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The Interesting History Of Makeup

The Interesting History Of Makeup

The natural ingredients for makeup were in existence long before people started seeing the need to use it. When people discovered dark spots on their faces, perhaps by looking at their reflections in a river, the need to improve their appearance through makeup was born. Makeup products’ usage throughout the history of mankind has resulted in astounding beauty.

The timeline below represents a brief history of makeup.

1. Egyptian Makeup

Most of us have seen images of Cleopatra with her deep eye makeup and bronze foundation mixed with red clay and water. This reddish-brown solution was used to tint the nails and hair and was also applied to the lips and cheeks.

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In those times, people believed that the more beautiful you looked, the more the gods would be satisfied with you. They also believed that beauty could protect you from evil.

Men and women in Egypt often used scented oils and ointments to clean and soften their skin and to prevent body odor. Cosmetics were an integral part of Egyptian hygiene and health. Oils and creams were used for protection against hot weather and dry winds. Marjoram, chamomile, lavender flowers, peppermint, rosemary, cedar, rose, aloe, olive oil, sesame oil, and almond oil were essential ingredients in many perfumes that Egyptians used in rituals.

2. China and Japan

Around 1500 BC, Chinese and Japanese citizens used rice powder to make their faces white. They would also paint their teeth gold and often used black henna dye.

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3. Grecian Rituals

Around the year 1000 BC, wigs became popular for men and women in the upper classes of Greece. This was because it had become trendy to lighten the hair using bleach, and many people had wrecked their hair by using too much bleach. Ancient Greeks also used chalk to whiten their skin and fashioned crude lipstick out of ochre clay laced with red iron.

4. Roman Times

In ancient Rome, bathing was taken seriously, hence some public baths that can still be seen today were constructed. Crocodile dung was used for mud showers, grain flour and margarine were used to treat pimples, and sheep fat and blood were used for nail polish. Women wore white lead and chalk to brighten their faces, creating a look which they believed was modern and connoted wealth. Only the wealthy could stay inside and avoid the sun, so pale skin was a status symbol.

5. European Women

In Europe around 1500-1600 AD, women often attempted to lighten their skin using different makeup products which included white lead paint. The queen of England was well-recognized as a user of white lead, with which she produced a look known as “The Beauty of Youth.” Blonde hair became common and was considered to be beautiful. Mixtures of black sulfur, alum, and sweet honey were also used on the hair.

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6. 19th and Early 20th Century Practices

Zinc oxide was used as a facial powder, displacing the previous use of dangerous mixtures including lead and copper. These combinations, such as a makeup called ceruse which was made with white lead, were later found to be toxic and were blamed for physical problems including facial tremors, muscle paralysis, and even death.

Improvements in industry, chemistry, and medicine in the 18th and 19th centuries brought significant improvements in cosmetics. Though these improvements were not fully accepted at first, new Victorian styles that arose in the 19th century brought an era of cosmetic-centric fashion. This era demanded that all “ladies” must present themselves as beautiful and weak, with elegant clothes and precisely delineated facial features.

For that purpose, eye shadows, lipsticks, nail polish and other products gained popularity.

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In Edwardian society, around 1900 AD, pressure increased among old women to appear as young as possible while acting as entertainers. It was believed that for them to look young, makeup products were the best option.

Beauty salons grew in popularity, though patronizing those salons was not accepted because many women hated admitting that they needed assistance to look young. Out of pride they entered the salons through the back door.

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Last Updated on October 18, 2018

10 Benefits of Sleeping Naked You Probably Didn’t Know

10 Benefits of Sleeping Naked You Probably Didn’t Know

Sleeping is one of the most important things we do every night.

Getting the right amount of sleep has an untold number of health benefits and not getting enough sleep is a serious problem in many countries around the world.

So you should have heard of the many benefits of getting adequate sleep, but did you know that you can get additional benefits by sleeping naked?

Here are some benefits of sleeping in the nude:

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Video Summary

1. It is easier.

When you don’t have to worry about sleeping in clothes, things start to get easier. You don’t have to buy pajamas, which can save you money. You have less clothes to wash and less clothes to put away. You may have to clean your bed sheets more often, but not nearly as often as you’d have to wash your pajamas when you run out.

2. It forces you to be ready to go more often.

Some people get off of work, change into their pajamas, and use this as an excuse to stay home the rest of the evening. This can lead to a more sedentary lifestyle, which has been attributed to things like weight gain.[1] When you keep your regular clothes on, you tend to go out more often and that’s a good thing.

3. It can make you feel happier and more free.

Just imagine the feeling of laying in bed naked. You’re free of your pants and underwear. Women, you’re not wearing a constrictive bra. It’s just you sandwiched between two cool sheets. The feeling just makes you want to smile and it makes you feel more free. Everyone can use that kind of good feeling every now and then, and it may even help you be happier as a person.

4. Skin-on-skin contact is the best.

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    If you’re married, or living with your significant other, sleeping naked gives a greater chance of skin-on-skin contact, especially when it comes to cuddling. This kind of contact can also lead to a more active sex life. All of this releases copious amounts of oxytocin, which is the neurotransmitter that helps you feel those good feelings about your significant other.[2]

    5. It could lead to better sleep.

    Let’s revisit the scenario I described above. There are no drawstrings or clothes getting tangled in sheets. You don’t have to worry about shirts getting twisted. All of these distractions go away when you sleep naked and it may help you get better, deeper sleep. You don’t need science to tell you that better, deeper sleep only helps you be healthier.

    6. It can help your skin.

    For once your body gets to breathe. Your private parts, armpits, and feet are generally restricted all day and are often covered by multiple layers, even in the summer time. Give those parts a chance to air out and breathe. This can lower the risk of skin diseases, like athlete’s foot, that result from wet, restricted skin.[3]

    7. It helps you regulate your cortisol.

    Cortisol is a very strange chemical in the body but it can do a lot of damage. When you sleep naked, it helps keep your body temperature at the optimal ranges so your body can better create cortisol. If you sleep overheated your cortisol levels tend to stay high, even after you wake up. This can lead to increased anxiety, cravings for bad food, weight gain, and more terrible things.[4] Sleep naked so you can keep your body temperature down and sleep well so your body can properly produce and regulate cortisol.

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    8. It balances your melatonin and growth hormone.

    Continuing along that same vein, keeping your sleeping environment below 70 degrees (F) every night can help your body regulate its melatonin and growth hormone levels. These chemicals help the body do things like prevent aging and are essential to good health. When you sleep in clothes, your body heats up and prevents effective use of these hormones. In other words, sleeping with clothes on makes you grow old faster.

    9. It can keep your sex organs happier.

    For men, the cooler sleeping conditions allows your testes to remain at a cooler temperature. This helps keep your sperm healthy and your reproductive systems functioning as normal. For women, the cooler and more airy sleeping conditions can actually help prevent yeast infections. Yeast grows better in warm, moist conditions.[5] When it’s cooler and dryer, the growth of yeast is prevented.

    10. Sleeping in the summer is more bearable.

      Summertime is a tricky time to get good sleep. If you don’t have air conditioning, then you may find your bedroom a bit stuffy at night.

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      Shedding those bedtime clothes can help the bedroom feel more comfortable. You may even be able to turn the A/C off on those cooler nights, which can save you a few bucks on your electricity bill.

      Don’t wake up drenched in sweat again because your thermostat is downstairs and the hot air expands up to your bedroom where the thermostat can’t read the warm temperatures.

      Sleep well with your naked body!

      With these tips in mind, it’s time to start taking off your clothes at night!

      Of course, there are times where clothes are preferable. If you are ill or it’s cold outside, then you should sleep with clothes on to help you stay warm and prevent further illness. Otherwise, go commando!

      If you’re looking for more tips to sleep well and get up feeling energetic, I recommend you to check out this guide:

      Want to Feel More Energized Throughout the Day? Start With This

      Reference

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