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How E-Cigs Have Pharmaceutical Companies Worried

How E-Cigs Have Pharmaceutical Companies Worried

I’ve always stated that technology is changing the way we interact with each other. It’s also changed the way we take part in conventional activities. For example, online gaming has changed the way we interact with other sports enthusiasts because you simply log into a gaming portal. You no longer make several trips to the bank to transfer money and pay bills because you now have the concept of online banking. However, technology hasn’t only changed what we do online because it’s changed the way we indulge in our pleasures – good and bad.

Over the years, the concept of e-cigs and vapes has become very popular in society. No matter where you look, you’ll see someone smoking an e-cig. Even manufacturers of vapes have found creative ways to appeal to both hard smokers and those you haven’t smoked a cigarette in their lives. For example, hardcore smokers can purchase vapes with different degrees of nicotine to help them quit, and non-smokers can purchase them without tobacco but different flavors for recreation. Let’s just say e-cigs are increasing in popularity each year with online sales totaling 3.5 billion.

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At this point, it’s time to step back and wonder who are the ones feeling the pressure from increasing e-cig sales? I once thought it was the government, but I’m sure they’ll find creative ways to tax the vape industry gaining much of the taxes lost. Could it be tobacco companies? They too are finding ways to enter the market so they can compete and stay up to date with the changing trends. Not to mention most people buying vapes do so with nicotine liquid, and some big tobacco companies have started to create liquid nicotine as an alternative to actual tobacco. This means they too will find ways to recover profits, however, pharmaceutical companies have a big battle going forward. These companies spend billions of dollars developing drugs to help people quit smoking, and have invested money in “the patch” and “nicotine” gum too. But, even with aggressive lobbying, the vape industry continues to grow each year.

Here’s something from reuters.com

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Wells Fargo Securities analyst Bonnie Herzog estimates the entire U.S. market for “vapor devices” will grow to $3.5 billion by the end of the year

This is great news for e-cig sellers since the profit margins will continue to grow throughout the year. However, Big Pharma (who represents drug manufacturers) and tobacco companies are trying to find ways to eliminate the vaping industry because it’s now cutting into their profits. In my eyes, the vaping industry has two major wars they’ll keep fighting for a long time – one against the tobacco industry who can’t find ways to compete in the vaping industry, and the other against pharmaceutical companies who have spent millions of dollars towards nicotine replacement therapies.

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The government who regulates the industry is also worried, but not as much because they’ll just find ways to tax the vaping industry for lost income from conventional tobacco sales. Even though they are feeling the pressure from large tobacco companies to regulate vape usage, it’s not aggressive as before since companies like R.J. Reynolds, Lorillard, and Philip Morris have already jumped into the e-cigarette game years ago.

The Pharmaceutical Companies

Big Pharma is one company who has a lot to lose from vapes entering the market, and they are investing enormous money trying to get stricter regulations put on the sales. Big Pharma is responsible for representing some of the largest drug and medical devices companies in the United States. For example, they represent Nicorette gum by GlaxoSmithKline, and “the patch” by Johnson & Johnson. Both which have a lot to lose if e-cig popularity continues to grow over the years. Think about it, smokers will no longer require the patch or nicotine gum if they have found a safer alternative to smoking.

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Big Pharma companies are responsible for manufacturing some of the most popular drugs in the market. These medications cost hundreds and/or even thousands of dollars per pill. If you compare this to the cost of a cigarette pack, it’s but a tiny fraction of what tobacco companies profit per sale. Big Pharma makes more money than big tobacco and can afford to pay off as many politicians as it wants to win the War on Vaping. I’ll be surprised to see how this will play out throughout the years.

Bad News for Small Tobacco Companies

The big tobacco companies are investing money in vapes and liquid nicotine, however, what about the smaller companies that can’t expand just yet? They have two options, first lobby with the big pharmaceutical companies for stricter regulations against vapes. This will aggressive pushdown vape availability and keep tobacco sales steady. Secondly, sell and join a larger tobacco company who can afford to manufacture vape products and compete in a growing industry. Either way, I believe the smaller companies will lose because on one hand you have a lengthy battle which costs millions of dollars, and on the other, you are giving up ownership to larger companies and this means you’ll lose control of your company.

Featured photo credit: commons.wikimedia.org via commons.wikimedia.org

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Rizvan Ullah

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Last Updated on October 23, 2018

Science Says Knitting Makes Humans Warmer And Happier, Mentally

Science Says Knitting Makes Humans Warmer And Happier, Mentally

My mother was a great knitter and produced some wonderful garments such as Aran sweaters which were extremely fashionable when I was young. She also knitted while my father drove, which caused great amusement. I often wondered why she did that but I think I know the answer now.

Knitting is good for your mental health, according to some research studies. The Washington Post mentions a 2013 survey of about 3,500 knitters who were asked how they felt after a knitting session. Over 80% of them said they definitely felt happier. It is not a totally female occupation as more and more men take it up to get the same benefits. Harry Styles (One Direction) enjoys knitting. So does Russell Crowe although he does it to help him with anger management!

The Neural Knitwork Project

In Australia, Neural Knitworks was started to encourage people to knit and also become aware of neuroscience and mental health issues. Knit-ins were organized but garments were not the only things created. The knitters produced handmade neurons (1,665 of them!) to make a giant brain. The 2015 project will make more neural knitted networks (neural knitworks) and they will be visible online. You can see some more examples of woolly neurons on the Neural Knitworks Facebook page.

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While people knitted, crocheted and crafted yarn, they listened to experts talking about mental health issues such as addiction, dementia, depression, and how neurons work.

The knitting and neural connection

The human brain has about 80 billion neurons. Learning new skills, social interaction, and physical activity all help to forge neural connections which keep the brain healthy and active. They are creating networks to control movement and make memories. The knitters learn that as they create the woollen neurons, their own neurons are forming new pathways in their brains. Their creations are mimicking the processes in their brains to a certain extent. At the same time, their brains are registering new and interesting information as they learn interesting facts about the brain and how it works. I love the knitworks and networks pun. What a brilliant idea!

More mental health benefits from knitting

Betsan Corkhill is a physiotherapist and has published some results of completed studies on her website, appropriately named Stitchlinks. She conducted some experiments herself and found that knitting was really helpful in reducing panic and anxiety attacks.

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“You are using up an awful lot of brain capacity to perform a coordinated series of movements. The more capacity you take up by being involved in a complex task, the less capacity you have for bad thoughts.”- Betsan Corkhill

Knitters feel happier and in a better mood

Ann Futterman-Collier, Well Being Lab at Northern Arizona University, is very interested in how textile therapy (sewing, knitting, weaving and lace-making) can play an important role in mood repair and in lifting depressive states.

She researched 60 women and divided them into three different groups to do some writing, meditating and work with textiles. She monitored their heartbeat, blood pressure and saliva production. The women in the textiles group had the best results when their mood was assessed afterwards. They were in a better mood and had managed to reduce their negative thoughts better than those in the writing and meditation groups.

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“People who were given the task to make something actually had less of an inflammatory response in the face of a ‘stressor’.” – Dr. Futterman Collier

The dopamine effect on our happiness

Our brains produce a chemical called dopamine. This helps us to feel happy, more motivated, and assists also with focus and concentration. We get a boost of dopamine after sex, food, exercise, sleep, and creative activities.

There are medications to increase dopamine but there are lots of ways we can do it naturally. Textile therapy and crafting are the easiest and cheapest. We can create something and then admire it. In addition, this allows for a little bit of praise and congratulations. Although this is likely not your goal, all these can boost our dopamine and we just feel happier and more fulfilled. These are essential in facing new challenges and coping with disappointment in life.

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“Sometimes, people come up to me when I am knitting and they say things like, “Oh, I wish I could knit, but I’m just not the kind of person who can sit and waste time like that.” How can knitting be wasting time? First, I never just knit; I knit and think, knit and listen, knit and watch. Second, you aren’t wasting time if you get a useful or beautiful object at the end of it.” – Stephanie Pearl-McPhee, At Knit’s End: Meditations for Women Who Knit Too Much.

If you thought knitting and textiles were for old ladies, think again!

Featured photo credit: DSC_0012/Mary-Frances Main via flickr.com

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