

If you are in a rut, the last thing you want to do is step on your own toes with perfectionist tendencies.

Just start small. Do what you can, at your own pace. Let yourself make mistakes.

Soon, a little trickle of inspiration will come. And then it’ll build up with more trickles. Before you know it, you have a whole stream of ideas.

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6. Paint a vision to work towards.

If you are continuously getting in a rut with your work, maybe there’s no vision inspiring you to move forward.

Think about why you are doing this, and what you are doing it for. What is the end vision in mind?

Make it as vivid as possible. Make sure it’s a vision that inspires you and use that to trigger you to action.

7. Read a book (or blog).

The things we read are like food to our brain. If you are out of ideas, it’s time to feed your brain with great materials.

Here’s a list of 40 books you can start off with. Stock your browser with only the feeds of high quality blogs, such as Lifehack.org, DumbLittleMan, Seth Godin’s Blog, Tim Ferris’ Blog, Zen Habits or The Personal Excellence Blog.

Check out the best selling books; those are generally packed with great wisdom.

8. Have a quick nap.

If you are at home, take a quick nap for about 20-30 minutes. This clears up your mind and gives you a quick boost. Nothing quite like starting off on a fresh start after catching up on sleep.

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9. Remember why you are doing this.

Sometimes we lose sight of why we do what we do, and after a while we become jaded. A quick refresher on why you even started on this project will help.

What were you thinking when you thought of doing this? Retrace your thoughts back to that moment. Recall why you are doing this. Then reconnect with your muse.

10. Find some competition.

Nothing quite like healthy competition to spur us forward. If you are out of ideas, then check up on what people are doing in your space.

Colleagues at work, competitors in the industry, competitors’ products and websites, networking conventions.. you get the drill.

11. Go exercise.

Since you are not making headway at work, might as well spend the time shaping yourself up.

Sometimes we work so much that we neglect our health and fitness. Go jog, swim, cycle, whichever exercise you prefer.

As you improve your physical health, your mental health will improve, too. The different facets of ourselves are all interlinked.

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Here’re 15 Tips to Restart the Exercise Habit (and How to Keep It).

12. Take a good break.

Ruts are usually signs that you have been working too long and too hard. It’s time to get a break.

Beyond the quick tips above, arrange for a 1-day or 2-days of break from your work. Don’t check your (work) emails or do anything work-related. Relax and do your favorite activities. You will return to your work recharged and ready to start.

Contrary to popular belief, the world will not end from taking a break from your work. In fact, you will be much more ready to make an impact after proper rest. My best ideas and inspiration always hit me whenever I’m away from my work.

Take a look at this to learn the importance of rest: The Importance of Scheduling Downtime

More Resources About Getting out of a Rut

Featured photo credit: Joshua Earle via unsplash.com

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